Sir Alan Charles Maclaurin Mackerras AC CH CBE (November 17, 1925—) is an Australian conductor. Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia on 14 February 1975 "for the purpose of according recognition The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. Events 284 - Diocletian is proclaimed emperor by his soldiers Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Conducting is the act of directing a Musical performance by way of visible gestures He is known as the leader of English National Opera and its predecessor, and as the director of the Welsh National Opera. English National Opera (ENO is the national opera company of England, and one of two opera companies in London, along with the Royal Opera at Covent Welsh National Opera ( WNO) is a touring Opera company founded in Cardiff, Wales in 1946 He is a noted authority on the operas of Leoš Janáček and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and the comic operas of Gilbert and Sullivan. Leoš Janáček ( (July 3 1854 &ndash August 12 1928 was a Czech Composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher Comic opera, or light opera, denotes a sung dramatic work of a light or comic nature usually with a happy ending Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian era partnership of Librettist W
Mackerras was born in Schenectady, New York to Alan and Catherine Mackerras, Australians -- his father, an electrical engineer, was doing postgraduate work in Schenectady with General Electric -- and at an early age he moved with his parents to Sydney. Schenectady (skəˈnɛktədi Θkahnéhtati in Tuscarora) is a City in Schenectady County, New York, United States Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 He was the eldest of their seven children, including five brothers, the others being Malcolm, Colin, Alastair and Neil. Malcolm Hugh Mackerras AO (born 26 August 1939— is an Australian psephologist and Commentator and lecturer on Australian and American They are descendants of the pioneer Australian musician Isaac Nathan. Isaac Nathan was an English - Australian Composer, Musicologist, Journalist and self-publicist (c
Mackerras attended Sydney Grammar School and The King's School, Sydney in Parramatta, a suburb of Sydney. Sydney Grammar School (colloquially known as Grammar) is an independent, Secular, selective, Day school for boys located in Parramatta (ˈpærɑːmætɑː is a suburb in the west of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. He studied oboe, piano and composition at the NSW State Conservatorium of Music in Sydney and eventually became principal oboist of the Sydney Symphony. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 "Hautbois" redirects here for the strawberry variety see Hautbois strawberry. The Sydney Symphony is a Symphony orchestra based in Sydney, Australia. He settled in England in 1946. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland He won a British Council Scholarship in 1947, enabling him to study conducting with Václav Talich at the Prague Academy of Music. The British Council is a Public Body of the United Kingdom Government which specialises in educational and development opportunities WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Václav Talich (ˈvatslaf ˈtalɪx ( May 28, 1883
In 1947, Mackerras married the clarinetist Judy Wilkins "so that they could go to Prague together. A clarinetist (also spelled clarinettist) is a Musician who plays the Clarinet. ". They have two daughters, Fiona and Catherine.
Mackerras is currently the President of Trinity College of Music, London. Trinity College of Music is one of the London music conservatoires, based in Greenwich. He also serves as Music Advisor to City Opera of Vancouver, a professional chamber opera company led by conductor Charles Barber. 
Returning to England from Prague in 1948, Mackerras began his life-long association with Sadler's Wells Opera, now English National Opera, conducting, among others, Janáček, Händel, Gluck, Bach, and Donizetti. English National Opera (ENO is the national opera company of England, and one of two opera companies in London, along with the Royal Opera at Covent English National Opera (ENO is the national opera company of England, and one of two opera companies in London, along with the Royal Opera at Covent Leoš Janáček ( (July 3 1854 &ndash August 12 1928 was a Czech Composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist and teacher WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section.2 This article is written in British English including maximised use of "-ise" Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 &ndash 8 April 1848 was an Italian composer from Bergamo, Lombardy. In the 1950s, well before the "authenticity" movement had come to general notice, Mackerras focused on the study and practical realization of period performance techniques, culminating in his landmark 1959 recording of Handel's Royal Fireworks Music using the original wind band instrumentation. The Music for the Royal Fireworks ( HWV 351) was composed by George Frideric Handel in 1749 under contract of George II of Great Britain In his 1965 performance of The Marriage of Figaro, he added the ornamentation in a historically informed style. Le nozze di Figaro ossia la folle giornata (Trans The Marriage of Figaro or the Day of Madness) K In Music, ornaments are musical flourishes that are not necessary to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony but serve instead to decorate or "ornament" The historically informed performance, period performance, or authentic performance movement is an approach by musicians and scholars to research and perform works At the same time, he gained general recognition for Janáček as one of this century's great opera composers, and established his reputation as the world's most authoritative conductor of Czech music outside of the then Czechoslovakia.
Mackerras has performed a wide range of repertoire, but is particularly closely associated with the operas of Leoš Janáček. In 1951 he conducted the British premiere of Katya Kabanova, which had been written thirty years earlier. Káťa Kabanová is an Opera in three acts with music by Leoš Janáček to a libretto by Vincenc Cervinka, based on The Storm, a He is also a noted authority on Mozart's operas (it has been said that if the scores of Mozart's operas were all somehow destroyed, Mackerras would be able to reconstruct them from memory) and those of Sir Arthur Sullivan. Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan MVO (13 May 1842 &ndash 22 November 1900 was an English composer of Irish and Italian descent best known for his operatic His Sullivan ballet arrangement Pineapple Poll (1951, just after the expiration of copyright on Sullivan's music), based on one of Gilbert's Bab Ballads, continues to be a popular light music favorite in English speaking countries. Pineapple Poll is a Gilbert and Sullivan -inspired Comic ballet, created by Choreographer John Cranko with Arranger The Bab Ballads are a collection of light verse by W S Gilbert, illustrated with his own comic drawings Mackerras also arranged music by Giuseppe Verdi for the ballet The Lady and the Fool. He also arranged a suite from John Ireland's score for the the 1946 film The Overlanders, after Ireland's death in 1962. John Nicholson Ireland ( 13 August 1879 &ndash 12 June 1962) was an English composer The Overlanders is a 1946 Australian film about drovers droving a large herd of cattle 1600 miles overland from the Northern Territory
He became principal conductor of the BBC Concert Orchestra from 1954 to 1956. In 1963 he made his debut at London's Covent Garden conducting Shostakovich's Katerina Ismailova. Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich ( Russian: ru Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович ( &ndash 9 August 1975 was a Russian Composer Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District (Леди Макбет Мценского уезда in Russian Ledi Makbet Mtsenskogo Uyezda in Transliteration) He directed the Hamburg State Opera from 1965 to 1969 and English National Opera from 1970 to 1978. The Hamburg State Opera (in German Hamburgische Staatsoper) is one of the leading Opera companies in Germany. In 1972 he made his Metropolitan Opera debut in New York conducting Gluck's Orfeo ed Euridice. The Metropolitan Opera Association of New York City, founded in April 1880 is a major presenter of all types of opera including Grand Opera. Orfeo ed Euridice (French version Orphée et Eurydice; English translation Orpheus and Eurydice) is an Opera composed by Christoph Willibald Mackerras worked closely with Benjamin Britten for a time, but after he had joked about Britten's relationships with young boys, they didn't work together again. Edward Benjamin Britten Baron Britten, OM CH (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976 was an English Composer, conductor, The events are described in John Bridcut's Britten's Children. Britten’s Children is a scholarly 2006 book by John Bridcut that describes the English Composer Benjamin Britten ’s love for a continuous series
Mackerras was a guest conductor of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company for The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado during the 1975 D'Oyly Carte Centenary season at the Savoy. D'Oyly Carte Opera Company staged performances of Gilbert and Sullivan 's Savoy Operas in the UK Europe North America South Africa Australia and elsewhere from the The Pirates of Penzance, or The Slave of Duty is a Comic opera in two acts with music by Arthur Sullivan and Libretto by W The Mikado, or The Town of Titipu, is a Comic opera in two acts with music by Arthur Sullivan and Libretto by W He later joined the D'Oyly Carte Opera Trust and later its Board of Trustees. In 1982 he was the first Australian national appointed chief conductor of the Sydney Symphony, a post he held until 1985. The Sydney Symphony is a Symphony orchestra based in Sydney, Australia.
