|Place||Cleveland, Ohio, (USA)|
|Affiliated University||Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University|
|Website||Cleveland Clinic Homepage|
|See also||List of hospitals in the United States|
The Cleveland Clinic (formally known as the Cleveland Clinic Foundation) is a multispecialty academic medical center located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. Cleveland is a City in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads The United States of America —commonly referred to as the This article describes policy-related systems For the article on hospital networks which are sometimes referred to as health care systems see Hospital network. A hospital is an institution for Health care providing treatment by specialised staff and equipment and often but not always providing for A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects The Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine (CCLCM was established in 2004 through a collaboration of the Cleveland Clinic and Case Western Reserve University Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus The Joint Commission is a private sector United States -based non-profit organization. Lists of Hospitals for each US state: Cleveland is a City in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Cleveland Clinic was established in 1921 by four physicians for the purpose of providing patient care, research, and medical education in an ideal medical setting. One of the largest private medical centers in the world, the Cleveland Clinic saw more than 2,900,000 patient visits in 2005, with 53,000 hospital admissions. Patients arrive at the Cleveland Clinic from all 50 states and more than 100 nations. The Cleveland Clinic’s approximately 1,700 salaried staff physicians represent 120 medical specialties and subspecialties.
The Cleveland Clinic was founded in February 1921 by four renowned Cleveland physicians. Cleveland is a City in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state Three of the founders, George Washington Crile, Frank Bunts, and William Lower, were surgeons who had worked together in an army medical unit in France during World War I. George Washington Crile (1864 - 1943 was a significant American surgeon This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All
Upon their return to the United States, they desired to establish a group practice and invited an internist, John Phillips, to join in their endeavor. George Washington Crile (1864 - 1943 was a significant American surgeon John Phillips or John Philips may refer to John Aristotle Phillips (fl The concept of group practice in medicine was relatively new at the time. Only the Mayo Clinic and military units were known to follow this model. Mayo Clinic is a Non-profit medical practice Its headquarters the Mayo Medical School and its research facilities are in Rochester Minnesota in The founders established the Clinic with the vision: “Better care of the sick, investigation of their problems, and further education of those who serve. ” Dr. Crile was a surgeon of national prominence and attracted patients from around the country, especially for his expertise in thyroid surgery. The Clinic saw rapid growth in its early years but suffered a major setback in 1929 that almost closed its doors permanently. On May 15, 1929, a fire started in the basement of the hospital caused by nitrocellulose x-ray film that spontaneously ignited. Nitrocellulose (also cellulose nitrate, flash paper) is a highly flammable compound formed by Nitrating Cellulose through exposure to The fire claimed 123 lives including that of one of the founders, Dr. Phillips. Following this fire and the subsequent Great Depression, the Cleveland Clinic regained momentum and eventually obtained national recognition especially in cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular diseases refers to the class of diseases that involve the Heart or Blood vessels ( arteries and In the decades since World War II, the Clinic has grown to become internationally prominent and is currently the second-largest medical group practice in the world. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
The Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute is the fifth largest research institute in the country, having total annual research expenditures exceeding $220 million from the National Institutes of Health and other funding sources. "NIH" redirects here For other meanings of NIH see NIH (disambiguation. With approximately 1,100 residents and fellows, the Clinic’s graduate medical education program is the third largest in the country. A new medical school, the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, was opened in 2004. The Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine (CCLCM was established in 2004 through a collaboration of the Cleveland Clinic and Case Western Reserve University Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus The program’s curriculum has been devised by Cleveland Clinic staff physicians to train and mentor a new generation of physician-investigators.
The Cleveland Clinic is ranked among the four leading hospitals in America (U.S. News & World Report, 2007). USNews & World Report is an influential weekly American Newsmagazine published in Washington D The Cleveland Clinic has ranked number one in America for cardiac care for 13 years in a row. The urology and gastroenterology services are ranked among the two best in the nation. Urology is the branch of Surgery that focuses on the Urinary tracts of males and females and on the reproductive system of males Gastroenterology ( MeSH heading is the branch of Medicine whereby the Digestive system and its disorders are studied The Clinic's Glickman Urological Institute has the largest full-time urology faculty in the United States. Altogether, 13 specialties at the Cleveland Clinic were ranked among the best in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in 2007: heart and heart surgery(#1), digestive disorders (#2), urology (#2), orthopedics (#4), rheumatology (#4); respiratory disorders (#5), kidney disease (#5), neurology and neurosurgery (#6), endocrinology (#6), gynecology (#7), ear nose and throat (#9); geriatrics (#9), ophthalmology (#12), cancer (#17); psychiatry (#19), and rehabilitation (#20). USNews & World Report is an influential weekly American Newsmagazine published in Washington D The heart is a muscular organ in all Vertebrates responsible for pumping Blood through the Blood vessels by repeated rhythmic Cardiac surgery is Surgery on the Heart and/or Great vessels performed by a Cardiac surgeon. K00-K93 - Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K14 Diseases of oral cavity salivary glands and jaws ( Disorders of Tooth development and Eruption Urology is the branch of Surgery that focuses on the Urinary tracts of males and females and on the reproductive system of males Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (also spelled orthopaedics) is the branch of Surgery concerned with injuries to or conditions involving the Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in Internal medicine and Pediatrics, devoted to the Diagnosis and therapy of Rheumatic diseases. J00-J99 - Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J06 Acute upper respiratory infections ( Acute Nasopharyngitis ( Common cold) Nephrology (from Greek nephros, " Kidney " and λόγος Logos, "speech" lit Neurosurgery is the surgical discipline focused on treating those central, Peripheral nervous system and spinal column diseases amenable to surgical Endocrinology (from Greek grc ἔνδον endon, "within" grc κρῑνω krīnō, "to separate" and grc -λογία Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) refers to the surgical specialty dealing with health of the female reproductive system ( Uterus Otolaryngology is the branch of Medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of Ear, Nose, Throat, and head and neck disorders Geriatrics is the branch of Medicine that focuses on health care of the elderly Ophthalmology is the branch of Medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways including the Eye, Brain Cancer (medical term Malignant Neoplasm) is a class of Diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled Psychiatry is a medical specialty which exists to study, prevent, and treat Mental disorders in Humans Psychiatric Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R or physiatry, is a branch of Medicine dealing with functional restoration of a person affected by physical disability
In 2007, Steven Nissen, MD, Chairman of the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, was named one of the 100 most influential people in the world (Time 100) by Time. Steven E Nissen (born 1949 a Cardiologist, is chairman of cardiovascular medicine at the Cleveland Clinic. The Time 100 is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world as assembled by Time. Time (trademarked in capitals as TIME) is a weekly American Newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and
The Cleveland Clinic has been the site of numerous medical firsts. These include:
The main campus of the Cleveland Clinic consists of 41 buildings on more than 140 acres near University Circle, in the Fairfax Neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio. Irvine Heinly Page ( January 7, 1901 - June 10, 1991) was born in Indianapolis, Indiana and was an American In Medicine, dialysis (from Greek "dialusis" meaning dissolution "dia" meaning through and "lusis" meaning loosening is primarily Angiography or arteriography is a Medical imaging technique in which an X-ray image is taken to visualize the inside or lumen, of blood vessels Coronary artery bypass surgery, also coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery is a surgical procedure Dr René Gerónimo Favaloro ( July 12, 1923 – July 29, 2000) was an Argentine Cardiac surgeon who created the technique The larynx (plural larynges) colloquially known as the voicebox, is an organ in the Neck of Mammals involved in protection of the History See also History of genetics The existence of genes was first suggested by Gregor Mendel (1822-1884 who in the 1860s studied inheritance Macular degeneration is a medical condition usually of older adults which results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the Macula) because History See also History of genetics The existence of genes was first suggested by Gregor Mendel (1822-1884 who in the 1860s studied inheritance Coronary artery disease (CAD (or atherosclerotic Heart disease) is the end result of the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy ( PEG) is an endoscopic procedure for placing a tube into the Stomach. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS or median neuropathy at the wrist is a medical condition in which the Median nerve is compressed at the Wrist, leading Sodium nitroprusside is the Chemical compound with the formula Na2·2H2O The miter valve (also known as the bicuspid valve or left atrioventricular valve) is a dual flap (bi = 2 valve in the Heart that lies between The tricuspid valve (also known as the right atrioventricular valve) is on the right side of the heart between the Right atrium and the Right ventricle University Circle is the cultural educational and medical center of Greater Cleveland, and is located on the east side of Cleveland Ohio. Cleveland is a City in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads The Cleveland Clinic operates 12 family health and ambulatory surgery centers in surrounding communities, a multispecialty hospital Weston, Florida, and an outpatient clinic in Toronto, Ontario . Weston is a city located in Broward County Florida, USA Established as a city in 1996, much of the community was developed by Arvida / JMB Realty Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec The Cleveland Clinic serves its community through nine northeast Ohio hospitals plus affiliates. These are: Main Campus, Euclid Hospital, Fairview Hospital, Hillcrest Hospital, Huron Hospital, Lakewood Hospital, Lutheran Hospital, Marymount Hospital, and South Pointe Hospital. Hillcrest Hospital is a 424-bed comprehensive-care Hospital located at 6780 Mayfield Rd The Cleveland Clinic has a Children's Hospital located within the main campus and at its Shaker Campus.
The Clinic is currently building a state-of-the-art heart center to house its number-one ranked heart program in one building. Additionally, the Clinic is building a new home for its urological institute, in addition to a 4,000 space parking garage for staff and visitors. To help ensure its growth, the Cleveland Clinic announced in 2006 a historic 5-year philanthropic campaign to raise $1. 25 billion. The Clinic is also looking to expand its presence to other locations in the United States as well abroad. In September 2006, the Clinic announced plans to build and operate a world-class specialty hospital in Abu Dhabi, UAE. September 2006 was marked by a controversy surrounding statements made by Pope Benedict XVI regarding Islam, during the same week as the fifth anniversary This facility is scheduled to open in 2010.  The current CEO and President of the Clinic, Delos M. A chief executive officer ( CEO) or chief executive is typically the highest-ranking corporate officer ( executive) or administrator "Toby" Cosgrove, M. D. , recently indicated plans to expand into other markets abroad including Austria and Singapore. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Singapore 
The Cleveland Clinic is heavily involved in efforts to expand Cleveland's economy and produce growth for the region. The Clinic is the largest private employer in northeast Ohio, and the third largest in the state of Ohio, with over 36,000 employees all over the United States and revenues exceeding $4. 4 billion annually. At $2. 7 billion, the Clinic's endowment rivals those of top American universities. A financial endowment is a Transfer of Money or Property donated to an Institution, usually with the stipulation that it be invested In addition to its clinical facilities and research institute, the Clinic operates a startup incubator known as CCF Innovations. CCF Innovations is charged with commercializing Clinic research and creating successful startup companies with such research. In addition to CCF Innovations, the Cleveland Clinic was awarded the State of Ohio's first "Wright Mega-Center for Innovation" award, totalling $60 million, to build a Global Cardiovascular Innovation Center. Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads This center, funded as part of the state's "Third Frontier" program to generate economic growth for the state, will be charged with generating companies, jobs, and economic growth for the region based on the Clinic's expertise in heart disease. Heart disease is an Umbrella term for a variety for different diseases affecting the Heart.
The Cleveland Clinic has treated many famous patients from around the world. Some of these include: