"Charis" redirects here. Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance The ancient Greeks proposed many different ideas about primordial deities in their mythology, which would later be largely adapted by the In Greek mythology, the Titans ( Greek: Tītā́n; plural Tītânes) were a race of powerful Deities that ruled during the legendary The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon ( Greek: Δωδεκάθεον The ancient Greeks had a large number of sea deities. The philosopher Plato once remarked that the Greek people were like frogs sitting around a pond -- their Chthonic (from Greek χθόνιος khthonios "of the earth" from khthōn "earth" pertaining to the Earth; earthy subterranean Asclepius (pronounced /æsˈkliːpiːəs/, Greek, transliterated Asklēpiós; Latin Aesculapius) is the god of Medicine In Greek mythology, the Muses ( Ancient Greek, hai moũsai: perhaps from the Proto-Indo-European root * men- "think" are Nemesis (in Greek,) also called Rhamnousia/Rhamnusia ("the Goddess of Rhamnous " at her sanctuary at The Moirae or Moerae (in Greek – the " apportioners " often called the The Fates) in Greek mythology, were the white-robed In Greek mythology, Cratos ( English translation: "strength" was a son of Pallas and Styx, and he was the personification of strength This Zelos is the Greek personification For other uses see Zelos. In Greek mythology, Nike ( Greek Νίκη níːkɛː meaning Victory) was a Goddess who personified Triumph In Greek mythology, Metis (Μῆτις was of the Titan generation and like several primordial figures an Oceanid, in the sense that Metis was born of In Greek mythology, the Oneiroi (Ὄνειροι were the brothers (According to Hesiod or sons (according to Ovid of Hypnos, the god of sleep In Greek mythology, Adrasteia ( Greek: Ἀδράστεια ( Ionic Greek: Ἀδρήστεια "inescapable" also spelled Adrastia In Greek mythology, the Horai, Latinized Horae (Ὧραι — literally translated as "the hours" were three Goddesses controlling orderly In Greek mythology, Bia ( Ancient Greek: βία English translation: "Force" was the personification of force daughter of Pallas For other uses see Themis (disambiguation. In Greek mythology, Hesiod mentions Themis (Θέμις among the six sons and six daughters of Gaia Eris ( Greek Ἔρις, "Strife" is the Greek Goddess of strife her name being translated into Latin as Discordia In Greek mythology, Thanatos (in Ancient Greek, θάνατος &ndash " Death " was the Daemon personification In Greek mythology, Hypnos (Ὕπνος was the personification of sleep the Roman equivalent was known as Somnus.
For other uses, see Charis (disambiguation)
"Graces" redirects here. For other uses, see Grace
In Greek mythology, a Charis is one of several Charites (Χάριτες; Greek: "Graces"), goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility. Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage in the development of the Hellenic language family spanning the Archaic (c They ordinarily numbered three, from youngest to oldest: Aglaea ("Beauty"), Euphrosyne ("Mirth"), and Thalia ("Good Cheer"). Aglaea or Aglaïa ( Greek: Ἀγλαΐα is the name of five figures in Greek mythology. In Greek mythology, Euphrosyne (Εὐφροσύνη (juːˈfrɒzəni] was one of the Charites, known in English also as the "Three Graces" Thalia can refer to four distinct entities in Greek mythology, two of whom were daughters of Zeus, and a third of whom bore him sons In Roman mythology they were known as the Gratiae, the "Three Graces. Roman mythology, or more appropriately Latin mythology, refers to the mythological beliefs of the Italic people inhabiting the region of Latium and its "
The Charites were usually considered the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, though they were also said to be daughters of Dionysus and Aphrodite or of Helios and the naiad Aegle. Zeus (zjuːs in Greek: nominative: Zeús /zdeús/ genitive: Diós; Modern Greek /'zefs/ in Greek mythology In Classical mythology, Dionysus or Dionysos (in Greek, Διόνυσος or Διώνυσος; associated with Roman In Greek mythology the Sun was personified as Helios (ˈhiliˌɑs ( Ἥλιος Latinized as Helius) In Greek mythology, the Naiads or Naiades (Ναϊάδες from the Greek νάειν "to flow" and νἃμα "running water" Homer wrote that they were part of the retinue of Aphrodite. Homer ( Ancient Greek:, Homēros) is a legendary ancient Greek epic Poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the A retinue is a body of persons "retained" in the service of a noble or royal personage a suite (literal French meanings what follows of " The Charites were also associated with the underworld and the Eleusinian Mysteries. Hades (from Greek, Hadēs, originally, Haidēs or, Aidēs, probably from Indo-European *n̥-wid- 'unseen' refers both to the ancient The Eleusinian Mysteries (Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια were initiation ceremonies held every year for the cult of Demeter and Persephone
