Carlota Perez is a Venezuelan scholar and expert on technology and socio-economic development most famous for her concept of Techno-Economic Paradigm Shifts and her theory of great surges, a further development of the Kondratieff waves. Venezuela (ˌvɛnəˈzweɪlə) officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a country on the Technology is a broad concept that deals with a Species ' usage and knowledge of Tools and Crafts and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt Economic development is the development of economic wealth of countries or regions for the well-being of their inhabitants Also widely written as Kondratieff. In Heterodox economics, Kondratiev waves —also called Grand supercycles surges long waves or K-waves—are
Perez is, since 2006, Professor of Technology and Socio-Economic Development at Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia. Tallinn University of Technology (TUT (Estonian Tallinna Tehnikaülikool (TTÜ) is the only University of Technology in Estonia, and Tallinn (historically known by the German, Swedish and Danish name Reval or the Polish name Rewal, among other names Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia ( Eesti or Eesti Vabariik) is a Country in Northern Europe in the Baltic region Since 2003, she is Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Financial Analysis and Policy (CFAP), Judge Institute of Management, University of Cambridge. The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the She is also, permanently, Honorary Research Fellow at SPRU, University of Sussex, and Adjunct Senior Research Fellow at the United Nation University's Institute of New Technologies, Maastricht, The Netherlands. The University of Sussex is a British Campus university which is situated next to the East Sussex village of Falmer, and is from Brighton Maastricht ( Dutch; Limburgish and city dialect Mestreech; French: Maestricht or Maëstricht; Spanish: The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands She is particularly active as an international consultant and lecturer.
Perez has held posts in the government of her country, first in the Institute of Foreign Commerce in relation with the technology aspects of the North South Dialogue (1975-1977), later as founding Director of Technology in the Ministry of Industry (1980-1983). Under her directorship, the first venture capital agency, FINTEC, was established. She has been consultant to most of the major public and private companies in Venezuela, in particular to INTEVEP, the Research and Development affiliate of PDVSA, the national petroleum company. The phrase research and development (also R and D or more often R&D) according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, refers Petróleos de Venezuela SA ( PDVSA) is the Venezuelan state-owned Petroleum company
As international consultant, she has worked for various multilateral organizations, including the OECD, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNDP and the World Bank. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development ( UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO, French/Spanish acronym ONUDI, is a specialized agency in the United Nations system headquartered The World Bank is an internationally supported Bank that provides financial and technical assistance to developing countries for development programs (e She has been consultant and lecturer in private companies and business events and has advised various industry associations, Ministries and Councils of Industry or Science and Technology, R&D institutes and development banks in Latin America (Venezuela, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Uruguay, Argentina, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Brazil) and other regions (Canada, Norway, Estonia). Venezuela (ˌvɛnəˈzweɪlə) officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a country on the Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Ecuador topics. Uruguay.(official full name in República Oriental del Uruguay;, Oriental Republic of Uruguay) is a country located in the southeastern part of South America For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. Colombia (kəˈlʌmbɪə officially the Republic of Colombia () is a country in northwestern South America. The Dominican Republic ( Spanish: República Dominicana;) is a nation located in the Caribbean region and shares the island of Hispaniola with |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia ( Eesti or Eesti Vabariik) is a Country in Northern Europe in the Baltic region Several elements of the European Union's Lisbon Strategy are based on her work as well. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in The Lisbon Strategy, also known as the Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process, is an action and Development plan for the European Union.
Carlota Perez is a neo-Schumpeterian and a student of Christopher Freeman, with whom she closely collaborates. Joseph Alois Schumpeter ( February 8, 1883 &ndash January 8, 1950) was an Economist and Political scientist born in Christopher Freeman is an English Economist, the founder and first director of SPRU Science and Technology Policy Research at the University of Sussex, Her articles, from the early 1980s, have contributed to the present understanding of the relationship between basic innovations, technical and institutional change, and economic development. Her recent book Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital: The Dynamics of Bubbles and Golden Ages (Edward Elgar 2002) (ISBN 1-84376-331-1) has had a very positive response from academics as well as from the financial and the technology-based business communities.