WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates:
|Irish grid reference|
|Elevation:||47 m (154 ft)|
Cobh (pronounced /kʊv/ "cove"; Irish: An Cóbh) is a sheltered seaport town on the south coast of County Cork, Republic of Ireland. Basic concept of GPS operation A GPS receiver calculates its position by carefully timing the signals sent by the constellation of GPS Satellites high above the Earth The Irish grid reference system is a system of geographic Grid references commonly used in Ireland (both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland Poetic description This dinnseanchas poem named Ard Ruide (Ruide Headland poetically describes the kingdoms of Ireland Munster ( Irish: An Mhumhain, ənˈvuːnʲ Cúige Mumhan or Mumha) is the southernmost of the four Provinces of Ireland. Since the late 16th century the Island of Ireland has been divided into 32 counties ( Irish language contae or condae County Cork (Contae Chorcaí is the most southerly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Irish (ga ''Gaeilge'' is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish. County Cork (Contae Chorcaí is the most southerly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe.
The locality, which had had several different Irish-language names, was first referred to as Cove ("The Cove of Cork") in 1750. It was renamed Queenstown in 1849 to commemorate a visit by Queen Victoria and so remained until the name Cobh (closer to the Irish spelling) was restored in 1922 with the foundation of the Irish Free State. Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901 was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann (1922&ndash1937 was the state established as a Dominion on 6 December 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty, signed by
Cobh is located on the south shore of the Great Island in Cork Harbour, (reputed to be the second largest natural harbour in the world), on south-facing slopes overlooking the entrance to the harbour. Great Island ( Oileán Mór an Barraigh in Irish) is the name of an island in Cork Harbour, just outside Cork city at the mouth of the Cork Harbour is a natural Harbour and river Estuary at the mouth of the River Lee in County Cork, Ireland. A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences) or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the Weather or are stored Facing the town of Cobh are Spike Island and Haulbowline Island. Spike Island may refer to one of several places Australia: Spike Island (Tasmania England: Spike Island Haulbowline (Inis Sionnach is the name of an island in Cork Harbour off the coast of Ireland. On a high point in the town stands the Cobh Cathedral, St. St Colman’s Cathedral is a Roman Catholic Cathedral located in Cobh, Ireland. Colman's, seat of the diocese of Cloyne.
One of the first colonists of Ireland was Neimheidh, who landed in Cork Harbour over 1000 years BC He and his followers were wiped out in a plague, but the Great Island was known in Irish as Oilean Ard Neimheadh because of its association with him. Later it became known as Crich Liathain because of the Lehane tribe who were rulers of it. The island subsequently became known as Oilean Mor An Barra, (the Great Island of Barry & Barrymore) after the Barry family who inherited it.
The village on the island was known as Ballyvoloon, overlooking "The Cove" and this was first referred to as Cove village in 1750 by Smith the historian who said "it was inhabited by seamen and revenue officials". The Cork directory of 1787 shows about thirty businesses in the town including one butcher and one draper. The Water Club established at Haulbowline in 1720 was the progenitor of the present Royal Cork Yacht Club (now based in Crosshaven) and is the oldest yacht club in the world. Haulbowline (Inis Sionnach is the name of an island in Cork Harbour off the coast of Ireland. The Royal Cork Yacht Club is the world's oldest Yacht club and was founded in 1720 A yacht club is a sports Club specifically related to Sailing and Yachting. The Royal Cork Yacht Club (RCYC) was based for many years in Cobh and the present Sirius Arts Centre was formerly a clubhouse of the RCYC organisation.
Cobh is well served by pubs and hostelries. The oldest recorded pub on the island is reputed to have been the "Anti Gallicon" situated in the Holy Ground, and apparently liable to flooding when the tide came in. The Holy Ground is a local place name in the town of Cobh, County Cork, on the southern coast of Ireland. This pub dated back to the 1780s and was named after opponents to the French "Gallicon" faction who opposed the powers of the Pope.
Cove underwent rapid development in the early 1800s assisted by world events. Due to its naturally protected harbour Cobh has historically been important as a tactical base for naval military bases. For instance, Cobh was of major tactical military importance as a naval base during the Napoleonic wars between France and England. Today, the Irish Naval Service is based on Haulbowline island facing Cobh. The Irish Naval Service (in Irish: Seirbhís Chabhlaigh na hÉireann or just An tSeirbhís Chabhlaigh for "the Naval Service" is the Haulbowline (Inis Sionnach is the name of an island in Cork Harbour off the coast of Ireland.
The Napoleonic Wars meant the town became a British Naval port with its own admiral and much of the present day buildings were built. The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815 involved Napoleon's French Empire and a shifting set of European allies and opposing coalitions The cessation of hostilities dented its prosperity for a time but it became widely known as a health resort and many convalescents came to Cove to avail of its temperate climate. Amongst these was Rev. Charles Wolfe who wrote the "Burial of Sir John Moore at Corunna" and is buried in the Old Churchyard.