The river Cephissus near Delphi was sacred to them. Delphi ( Greek,) ( pronounce and dialectal forms) is an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western
Although the Graces usually numbered three, according to the Spartans, Cleta, not Thalia, was the third, and other Graces are sometimes mentioned, including Auxo, Charis, Hegemone, Phaenna, and Pasithea. The city of Sparta ( Doric Σπάρτα Attic Σπάρτη In Greek mythology, the Horai, Latinized Horae (Ὧραι — literally translated as "the hours" were three Goddesses controlling orderly In Greek mythology, a Charis (Χάρις is one of several Charites (Χάριτες Greek: " Graces " goddesses of charm beauty Hegemone was a Greek goddess of Plants, specifically making them bloom and bear fruit as they were supposed to In Greek mythology, Pasithea or Pasithee is the youngest of the Graces, and goddess of hallucination or hallucinatory drugs her name meaning "acquired
Pausanias interrupts his Description of Greece (book 9. Pausanias ( Greek:) was a Greek traveller and Geographer of the 2nd century CE, who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pausanias ( Greek:) was a Greek traveller and Geographer of the 2nd century CE, who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus xxxv. 1 - 7) to expand upon the various conceptions of the Graces that had developed in different parts of mainland Greece and Ionia:
- "The Boeotians say that Eteocles was the first man to sacrifice to the Graces. Geography Physical Ionia was of small extent not exceeding 90 geographical miles in length from north to south with a breadth varying from 40 to 55 miles but to this Boeotia, Beotia, or Bœotia ( Greek: Βοιωτία - English biːˈoʊʃiə formerly Cadmeis was a region of Ancient Greece, north of the In Greek mythology, Eteocles was a king of Thebes, the son of Oedipus and either Jocasta or Euryganeia Moreover, they are aware that he established three as the number of the Graces, but they have no tradition of the names he gave them. ---- In mathematics Three is the first odd Prime number, and the second smallest prime The Lacedaemonians, however, say that the Graces are two, and that they were instituted by Lacedaemon, son of Taygete, who gave them the names of Cleta and Phaenna. For the Laconian dialect see Doric Greek For the Ancient Kingdom see Sparta For the laconic expression see Laconic In Greek mythology, Taygete /teɪˈɪdʒɪtiː/ ( Greek Ταϋγέτη /taːygétɛː/ Mod In Greek mythology, a Charis (Χάρις is one of several Charites (Χάριτες Greek: " Graces " goddesses of charm beauty These are appropriate names for Graces, as are those given by the Athenians, who from of old have worshipped two Graces, Auxo and Hegemone. In Greek mythology, the Horai, Latinized Horae (Ὧραι — literally translated as "the hours" were three Goddesses controlling orderly Hegemone was a Greek goddess of Plants, specifically making them bloom and bear fruit as they were supposed to . . It was from Eteocles of Orchomenus that we learned the custom of praying to three Graces. In Greek mythology, Eteocles was a king of Thebes, the son of Oedipus and either Jocasta or Euryganeia And Angelion and Tectaus, sons of Dionysus, who made the image of Apollo for the Delians, set three Graces in his hand. Again, at Athens, before the entrance to the Acropolis, the Graces are three in number; by their side are celebrated mysteries which must not be divulged to the many. Acropolis (Gr akros akron edge extremity + polis city pl acropoleis Pamphos was the first we know of to sing about the Graces, but his poetry contains no information either as to their number or about their names. Homer (he too refers to the Graces ) makes one the wife of Hephaestus, giving her the name of Grace. Homer ( Ancient Greek:, Homēros) is a legendary ancient Greek epic Poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the Hephaestus (hɨˈfiːstəs or /hɨˈfɛstəs/ Greek Hēphaistos) was a Greek god whose Roman equivalent was Vulcan. He also says that Sleep was a lover of Pasithea, and in the speech of Sleep there is this verse:--
- Verily that he would give me one of the younger Graces.
