Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft. A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed
A combat air patrol is an aircraft patrol provided over an objective area, over the force protected, over the critical area of a combat zone, or over an air defense area, for the purpose of intercepting and destroying hostile aircraft before they reach their target. Combat air patrols apply to both overland and overwater operations, protecting aircraft, fixed and mobile sites on land, and ships at sea. A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size
Known by the acronym CAP, it typically entails fighters flying a tactical pattern around or screening a defended target, while looking for incoming attackers. Effective CAP patterns may include aircraft positioned at both high and low altitudes, so as to shorten response times when the attack is detected. Modern CAPs are either GCI or AWACS-controlled to provide maximum early warning for defensive reaction. Ground-controlled interception (GCI an air defense tactic whereby one or more Radar stations are linked to a command communications center guides Interceptor
The first CAPs were characteristic of aircraft carrier operations, where CAPs were flown to protect a carrier battle group, but the term has become generic to both Air Force and Navy flight operations. An aircraft carrier is a Warship designed with A carrier battle group (CVBG consists of an Aircraft carrier (CV and its escorts Capping operations differ from fighter escorts in that the CAP force is not tied to the group it is protecting, is not limited in altitudes and speeds it flies, and has tactical flexibility to engage a threat. Fighter escorts typically stay with the asset they are supporting and at the speed of the supported group, as a final reactive force against a close threat. When an escort engages, the supported force is left unprotected.
Numerous types of combat air patrols have been employed by US military forces since World War II, including BARCAP, CAP/Strike, FastCAP, FORCAP, HAVCAP, MIGCAP, RESCAP, SARCAP, Slow CAP, Strike/CAP and TARCAP.
The real-life activity inspired the computer game Combat Air Patrol, a flight simulator published by Psygnosis in 1995. A personal computer Game (also known as a computer game or simply PC game) is a Video game played on a Personal computer, rather A flight simulator is a system that tries to copy or simulate, the experience of flying an aircraft Psygnosis was a British Video game developer publisher, perhaps best known for their Lemmings, Wipeout Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995
In the television shows Battlestar Galactica and Battlestar Galactica (re-imagining), skirmisher pilots based aboard the eponymous capital ship must maintain a CAP in flight at all times. Battlestar Galactica is a franchise of Science fiction Films and television series, the first of which was produced in 1978 The Battlestar Galactica Science fiction franchise which began as a 1978 TV series, was "reimagined" in 2003 into a TV miniseries The capital ships of a Navy are its "important" warships the ones with the heaviest Firepower and Armor.