The Colonna family was a powerful noble family in medieval and Renaissance Rome, supplying one Pope and many other leaders. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and Their family is notable for their bitter feud with the Orsini family over influence in Rome until it was stopped by Papal Bull in 1511; in 1571 the Chiefs of both families married the nieces of Pope Sixtus V. The Orsini family was one of the most celebrated princely families in medieval Italy and Renaissance Rome, and which in former times had large possessions A Papal bull is a particular type of Letters patent or charter issued by a Pope. Pope Sixtus V ( December 13, 1521 &ndash August 27, 1590) born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from 1585 to 1590
Oddone Colonna ended the Western Schism as Pope Martin V. The Great Schism of Western Christianity or Papal Schism (also known as the Western Schism) was a split within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417 Pope Martin V (c 1368 &ndash February 20, 1431) born Odo (or
According to tradition, the Colonna are a branch of the Counts of Tusculum — by Peter (1099-1151) son of Gregory III, called Peter "de Columpna" from his property, the Columna Castle, in Colonna, Alban Hills. The counts of Tusculum were the most powerful secular noblemen in Latium, near Rome, during the 10th century through 12th centuries Gregory III (died about 1108 was the son of Gregory II. He was the Count of Tusculum from 1058 when his father died
The first cardinal from the family was appointed in 1192 when Giovanni Colonna was made Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. Giovanni di San Paolo (died ca 1214/1216 was a Benedictine monk at San Paolo fuori le Muri in Rome. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. Santa Prisca is a Basilica church in Rome, devoted to Saint Prisca, a 1st century martyr on the Aventine hill
In 1297, Cardinal Jacopo disinherited his brothers Ottone, Matteo, and Landolfo of their lands. The latter three appealed to Pope Boniface VIII, who ordered Jacopo to return the land, and furthermore hand over the family's strongholds of Colonna, Palestrina, and other towns to the Papacy. Pope Boniface VIII (c 1235 &ndash October 11, 1303) born Benedetto Caetani, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1294 Palestrina (ancient Praeneste) is an ancient city and Comune (municipality with a population of about 18000 in Lazio, c History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and Jacopo refused; in May, Boniface removed him from the College of Cardinals and excommunicated him and his followers for four generations. The College of Cardinals (verbose Sacred College of the Holy Roman Church, Sancta Romana Ecclesia, S The Colonna family (aside from the three brothers allied with the Pope) declared that Boniface had been elected illegally after the unprecedented abdication of Pope Celestine V three years previously. Papal abdication occurs in the Catholic Church when the Pope resigns his office The dispute lead to open warfare, and in September Boniface appointed Landolfo to the command of his army, to put down the revolt of Landolfo's own relatives. This he did, and by the end of 1298 Colonna, Palestrina, and other towns had been captured and razed to the ground. The family's lands were distributed among Landolfo and his loyal brothers; the rest of the family fled Italy.
In the 1300s, the family sponsored the decoration of the Church of San Giovanni, most notably the floor mosaics.
In 1728, the family added the name Barberini to its family name when Giulio Cesare Colonna di Sciarra married Cornelia Barberini, daughter of the last male Barberini to hold the name, Taddeo Barberini. Year 1728 ( MDCCXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Barberini are a family of the Italian nobility that rose to prominence in 17th century Rome.
The Colonna family have been Prince Assistants to the Papal Throne since 1710, though their papal princely title only dates from 1854. The Prince Assistants to the Pontifical Throne are hereditary offices of the Roman Curia.
The family residence in Rome, the Palazzo Colonna, is open to the public. The Palazzo Colonna is a palatial block of buildings in central Rome, Italy, at the base of the Quirinal Hill, and adjacent to the church of Santi