Clay Cross shown within Derbyshire
|OS grid reference|
|District||North East Derbyshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|European Parliament||East Midlands|
|UK Parliament||North East Derbyshire|
|List of places: UK • England • Derbyshire|
Clay Cross is a former mining village and civil parish in the North East Derbyshire district of Derbyshire, England, on the outskirts of Chesterfield. History The area that is now Derbyshire was first visited probably briefly by humans 200000 years ago during the Aveley Interglacial as evidenced by a Middle In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government See also the North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency. Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London History The area that is now Derbyshire was first visited probably briefly by humans 200000 years ago during the Aveley Interglacial as evidenced by a Middle The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one The East Midlands is one of the Regions of England and consists of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlands. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The S postcode area, also known as the Sheffield postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Barnsley, Chesterfield, Dronfield, The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Derbyshire Constabulary is the Home Office Police force responsible for policing the county of Derbyshire, England. The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service is the Statutory fire and rescue service covering the area of Derbyshire, England History The East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS is the NHS ambulance service serving the East Midlands region of England. East Midlands is a constituency of the European Parliament. It currently elects 6 MEPs using the D'Hondt method of Party-list proportional This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election North East Derbyshire is a County constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of settlements in Derbyshire, England A Abney Acresford Aldercar A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. See also the North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency. History The area that is now Derbyshire was first visited probably briefly by humans 200000 years ago during the Aveley Interglacial as evidenced by a Middle England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Chesterfield is a historic Market town and local government district in Derbyshire, a County in England. It is directly on the A61, the former Roman road Ryknield Street. The A61 is a major Trunk road in England. It runs from Derby to Thirsk in North Yorkshire. Icknield Street or Ryknild Street is a Roman road in Britain that runs from the Fosse Way at Bourton on the Water in Gloucestershire Surrounding settlements include North Wingfield, Tupton, Pilsley and Ashover. North Wingfield is a large village in the English county of Derbyshire, located approximately 4½ miles south-east of Chesterfield, and 1 mile north-east Tupton is a Village in North East Derbyshire, Derbyshire, England, 4½ miles south of Chesterfield. Pilsley is a rural village in Northeast Derbyshire, near Chesterfield. Ashover is a village in the English county of Derbyshire. It is in the North East Derbyshire district of the county
Until the early nineteenth century, Clay Cross was a small village, but increasing demand for coal and other minerals trebled the population by 1840. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar While driving the tunnel for the North Midland Railway, George Stephenson discovered both coal and iron, which together with the demand for limestone, caused him to move into Tapton Hall, near Chesterfield, and set a business as George Stephenson and Co. Clay Cross Tunnel is a 1784-yard (1631 m Tunnel on the former North Midland Railway line near Clay Cross in Derbyshire, England The North Midland Railway was a British Railway company which opened its line from Derby to Rotherham (Masborough and Leeds in 1840 George Stephenson ( 9 June 1781 &ndash 12 August 1848) was an English Civil engineer and mechanical engineer
Stephenson's workers' houses were of high quality for their time, having four rooms compared to the normal two, and a school was provided. By 1850 there were three chapels, a church and an institute - but no constable.
When he died in 1848 his son, Robert, took over, leaving the company in 1852 when it took the name of the Clay Cross Company. Robert Stephenson FRS (16 October 1803 &ndash 12 October 1859 was an English Civil engineer.
Although the company had been formed to mine coal and manufacture coke from the railway, the supplies from Durham were preferred, and the works turned to iron working and brick making. Durham (ˈdʌrəm in RP, locally ˈdʏrəm is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham, England
For many years, the company was the village's major employer. In 1985, Biwater took it over. Biwater Plc is a British Water company. It designs and builds Water Treatment Works and Waste Water Treatment Works mainly in the UK but also around the world In 2000 Biwater sold the site to French company, Saint-Gobain. Saint-Gobain SA ( is a French Multinational corporation, founded in 1665 in Paris and headquartered on the outskirts of Paris at La Some months later, it was closed down with the loss of around 750 jobs.
The village was an urban district until 1974, when it was merged into the North East Derbyshire district under the Local Government Act 1972. In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, an urban district was a type of Local government district that covered an Urbanised area The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c 70 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom, that reformed local government in England and Wales In the 1970s the council achieved brief notoriety due to its refusal to implement the Housing Finance Act 1972 in increasing the rents of council housing - by law the rents should have increased by £1/week from October 1972. The council house is a form of public or social housing in the United Kingdom. The council was one of several to show defiance against the Act, and three to be ordered to comply by the Department of the Environment in November 1972 (the others being Eccles and Halstead). Eccles is a town within the Metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England. Halstead is a rural Town located in Essex, England, near Colchester and Sudbury. Clay Cross was threatened with an audit in December 1972, The constituency Labour party barred the 11 councillors from its list of approved candidates.  The District Auditor ordered the eleven Labour Party councillors to pay a surcharge of £635 each in January 1973, finding them "guilty of negligence and misconduct". The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the In the United Kingdom a public servant for example a local government officer who has unlawfully spent public funds or caused loss to a public authority through misconduct may be surcharged  Conisbrough UDC faced a similar audit on January 19, 1973. Conisbrough (frequently misspelled Conisborough) is a small town located roughly midway between Doncaster and Rotherham in South Yorkshire 
The UDC made an appeal in the case to the High Court.  Clydebank and Cumbernauld abandoned similar actions in March 1973. Clydebank is a town in West Dunbartonshire, in the Central Lowlands of Scotland Cumbernauld ( Gaelic: Comar nan Allt) is a New town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The surcharge was upheld by the High Court on July 30, 1973, which also added a further £2,000 legal costs to their bill, as well as barring them from public office for five years.  The council further defied authority (the Pay Board) in August, when they decided to increase council workers' earnings. The Prices Commission was set up in the UK under the Counter-Inflation Act 1973, alongside the Pay Board, in an attempt to control Inflation.  This provoked a further dispute with NALGO. The National and Local Government Officers Association (NALGO was a British Trade union representing mostly Local government Ultimately the dispute became moot with the replacement of Clay Cross urban district council with the North East Derbyshire district council from April 1, 1974. See also the North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar.  The councillors were made bankrupt in 1975 :
A book on the dispute between the council and the Government, The Story Of Clay Cross, was written by one of the councillors, David Skinner, and the journalist Julia Langdon. A journalist (also called a newspaperman) is a person who practices Journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events trends The book was published by Spokesman Books in 1974. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar.
There is the Sharley Park Leisure Centre on the A6175 Market Street towards North Wingfield. North Wingfield is a large village in the English county of Derbyshire, located approximately 4½ miles south-east of Chesterfield, and 1 mile north-east Next door is the community hospital. The Danesmoor Industrial Estate is on the site of the Parkhouse Colliery. The library is on Holmegate Road.
The area has many local attractions and places of special interest. In addition to the stunning peak district scenery other places people enjoy visiting include Hardwick Hall, Bolsover Castle, Chatsworth House, and The National Tramway Museum at Crich . Hardwick Hall ( in Doe Lea, Derbyshire is one of the most significant Elizabethan Country houses in England. Bolsover Castle is a Castle in Bolsover, Derbyshire, England ( Chatsworth House is a large Country house at Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England 3½ miles north east of Bakewell. The National Tramway Museum, at Crich, ( in Derbyshire, England, is situated within Crich Tramway Village, a period village containing