The Carthusian Martyrs were a group of monks of the London Charterhouse, the monastery of the Carthusian Order in central London, who were put to death by the English state from June 19, 1535 to September 20, 1537. The London Charterhouse is a former Carthusian monastery in London, England, to the north of what is now Charterhouse Square. Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Events 451 - The Battle of Chalons takes place in North Eastern France. The method of execution was hanging, disembowelling while still alive and then quartering. To be hanged drawn and quartered was the penalty once ordained in England for the crime of High treason. The group also includes two monks who were brought to that house from the Charterhouses of Beauvale and Axholme and similarly dealt with. Beauvale Charterhouse (also known as Beauvale Priory) was a Carthusian monastery in Beauvale, Nottinghamshire. The Isle of Axholme is part of North Lincolnshire, England. It is the only part of Lincolnshire west of the River Trent. The total is of 18 men, all of whom have been formally recognized by the Catholic Church as true martyrs.
At the outset of the King's Great Matter, the government was anxious to secure the public acquiescence of the monks of the London Charterhouse, since for the austerity and sincerity of their mode of life they enjoyed great prestige. The London Charterhouse is a former Carthusian monastery in London, England, to the north of what is now Charterhouse Square. When this attempt failed in this, the only alternative was to annihilate the resistance, since a refusal engaged the prestige of the monks in the opposite sense. This took the form of a long process of attrition.
On May 4, 1535 the authorities sent to their death at Tyburn, London three leading English Carthusians, John Houghton, prior of the London house, Robert Lawrence and Augustine Webster, respectively priors of Beauvale and Axholme. Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV History The village was one of two manors of the Parish of St Marylebone, which was itself named after the stream St Marylebone being The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of St Bruno, is a Roman Catholic religious order of enclosed monastics. Saint John Houghton was an English Catholic martyr Born sometime around 1486 he was (according to one of his fellow Carthusians educated at Cambridge but cannot St Robert Lawrence, (died 4 May 1535) was one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. Saint Augustine Webster was an English Catholic martyr He was educated at Cambridge University. Beauvale Charterhouse (also known as Beauvale Priory) was a Carthusian monastery in Beauvale, Nottinghamshire.
Little more than a month later, it was the turn of three leading monks of the London house: Humphrey Middlemore, William Exmew and Sebastian Newdigate, who were to die at Tyburn, London on June 19. Blessed Humphrey Middlemore (died c 1535 was a Roman Catholic Priest and Carthusian monk from England. Blessed William Exmew, (c?-1535 Catholic Priest, Carthusian monk and martyr Blessed Sebastian Newdigate (died c 1535 was a Roman Catholic Priest and Carthusian monk of England. History The village was one of two manors of the Parish of St Marylebone, which was itself named after the stream St Marylebone being Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Newdigate was a personal friend of Henry VIII, who twice visited him in the prison to persuade him to give in, in vain.
The next move was to seize four more monks of community, two being taken to the Carthusian house at Beauvale in Nottinghamshire, while Dom John Rochester and Dom James Walworth were taken to the Charterhouse of St Michael at Hull in Yorkshire. Beauvale Charterhouse (also known as Beauvale Priory) was a Carthusian monastery in Beauvale, Nottinghamshire. Nottinghamshire (abbreviated Notts) is an English county in the East Midlands, which borders South Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire Blessed John Rochester, (c 1498 &ndash 1537 Catholic Priest, Carthusian Monk and Martyr. Kingston upon Hull ( almost invariably referred Yorkshire is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in Great Britain. They were made an example of on May 11, 1537, when condemned on trumped up charges of treason, they were hanged in chains from the York city battlements until dead. Events 330 - Byzantium is renamed ''Nova Roma'' during a dedication ceremony but is more popularly referred to as Constantinople
The government continued to play a game of intimidation until May 18, 1537, when the twenty choir monks and eighteen laybrothers remaining in the London Charterhouse were required to take the Oath of Supremacy. Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. The London Charterhouse is a former Carthusian monastery in London, England, to the north of what is now Charterhouse Square. The Oath of Supremacy, imposed by the Act of Supremacy 1559, provided for any person taking public or church office in England to swear allegiance to the monarch as Of these, the choir monks Thomas Johnson, Richard Bere, Thomas Green (priests), and John Davy (a deacon) refused. Richard Bere was a former Benedictine and longtime Abbot of Glastonbury (1493-1525), who had become a Carthusian in February 1523. The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of St Bruno, is a Roman Catholic religious order of enclosed monastics. "Thomas Green" may be the Thomas Greenwood who obtained the B. A. degree at Oxford, and later the M. A. at Cambridge in 1511, who became Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge in 1515 and the Doctorate in Divinity in 1532. St John's College, an institution known formally as The Master Fellows and Scholars of the College of St John the Evangelist in the University of Cambridge is a This may associate him with John Fisher. John Cardinal Fisher (c1469 &ndash 22 June, 1535) from 1935 Saint John Fisher, was an English Catholic bishop cardinal and
Likewise, of the brothers, Robert Salt, William Greenwood, Thomas Redyng, Thommas Scryven, Walter Pierson, and William Horne also refused.
As to the rest, the monastery was "surrendered" and they were expelled.
Those refusing the oath were all sent on May 29 to Newgate Prison, and treated as had been their fellow Carthusians in June 1535. Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the For the prison in East Granby, Connecticut, see Old Newgate Prison. They were chained standing and with their hands tied behind them to posts in the prison. This time, however, no further proceeding was foreseen and they were simply left to die of starvation.
Margaret Clement (nee Giggs), who had been brought up in the household of St Thomas More, bribed the gaoler to let her have access to the prisoners, and disguised as a milkmaid carried in a milk-can full of meat which she fed to them. Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535 from 1935 Saint Thomas More, was an English Lawyer, author and statesman who in his lifetime gained She also relieved them as best she could of the filth. However, the King Henry became suspicious and began to ask whether they were already dead. When this filtered back to the gaoler, he became too afraid to let Margaret enter again. For a brief time she was allowed to go on the roof and uncover the tiles, and let down meat in a basket as near as she could to their mouths. This method meant the monks could get little or nothing from the basket, and in any case the gaoler became too afraid and stopped any contact.
The laybrother William Greenwood died first, on June 6, and two days later the deacon John Davy, on June 8. Events 1508 - Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year Events 68 - The Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba. 536 - St Silverius becomes Pope (probable Brother Robert Salt died on June 9, Brother Walter Pierson and the priest Thomas Green on June 10, and Brothers Thomas Scryven and Thomas Redyng on June 15 and June 16. Events 53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia 62 - Claudia Octavia commits Events 1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history Events 1487 - Battle of Stoke Field, the last dying breath of the Wars of the Roses. These last named had survived a remarkably long time. It seems likely that at this point the King and his Council decided upon a change of plan which entailed bringing the survivors to execution and that Cromwell gave orders that those still living were to be given food so as to keep them alive. At any rate, the priest Dom Richard Bere did not die till August 9, and the priest Thomas Johnson not until September 20. Events 48 BC - Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus Events 451 - The Battle of Chalons takes place in North Eastern France.
For some reason Brother William Horne was kept alive. Refusing to abandon his religious habit, he was not attainted till 1540, when he was hanged, disembowelled, and quartered at Tyburn on August 4, 1540 along with five other Catholics: the two laymen Robert Bird and Giles Heron, Lawrence Cook, Carmelite Prior of Doncaster, the Benedictine Thomas Epson, and (probably) the secular priest William Bird, Rector of Fittleton and Vicar of Bradford, Wiltshire. Events 70 - The Destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans. Robert Bird may refer to Robert Montgomery Bird (1803&ndash1854 American novelist playwright and physician Robert Bird (Welsh politician William Byrd (c 1540 &ndash 4 July 1623 was an English Composer of the Renaissance. Fittleton is a Village and Civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire.