The Chanak Crisis (also called the Chanak Affair) occurred in September 1922, when British and French troops stationed near Çanakkale (also called "Chanak") to guard the neutral zone of the Dardanelles were threatened with attack by Turkish troops after the recapture of İzmir (Smyrna) following the Greek defeat. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Çanakkale (ʧɑˈnɑkːɑle is a town and seaport in Turkey, in Çanakkale Province, on the southern (Asian coast of the Dardanelles (or See also [[Hellespont]] The Dardanelles ( Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı Greek: Δαρδανέλλια Dardanellia) formerly Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches İzmir, historically Smyrna, is the third most populous city of Turkey and the country's largest port after İstanbul. It contributed to the downfall of British Prime Minister David Lloyd George and, given the reticence of the Canadian government to be involved, the rise of Canada's diplomatic independence. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political leader of the United Kingdom David Lloyd George 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor OM, PC (17 January 1863 &ndash 26 March 1945 was a British Statesman and the only Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page
The British Cabinet met on 15 September 1922 and decided that British forces should maintain their positions. In the Politics of the United Kingdom, the Cabinet is a formal body composed of the most senior government ministers chosen by the Prime Minister Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. On the following day, in the absence of Foreign Secretary Lord Curzon, certain Cabinet ministers issued a communiqué threatening Turkey with a declaration of war by Britain and the Dominions, on the grounds that Turkey had violated the Treaty of Sèvres. The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, commonly referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a member of the United Kingdom Government heading the George Nathaniel Curzon 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC ( 11 January 1859 &ndash 20 March A message in its most general meaning is an object of Communication. A dominion, often Dominion, refers to one of a group of autonomous polities under sovereign authority within the British Empire and The Treaty of Sèvres ( 10 August 1920) was the Peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allies at the end of World War On 18 September, on his return to London, Curzon pointed out that this would enrage the pro-Turkish Prime Minister of France, Raymond Poincaré, and left for Paris to attempt to smooth things over. Events 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister of France ( Premier ministre français) in Fifth Republic is the functional Head of the government and Council of Ministers Raymond Poincaré (20 August 1860 – 15 October 1934 was a French conservative Statesman who served as Prime Minister of France on five Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Poincaré, however, had already ordered the withdrawal of the French detachment at Chanak. Curzon reached Paris on 20 September, and after several angry meetings with Poincaré, reached agreement to negotiate an armistice with the Turks. Events 451 - The Battle of Chalons takes place in North Eastern France.
The British public was alarmed by the Chanak episode and the possibility of going to war again. It did not help that Lloyd George had not fully consulted the Commonwealth prime ministers. Unlike the case eight years earlier, when World War I broke out, Canada in particular did not automatically consider itself active in the conflict. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Instead, Prime Minister Mackenzie King insisted that the Canadian Parliament should decide on the course of action the country would follow. William Lyon Mackenzie King PC OM CMG ( December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950) was a Canadian The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada is Canada 's legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. By the time the issue had been debated in the Canadian House of Commons, the threat at Chanak had passed. The House of Commons (Chambre des communes is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and Nonetheless, King made his point: Parliament would decide the role that Canada would play in external affairs.
Lloyd George's rashness was a major factor in the calling of the Carlton Club meeting on 19 October 1922, where Conservative MPs decided that they would leave the coalition and fight the next general election as a single, united party. The Carlton Club is a gentlemen's club in London. It was founded in 1832 by Tory Peers, MPs and Gentlemen, as a place Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is a Political party in the United Kingdom. This decision had dire ramifications for Lloyd George, as the Conservative Party made up the vast majority of the 1918-1922 post-war coalition. Indeed, they could have made up the majority government if it were not for the coalition.
Lloyd George also lost the support of the influential Curzon, who considered that the Prime Minister had been manoeuvring behind his back.
Following the Carlton Club decision, the MPs voted 185 to 85 for ending the Coalition. Lloyd George resigned as Prime Minister, never to return as a major figure in party politics.