Chernobyl (as transliterated from the Russian: Чернобыль, Russian pronunciation: [tɕɪˈrnobɨlʲ]) or Chornobyl (transliterated from local official language Ukrainian: Чорнобиль, IPA: [tʃɔrˈnɔbɪlʲ]), was a city in northern Ukraine, in the Kiev Oblast (province) near the border with Belarus. Transliteration is the practice of Transcribing a Word or text written in one Writing system into another writing system or system of rules for such practice Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages Ukrainian (in Ukrainian украї́нська мо́ва ukrayins'ka mova,) is a language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages. Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. Kiev Oblast, also written as Kyiv Oblast (Київська область translit Oblast (во́бласць oblast о́бласт oblast о́бласть област/ oblast; oblasť област о́бласть is a type of Administrative division Belarus ( Belarusian Беларусь / Biełaruś is a Landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the north and east
The city was evacuated in 1986 due to the Chernobyl disaster at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, which is located 14. The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear reactor accident in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union. The VI Lenin Memorial Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station (Чернобыльская АЭС им 5 kilometers (9 miles) north-northwest. The power plant was named after the city, and located within Chernobyl Raion (district), but the city was not the residence of the power plant workers. For the manufactured regenerated fiber see Rayon A raion (or rayon) (райо́н ra'jon rayon раён რაიონი Together with the power plant construction, Prypiat, a city, which was larger and closer to the power plant, was built to be home for the power plant workers. For other uses see Pripyat Prypiat (При́п'ять Pryp”jat’; При́пять Pripjat’; or Pripyat)
Though the city is today mostly uninhabited, a small number of inhabitants reside in houses marked with signs stating that the "Owner of this house lives here". Workers on watch and administrative personnel of the Zone of Alienation are stationed in the city on a long term basis. The Zone of Alienation, which is variously referred to as The Chernobyl Zone, The 30 Kilometer Zone, The Zone of Exclusion, The Fourth Zone, Prior to its evacuation, the city was inhabited by about 15,000 residents.
The city name comes from a combination of chornyi (чорний, black) and byllia (билля, grass blades or stalks); hence it literally means black grass or black stalks. It may be named after the Ukrainian word for the plant mugwort. Artemisia vulgaris ( mugwort or common wormwood) is one of several species in the genus Artemisia with names containing mugwort  The reason for this name is not known. Different explanations have appeared after the 1986 nuclear incident. In particular, there were attempts to link the accident to prophecies in the Book of Revelation in the Christian New Testament. The Book of Revelation, also called Revelation to John, Apocalypse of John ( pronounced, from the Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰωάννου For these, see Chernobyl in the popular consciousness. The Chernobyl disaster has received worldwide media attention
Chernobyl first appeared in a charter of 1193 described as a hunting-lodge of knyaz Rostislavich. Kniaz’ or knyaz is a word found in some Slavic languages, denoting a Nobility rank It was a crown village of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė old literary Lithuanian Didi Kunigiste Letuvos, Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje The village was granted as a fiefdom to Filon Kmita, a captain of the royal cavalry, in 1566. Under the system of Feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud, feoff, or fee, often consisted of inheritable lands or revenue-producing Filon Kmita (1530 - 1587 was a noble in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The province containing Chernobyl was transferred to the Kingdom of Poland in 1569, and then annexed by the Russian Empire in 1793. The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya  Prior to the 20th century Chernobyl was inhabited by Ukrainian and Polish peasants, and a large Jewish community. Ukrainians (Українці Ukrayintsi,) are an East Slavic Ethnic group primarily living in Ukraine, or more broadly— Citizens The Polish people, or Poles, (Polacy) are a Western Slavic Ethnic group of Central Europe, living predominantly in Poland. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************
Chernobyl had a rich religious history. The Jewish, who were brought by Filon Kmita during the Polish campaign of colonization, included Hasidim as well as other Orthodox Jews. Filon Kmita (1530 - 1587 was a noble in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Hasidic Judaism (also Chasidic, etc from the Hebrew: he '''''חסידות''''', Chassidus, meaning "piety" from the Hebrew Orthodox Judaism is the formulation of Judaism that adheres to a relatively strict interpretation and application of the laws and ethics first canonized The traditionally Christian Eastern Orthodox Ukrainian peasantry of the district was largely forced by Poland to convert to the Greek Catholic religion after 1596, and returned to Russian Orthodoxy only after Ukraine's unification with Russia. The Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest single Christian Communion in the world This article refers to Eastern Churches in full communion with the Holy See The Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest single Christian Communion in the world Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending
The Dominican church and monastery were founded in 1626 by Lukasz Sapieha, at the height of the Counter-reformation. The Order of Preachers ( Latin: Ordo Praedicatorum) after the 15th century more commonly known as the Dominican Order or Dominicans, is The Counter-Reformation (also Catholic Reformation denotes the period of Catholic revival from the pontificate of Pope Pius IV in 1560 to the close of the There was a group of Old Catholics, which opposed the decrees of the Council of Trent. The Old Catholic Church is a Christian denomination originating with churches (many of them German -speaking that split from the Roman Catholic Church in The Council of Trent was the 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. The Dominican monastery was sequestrated in 1832, and the church of the Old Catholics was disbanded in 1852. 
In the second half of 18th century, Chernobyl became one of the major centers of Hasidic Judaism. Hasidic Judaism (also Chasidic, etc from the Hebrew: he '''''חסידות''''', Chassidus, meaning "piety" from the Hebrew The Chernobyl Hasidic dynasty had been founded by rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky. Chernobyl is a Hasidic dynasty that was founded by the " Meor Einayim," Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twersky. Rabbi Menachem Nachum Twerski of Chernobyl, was the founder of the Chernobyl Hasidic dynasty. The Jewish population suffered greatly from pogroms in October 1905 and in March–April 1919, when many Jews were killed and others were robbed. A pogrom is a form of Riot directed against a particular group whether ethnic religious or other and characterized by destruction of their Homes Businesses In 1920, the Twersky dynasty left Chernobyl, and it ceased to exist as a Hasidic center.
Since 1880s, Chernobyl has seen many changes of fortune. In 1898 Chernobyl had a population of 10,800, including 7,200 Jews. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ In World War I the village was occupied and in the ensuing Civil War was fought over by Bolsheviks and Ukrainians. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Ukrainian territory was fought over by various factions after the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the First World War, which added the collapse of Austria-Hungary The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists ( Большевик Большевист (singular, derived from bolshe, "more" were a faction In the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-20, it was taken first by the Polish Army and then by cavalry of the Red Army. The Red Army ( Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия R aboche- K rest'yanskaya K rasnaya A rmiya From 1921, it was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or the Ukrainian SSR was one of the 15 constituent republics that made up the Former Soviet Union from its 
During the period 1929–33 Chernobyl suffered greatly from mass killings during Stalin's collectivization campaign, and in the Holodomor (famine) that followed. Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party Collective farming is an organization of agricultural production in which the holdings of several farmers are run as a joint enterprise The Holodomor (Голодомор is the famine that took place in Soviet Ukraine during the 1932-1933 agricultural season The Polish community of Chernobyl was deported to Kazakhstan in 1936 during the Frontier Clearances. Kazakhstan, also Kazakstan ( Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, qɑzɑqˈstɑn Казахстан, Kazakhstán,) officially the The Jewish community was killed during the German occupation of 1941–44. The Reichskommissariat Ukraine (Ukraine Reich Commission was the civil administration of much of German-occupied Ukraine (which included adjacent areas of modern  Twenty years later, the area was chosen as the site of the first nuclear power station on Ukrainian soil.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chernobyl became part of Ukraine, an independent nation. The Soviet Union 's collapse into independent nations began early in 1985 Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe.
On April 26, 1986, the fourth reactor of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant exploded at 01:23 AM local time. The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear reactor accident in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union. Events 1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy. Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) The VI Lenin Memorial Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station (Чернобыльская АЭС им All permanent residents of Chernobyl and the Zone of alienation were evacuated due to unsafe radioactive levels. The Zone of Alienation, which is variously referred to as The Chernobyl Zone, The 30 Kilometer Zone, The Zone of Exclusion, The Fourth Zone, Radioactive contamination is the uncontrolled distribution of radioactive material in a given environment
Although neighbouring Pripyat remains unmaintained, Chernobyl has been renovated and is now home to more than 500 residents. For other uses see Pripyat Prypiat (При́п'ять Pryp”jat’; При́пять Pripjat’; or Pripyat) Those include nuclear scientists, maintenance officials for the Chernobyl power plant, liquidation officials, doctors, physicists, and most of all, radiation physicists. Visitors to the Zone of Alienation can stay at a local lodge in the Chernobyl suburbs. The Zone of Alienation, which is variously referred to as The Chernobyl Zone, The 30 Kilometer Zone, The Zone of Exclusion, The Fourth Zone,
The United Nations Development Programme has launched in 2003 a specific project called the Chernobyl Recovery and Development Programme (CRDP) for the recovery of the affected areas.  The programme launched its activities based on the Human Consequences of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident report recommendations and has been initiated in February 2002. The main goal of the CRDP’s activities is supporting the Government of Ukraine to mitigate long-term social, economic and ecological consequences of the Chornobyl catastrophe, among others. Ukraine is a Republic under a Semi-presidential system with separate Legislative, executive, and Judicial branches CRDP works in the four most Chernobyl-affected areas in Ukraine: Kyivska, Zhytomyrska, Chernihivska and Rivnenska. Rivne Oblast (Рівненська область translit Rivnens’ka oblast’; also referred to as Rivnenshchyna - Рівненщина