The United Kingdom has taken a census of its population every ten years since 1801, with the exception of 1941 (during the Second World War). The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population Year 1801 ( MDCCCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Tuesday Year 1941 ( MCMXLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (the link will display 1941 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In addition to providing a wealth of interesting information about aspects of the make-up of the country, the results of the census plays an important part in the calculation of resource allocation to regional and local service providers, by governments in the United Kingdom and European Union levels. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in
In the 7th century, Dál Riata (parts of what is now Scotland and Northern Ireland) was the first territory in what is now the UK to conduct a census, with what was called the "Tradition of the Men of Alba" (Senchus fer n-Alban). The 7th century is the period from 601 to 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. Dál Riata (also Dalriada or Dalriata) was a Gaelic overkingdom on the western seaboard of Scotland with some territory on the northern Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of Alba is the Scottish Gaelic name (ˈalˠ̪əpə for Scotland. The Senchus Fer n-Alban (The History of the men of Scotland is an Old Irish medieval text believed to have been compiled in the 10th century England took its first Census when the Domesday Book was compiled in 1086 for tax purposes. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The Domesday Book (ˈduːmzdeɪ bʊk also known as Domesday, or Book of Winchester) was the record of the great survey
The UK census as we know it today started in 1801 (championed by John Rickman who managed the first four up to 1831), partly to ascertain the number of men able to fight in the Napoleonic wars, partly over concerns stemming from An Essay on the Principle of Population by Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus (1798). Year 1801 ( MDCCCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Tuesday John Rickman ( 22 August 1771 &ndash 11 August 1840) was an English government official and Statistician of the early nineteenth Year 1831 ( MDCCCXXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815 involved Napoleon's French Empire and a shifting set of European allies and opposing coalitions The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in 1798 through J Thomas Robert Malthus FRS (13 February 1766 – 23 December 1834 was an English political economist and demographer who expressed views Rickman's 12 reasons - set out in 1798 and repeated in Parliamentary debates - for conducting a UK census included the following justifications:
The census has been conducted every ten years since 1801 and most recently in 2001 (see United Kingdom Census 2001). Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 The first four censuses (1801-1831) were mainly statistical. That is, they were mainly headcounts and contained virtually no personal information. The 1841 Census was the first to record names of all individuals in a household or institution.
Because of World War II, there was no census in 1941. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including However, following the passage into law (on 5 September 1939) of the National Registration Act 1939 a population count was carried out on 29 September 1939, which was, in effect, a census. Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The National Registration Act 1939 (2 & 3 Geo VI c 91 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Although the 1931 census was taken on 26th April 1931 the returns were destroyed by fire (in an accident and not after bombing) during the Second World War. 
The census is undertaken by the government for policy and planning purposes, and the results are also published in printed reports and on the ONS (GROS and NISRA in Scotland and Northern Ireland respectively) website. Public access to the census returns is restricted under the terms of the 100-year rule (Lord Chancellor's Instrument no. The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor is a senior and important functionary in the Government of the United Kingdom. 12, issued in 1966 under S. 5 (1) of the Public Records Act 1958) and the most recent returns made available to researchers are those of the United Kingdom Census 1901. The Public Records Act 1958 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom forming the main legislation governing Public records in the United A nationwide census was conducted in England and Wales on 31 March 1901
However, the 1901 and 1911 censuses for Northern Ireland have been available for inspection since 1960 and the 19th century Scottish censuses were all released after 50-80 years of closure. In exceptional circumstances the Registrar General for England and Wales does release specific information from 70-, 80-, or 90-year old closed censuses (including the 1911 census). The Registrar General is the Government official responsible for the registration of births deaths and marriages in England and Wales.
It has been argued that in England and Wales no attempts were made by ministers and civil servants strictly to enforce the 100-year census closure policy until 2005, five years after the Freedom of Information Act 2000 was passed, which some have argued abolished the 100-year rule. See Freedom of information in the United Kingdom for a general discussion of Freedom of information legislation throughout the United Kingdom. However, personal information provided in confidence is clearly exempted if its disclosure could result in a successful prosecution for breach of confidence.  The 1911 Census is now partially accessible following a decision by the Information Commissioner's Office. The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO in the United Kingdom, is a Non-departmental public body which reports directly to Parliament and is sponsored  A March 2007 internet petition to reduce the classified period for census data from 100 years to 70 years received a response from the government explaining why this was not possible. An Internet petition is a form of Petition posted on a Website. 
In January 2002, the much-anticipated England & Wales census for 1901 went online. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Within minutes it was inaccessible because of server and network load, and it had to be taken offline. Later in the year, after upgrades had been made, it came back online.
The census is usually very accurate, and, with a fine of up to £1,000 for those who do not complete it, filled in by a high percentage of the population. There may be exceptions in the case of the following censuses:
Although the 1851 census had included a question about religion on a separate response sheet, whose completion was not compulsory, the 2001 census was the first in which the government asked about religion on the main census form. A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 New legislation was enacted through the Census (Amendment) Act 2000 to allow the question to be asked, and to make its response optional. The Census (Amendment Act 2000 (2000 c 24 was an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Perhaps encouraged by a chain letter that started in New Zealand, 390,000 people entered their religion as Jedi Knight (more than any of Sikhs, Buddhists or Jews), with some areas registering up to 2. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The Jedi are members of a fictional monastic order in the ''Star Wars'' galaxy, created by George 6% of people as Jedi. Thus, 'Jedi' was fourth largest reported religion in the country. (See: Jedi census phenomenon). The Jedi census phenomenon is a Grassroots movement that was created in 2001 for citizens in a number of English-speaking countries to record their Religion
Controversially, the Northern Ireland census included a supplementary question on what religion a person was brought up in for those stating no religion in response to the main question.
|Year||Date||Notes||New questions asked|
|1801||10 March||Details collected were mainly head-counts, with few still existing. This article discusses the demography of England. Due to the lack of authoritative contemporary sources estimates of the population of England for dates prior to|
|1811||27 May||Details collected were mainly head-counts, with few still existing.|
|1821||28 May||Details collected were mainly head-counts, with few still existing.|
|1831||30 May||Details collected were mainly head-counts, with few still existing.|
|1841||6 June||Name. Age (For those over 15, this was rounded down to the nearest 5 years). Occupation. Whether born "in county" or not.|
|1851||30 March||Relation to head of the household. Marital status. Place of birth. Whether blind, deaf or dumb.|
|1871||2 April||Whether an imbecile, idiot or lunatic. |
|1891||5 April||Whether an employer, an employee, or neither. Number of rooms occupied, if less than 5.|
|1901||31 March||Whether an employer, worker or working on one's own account. Whether working at home or not.|
|1911||2 April||How long the couple has been married. How many children were born alive, how many who are still alive, and how many who have died. Industry or service with which the worker is connected.|
|1931||26 April||Destroyed in World War II|
|1939||29 September||National Registration Act 1939. The National Registration Act 1939 (2 & 3 Geo VI c 91 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom.  No census in 1941 because of the Second World War. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including|