The port of Callao.
|Nickname: El Primer Puerto (the first port)|
Location within Peru
|- Mayor||Félix Moreno|
|- City||146. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. The administrative divisions of Peru have changed from time to time since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century The provinces of Peru, known in Spanish as provincias, are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country Callao is one of the six Districts Carmen de la Legua Reynoso is a district of the Constitutional Province of Callao in Peru, and one of the six districts that comprise the port city of La La Ventanilla is a district of the Constitutional Province of Callao in Peru, and one of the six districts that comprise the port city of Callao Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 98 km² (56. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 7 sq mi)|
|Population (2005 est)|
|- Urban Density||5,608. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 4/km² (14,525. 7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PET (UTC-5)|
|Website: www. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place Peru has one Time zone, Peru Time (PET, which is located in the UTC-5 zone 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks municallao. gob. pe|
Callao (Spanish: El Callao) is the largest and most important port in Peru. Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. The city is coterminous with the Constitutional Province of Callao, the only province of the Callao Region. A province is a territorial unit almost always an Administrative division. Callao is located west of Lima, the country's capital, and is part of the Lima Metropolitan Area, a large metropolis that concentrates almost one-third of Peru's population. Lima is the Capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers on a coast overlooking This article is about the administrative division For the city see Lima The Lima Metropolitan Area ( Spanish: Área Metropolitana A metropolis (from the Greek μήτηρ mētēr meaning 'mother' and πόλις pólis meaning 'city/town' is a big City, in most cases with Callao borders Lima Province on the north, east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
Callao was founded in 1537, just two years after Lima (1535), and soon became the main port for Spanish commerce in the Pacific. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions The origin of its name is unknown; both Indian (particularly Yunga, or Coastal Peruvian) and Spanish sources are credited, but it is certain that it was known by that name since 1550.
At the height of the Viceroyalty, virtually all goods produced in Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina were carried over the Andes by mule to Callao, to be shipped to Panama, carried overland, and then transported on to Spain via Cuba. Created in 1542 the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish colonial administrative district that originally contained most of Spanish-ruled The Republic of Bolivia (República de Bolivia) named after Simón Bolívar, is a Landlocked country in central South America. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. The Andes form the world's longest exposed Mountain range. They lie as a continuous chain of highland along the western coast of South America. In its common modern meaning a mule is the offspring of a male Donkey and a female Horse, which is classified as a kind of F1 hybrid. Panama, officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá) is the southernmost country of Central America. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. The Republic of Cuba (ˈkjuːbə or) consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles) Isla de la
On August 20, 1836, during the Peru-Bolivian Confederacy, President Andrés de Santa Cruz mandated the creation of the Callao Littoral Province (Provincia Litoral del Callao), which had political autonomy in its internal affairs. Events 636 - Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine Year 1836 ( MDCCCXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap The Peru-Bolivian Confederation (or Confederacy was a short-lived confederated state that existed in South America between the years 1836 and 1839 Andrés de Santa Cruz y Calahumana ( December 5, 1792, La Paz, Bolivia &ndash September 25, 1865, Beauvoir France was President
During the government of President Ramón Castilla, Callao was given the name of Constitutional Province (Provincia Constitucional), on April 22, 1857. Ramón Castilla y Marquesado ( Tarapacá, 31 August 1797 &ndash Tiviliche 25 May 1867) was a Peruvian Caudillo Events 1500 - Portuguese Navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. Click here for Indian Rebellion of 1857 Year 1857 ( MDCCCLVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the The province's first mayor was Col. Manuel Cipriano Dulanto. However, this new name had no practical difference as the status of Callao was the same as that of any other province, and it belonged, just like all others, to a department (in this case, the Lima Department). The only difference was that all Peruvian provinces had been given that name by law, while Callao was given it by constitutional mandate.
By 1949, Callao was known as one of the biggest centers of coca-based produtcs and cocaine traffic in the world. Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Not to be confused with Cocoa. Coca is a Plant in the family Erythroxylaceae, native to north-western South America Cocaine ( benzoylmethyl ecgonine) is a Crystalline Tropane Alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the Coca plant The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global Black market consisting of the cultivation manufacture distribution and sale of illegal Drugs 
As part of the decentralization process promoted by President Alejandro Toledo in 2002, the Callao Region was created, and the Constitutional Province of Callao was no longer part of the Lima Department (now Lima Region). __FORCETOC__ Decentralization or Decentralisation (see Spelling differences) is the process of dispersing Decision-making governance closer to the people Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique (born 28 March 1946 is a Peruvian Politician and Economist. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Callao is a region located in the central Lima Region, also known as Lima Provincias, is one of twenty-five regions of Peru.
