Chaeronea (Greek: Χαιρώνεια) is a municipality in the Boeotia Prefecture, Greece. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Boeotia ( Greek: Βοιωτία; - Voiotía, also Viotía) is one of the Prefectures of Greece. Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Population 2,218 (2001). It is located in the Kifisós River valley and NW of Thebes.
First settled in the Prehistoric period at the site now known as Magoula Balomenou, Chaeronea was subject to Orchomenos which was, beginning in 600 BCE, a member of the Boeotian League. Boeotia, Beotia, or Bœotia ( Greek: Βοιωτία - English biːˈoʊʃiə formerly Cadmeis was a region of Ancient Greece, north of the When Orchomenos collapsed in the late 5th century BCE, Chaironeia was named one of the 11 Boeotian districts and remained so until 338 BCE. The 5th century BC started the first day of 500 BC and ended the last day of 401 BC. Events By place Persian Empire The Persian general and Vizier, the Eunuch Bagoas, falls out of favour with In this year, Chaeronea was subjugated by the armies of Philip II of Macedon following a battle at the foot of the city's acropolis in which an elite unit of soldiers known as the Sacred Band of Thebes was crushed completely (See Battle of Chaeronea). Philip II of Macedon, ( Greek: Φίλιππος Β' ο Μακεδών &mdash φίλος = friend + ίππος = Horse The Sacred Band of Thebes ( Ancient Greek: Hierós Lókhos tón Thebón was a troop of picked soldiers numbering 150 age-structured pairs which formed The Battle of Chaeronea 338 BC, fought near Chaeronea, in Boeotia, was the greatest victory of Philip II of Macedon. The site of the Theban defeat was found in 1818 with the discovery of the so-called Lion of Chaeronea, a nearly 20-foot tall funerary monument erected in honor of the Sacred Band. The fragmentary monument was reassembled and installed atop a pedestal at the site of its discovery. The ancient biographer and essayist Plutarch was born in Chaeronea, and several times refers to these and other facts about his native place in his writings. Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus ( Greek: Μέστριος Πλούταρχος c
In 86 BCE Archelaus, a general of Mithridates VI of Pontus, landed in Boetia. Year 86 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome First Mithridatic War See Mithridates for people and concepts with the same name Mithridates VI (Μιθριδάτης 132&ndash63 BC also known as Mithridates He was met by the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla near Chaeronea and in the ensuing battle Archelaus was defeated. Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix ( Latin: L•CORNELIVS•L•F•P•N•SVLLA•FELIX (c The Battle of Chaeronea was the victory of the Roman forces of Lucius Cornelius Sulla over King Mithridates VI of Pontus near Chaeronea,
The site of the Theban mass grave was excavated in 1879 and the prehistoric site of Magoula Balamenou 23 years later by the archaeologist G. Soteriadis.