Chichester shown within West Sussex
|OS grid reference|
|Shire county||West Sussex|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|European Parliament||South East England|
|List of places: UK • England • West Sussex|
Chichester is a cathedral city in West Sussex, England. Chichester Cathedral in Chichester, West Sussex, England is an Anglican Cathedral. Settlements Most settlements in West Sussex are either along the south coast or are situated in the M23 corridor In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government History The district was formed on April 1, 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the Municipal borough of Chichester Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London Settlements Most settlements in West Sussex are either along the south coast or are situated in the M23 corridor The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one South East England is one of the nine official Regions of England. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The, also known as the Portsmouth postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Bembridge, Bognor Regis, Chichester, Cowes The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Sussex Police is the Home Office police force responsible for policing East Sussex, West Sussex and City of Brighton and Hove in southern The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and The West Sussex Fire and Rescue Service is statutory fire and rescue service for the county of West Sussex, England. The South East Coast Ambulance Service (SECAmb is the NHS Ambulance Services Trust for south-eastern England, covering Kent (including Medway South East England is a Constituency of the European Parliament. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Chichester is a Constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of cities, Towns and Villages in the ceremonial county of West Sussex, England. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Settlements Most settlements in West Sussex are either along the south coast or are situated in the M23 corridor England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland It has a long history as a settlement; its Roman past and its subsequent importance in Anglo-Saxon times are only its beginnings. It is the seat of a bishopric, with a 12th century cathedral. In many rites of the Roman Catholic Church and in Anglican churches, a diocese is an administrative territorial unit administered by a Bishop. This article is about the history and organisation of the cathedral
Chichester today is a local government stronghold, three levels being administered from here. It is also a transport hub, and the centre for culture in the region, with a Festival theatre and two art galleries. The nearby Chichester Harbour, together with the South Downs, provide ample opportunities for outdoor pursuits.
It has been argued that the area was a bridgehead for the Roman invasion of Britain. Noviomagus Reginorum was the Roman town which is today called Chichester, situated in the modern English county of West Sussex. This page refers to the conquest begun in AD 43 For other Roman invasions see Caesar's invasions of Britain and Carausian Revolt. The city centre stands on the foundations of the Romano-British city of Noviomagus Reginorum, capital of the Civitas Reginorum, and near to the Roman Palace of Fishbourne. Noviomagus Reginorum was the Roman town which is today called Chichester, situated in the modern English county of West Sussex. Fishbourne Roman Palace, in the village of Fishbourne in West Sussex, England is an important Roman archaeological site in Roman According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle it was captured towards the close of the fifth century, by Ælle, and renamed after his son, Cissa. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of Annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons. Ælle (also Aelle or Ella,) is recorded in early sources as the first king of the South Saxons, reigning in what is now called Sussex Cissa is the name of a (possibly mythical King of Sussex. The town of Chichester is supposedly named after him. It was the chief city of the Kingdom of Sussex. The Kingdom of Sussex, ( Suth Seaxe, ie the South Saxons was one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms the boundaries of which coincided in general with those of the earlier kingdom The Roman Road of Stane Street, connecting Fishbourne Palace with London, passes through the city centre. The Roman Roads were essential for the growth of the Roman Empire, by enabling the Romans to move armies and trade goods and to communicate news There are several Roman Stane Streets - see also Stane Street (St Albans Stane Street, sometimes called Stone Street (Stane is simply an London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The city streets have a cross-shaped layout, inherited from the Romans: radiating outwards from the medieval market cross lead the North, South, East and West shopping streets. Chichester Cross stands in the centre of the city of Chichester, England at the intersection of the four principal streets Quite a lot of the city walls are in place, and may be walked along for some of their length. See also List of cities with defensive walls A defensive wall is a Fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors
An amphitheatre was built close to what would have been the city walls, outside the East Gate in around 80 AD. The remains are now buried under land currently used as a park, but the bank of the amphitheatre is clearly discernible and a notice board in the park gives more information.
Chichester, although in terms of local government in England is a civil parish, has the status of a city, and is one of six so designated. The pattern of local government in England is complex with the distribution of functions varying according to the local arrangements A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. The City Council consists of twenty elected members seving four wards of the city - North, South, East, and West.
