A thistle of the subfamily Carduoideae. This article is about the plant for other uses see Thistle (disambiguation.
Carduoideae is the thistle subfamily of the Asteraceae, or sunflower family, of flowering plants. Plants are living Organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. The flowering plants or angiosperms ( Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta) are the most widespread group Magnoliopsida is the Botanical name for a class of Flowering plants By definition the class will include the family Magnoliaceae, but its The Asterales are an order of Dicotyledonous Flowering plants which include the composite family Asteraceae ( Sunflowers daisies The family Asteraceae or Compositae (known as the aster, daisy, or sunflower family) is the largest family of Flowering Robert Sweet (1783– 20 January 1835) was an English botanist horticulturist and ornithologist Count Alexandre Henri Gabriel de Cassini (1781-1832 was a French Botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family ( Asteraceae) (then known This article is about the plant for other uses see Thistle (disambiguation. In Biological classification, family ( Latin The family Asteraceae or Compositae (known as the aster, daisy, or sunflower family) is the largest family of Flowering The flowering plants or angiosperms ( Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta) are the most widespread group It is comprised of a number of tribes in various circumscriptions of the family, in addition to the Cynareae. The Cynareae are a tribe of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae.
Takhtajan, according to Reveal, includes ten tribes in addition to the Cynareae, the Arctotideae, the Barnadesieae, the Carlineae, the Cichorieae, the Echinopeae, the Eremothamneae, the Gundelieae, the Liabeae, the Mutisieae, and the Vernonieae. A system of plant taxonomy, the Takhtajan system of plant classification was published by Armen Takhtajan, in several versions from the 1950's onwards James Lauritz Reveal (born 1941-) is a botanist professor emeritus at the Norton Brown Herbarium Maryland (see his cv The Cynareae are a tribe of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae. Barnadesioideae is a Subfamily of the Asteraceae, or sunflower family of flowering plants. Cichorieae (sometimes Lactuceae) is a tribe of plants in the family Asteraceae that includes 100 genera and more than 1600 species Mutisioideae is a subfamily of the Asteraceae, or sunflower family of the flowering plants. Vernonieae is a tribe of about 1300 species of plants in the aster family. Of these eleven, Thorne agrees with seven in his 8 tribe taxonomy of the Carduoideae, placing the Cardueae (Cynareae), plus Arctotideae, Cichorieae, Eremothamneae, Liabeae, Mutisieae, and Vernonieae tribes in the subfamily, plus the Tarchonantheae. A modern system of plant taxonomy, the Thorne system (1992 of plant classification was drawn up by the botanist Robert F  The Panero and Funk classification of 2002 (a molecular phylogenetic classification based upon chloroplast genes) places just three tribes in the subfamily: the Cynareae, plus the Dicomeae (created by Panero and Funk's paper, consisting of Dicoma, Erythrocephalum, Gladiopappus, Macledium, Cloiselia, Pasaccardoa, and Pleiotaxis), and the Tarchonantheae (Tarchonanthus plus Brachylaena). The Cynareae are a tribe of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae. UserPolbot. --> Dicoma is a genus of Flowering plant in the Asteraceae family Brachylaena is a genus of Flowering plant in the Asteraceae family  The genus Oldenburgia may be within this subfamily but the data on this is inconclusive. UserPolbot. --> Oldenburgia is a genus of Flowering plant in the Asteraceae family The Takhtajan system divides the Asteraceae into only two subfamilies, the Asteroideae in addition to the Carduoideae, while Thorne adds the basal, monophyletic subfamily, the Barnadesioideae. The recent phylogeny of Panero and Funk divides the Asteraceae into 11 subfamilies.