- "Hence some have suspected that Homer knew of older Graces as well. Hesiod in the Theogony (though the authorship is doubtful, this poem is good evidence ) says that the Graces are daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, giving them the names of Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia. Hesiod ( Greek: Hesiodos) was an early Greek Poet and Rhapsode, who presumably lived around 700 BCE Theogony ( Greek: Θεογονία theogonia = the birth of God(s is a Poem by Hesiod describing the origins and genealogies The poem of Onomacritus agrees with this account. Antimachus, while giving neither the number of the Graces nor their names, says that they are daughters of Aegle and the Sun. The elegiac poet Hermesianax disagrees with his predecessors in that he makes Persuasion also one of the Graces. "
The Graces in a 1st century fresco
. Fresco (plural either frescos or frescoes) is any of several related Painting types done on Plaster on walls or Pompeii is a ruined and partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples and Caserta in the Italian region of Campania, in
On the representation of the Graces, Pausanias wrote,
- "Who it was who first represented the Graces naked, whether in sculpture or in painting, I could not discover. During the earlier period, certainly, sculptors and painters alike represented them draped. At Smyrna, for instance, in the sanctuary of the Nemeses, above the images have been dedicated Graces of gold, the work of Bupalus; and in the Music Hall in the same city there is a portrait of a Grace, painted by Apelles. This article is on the Ancient Greek city of Smyrna principally in connection with the ruins remaining to this day Nemesis (in Greek,) also called Rhamnousia/Rhamnusia ("the Goddess of Rhamnous " at her sanctuary at At Pergamus likewise, in the chamber of Attalus, are other images of Graces made by Bupalus; and near what is called the Pythium there is a portrait of Graces, painted by Pythagoras the Parian. Attalus I ( surnamed Soter ( "Savior" 269 BC &ndash 197 BC ruled Pergamon, a Greek Polis in what is now Turkey Socrates too, son of Sophroniscus, made images of Graces for the Athenians, which are before the entrance to the Acropolis. Also, Socrates was know to have destroyed his own work as he progressed deeper into his life of philosophy and search of the conscious due to his iconoclastic attitude towards art and the like. All these are alike draped; but later artists, I do not know the reason, have changed the way of portraying them. Certainly to-day sculptors and painters represent Graces naked. "
The Three Graces, from Sandro Botticelli
's painting Primavera
in the Uffizi Gallery
. The Uffizi Gallery (Galleria degli Uffizi one of the oldest and most famous Art Museums in the world is housed in the Palazzo degli Uffizi, a
. Raphael Sanzio, usually known by his first name alone (in Italian Raffaello) (April 6 or March 28 1483 – April 6 1520 was an Italian painter and
In Renaissance times, the Roman statue group of the three graces in the Piccolomini library in Duomo di Siena inspired most themes. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Piccolomini (pronounced) is the name of an Italian noble family which was prominent in Siena from the beginning of the 13th century onwards The Medieval Cathedral of Siena ( Italian: Duomo di Siena) dedicated from its earliest days as a Roman Catholic Marian church and The Charites are depicted together with several other mythological figures in Sandro Botticelli's painting Primavera (above right). The Primavera is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c Raphael also pictured them in a painting now housed in Chantilly in France. Raphael Sanzio, usually known by his first name alone (in Italian Raffaello) (April 6 or March 28 1483 – April 6 1520 was an Italian painter and The Three Graces (c 1501-1505 is a small picture by the Italian High Renaissance painter Raphael. Chantilly is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Among other artistic depictions, they are the subject of famous sculptures by Antonio Canova and Bertel Thorvaldsen. (Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen ( November 19, 1770 – March 24, 1844) was a Danish / Icelandic sculptor
A group of three trees in the Calaveras Big Trees State Park are named "The Three Graces" after the Charites. Calaveras Big Trees State Park, located 4 miles (6 km northeast of Arnold California in the middle altitudes of the Sierra Nevada in Calaveras County
- List of artwork with images resembling encircled graces
See also Ambrogio Lorenzetti (or Ambruogio Laurati; c 1290 &ndash June 9, 1348) was an Italian painter of the Sienese school. Cosimo Tura (c 1430 &ndash 1495 also known as Il Cosmè or Cosmè Tura, was an Italian early- Renaissance (or Quattrocento Jacopo Carucci ( May 24, 1494 — January 2, 1557) usually known as Jacopo da Pontormo, Jacopo Pontormo or simply Antonio Canova ’s Statue The Three Graces is a Neo-Classical Sculpture, in marble of the mythological three Charites, Joel-Peter Witkin (born September 13, 1939, in Brooklyn, New York City) is an American Kehinde Wiley (born in Los Angeles California in 1977 is a New York based painter who is known for his paintings of contemporary urban African American men The word charisma (origin from the Greek word χάρισμα (kharisma, "gift" or "divine favor" from kharizesthai, "to favor" Derived from Greek χαρις meaning grace kindness. Charis (From Forerunner Commentary) To say that grace is simply "a gift" is to Aglaea or Aglaïa ( Greek: Ἀγλαΐα is the name of five figures in Greek mythology. In Greek mythology, Euphrosyne (Εὐφροσύνη (juːˈfrɒzəni] was one of the Charites, known in English also as the "Three Graces" Thalia can refer to four distinct entities in Greek mythology, two of whom were daughters of Zeus, and a third of whom bore him sons Three of Cups is the third Minor Arcana Tarot card on The suit of Cups. Grâces (Gras-Gwengamp is a commune in the Côtes-d'Armor department in Bretagne in northwestern France.
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