Casimir II, called the Just (Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy; 1138 – 5 May 1194), of the Piast Dynasty, was the youngest son of Boleslaus III by Salome von Berg-Schelklingen, daughter of Henry, Duke of Berg (of Wuerttemberg). Polish ( język polski, polszczyzna) is the Official language of Poland. Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John Piast dynasty is the name used since the 17th century for Polish Royal Dynasty that ruled Poland from its beginnings as Duchy ruled by Mieszko Bolesław III Wrymouth ( Bolesław III Krzywousty) 1085 – 1138) was Duke of Poland from Salomea of Berg (Salomea z Bergu Salomea Bergska Salome von Berg-Schelklingen (b Württemberg, formerly known as Wirtemberg, is an area and a former state in Swabia, a region in southwestern Germany. He reigned as Duke of Kraków and senior prince of Poland (see Seniorate) from 1177 until his death. For the state of Cracow between 1846 and 1918 see Grand Duchy of Cracow. Poland, or at least its nucleus was ruled at various times either by książęta (Dukes(ca
Born shortly before or after his father's death, and omitted (possibly for that reason) from Boleslaus' will dividing the kingdom among Casimir's four elder brothers, he set about securing the basis for a claim to power. In 1167, he inherited from his brother Henry the dukedom of Wiślica, and in 1173 he obtained that of Sandomierz. Henry of Sandomierz or Henry of Sandomir (Polish Henryk Sandomierski (1127/1134 &ndash 1166 prince of the Piast dynasty Duke of Sandomierz, son of Wiślica Silesian Voivodeship Wiślica is a Village in Busko County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland. Sandomierz (Sandomir Sandomiria is a city in south-eastern Poland with 25714 inhabitants ( 2006)
In 1177, a rebellion by the barons of Lesser Poland against Mieszko III the Old led to the elevation of Casimir to the ducal throne of Kraków. Lesser Poland (also "Little Poland" Polish: Małopolska, Latin: Polonia Minor) is one of the historical regions of Poland Mieszko III the Old ( Polish: Mieszko III Stary; 1121? – March 13, 1202) of the Piast Dynasty, was Duke of Greater In order to end internal conflicts within the decentralised Polish state, Casimir distributed lands to his nephews: Poznań to Otto, son of Mieszko the Old; Kuyavia to Leszek; Silesia to Boleslaus the Tall; Bytom, Racibórz, Oświęcim, and Siewierz to Mieszko; and Głogów to Conrad. Poznań Lublin Voivodeship This article is about the city in Poland Leszek of Masovia (ca 1162-1186 was Duke of Masovia and Kuyavia between 1173 and 1186 Etymology One theory claims that the name Silesia is derived from the Silingi, who were most likely a Vandalic (East Germanic people Bolesław I the Tall ( Polish: Bolesław I Wysoki; 1127 - December 7 or 8 1201 was imperial Duke of Silesia, 1163 - 1172 Bytom (Beuthen is a City in southern Poland with 188234 inhabitants (2007 Racibórz (Ratibor Ratiboř is a town in southern Poland with 60218 inhabitants (2006 situated in the Silesian Voivodeship (since 1999 previously in Oświęcim (Auschwitz Yiddish Oshpitsin אָשפּיצין Romany: Aushvitsa, Osvyenchim, Czech: Osvětim Siewierz is a Town in the Silesian Voivodeship in Poland. History In history Sewerien was first mentioned in 1125 which was administered Mieszko I Tanglefoot ( Polish: Mieszko I Plątonogi; Mieszko I of Racibórz; ca Głogów (Hlohov (rare Glogau rarely Groß-Glogau) is a Town in southwestern Poland. Mieszko the Old was forced to give up Greater Poland to Otto. Greater Poland or Great Poland, Polish Wielkopolska (Großpolen Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland
In 1180, Casimir called an assembly of nobles at Łęczyca. Łęczyca (in full The Royal Town of Łęczyca, Polish: Królewskie Miasto Łęczyca; other names Lenczyk, Lentschütz He granted privileges to the nobles and the Church, lifting a tax on the profits of the clergy and relinquishing his rights over the lands of deceased bishops. By these acts, he won acceptance of the principle of hereditary succession to Kraków, though it would take more than a century to restore the Polish kingship.
Casimir died unexpectedly at a banquet, probably of poisoning. He was succeeded in Kraków by his son Leszek the White. Leszek I the White ( Polish: Leszek Biały; c 1186 &ndash 1227 also listed by some sources as Leszek II the White, was Prince of Sandomierz He left another son, Conrad. Attempted conquests of Prussia Konrad unsuccessfully attempted to conquer pagan Prussia in a 1209 crusade and several times after, 1219 1222 Pg 45