Queen Street in Campbelltown
|Location:||51 km (32 mi) south-west of Sydney CBD|
|State District:||Campbelltown, Macquarie Fields, Camden, Wollondilly|
|Federal Division:||Macarthur, Werriwa|
Campbelltown is a suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales Australia. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Year 1820 ( MDCCCXX) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States The Sydney Central business district (CBD and also referred to as the City) is the main commercial centre of Sydney, the capital of New This is a list of regions in Australia that are not Australian states or territories. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 State Electoral District is a term used to refer to an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Campbelltown is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. Macquarie Fields is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. Camden is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. Wollondilly is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. The Australian House of Representatives is elected from 150 single-member districts called Divisions. The Division of Macarthur is an Australia Federal electoral division covering outer south-west Sydney. The Division of Werriwa is a Federal Electoral Division for the Australian House of Representatives. This is a complete listing of the suburbs and localities in the greater Sydney area in alphabetical order Blair Athol is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Woodbine is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales Woodbine is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales Mount Annan is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Ruse is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Glen Alpine is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Ambarvale is a suburb of south-western Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Bradbury is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. South San Jose (cropjpg||thumb|A suburban development in San Jose California. South-western Sydney is a general term which is used to describe the metropolitan area in south-west Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Campbelltown is located 51 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of the City of Campbelltown. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand The Sydney Central business district (CBD and also referred to as the City) is the main commercial centre of Sydney, the capital of New Local Government Area (abbreviated LGA) is a term used in Australia (and especially by the Australian Bureau of Statistics) to refer to areas controlled The City of Campbelltown is a Local Government Area in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia, located about 55 km
Campbelltown is a major commercial centre and a central business district of South-western Sydney and part of the Macarthur Region. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city South-western Sydney is a general term which is used to describe the metropolitan area in south-west Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Macarthur is a region in south-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The area that later become Campbelltown, among other suburbs, was inhabited prior to European settlement by the Tharawal people. The Tharawal (or Dharawal people were the Aboriginal inhabitants of southern Sydney and the Illawarra region in 1788, when the first European 
The history of Campbelltown began with former Governor of New South Wales Lachlan Macquarie who ordered a town to be built on the site in 1820 with the name Campbell-Town in honour of his wife whose maiden name was Elizabeth Campbell. The Governor of New South Wales is the representative in the Australian state of New South Wales of Australia's monarch, Elizabeth II, Major-General Lachlan Macquarie CB (31 January 1762 – 1 July 1824 Scottish Gaelic spelling Lachlan MacGuaire) British military officer Elizabeth Macquarie (1778 – 1835 was the second wife of Lachlan Macquarie who served as Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821 However, the area had been settled long before 1820. 
Not long after the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney in 1788, a small herd of six cattle escaped and weren't seen again by the British settlers for seven years. The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 Ships which sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787 to establish the first European colony in New South Wales. They were seen, however, by the Tharawal people whose territory covered the Campbelltown area. The Tharawal (or Dharawal people were the Aboriginal inhabitants of southern Sydney and the Illawarra region in 1788, when the first European In a rock art site called Bull Cave near Campbelltown, they drew a number of cattle with pronounced horns. Rock art is a term in Archaeology for any man-made markings made on natural stone The Tharawal described the cattle to British explorers in the area and in 1795 the British found a herd of around 60 cattle grazing in the area now known as Camden. Camden is a historic town in New South Wales, Australia. Camden is 
The colonial administration was keen for the herd to establish itself so forbade killing of the cattle or settlement in the area. But John Macarthur, who wanted to establish sheep in the colony, took a liking to the prime grazing land. John Macarthur (1766 – 11 April 1834 was a soldier entrepreneur politician and pioneer of the Australian Wool industry He convinced the British government to overrule the local administration and grant him 5000 acres just south of the Nepean River in 1805. The Nepean River is a river in the coastal region of New South Wales, Australia. Four years later a number of other grants were made to farmers between Camden and Liverpool. Liverpool is a Suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. 
The Tharawal initially worked with the local farmers but a drought in 1814 led to large numbers of neighbouring Gandangara people moving into the area in search of food. The Gundangara (also spelt Gundungara and Gundungurra) are a clan of Indigenous Australians in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia Tensions developed between the British and the Gandangara leading to skirmishes and a number of deaths on each side. Governor Macquarie felt a permanent settlement would lead to order in the area and so Campbell-Town (to be simplified later as Campbelltown) was born in 1820. 
