A charlatan (also called swindler) is a person practising quackery or some similar confidence trick in order to obtain money or advantage via some form of pretence or deception. Pietro Longhi ( November 5, 1701 – May 8, 1785) was a Venetian painter of contemporary scenes of life A confidence trick or confidence game (also known as a bunko, con, flim flam, gaffle, grift, scam, scheme False pretenses or obtaining property by false pretenses is a Common law Crime in the United States, where its statutory forms handle situations not covered Deception (also called beguilement or subterfuge) is the act of convincing another to believe Information that is not true or not the whole truth as in
The word comes from French charlatan, a seller of medicines who might advertise his presence with music and an outdoor stage show. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The most well known of the Parisian charlatans was Tabarin who set up a stage in the Place Dauphin, Paris in 1618, and whose commedia dell'arte inspired skits and whose farces inspired Molière. Tabarin was the street name assumed by the most famous of the Parisian street Charlatans Anthoine Girard (c Commedia dell'Arte ( Italian: "the comedy of artists" is a form of Improvisational theatre that began in Italy in the 16th century Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, also known by his Stage name, Molière, ( January 15, 1622 – February 17 1673) was a French Ultimately, etymologists trace "charlatan" from either the Italian ciarlare, to prattle; or from Cerretano, a resident of Cerreto, a village in Umbria, known for its quacks. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. Cerreto di Spoleto is an Italian village and Comune of the Province of Perugia in Umbria. Umbria is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. The capital is Perugia. 
In usage, a subtle difference is drawn between the charlatan and other kinds of confidence people. The charlatan is usually a salesperson. He does not try to create a personal relationship with his marks, or set up an elaborate hoax using roleplaying. A hoax is a deliberate attempt to Dupe, Deceive or trick an audience into believing or accepting that something is real when in fact it is not or that Rather, the person called a charlatan is being accused of resorting to quackery, pseudoscience, or some knowingly employed bogus means of impressing people in order to swindle his victims by selling them worthless nostrums and similar goods or services that will not deliver on the promises made for them. Pseudoscience is defined as a body of knowledge methodology belief or practice that is claimed to be Scientific or made to appear scientific but does not adhere to the Patent medicine is the somewhat misleading term given to various medical Compounds sold under a variety of names and labels though they were for the most part actually The word calls forth the image of an old-time medicine show operator, who has long left town by the time the people who bought his snake oil tonic realize that it does not perform as advertised. Similar to the fabled gypsy bands of old Europe medicine shows were traveling Horse and buggy teams which peddled miracle medications and other products between various entertainment Snake oil is a Traditional Chinese medicine used to treat Joint pain Advertising is a form of Communication that typically attempts to persuade potential Customers to Purchase or to consume more of a particular Brand
In reported spiritual communications, a charlatan is a person who fakes evidence that a spirit is "making contact" with the medium and seekers. This has been challenged successfully by skeptics who wrote passwords and gave them to people of trust, containing a password that should be spoken by the person if he ever tried to make contact, to validate the truth of the claim. No such claim has been verified. For example, Brazilian writer Monteiro Lobato and magician Houdini. This article is about the Brazilian writer For the place in São Paulo, Brazil, named after him see Monteiro Lobato São Paulo.
Synonyms for "charlatan" include "mountebank", "shyster", and "quack". This article deals with the general meaning of the term "synonym" "Mountebank" comes from the Italian montambanco or montimbanco based on the phrase monta in banco - literally referring to the action of a seller of dubious medicines getting up on a bench to address his audience of potential customers. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. 
"Quack" is a reference to "quackery" or the practice of dubious medicine.
Famous American charlatans include John R. Brinkley, the "goat-gland doctor" who implanted goat glands as a means of curing male impotence, helped pioneer both American and Mexican radio broadcasting, and twice ran unsuccessfully for governor of Kansas. John Romulus Brinkley (later John Richard Brinkley; born on July 8, 1885; died May 26, 1942) was a controversial American Medical Another famous charlatan was Albert Abrams, the advocate of radionics and other similar electrical quackery who was active in the early twentieth century. Albert Abrams (1863&ndash1924 was an American doctor well known during his life for inventing machines which he claimed could diagnose and cure almost any disease Radionics is the use of blood hair a signature or other substances unique to the person as a focus to supposedly heal a patient from afar 
Another famous charlatan is the Italian Alessandro Cagliostro (real name Giuseppe Balsamo) who claimed to be a Count. Count Alessandro di Cagliostro ( 2 June, 1743 – 26 August, 1795) was the alias for the Occultist Giuseppe Balsamo A count is a Nobleman in European countries The word count comes from French comte, itself from Latin