One of the major transatlantic Irish ports, Cobh was the departure point for 2. 5 million of the six million Irish people who emigrated to North America between 1848 and 1950. Year 1848 ( MDCCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. On 11 April 1912 Queenstown was the final port of call for the RMS Titanic as she set out across the Atlantic on her ill-fated maiden voyage. Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting Construction The Titanic was a White Star Line ocean liner built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland Local lore has it that a Titanic crew member John Coffey, a native of Queenstown, jumped ship although there is no record of him on the crew list. 123 passengers boarded in all; only 44 survived the sinking.
Cobh was also a major disembarcation port for men, women and children who were deported to penal colonies such as Australia. A penal colony is a Settlement used to detain Prisoners and generally use them for Penal labour in an economically underdeveloped part of the state's The records of such deportations can be found in the ship log books in the Cobh Museum, which since 1973 is housed in Scots church (Presbyterian church until 1969 closure) overlooking the harbour.
Due to its maritime advantages, a significant shipbuilding industry developed in Cobh and the remnants of the Verolme Shipyard today maintain many of the original cranes and hoists which now form part of the significant industrial and maritime heritage of Cobh which is considered to have major tourism potential. Underutilised dockyards in Holland (e. g. NDSM/Stichting Kinetisch Noord in Amsterdam which has been redeveloped as an artistic and cultural centre and where MTV has since located) and other European countries are now emerging as major hubs of cultural and economic development, focussing on fostering creative class and knowledge-intensive industries such as media and computing. MTV ( Music Television) is an American Cable television network based in New York City. The creative class is a group of people that social scientist Dr . The Verolme Shipyard currently contains the Phil Gray Gallery of Fine Art .
The age of steam brought famous achievements to Cobh, most notably the first steam ship to sail from Ireland to England (1821) and the first steam ship to cross the Atlantic (Sirius 1838) which left from Passage West. A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving a Propeller Passage West ( An Pasáiste Thiar in Irish) is a port town in County Cork, Ireland, situated on the west bank of Cork Harbour. In 1849 the name of the town was changed to Queenstown to honour Queen Victoria who visited Ireland in that year. Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901 was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Several other notable ships are associated with the town, including:
During World War I, Queenstown was a naval base for British and American destroyers operating against U-boats that preyed upon merchant vessels in the area. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All U-boat is the anglicized version of the German word, itself an abbreviation of Unterseeboot ( undersea boat) and refers The first division of American destroyers arrived in May 1917, and the sailors who served on those vessels were the first American servicemen in combat duty in the war. When the convoy arrived in port, after a rough passage in what were little more than open boats, they were met with a great crowd of sailors and townspeople, thankful for help in stopping the U-boats that threatened to starve the British out of the war. The impatient British Commodore met the captain of the American flagship when he jumped onto the dock, and asked him how soon the weather-beaten American ships could be put to use. "We're ready now, sir!" he answered, and was widely quoted.
Due to its tactical military importance, under the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty 1921 the port remained a UK sovereign base, see Treaty Port. Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar The Sovereign Base Areas are military bases located on territory in which the United Kingdom is sovereign but which are separated from the ordinary British territory After the Irish War of Independence when the Irish Free State won independence in 1922 three deep water Treaty Ports at Lough Swilly, Berehaven Along with the other Treaty ports it was handed over to the government of the Irish Free State in 1938. The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann (1922&ndash1937 was the state established as a Dominion on 6 December 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty, signed by
The population of the Cobh area has increased greatly in recent times with large new housing estates established on the outskirts of the town, placing severe pressures on the transport infrastructure. The town boundary has not yet reflected these changes in order to accommodate the new housing developments.
According to the 2006 Census, the combined population of Cobh and Great Island was 12,887. The former farmlands of Cobh have been extensively developed in recent years, with a large amount of housing estates being built in areas such as Rushbrooke and Carrignafoy. Rushbrooke is a small village which has become a suburb of the town of Cobh on the Great Island in Cork Harbour, Ireland. Carrignafoy is an area on the Great Island in Cork Harbour, Ireland. Cobh is gradually becoming a satellite town to the nearby Cork City, and has a dynamic (and international) commuter population as can be evidenced on the hourly commuter train service to Cork city.
Cobh Town Council is the local authority governing the town of Cobh. It consists of nine elected Councillors who work with the administrative, executive and technical staff, led by the town Manager. The Town Council has a wide range of functions in order to serve the people of Cobh. The contact details of current Cobh public representatives are found on the website of the Cobh Town Council.  The town is also part of the Midleton Electoral area for elections to Cork County Council and is in the Dáil constituency of Cork East. County Cork (Contae Chorcaí is the most southerly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. Cork East is a Constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas.
Leisure and commercial activities have improved in recent years:
Notable current and former residents of Cobh include: