A civil list is a list of individuals to whom money is paid by the government. Money is anything that is generally accepted as Payment for Goods and services and repayment of Debts. For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government.
In the United Kingdom the Civil List is the sum that covers most expenses associated with the Sovereign performing of his or her state duties, including those for staffing, state visits, public engagements, official entertainment, and upkeep of the Royal Households. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The royal household in all the early medieval monarchies of Western Europe formed the basis for the general government of the country
Formerly, the monarch met all official expenses from hereditary revenues, including the profits of the Crown Estate and the Royal Mail. In the United Kingdom, the Crown Estate is a Property portfolio associated with the monarchy. Royal Mail is the national postal service of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1660, but during 1760 the new King, George III, agreed to surrender the hereditary revenues of the Crown in exchange for the Civil List, funded by taxation. Year 1760 ( MDCCLX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap George III (George William Frederick 4 June 1738 George III's long reign was marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdom much of the rest of Europe and places
This Civil List was originally intended to meet all of the expenses of civil government, including the Civil Service and pensions paid by the State, as well as the expenses of the Royal Household. See also Bureaucrat The term civil service has two distinct meanings Branch of governmental service in which individuals are hired on the basis These had earlier been paid by the monarch from their own non-tax sources of income, as had the expenses of running the Court system. Non-civil expenses, such as the costs of the Army and Navy, and interest on the National Debt, were paid from taxation.
On the accession of William IV in 1830, Parliament removed all civil government expenses from the Civil List, leaving only the expense of the royal household.
The Crown Estate is not owned by the monarch personally, but is an inalienable possession of the Crown, and passes from one Sovereign to the next. Throughout the Commonwealth realms The Crown is an abstract metonymic concept which represents the legal authority for the existence of any government During modern times, the profits surrendered from the Crown Estate have greatly exceeded the Civil List and Grants-in-Aid provided to the monarch. For example, surplus from the Crown Estate produced approximately £184. 8 million for the Treasury during the financial year 2003/04, whereas parliamentary funding for the Monarchy was approximately £36. 8 million during the same period. These funds include the Civil List, Annuities, Grants in Aid, and funding paid directly by government departments.
In 2000, a £35. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. 3 million reserve was carried over from the 1990-2000 Civil List. Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The reserve was created from surpluses caused by low inflation and the efforts of the Queen and her staff to make the palace more efficient. For the period of 2000 - 2010, the Civil List has continued to be fixed at £7,900,000 (GBP) annually, the same as was established during 1990. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. For the film see 2010 The Year We Make Contact. For the book see 2010 Odyssey Two. The Pound Sterling ( symbol £; ISO code: GBP) subdivided into 100 pence (singular penny) is the Currency Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar)
Only the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh receive funding from the Civil List. The Duke receives £359,000 per year. The state duties and staff of other members of the Royal Family are funded from a Parliamentary Annuity, the amount of which is repaid by the Queen from the monies put into the Privy Purse from income from the Duchy of Lancaster. In the past the UK 's Civil Government day-to-day costs were paid for by the sovereign under normal circumstances the monies in this The Duchy of Lancaster is one of the two Royal Duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Cornwall, and is the personal (inherited property of the The money repaid by the Queen can be claimed against her personal tax bill however, meaning she makes profit of over £500,000 annually due to this arrangement. Money from the Privy Purse also goes towards royal charities, including the Chapel Royal. A Chapel Royal is a department of the Ecclesiastical Household of the monarch in right of each of the Commonwealth realms formally known as the royal
Private personal expenditure is met from private sources of income.
In Canada the civil list was a common term during the pre-confederation period when it caused much controversy. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page New France under British Rule See also Province of Quebec (1763-1791 In North America Seven Years' War officially ended with the signing of the The Canadian civil list referred to the payment for all officials on the government payroll. There was much controversy as to whether the list would be controlled by the Governor or by the Legislative Assembly. A governor is a governing official usually the executive (at least nominally to different degrees also politically and administratively of a non-sovereign level of government The Assembly demanded control of all money matters, while the Governors worried that if the Assembly was given this power then certain positions would be delisted. Eventually under the Baldwin-Lafontaine government a compromise was reached with Lord Elgin. Robert Baldwin (May 12 1804 – December 9 1858 was born at York (now Toronto) Sir Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine (or La Fontaine), 1st Baronet ( October 4 1807 – February 26 1864 Montreal) The title Earl of Elgin (IPA /ˈɛl gɪn/ was created on June 21, 1633 in the Peerage of Scotland for Thomas Bruce 3rd Lord Kinloss.
The term civil list is no longer commonly used to describe the payment of civil servants in Canada.
Civil List is the term used to describe the funds provided for the Governor-General. The Governor-General of New Zealand (Te Kawana Tianara o Aotearoa is the representative of the Sovereign in right of New Zealand (currently Queen