Development of the town was slow at first, particularly after the departure of Macquarie, and it wasn't until 1831 that residents took possession of town land. However, it was during this period that Campbelltown's most famous incident occurred. In 1826, local farmer Frederick Fisher disappeared. According to folklore, his ghost appeared sitting on a fence rail over a creek just south of the town and pointed to a site where his body was later found to be buried. In memory of the incident, the Fisher's Ghost festival is held each November in Campbelltown. The legend of Fisher's ghost is a popular Australian story dating to the early 19th century 
Campbelltown's population increased steadily in the decades following. The southern rail line was extended to Campbelltown in 1858, leading to further development, and in 1882, Campbelltown Council was established allowing municipal works to occur in earnest. Campbelltown became the first country town in New South Wales to have piped water in 1888 and in the period between the World Wars, a local power station was built to supply electricity to residents. 
Campbelltown was designated in the early 1960s as a satellite city by the New South Wales Planning Authority, and a regional capital for the south west of Sydney. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 There was extensive building and population growth in the intervening time and the government set aside land surrounding the township for public and private housing and industry. 
The following buildings are on the Register of the National Estate. 
Campbelltown has a mixture of residential, commercial and industrial areas. Campbelltown Performing Arts High School (CPAHS is a specialist secondary school located in Campbelltown, New South Wales, Australia run by the New St Gregory's College (commonly referred to as St Greg's) is a Catholic, secondary, day and Boarding school for boys located The main shopping precinct is located along Queen Street. Campbelltown Mall is a major shopping centre located on Queen Street. A shopping mall or shopping centre is a building or set of buildings that contain Retail units with interconnecting Walkways enabling visitors
Macarthur Square is another large shopping centre on three floors which is located close to Macarthur railway station. Macarthur Square is a Shopping centre on the southern side of Campbelltown New South Wales, Australia. Macarthur railway station is located in the outer southwestern suburbs of Sydney, Australia. It features an outdoor entertainment and restaurant precinct known as "Kellicar Lane" which opened after the most recent expansion in November 2005. It features a food court that has large glass windows that look over Kellicar Lane, Campbelltown and the surrounding countryside. A food court is a plaza that is contiguous with the counters of multiple food vendors and provides a common area for self-serve dining
Campbelltown lies on the main road and rail links from Sydney to the south-west. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 The M5 South Western Motorway links Campbelltown north to Liverpool, Sydney Airport and Sydney CBD and south to Goulburn and Canberra. The M5 South Western Motorway (also known as the M5 South West Motorway, M5 Motorway or simply M5) is a Motorway in south-western Sydney Liverpool is a Suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Sydney Airport (also known as Kingsford Smith International Airport), is located in the Sydney suburb of Mascot. The Sydney Central business district (CBD and also referred to as the City) is the main commercial centre of Sydney, the capital of New Goulburn is a provincial City in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia in Goulburn Mulwaree Council. Canberra ( is the capital city of Australia With a population of over 340000 it is Australia's largest inland City.
Campbelltown railway station and Macarthur railway station are on the Southern line of the CityRail network. Campbelltown railway station is located in Campbelltown, a city on the south-western periphery of Sydney, Australia. Macarthur railway station is located in the outer southwestern suburbs of Sydney, Australia. The South Line (line colour light blue originally green is a railway line in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, and is part of the CityRail For the Beijing subway line known as the CityRail Line see Line 13 Beijing Subway CityRail is an operating division of RailCorp Campbelltown also services the Airport and East Hills Line and is the main terminus of the Cumberland Line and the intercity Southern Highlands Line. The Airport & East Hills Railway Line, in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, connects the Sydney Central Business District with Glenfield The Cumberland railway line connects Blacktown and Campbelltown stations in the western suburbs of Sydney, Australia and appears in magenta on The Southern Highlands Line is a section of the Main South railway line, and part of the CityRail outer suburban network
Campbelltown is also well serviced by buses. Busways provides a number of services from Campbelltown Station to virtually all the surrounding suburbs of Campbelltown as well as to Camden. Camden is a historic town in New South Wales, Australia. Camden is Interline provides a service from Campbelltown to Glenfield and Picton Buslines provides a service from Campbelltown to Picton via Camden. Glenfield is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Picton is a small town (3027 in 2006 in New South Wales, Australia, in the Wollondilly region in foothills of the Macarthur Area, 80 kilometres Camden is a historic town in New South Wales, Australia. Camden is 
Campbelltown is home to two local radio stations, 2MCR and C91.3FM. 2MCR-FM is a Community Radio station in Sydney 's South West broadcasting on 100 C913 (call sign 2MAC) is a commercial radio station broadcasting on the FM band at a frequency of 91 The two local newspapers are the Campbelltown-Macarthur Advertiser and the Macarthur Chronicle.
The Fisher's ghost Festival is an annual festival held in recognition of Frederick Fisher, an emancipated convict who owned farming land in Campbelltown. The legend of Fisher's ghost is a popular Australian story dating to the early 19th century Legend has it that Fisher appeared to local man John Farley as a ghost after being murdered by George Worrall, his friend and neighbour, over a land dispute. An annual parade through Campbelltown's main street, Queen Street, is held every November and a carnival including fairground rides and other entertainment is held at Bradbury oval, a local sports ground. Over a period of three weeks many activities take place including the Fisher's Ghost Fun Run, the Fisher's Ghost Art Award and the Street Party which was formerly known as the "Mardi Gras. " The Fisher's Ghost festival is responsible for a great amount of town pride in Campbelltown and many citizens can state that they or someone they know have been in the Fisher's Ghost parade at some point in time.
According to the 2006 census conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the suburb of Campbelltown had a population of 8013, which could be categorised broadly as mortgage belt battlers. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The Australian Bureau of Statistics ( ABS) is Australia 's national statistical agency. The median household income of $822 per week was substantially lower than the national figure of $1027 while the median housing loan repayment of $1390 per month was higher than the national figure ($1300). The majority of Campbelltown residents were Australian born (69%) with the next most common places of birth being England (4. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland 3%) and New Zealand (2. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island 5%). There was a a significant minority of Arabic speakers and a higher than average number of people with indigenous backgrounds (2. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Indigenous Australians are descendants of the first known human inhabitants of the Australian continent and its nearby islands. 9%). 
Campbelltown's leading sporting team is the Wests Tigers who play in the National Rugby League competition. Michael De Vere (born 11 December 1976 in Campbelltown New South Wales) is an Australian former Rugby league footballer who played for History See also History of rugby league The grass roots of rugby league can be traced to early football history, through the playing of ball games The legend of Fisher's ghost is a popular Australian story dating to the early 19th century John Marsden ( January 3, 1942 - May 17, 2006) was a prominent Sydney -based Australian Solicitor and former President Jim Piper (born 13 August 1981 in Campbelltown New South Wales) is a Breaststroke Swimmer from Australia who competed for his native country Kate Ritchie (born August 14 1978 in Goulburn, New South Wales) is a multiple Gold Logie Award winning Australian Actress The Gold Logie Award has been awarded annually to the Most Popular Personality on Australian Television at the TV Week Logie Awards since 1960 James Ruse (9 August 1759 &ndash 5 September 1837 was a pioneer of Agriculture in Australia being the first to successfully grow grain in the early colony The Wests Tigers are a professional Rugby league football club in the National Rugby League (NRL the premier Rugby league competition in Australasia The Wests Tigers are a merger of two foundation clubs of the old New South Wales Rugby League premiership, the Western Suburbs Magpies and the Balmain Tigers. New South Wales Rugby League premiership was the first Rugby league football club competition established in Australia The Western Suburbs Magpies are a Rugby league football club in Sydney Australia The Balmain Tigers (also known as the Sydney Tigers from 1995-96 were one of the founding rugby league football clubs of the New South Wales Rugby League premiership As such, they play some of their home games at Campbelltown Stadium in neighbouring Leumeah and others at Leichhardt Oval. Campbelltown Stadium, formerly Orana Park and Campbelltown Sports Ground, is a Rugby league stadium in Campbelltown New South Wales, Australia Leumeah is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Leichhardt Oval is a football stadium in Leichhardt New South Wales, Australia. The Magpies still exist as a stand-alone team in the lower tier competition, the New South Wales Cup. The New South Wales Cup or VB New South Wales Cup (for sponsorship reasons is a Rugby league competition for clubs in New South Wales
Another tenant of Campbelltown Stadium is the Macarthur Rams soccer team which plays in the New South Wales Premier League competition. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered For the rugby league competition see New South Wales Cup The New South Wales Premier League is the highest State level men's Football  Campbelltown is also represented in the Sydney Grade Cricket competition by the Campbelltown-Camden Ghosts who play their home games in Raby. Sydney Grade Cricket is a Cricket competition played in Sydney Australia. Raby is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.  The Campbelltown District Netball Association, based in Minto, plays in the third division of the Netball NSW State League. Minto is a Suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.