Callao is built on and around a peninsula, the district of La Punta, once a wealthy residential neighborhood. La An historical fortress, the Castillo de Real Felipe (site of "Rodil's Last Stand"), stands on the promontory overlooking the harbor. José Ramón Rodil y Campillo, ( Santa María de Trovo, February 5, 1789 - Madrid, February 20, 1853) was a Spanish
There is also a large naval base in Callao, in which the leader of the Shining Path rebel movement, Abimael Guzmán, and Vladimiro Montesinos, the ex-director of internal security during the Fujimori regime are currently imprisoned. The Communist Party of Peru (Spanish Partido Comunista del Perú) more commonly known as the Shining Path ( Sendero Luminoso) is a Maoist Manuel Rubén Abimael Guzmán Reynoso (born 3 December 1934 also known by the Nom de guerre Presidente Gonzalo ( English: President Gonzalo) Vladimiro Lenin Montesinos Torres (born May 20, 1945) was the long-standing head of Peru 's intelligence service Alberto Ken'ya Fujimori (Japanese name) (born in Lima, Peru on July 28 1938 is a Peruvian and Japanese ref> Fujimori secures Japanese haven
Lima's Jorge Chávez International Airport is located in Callao.
On a bluff overlooking the harbor sits Colegio Militar Leoncio Prado, the military high school Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa attended and made famous in his first novel, La Ciudad y los Perros (1962) (published in English as The Time of the Hero in 1963). Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa (born March 28 1936 is a Peruvian writer Politician, Journalist, and Essayist. A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The book was later filmed as The City and the Dogs and featured exterior shots of the school. The city also has a university, the National University of Callao. The National University of Callao is a post-secondary institution in the Bellavista District of the Constitutional Province of Callao in the country of Peru
Callao also has several islands, San Lorenzo (currently a military base), El Frontón (a former high security prison), the Cavinzas, and the Palominos, where a large number of sea lions and sea birds live in a virtually untouched ecosystem. Isla San Lorenzo is the largest island off the direct coast of Callao Region, Peru. El Frontón is an island off of the coast of Callao, Peru. For much of El Frontón's history the island was used as a Prison. For other uses of the term "sea lion" see Sea lion (disambiguation. Seabirds are Birds that have adapted to life within the marine environment An ecosystem is a natural unit consisting of all plants animals and micro-organisms( Biotic factors in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical ( There is currently proposed plans to build a huge naval, terrestrial, and air port on San Lorenzo Island. This project is called the San Lorenzo Megaport Project. The San Lorenzo Megaport Project is a proposed plan to build a huge air naval and terrestrial port on the island of San Lorenzo in Callao, Peru using
Residents of Callao are known as chalacos.
Callao's football professional team is called Sport Boys. Sport Boys Association is a Peruvian football club playing in the city of Callao.
Callao is divided into six districts, (Spanish: distritos; singular: distrito), each of which is headed by a mayor (alcalde). The Districts of Peru (Spanish distritos) are the third-level country subdivisions of Peru.
* The rest of Callao Region is composed of the islands of San Lorenzo, El Frontón and Cavinzas, which all together have an area of 17. Callao is one of the six Districts Carmen de la Legua Reynoso is a district of the Constitutional Province of Callao in Peru, and one of the six districts that comprise the port city of La La Ventanilla is a district of the Constitutional Province of Callao in Peru, and one of the six districts that comprise the port city of Callao Isla San Lorenzo is the largest island off the direct coast of Callao Region, Peru. 63 square kilometres (6. 81 sq mi).
Local government affairs are divided into two levels. Regional matters are handled by the Regional Government of Callao (Gobierno Regional del Callao), which is located in the Bellavista District. Affairs such as city cleaning, promoting of sports and basic services are handled by the Provincial Municipality of Callao, which is headquartered in the Callao District. Callao is one of the six Districts Also, each of the six district has its own Municipality which handles matters in their respective jurisdictional areas.
The port is served by the Ferrocarril Central Andino railway, which in 2006 is to be modernised from narrow gauge of 3 feet (914 mm) to the world standard gauge of 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm). Ferrocarril Central Andino (FCCA is the consortium which operates a railway in Peru linking the Pacific port of Callao and the capital Lima with Huancayo and A narrow gauge railway (or narrow gauge railroad) is a Railway that has a Track gauge narrower than the of Standard gauge railways A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The Millimetre ( American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to The standard gauge (also named the Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson, or Normal gauge) is a widely-used Rail gauge.