In 1980 he became the first non-Briton to conduct the BBC Symphony Orchestra at the Last Night of the Proms. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Proms, more formally known as The BBC Proms, or The Henry Wood Promenade Concerts presented by the BBC, is an eight-week summer season of daily Orchestral
Mackerras directed the Welsh National Opera from 1987 to 1992, where his Janáček productions won particular praise. Welsh National Opera ( WNO) is a touring Opera company founded in Cardiff, Wales in 1946 One of the highlights of the 1991 season was the reopening of the Estates Theatre in Prague, scene of the original premiere of Don Giovanni, in which Mackerras conducted a new production of that opera to mark the bicentenary of Mozart's death. Don Giovanni ( K527; complete title Il dissoluto punito ossia il Don Giovanni, literally "The Rake Punish'd or Don Giovanni As Conductor Emeritus of Welsh National Opera, his successes have included Tristan und Isolde, The Yeomen of the Guard, and La Clemenza di Tito (all of which productions were brought to London). Tristan und Isolde ( Tristan and Isolde, or Tristan and Isolda) is an Opera, or Music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner The Yeomen of the Guard, or The Merryman and his Maid, is a Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W La clemenza di Tito (The Clemency of Titus K 621 is an Opera seria composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with text after Metastasio He was the principal guest conductor of the Scottish Chamber Orchestra, from 1992 to 1995 and of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra from 1993 to 1996. The Scottish Chamber Orchestra (SCO is Scotland 's national Chamber orchestra, based in Edinburgh. The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra ( RPO) is a British Orchestra based in London. During the same period, he was also principal guest conductor of the San Francisco Opera. San Francisco Opera (SFO is the second largest Opera company in North America. From 1998 to 2001 he was the music director of the Orchestra of St. Luke's. The Orchestra of St Luke's is an American chamber orchestra based in New York City.
In 2004 he became principal guest conductor of the Philharmonia Orchestra. The Philharmonia is an Orchestra based in London. Since 1995 it has been based in the Royal Festival Hall. He is also principal guest conductor of the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, acknowledging his expertise with Czech music. The Česká filharmonie ( Czech Philharmonic) is a Symphony orchestra based in Prague and is perhaps the most well known and respected orchestra in the With the Royal Opera, he has recently conducted productions of Gounod's Roméo et Juliette and Handel's Semele. Biography Gounod was born in Paris, the son of a pianist mother and a draftsman father Roméo et Juliette ( Romeo and Juliet) is an Opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto by Jules Stimula redirects here For the Genus of Grass skipper Butterflies, see Stimula (butterfly. Mackerras has also had a long association with the Metropolitan Opera and has recently conducted The Makropulos Case, Katya Kabanova and Die Zauberflöte with that company. The Metropolitan Opera Association of New York City, founded in April 1880 is a major presenter of all types of opera including Grand Opera. The Makropulos Affair (or The Makropulos Case, or The Makropulos Secret) ( Czech Věc Makropulos) is a three-act Opera Káťa Kabanová is an Opera in three acts with music by Leoš Janáček to a libretto by Vincenc Cervinka, based on The Storm, a The Magic Flute (German Die Zauberflöte, K 620 is an Opera in two acts composed in 1791 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Mackerras's strategy for working with an orchestra is to come prepared. He has said,
Mackerras's earliest recordings were for EMI, in the dying days of 78 rpm records, and he has lived to release compact discs in the multi-channel Super Audio CD format. The EMI Group is a British music company comprising the major record company EMI Music – which operates several labels and is based in Kensington in A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an Optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio Super Audio CD ( SACD) is a read-only optical audio disc format that can provide higher fidelity digital audio reproduction than the Red He began in 1952 with the first of his recordings of his own Pineapple Poll ballet, which was issued on twelve sides, and subsequently transferred to LP. Some of his early recording sessions were for Walter Legge, standing in when Otto Klemperer and other eminent conductors were ill. Walter Legge (born 1 June 1906, London; died 22 March 1979, Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France) was an influential WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Otto Klemperer (born Breslau, May 14, 1885 
A smaller UK record company, Pye, asked Mackerras to record Handel’s Fireworks Music. The Music for the Royal Fireworks ( HWV 351) was composed by George Frideric Handel in 1749 under contract of George II of Great Britain ‘We had to do that in the middle of the night, in order to get our twenty-six oboes together. ’ The recording, issued in 1959, was received with critical acclaim for attempting to reproduce the sound Handel would have heard rather than the smoother orchestral arrangements usually played until then.
In the 1960s Mackerras made the first recording of the Italian version of Gluck’s Orfeo. Orfeo ed Euridice (French version Orphée et Eurydice; English translation Orpheus and Eurydice) is an Opera composed by Christoph Willibald For DG he conducted Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas, and for EMI a ‘new-look’ Messiah, with scholarly texts, small forces and sprightly tempi. Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical Record label. The company has long been known for its high standards of audio fidelity. Henry Purcell (ˈpɜrsəl 10 September 1659 (? – 21 November 1695 was an English Baroque Composer. Dido and Æneas is an Opera by the English Baroque composer Henry Purcell, from a libretto by Nahum Tate. Messiah ( HWV 56 is an Oratorio by George Frideric Handel based on a Libretto by Charles Jennens. He followed that up with Handel’s Saul and Israel in Egypt for DG. Saul ( HWV 53 is an Oratorio in three acts written by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Charles Jennens. Israel in Egypt ( HWV 54 is a biblical Oratorio by the composer George Frideric Handel.
In 1986, he conducted the London Symphony Orchestra in the soundtrack to Carroll Ballard's film Nutcracker: The Motion Picture, the first full-length film version of Tchaikovsky's great ballet to be given a major release in theatres. The London Symphony Orchestra ( LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. Carroll Ballard (born October 14, 1937 in Los Angeles, California) is an American Film director. Ballet is a formalized form of Dance with its origins in the French court further developed in France and Russia as a Concert dance It is performed by Pacific Northwest Ballet and features sets and costumes by Maurice Sendak. See also Pacific Northwest Ballet (PNB is a Ballet company based in Seattle Washington in the United States. Maurice Bernard Sendak (born June 10, 1928, in Brooklyn New York) is an American Writer and Illustrator of Children's literature
Mackerras's recordings of the complete symphonies of Mozart (Telarc), Brahms (Telarc), Beethoven (EMI), and Mahler, as well as the Mozart operas, continue to attract critical acclaim, as do his recordings of the operas of Janáček (Decca, Supraphon, and Chandos), and major works of Handel, Dvořák, Bohuslav Martinů, Richard Strauss, Shostakovich, Sibelius, Donizetti, Elgar, Delius, Walton, Gustav Holst, and Haydn, among many others. Johannes Brahms ( pronounced ˈbʁaːms (May 7 1833 &ndash April 3 1897 was a German Composer Ludwig van Beethoven ( English ˈlʊdvɪg væn ˈbeɪtoʊvən, 16 December 1770 &ndash 26 March 1827 was a German Composer and Pianist. Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( (often pronounced in English as; DVOR-zhahk; September 8 1841 – May 1 1904 was a Czech composer of Romantic music, who employed Bohuslav Martinů ( (December 8 1890 – August 28 1959 was a prolific Bohemian Czech Composer, who wrote six symphonies, 15 Operas Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 &ndash 8 September 1949 was a German Composer of the late Romantic era and early modern era particularly noted Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich ( Russian: ru Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович ( &ndash 9 August 1975 was a Russian Composer Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 &ndash 8 April 1848 was an Italian composer from Bergamo, Lombardy. Delius is a Surname. It may refer to Ernst von Delius (1912-1937 - German racing car driver Frederick Delius (1862-1934 Sir William Turner Walton, OM ( March 29, 1902 &ndash March 8, 1983) was a British Composer and Gustav Theodore Holst (21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934was an English Composer and was a music teacher for nearly 20 years
For Telarc he has also conducted Gilbert and Sullivan’s Trial by Jury, H.M.S. Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance, The Mikado, and The Yeomen of the Guard. Telarc International Corporation is an Independent record label, based in Cleveland Ohio, United States, and founded in 1977 by two classically Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian era partnership of Librettist W This article is about the comic opera For the legal institution see Jury trial. HMS Pinafore, or The Lass that Loved a Sailor, is a Comic opera in two acts with music by Arthur Sullivan and Libretto by The Pirates of Penzance, or The Slave of Duty is a Comic opera in two acts with music by Arthur Sullivan and Libretto by W The Mikado, or The Town of Titipu, is a Comic opera in two acts with music by Arthur Sullivan and Libretto by W The Yeomen of the Guard, or The Merryman and his Maid, is a Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W In collaboration with David Mackie he reconstructed Arthur Sullivan's "lost" cello concerto, conducting its first performance with cellist Julian Lloyd Webber and the London Symphony Orchestra at Barbican Hall, London, in April 1986, and a recording for EMI shortly afterwards. The Cello Concerto in D major is Arthur Sullivan ’s only Concerto. Julian Lloyd Webber (born April 14 1951) is one of the world's most renowned solo cellists The London Symphony Orchestra ( LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom.  In 1997 Mackerras recorded Le delizie dell'amor, with the soprano Andrea Rost, for Sony Classical. Andrea Rost (born June 15, 1962) is a Hungarian lyric Soprano. His most recent release for that label was Lucia di Lammermoor with the Hanover Band (S2K 63174). Lucia di Lammermoor is a dramma tragico (tragic Opera) in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Other recent recordings for Sony Classical include Chopin's two piano concertos with Emanuel Ax (SK 60771) and (SK 63371). He has also recently recorded Dvořák's Rusalka (Decca) and Slavonic Dances (Supraphon), Josef Suk's A Summer Tale (Decca), Mozart's Piano Concertos Nos. Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( (often pronounced in English as; DVOR-zhahk; September 8 1841 – May 1 1904 was a Czech composer of Romantic music, who employed Rusalka is an Opera by Antonín Dvořák. The Czech Libretto was written by the poet Jaroslav Kvapil (1868-1950 There have been two notable musicians called Josef Suk: Josef Suk (composer (1874 - 1935 Josef Suk (violinist (born 1929 the elder A piano concerto is a work written for Piano and Orchestra.See also Harpsichord concerto; some of these works are occasionally played on piano 20 and 24 with Alfred Brendel (Philips), and Brahms's two orchestral serenades (Telarc). Alfred Brendel KBE (born January 5 1931 is an Austrian Pianist, born in Czechoslovakia and a resident of the United Kingdom. Johannes Brahms ( pronounced ˈbʁaːms (May 7 1833 &ndash April 3 1897 was a German Composer For Linn Records he recorded a two-SACD set of Mozart's last four symphonies with the Scottish Chamber Orchestra in August 2007. Linn Records is a Glasgow -based Record label which specialises in classical, Jazz and Scottish music. 
Charles Mackerras was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1974 and was knighted for his services to music in 1979. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. In 1996 he received the Medal of Merit from the Czech Republic, and in 1997 he was made a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC). The Czech Republic ( ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka short form in Česko ˈt͡ʃɛskɔ also called Czechia, Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia on 14 February 1975 "for the purpose of according recognition In 2003 he was made a Companion of Honour (CH) in the Queen's Birthday Honours. The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order. In 2005, he was presented with the Royal Philharmonic Society Gold Medal and he was also the first recipient of the Queen’s Medal for Music. The Royal Philharmonic Society is a British music society formed in 1813