In addition to its own council offices, those of the Chichester District and the West Sussex County Council are also located here. History The district was formed on April 1, 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the Municipal borough of Chichester Settlements Most settlements in West Sussex are either along the south coast or are situated in the M23 corridor The current MP for the Chichester Constituency is Andrew Tyrie. Andrew Guy Tyrie (born 15 January 1957 is a politician in the United Kingdom.
Chichester has an unusual franchise in its history. For 300 years before the 19th century Reform Bills expanded the right to vote for members of Parliament to include most ordinary citizens, Chichester's residents had enjoyed that right. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar In the United Kingdom, Reform Act is a generic term used for legislation concerning electoral matters The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories However, when the mayor restricted the vote to only Freemen in the election of 1660 for the Convention Parliament that organized the restoration of the monarchy, the House of Commons noted that "for One-and-twenty Parliaments, the Commonalty, as well as the Citizens, had had Voice in the electing of Members to serve in Parliament; and that thereupon the Committee were of Opinion, that the Commonalty of the said Borough, together with the free Citizens, have Right of Election"  and overturned the election, seating instead the candidate elected by the more-inclusive Commonality of Chichester, and jailing the mayor for two weeks for contempt because of his wilful denial of the ancient rights. Freeman is a term used generally as an English or American Colonial expression in Puritan times which referred to those persons who were not under legal restraint The term Convention Parliament has been applied to three different English Parliaments of 1399 1660 and 1689 The English Restoration, or simply The Restoration began in 1660 when the English monarchy, Scottish monarchy and Irish monarchy were restored The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords
The City of Chichester is located on the River Lavant and south of its gap through the South Downs: this winterbourne stream often dries up during the summer months. The South Downs is one of the four areas of Chalk Downland in southern England. For part of its course through the city is in in underground culverts. Its site made it an ideal place for a settlement, where many ancient routeways converged here. The oldest part is within the walls, but as with most towns growth has occurred beyond those confines.
The Chichester Conservation Area Character Appraisal was adopted as Supplementary Planning Guidance on the 8 March 2005 by the District Council's Executive Board. The area encompasses the whole of the Roman town, with additions to every side: Northgate, Westgate, Southgate, and Eastgate. The Caledonian Road area to the south-east and Summersdale to the north are also included. Further to the north lies the separate conservation area around Graylingwell Hospital, and to the south, the Chichester Conservation Area has been extended recently to include the newly restored canal basin and part of the canal itself. The Chichester Canal runs 6km from the sea at Birdham Chichester Harbour to Chichester through two locks. The Conservation Area has been split into eight 'character' areas, based on historic development, building type, uses and activities.
The city today has made use of its past and has built a large tourist industry: its website is able to include a great deal for the visitor, and to give employment to many of its citizens
The most obvious landmark is naturally the cathedral, but there are several others. The remains of the Roman amphitheatre are now buried under land currently used as a park, but the bank of the amphitheatre is clearly discernible and a notice board in the park gives more information.
The Butter Market in North Street was designed by John Nash, and was opened in 1808 as a food and produce market. John Nash ( 18 January 1752 – 13 May 1835) was an English Architect responsible for much of the layout of Regency In 1900, a second storey was added to the building, originally housing an arts institute. It is currently still in use by various small business, however Chichester City Council are soon to carry out a full scale renovation of the building, leaving the future of some of the current retailers in some doubt.
The Corn Exhange in East Street was built in 1833, one of the first in the country. . It is an imposing building, designed to show off its importance to trade. In 1883 it was also used for drama and entertainment. From then it became a cinema (1923-1948), a restaurant, and then a fast food restaurant. It is currently occupied by Next clothing retailers. Next plc ( is a British clothes Retailer, with its headquarters in Enderby, Leicester.
The Chichester Cross, a one-time site for the market, stands at the intersection of the four main roads in the centre of the city. Chichester Cross stands in the centre of the city of Chichester, England at the intersection of the four principal streets
Chichester is the hub of several main roads. The most important of these is the A27 coastal trunk road connecting Eastbourne with Southampton. The A27 is a major Road in England. It runs from its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish (near Salisbury) in the county of Eastbourne ( is a large town and borough of East Sussex, on the south coast of England with an estimated population of 94816 as of 2007 Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England The secondary coastal road, the A259, which began its journey at Folkestone in Kent, ends with a junction with the A27 here. The A259 is a major Road in England, running along the south coast with part of the A259 running almost parallel to the A27 road. Folkestone (ˈfoʊkstən is a resort town on the south coast of Kent, England, traditionally known as "The Garden Coast" KENT (1400 AM) is a Radio station broadcasting a Adult Standards/MOR format Both those roads make east-west connections. Three roads give Chichester acces to the north: The A29 from London, which has also joined the A27 to the east of the city; and the A285, which gives access to Petworth and another cross-country road (the A272); and finally the A286, heading towards Guildford. The A29 is a major Road in England. It runs for approximately 34 miles (49 kilometres from Capel, south of Dorking, leaving the A24 List of A roads beginning with 2 in Great Britain starting south of the River Thames and east of the A3. Petworth is a small town and Civil parish in the Chichester District of West Sussex, England. The A272 is a road in South-East England. It follows an approximate East - West route from near Heathfield, East Sussex to the city List of A roads beginning with 2 in Great Britain starting south of the River Thames and east of the A3. Guildford ( IPA /ˈgɪlfəd/ is the County town of Surrey, England, as well as the seat for the borough of Guildford and the
Stagecoach South East bus company has its headquarters here. Stagecoach South is an operating division of the Stagecoach Group.
Chichester railway station, on the West Coastway Line, has regular services to Brighton, London Victoria via Gatwick Airport, Portsmouth, Southampton and Basingstoke. Chichester railway station is a railway station in the city of Chichester in West Sussex. West Coastway Line is the name of a railway line in England, along the south coast of West Sussex and Hampshire, to the west of Brighton Brighton ( is a town on the south coast of England and with its neighbour Hove, forms the city of Brighton and Hove. London Victoria is a major London Underground, National Rail and Coach station in the City of Westminster. Gatwick Airport is London 's second largest Airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. History See also History of Portsmouth There have been settlements in the area since before Roman times mostly being offshoots of Portchester, which Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England Basingstoke is a town in northeast Hampshire, England It lies across a Valley at the source of the River Loddon. In the past there was a branch line to Midhurst in the north; and a light railway built by Colonel HF Stephens known as the West Sussex Railway which ran south to Selsey, and which closed in 1935. The Pulborough line This was opened in two stages from Pulborough to Petworth on 10 October 1859, as part of the line from Three Light railway refers to a Railway built at lower costs and to lower standards than typical "heavy rail" Colonel Holman Fred Stephens ( 1868 - 23 October 1931) was a British Light railway civil engineer and manager Selsey is a seaside town and Civil parish, about 7 miles (11 kilometres south of Chichester, in the Chichester District of West Sussex, England
There are several long distance routes for walkers, cyclists and horseriders in the area, some of which, like the Centurion Way to West Dean in East Sussex, start here. Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks paths footpaths or Greenways are the longer recreational right-of-way routes mainly through rural areas used for non-motorised West Dean may refer to West Dean Gloucestershire West Dean West Sussex West Dean Wiltshire East Sussex is a county in South East England. It is bordered by the counties of Kent, Surrey and West Sussex, and to the
There are three secondary schools in Chichester: the Chichester High School for Boys and the Chichester High School For Girls; and the Bishop Luffa School. Chichester High School for Boys is a school for boys aged 11-18 in the city of Chichester, West Sussex. Chichester High School For Girls is girls Community Comprehensive school in Chichester, West Sussex. Bishop Luffa School, named after a former Bishop of Chichester, Ralph de Luffa, is a Coeducation Church of England Secondary school In the primary sector there are two infant-only schools: Lancastrian and Rumboldswyke; the Central CofE Junior School; four all-level schools; and two special-needs schools at Fordwater and St Anthony’s. There is also a Roman Catholic school, St Richard’s.
In the independent sector there are three day preparatory schools in Chichester (Oakwood, Prebendal School and Westbourne House), alongside the state primary schools. The Prebendal School is a private Preparatory school in Chichester, situated opposite Chichester Cathedral.
The higher and further educational institutions include the Chichester High Schools Sixth Form, which is the largest Sixth Form in West Sussex. It offers a range of A-Level and vocational courses with full use of a wide-range of facilities at both Boys & Girls High Schools. Chichester College, formerly Chichester College of Arts, Science and Technology; offers both foundation-level and degree-equivalent courses, mainly focused towards vocational qualifications for industry. Chichester College is a college of Further education in Chichester, West Sussex, and also has a 250 hectare campus at North Heath near Pulborough The College has recently made significant investment in upgrading facilities, and is now offering a wider range of subject areas in its prospectus.
Finally, the University of Chichester  which was granted degree-awarding body status by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority in 2005. The University of Chichester is a University based in West Sussex, England. Whereas Chichester College has always been focused towards vocational qualifications, the University of Chichester has a more academic focus (mainly in The Arts). The arts is a broad subdivision of Culture, composed of many expressive disciplines.
Chichester Cathedral, founded in the 11th century, is dedicated to the Holy Trinity, and contains a shrine to Saint Richard of Chichester. Chichester Cathedral in Chichester, West Sussex, England is an Anglican Cathedral. Chichester Cathedral in Chichester, West Sussex, England is an Anglican Cathedral. Chichester Cathedral in Chichester, West Sussex, England is an Anglican Cathedral. SSC RF "Troitsk Institute of Innovative and Termonuclear Research" or TRINITY for shprt Троицкий Институт инновационных и термоядерных "Saint Richard" redirects here For other saints with this name see Saint Richard (disambiguation Saint Richard of Chichester Its spire, built of the weak local stone, collapsed suddenly and was rebuilt during the 19th century. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar In the south aisle of the cathedral a window in the floor affords a view of the remains of a Roman mosaic pavement. This article is about the history and organisation of the cathedral The Architecture of Ancient Rome adopted the external Greek architecture for their own purposes which were so different from Greek buildings as to create a new Art History Mosaics of the 4th century BC are found in the Macedonian palace-city of Aegae, and they enriched the floors of Hellenistic A pavement in Architecture is a stone or tile structure the pavement, which can serve as a Floor or an external feature The Cathedral is unusual in the UK in having a separate bell tower a few metres away from the main building, rather than integrated into it. Within the Cathedral there is a medieval tomb of a knight and his wife, the inspiration of the poem "An Arundel Tomb", by Philip Larkin. "An Arundel Tomb" is a poem by Philip Larkin, published in 1964 in his collection ''The Whitsun Weddings''. Philip Arthur Larkin, CH, CBE, FRSL (9 August 1922 – 2 December 1985 was an English Poet, Novelist and Jazz A fine memorial statue also exists of William Huskisson, once Member of Parliament for the City, but best remembered as the first man to be run over by a railway engine. William Huskisson (11 March 1770 &ndash 15 September 1830 was a British Statesman, financier and Member of Parliament for several constituencies including
In addition to the cathedral there are five Church of England churches; St Richard’s Roman Catholic church; and nine other religious buildings of other denominations. The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England, the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican
The city holds an annual three-week arts and music festival (“Chichester Festivities“) held in July.
Its most prestigious cultural location is the Chichester Festival Theatre , one of the [[United Kingdom’s flagship theatres, whose annual summer season attracts actors, writers and directors from the West End theatre. Chichester Festival Theatre, located in Chichester, England, was designed by Philip Powell and Hidalgo Moya, and opened by its founder Leslie West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of London 's "Theatreland"
Pallant House Gallery, winner of the 2007 gallery of the year Gulbenkian Prize has a major collection of chiefly modern British art and in 2006 opened its new extension that houses the collection of Professor Sir Colin St John Wilson. Pallant House Gallery is an Art gallery in Chichester, West Sussex England The Gulbenkian Prize, now called the ArtFund Prize is an annual prize awarded to a Museum or gallery in the United Kingdom for a "track record of Sir Colin Alexander St John ("Sandy" Wilson, FRIBA, RA, ( 14 March 1922 – 14 May 2007) was a British It also has a changing programme of exhibitions.
The following paragraph considers the city’s music scene: in recent years it has experienced growth in various genres.
Founded in 1881, the Chichester Symphony Orchestra plays an important part in maintaining the classical music tradition of the area. A friendly group, the orchestra consists of both amateur and professional players who rehearse on a weekly basis, first and foremost, for the enjoyment of playing together. Three concerts are given each year with the summer concert being part of the Chichester Festivities while the autumn concert is included in the Chichester Cathedral Lunchtime Series.
A cornerstone of the Chichester music scene is Chichester RAJF (From "Real Ale and Jazz Festival"), a four day festival of music and real ale held each July in tents beside the 13th century Guildhall in Priory Park. Founded in 1981 by members of Chichester Hockey Club as a fund-raising event, the festival has grown in size and ambition. In the early years the focus was on traditional jazz and featured performers such as Kenny Ball, Humphrey Lyttelton and Kenny Baker. Trad jazz short for "traditional jazz" is a Music genre popular in Britain and Australia from the 1940s onward through the 1950s and which still Kenneth Daniel Ball (born 22 May 1930 in Ilford, Essex, England) is a British Jazz Musician, best Humphrey Richard Adeane Lyttelton (23 May 1921 – 25 April 2008 also known as Humph, was an English Jazz musician and broadcaster, and Kenny Baker was born on 1 March, 1921 in Withernsea, East Riding of Yorkshire and died 7 December, 1999. In the 1990s blues and R&B were introduced and more recently the festival has increased its capacity to 2500 persons and has offered a wide range of popular music including James Brown, Status Quo, Blondie, Boney M, Robert Cray, Hot Chocolate, Howard Jones, Go West, The Pretenders, The Drifters and Simple Minds. James Joseph Brown Jr (May 3 1933 – December 25 2006 commonly referred to as "The Godfather of Soul" the "King of Funk" and "The Status quo is a Latin term meaning the present existing state of affairs or "the state in which" Blondie is an American rock band that first gained fame in the late 1970s and has so far sold over 60 million records Boney M is a German pop and Disco group created by West German Record producer Frank Farian. Robert Cray (born August 1, 1953) is an American Blues musician Guitarist, and Singer. Hot chocolate (also known as hot cocoa, drinking chocolate or just cocoa) is a heated Beverage that typically consists of Howard Jones (born John Howard Jones, 23 February 1955) is an English Singer and Songwriter who gained acclaim in Go West are an English pop duo, formed in 1982 by Peter Cox (born 17 November 1955, in Twickenham, The Pretenders are a British rock band The original band consisted of group founder and main Songwriter Chrissie Hynde ( lead vocals The Drifters were a long-lived American Doo wop / R&B vocal group with a peak in popularity from 1953 to 1962 though several splinter Drifters continue to perform today Simple Minds are a rock band from Scotland, who had their greatest worldwide popularity from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s For 2008, Chichester RAJF has announced Squeeze for Sat 12th July.
Blues on the Farm is a festival held every June at Pump Bottom Farm two miles (3. 2km) south of the city. Founded in 1991, it has become the UK's biggest outdoor blues festival hosting many of the top national and international names in a picturesque and friendly environment. Roots Around the World is another such festival, bringing what is described as the best in global music to the city and surrounding village halls.
Chichester has a cricket club, (Chichester Priory Park CC) which has won the Sussex Premier league 5 times, a rugby club, Chichester R. Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short F. C.  , and a football club Chichester City United who play in the Sussex County League. Football is the word given to a number of similar Team sports all of which involve (to varying degrees kicking a Ball with the foot in an attempt to score a Champions 1920-39 The league originally consisted of a single section of 12 clubs and had reached a stable membership of 14 clubs when it was abandoned on the outbreak The city is also home to the Chichester Sharks Flag American Football Club, members of the English Senior Flag League (ESFL). In October 2007, the Sharks won the National Championship, beating Andover Voodoo 31-29 in the final. The Chichester Sharks also won the title in 2003.
The city also offers a well equipped leisure centre with swimming pool, flume, sports hall and fitness room; it also plays host to Chichester Cormorants swimming club. The Bird family Phalacrocoracidae is represented by some 40 Species of cormorants and shags. Swimming is the movement by humans or animals through Water, usually without artificial assistance
The City of Chichester is twinned with: