Brisbane's location in Australia
|Population:||1,857,594 (2007)  (3rd)|
|• Density:||918/km² (2377. Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology This list of Australian cities by population briefly explains the three different population figures given for Australian cities and provides rankings for each Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 6/sq mi) (2006)|
|Area:||5904. Year 1824 ( MDCCCXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 8 km² (2279. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 9 sq mi) |
|Time zone:||AEST (No Daylight Saving) (UTC+10)|
|LGA:||Brisbane, Ipswich, Logan, Moreton Bay, Redland|
|State District:||various (38)|
|Federal Division:||Blair, Bonner, Bowman, Brisbane, Dickson, Fadden, Forde, Griffith, Lilley, Longman, Moreton, Oxley, Petrie, Ryan|
Brisbane (pronounced /ˈbɹɪzbən/) is the state capital of Queensland. Inches redirects here To see the Les Savy Fav album see Inches. Australian English is a non-rhotic variety of English spoken by most native-born Australians There are eight capital cities in Australia, all of which function at a sub-national level Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent Brisbane is the third largest city in Australia and most populous city of Queensland. This list of Australian cities by population briefly explains the three different population figures given for Australian cities and provides rankings for each For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent It is situated on the Brisbane River on low-lying Floodplain between Moreton Bay and the Great Dividing Range in south-eastern Queensland. The Brisbane River is situated in southeast Queensland, Australia, and flows through the city of Brisbane, before emptying into Moreton ||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||}A floodplain, or flood plain, is flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a Stream or River that experiences occasional or periodic Moreton Bay is a large bay on the eastern coast of Australia 19 km from Brisbane, Queensland. The Great Dividing Range, also known as the Eastern Highlands, is Australia 's most substantial Mountain range. South East Queensland (SEQ is a region of the state of Queensland in Australia, which contains approximately two-thirds of the state population The local indigenous people knew the area as Mian-jin, meaning 'place shaped as a spike'.  The city is named after Sir Thomas Brisbane, the Governor of New South Wales from 1821 – 1825. Major-General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane 1st Baronet, GCH, GCB ( July 23, 1773 – January 27, 1860) soldier The Governor of New South Wales is the representative in the Australian state of New South Wales of Australia's monarch, Elizabeth II,
The settlement at Brisbane developed after an abandoned initial penal colony settlement at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17. A penal colony is a Settlement used to detain Prisoners and generally use them for Penal labour in an economically underdeveloped part of the state's   Redcliffe is a residential suburb of the Moreton Bay Regional Council in the north-east of the Redcliffe peninsula 4 mi) north. The colony moved to the current location of the Brisbane central business district in 1825, and free settlers were permitted from 1842. The Brisbane Central business district (CBD or 'the City' is located on a point on the northern bank of the Brisbane River. Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term It was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony in 1859.
A large portion of Brisbane is controlled by the Brisbane City Council and also covers parts of several adjoining local government areas. Brisbane City Council is the governing council for Brisbane, which is the capital of Queensland, Australia. In 1925, the City of Brisbane Act was passed by the Queensland Government, abolishing 20 local government authorities in the city and forming the largest local authority in Australia, covering 1,200 square kilometres (463. The Government of Queensland is commonly known as the Queensland Government. 3 sq mi).  The city played a central role in the Allied campaign during World War II as the South West Pacific headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur. The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The South West Pacific was one of two theatres of World War II in the Pacific region between 1942 and 1945. General MacArthur redirects here for other meanings see General MacArthur (disambiguation. More recently, Brisbane hosted the 1982 Commonwealth Games, 1988 World's Fair (Expo '88), and 2001 Goodwill Games. The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September&mdash9 October 1982 Expo '88, officially known as 'World Expo 88' was a World's Fair held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia during a six month period between The Goodwill Games were an international sports competition created by Ted Turner in reaction to the political troubles surrounding the Olympic Games of the 1980s
Brisbane was inhabited before European settlement by the Turrbal people whose ancestors migrated to the region from across the Torres Strait. The Turrbal are a tribe of Australian Aboriginal people who before European settlement of Australia inhabited the region around the modern-day city of Brisbane The Torres Strait is a body of water which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea. They knew the area as Mian-jin, meaning 'place shaped as a spike'. 
The Moreton Bay area was initially explored by Matthew Flinders, landing and naming "Red Cliff Point" – after the red-coloured cliffs visible from the bay, known today as Woody Point – on 17 July 1799. Moreton Bay is a large bay on the eastern coast of Australia 19 km from Brisbane, Queensland. Captain Matthew Flinders, RN (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814 was one of the most successful navigators and cartographers of his age In Geography and Geology, a cliff is a significant vertical or near vertical rock exposure Woody Point is a residential suburb of the Moreton Bay Regional Council at the south-east of the Redcliffe peninsula, approximately north-northeast of Brisbane Events 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians Year 1799 ( MDCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a  In 1823, Governor of New South Wales, Thomas Brisbane, instructed that a new northern penal settlement be developed, and an exploration party led by John Oxley further explored Moreton Bay and sailed up the Brisbane River as far as Goodna, some 20 kilometres (12. The Governor of New South Wales is the representative in the Australian state of New South Wales of Australia's monarch, Elizabeth II, Major-General Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane 1st Baronet, GCH, GCB ( July 23, 1773 – January 27, 1860) soldier During the late 18th and 19th centuries large numbers of Convicts were transported to the various Australian penal colonies by the British government This article is about the person For the Australian pilot ship see John Oxley (ship. The Brisbane River is situated in southeast Queensland, Australia, and flows through the city of Brisbane, before emptying into Moreton Goodna is a Suburb on the eastern edge of the city of Ipswich in Queensland, Australia. 4 mi) upstream from the Brisbane central business district. The Brisbane Central business district (CBD or 'the City' is located on a point on the northern bank of the Brisbane River.  Oxley recommended Red Cliff Point for the new colony, reporting that ships could land at any tide and easily get close to the shore.  The party settled in Redcliffe on 13 September 1824, under the command of Lieutenant Henry Miller with 14 soldiers, some with wives and children, and 29 convicts.   Redcliffe is a residential suburb of the Moreton Bay Regional Council in the north-east of the Redcliffe peninsula Events 509 BC - The Temple of Jupiter on Rome 's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September Year 1824 ( MDCCCXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year However, this settlement was abandoned after one year and the colony was moved south to a site on the Brisbane River at North Quay, 28 kilometres (17. North Quay is a location in the Brisbane central business district and the name of street in the same area running along the Brisbane River from an intersection near 4 mi) south, that offered a more reliable water supply. Non-convict European settlement of the Brisbane region commenced in 1838. 
German missionaries settled at Zions Hill, Nundah, as early as 1837, five years before Brisbane was officially declared a free settlement. Nundah is an inner suburb in the city of Brisbane, Australia, located approximately 8 kilometers north-east of the Brisbane central business district, in The band consisted of two ministers, Christopher Eipper (1813-1894) and Carl Wilhelm Schmidt, and lay missionaries whose names were Haussmann, Johann Gottried Wagner, Niquet, Hartenstein, Zillman, Franz, Rode, Doege and Schneider. Christoph Eipper, (Born 20 August 1813 in Esslingen, Württemberg, Germany - Died 2 September 1894, Reverend Carl Wilhelm Schmidt (died 1864 also known as Karl Schmidt, was a German Missionary, and an ordained minister of the Prussian They were allocated 260 hectares and set about establishing the mission, which became known as German Station.  Free settlers entered the area over the following five years and by the end of 1840 Robert Dixon began work on the first plan of Brisbane Town in anticipation of future development. Robert Dixon was an Australian surveyor and Explorer, born in Darlington, England, in 1800 
Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony on 6 June 1859  with Brisbane chosen as its capital, although it was not incorporated as a city until 1902. Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent Events 1508 - Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year Year 1859 ( MDCCCLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Over twenty small municipalities and shires were amalgamated in 1925, to form the City of Brisbane which is governed by the Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council is the governing council for Brisbane, which is the capital of Queensland, Australia. 
The Windmill in Wickham Park and the Old Commissariat Store on William Street are considered to be the oldest surviving buildings in Brisbane. The Windmill, also known as 'The Old Windmill' is located in Wickham Park, on Wickham Terrace in Spring Hill, Brisbane, Queensland, Wickham Park is on Wickham Terrace in Spring Hill, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, Wickham Park is located next to Both were built by convict labour in 1828.  The Windmill was originally used for the grinding of grain and a punishment for the convicts that manually operated the grinding mill. The Windmill tower’s other significant claim to fame, largely ignored, is that the first television signals in the southern hemisphere were transmitted from it by experimenters in April 1934 – long before TV commenced in most places. These experimental TV broadcasts continued until World War II.
The Old Commissariat Store, originally used partly as a grainhouse, has also been a hostel for immigrants and used for the storage of records. Built with Brisbane tuff from the nearby Kangaroo Point Cliffs and sandstone from a quarry near today's Albion Park Racecourse, it is now the home of the Royal Historical Society of Brisbane. Tuff (from the Italian "tufo" is a type of rock consisting of consolidated volcanic ash ejected from vents during a volcanic eruption It contains a museum and can also be hired for small functions. 
The Shrine of Remembrance, in ANZAC Square, is Brisbane's main war memorial. The Shrine of Remembrance is located in ANZAC Square, between Ann Street and Adelaide Street in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The Shrine of Remembrance is located in ANZAC Square, between Ann Street and Adelaide Street in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The Shrine was dedicated at 11. 00 a. m. on 11 November, 1930. 
During World War II, Brisbane became central to the Allied campaign when the AMP Building (now called MacArthur Central) was used as the South West Pacific headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur, chief of the Allied Pacific forces. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. MacArthur Central is a building located on the north-east corner of Queen Street and Edward Street in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia The South West Pacific was one of two theatres of World War II in the Pacific region between 1942 and 1945. General MacArthur redirects here for other meanings see General MacArthur (disambiguation. MacArthur had previously rejected using the University of Queensland complex as his HQ, as the distinctive bends in the river at St Lucia could have aided enemy bombers. Also used as a Headquarters by the American troops during World War II was the T & G Building. The T & G Building stands on the corner of Queen Street and Albert Street in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.  Approximately 1,000,000 US troops passed through Australia during the war, as the primary coordination point for the South West Pacific. The South West Pacific was one of two theatres of World War II in the Pacific region between 1942 and 1945.  In 1942 Brisbane was the site of a violent clash between visiting US military personnel and Australian servicemen and civilians which resulted in one death and several injuries. This incident became known colloquially as the Battle of Brisbane. Background 1942 until 1945 during the Pacific War, large numbers of United States (U 
Brisbane staged the successful Commonwealth Games during 1982, and World's Fair (known locally as Expo '88) during 1988. The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September&mdash9 October 1982 Expo '88, officially known as 'World Expo 88' was a World's Fair held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia during a six month period between These events were accompanied by a scale of public expenditure, construction and development not previously seen in the state of Queensland. Queensland is a state of Australia, occupying the north-eastern corner of the mainland continent 
Brisbane is in the southeast corner of Queensland, Australia. The city is centred around the Brisbane River, and its eastern suburbs line the shores of Moreton Bay. The greater Brisbane region is on the coastal plain east of the Great Dividing Range. The Great Dividing Range, also known as the Eastern Highlands, is Australia 's most substantial Mountain range.
The urban area is partially elevated by two large hills reaching up to 300 metres (980 ft), Mount Coot-tha and Mount Gravatt in the south. Mount Coot-tha is a Mountain as well as suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Mount Gravatt is the name of both a major suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and a prominent hill in this suburb Mount Petrie at 170 metres (560 ft) and the smaller rises of Enoggera Hill, Highgate Hill, Mount Ommaney, Stephens Mountain, Toohey Mountain and Whites Hill are dotted across the city. Mount Petrie is a small Mountain in the south east of the city of Brisbane. Highgate Hill is suburb of inner Brisbane, Australia and is located 2 km south of the Brisbane CBD on the Brisbane River. Mount Ommaney is an outer suburb of Brisbane, Australia 14 km south-west of the CBD on the Centenary Highway. Greenslopes ( Australia Post postcode 4120 is a moderately sized suburb of the city of Brisbane, state capital of Queensland, Australia. Toohey Mountain is a medium sized Mountain at the eastern side of the City of Brisbane's suburb of Moorooka. Whites Hill is a hill and public reserve situated in Holland Park in Brisbane ’s South East
The city is on a low-lying floodplain. ||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||}A floodplain, or flood plain, is flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a Stream or River that experiences occasional or periodic Many suburban creeks criss-cross the city, increasing the risk of flooding. A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land a deluge The city has suffered two major floods since colonisation, in 1893 and 1974. The 1974 Brisbane flood occurred partly as a result of "Cyclone Wanda". The 1974 Brisbane flood occurred in January 1974 in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, when waterways in the city experienced significant The 1970-1975 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year-round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1970 and 1975 Non-stop heavy rain had fallen for three weeks prior to the Australia Day weekend flood (26 – 27 January, 1974).  The flood damaged many parts of the city, especially the suburbs of Oxley, Bulimba, Rocklea, Coorparoo, Toowong and New Farm. Oxley is a south-western suburb of Brisbane named after the early Australian explorer John Oxley. Bulimba is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Australia. It is 4 kilometres (direct distance north-east of the CBD The large Brisbane suburb of Rocklea is located 12 kilometres south of the city Coorparoo is a southern Suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, located approximately four Kilometres from the city Toowong is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Australia which is located 5 km west from of the Brisbane CBD. New Farm is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Australia, located 2 km east of the Brisbane CBD on a Peninsula on the Brisbane River. The City Botanic gardens were inundated, leading to a new colony of mangroves forming in the City Reach of the Brisbane River. The Brisbane City Botanic Gardens is located at Gardens Point on the south-east of the peninsula of the Brisbane River adjacent to the central business district Mangroves (generally are Trees and Shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the Tropics and Subtropics. 
The Brisbane central business district lies in a curve of the Brisbane river. It covers only 2. 2 km² (0. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 8 sq mi) and is navigable on foot. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Central streets are named after members of the royal family. The House of Hanover (the Hanoverians) is a Germanic royal Dynasty which has ruled the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg Streets named after female members (Adelaide, Alice, Ann, Charlotte, Elizabeth, Margaret, Mary) run parallel to Queen Street and Queen Street Mall (named in honour of Queen Victoria) and perpendicular to streets named after male members (Albert, Edward, George, William). Adelaide Street runs parallel to Queen Street and Ann Street in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Alice Street is a central road in Brisbane, Australia. It is the most southern major road in the city's central business district, running parallel Ann Street runs parallel to Adelaide Street and is the northern-most street in the Brisbane CBD in Queensland, Australia. Elizabeth Street in Brisbane, Australia is a major street in the centre of the city Queen Street in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, is one of the city's major streets The Queen Street Mall is a mall on Queen Street in the centre of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, Brisbane's predominant retail district Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901 was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Albert Street, which was named after Prince Albert, the Prince Consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, runs between George Street and Edward Street is a busy thoroughfare in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. George Street is a main street located in the Brisbane CBD in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. William Street is a small relatively quiet road in the uptown part of the Brisbane central business district.
Brisbane has a lower inner city population density than Australia's two largest cities, Sydney and Melbourne, although constant population growth is closing that gap. The inner city is the central area of a major city or metropolis Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 Melbourne ( is the second most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 3 Population growth is the change in Population over time and can be quantified as the change in the number of individuals in a population using "per unit time" for  The lower population density reflects the fact that most of Brisbane's housing stock consists of detached houses. Early legislation decreed a minimum size for residential blocks resulting in few terrace houses being constructed in Brisbane. In Architecture and City planning, a terrace(d or row house or townhouse (though the latter term can also refer to Patio houses The high density housing that existed came in the form of miniature Queenslander-style houses which resemble the much larger traditional styles but are sometimes only one quarter the size. Queenslander (or Old Queenslander Architecture is an architectural style common throughout Queensland, Australia. These miniature Queenslanders are becoming scarce but can still be seen in the inner city suburbs. Multi residence accommodations (such as apartment blocks) are relatively new to Brisbane, with few such blocks built before 1970, other than in inner suburbs such as New Farm. New Farm is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Australia, located 2 km east of the Brisbane CBD on a Peninsula on the Brisbane River. Pre-1950 housing was often built in a distinctive architectural style known as a Queenslander, featuring timber construction with large verandahs and high ceilings. A verandah or veranda is a roofed opened gallery or porchIt is also described as an open pillared gallery generally roofed built around a central structure The relatively low cost of timber in South-East Queensland meant that until recently most residences were constructed of timber, rather than brick or stone. Many of these houses are elevated on stumps (also called "stilts"), that were originally timber, but are now frequently replaced by steel or concrete.
The city has a density of 379. 4 people per square kilometre, which is comparable to that of Sydney. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 Recently the density of the city and inner city neighbourhoods has increased with the construction of apartments, with the result that the population of the central business district has doubled over the last 5 years. 
Brisbane has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen climate classification Cfa) with hot, humid summers and dry, mild winters. Humid subtropical climate ( Köppen Cfa or Cwa) is a climate zone characterized by hot humid summers and chilly to mild winters The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems It was developed by Wladimir Köppen, a German climatologist From late Spring through to early Autumn, thunderstorms are common over the greater Brisbane area, with the more severe events accompanied by large damaging hail stones, torrential rain and destructive winds.
The city's highest recorded temperature was 43. 2 °C (110 °F) on 26 January 1940. Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. On 19 July 2007, Brisbane's temperature fell below freezing point for the first time since records began, registering −0. 1 °C (31. 8 °F) at the airport.  Brisbane's wettest day was 21 January 1887, when 465 millimetres (18. Events 1189 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade. Year 1887 ( MDCCCLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common 3 in) of rain fell on the city, the highest maximum daily rainfall of Australia's capital cities. From 2006, Brisbane and surrounding temperate areas have experienced the most severe drought in over a century, with dam levels dropping below one quarter of their normal capacity. Residents have been mandated by local laws to observe level 6 water restrictions on gardening and other outdoor water usage. Water restrictions are currently in place in many regions and cities of Australia in response to chronic shortages resulting from drought. Per Capita water usage is below 140 litres per day, giving Brisbane one of the lowest per capita usages of water of any Western city in the world. 
|Mean daily maximum||29. 0||29. 1||28. 1||26. 1||23. 7||21. 2||20. 9||21. 7||24. 2||25. 5||26. 6||28. 2||25. 4|
|Highest recorded maximum||37. 4|
|Mean daily minimum||21. 1||21. 1||19. 4||16. 3||12. 9||10. 4||8. 8||9. 6||12. 6||15. 8||17. 9||20. 0||15. 5|
|Lowest recorded minimum||16. 0|
|Mean total rainfall||122. 2||111. 2||80. 6||56. 6||115. 4||67. 0||24. 5||42. 5||33. 9||69. 8||102. 6||125. 3||946. 1|
|Highest recorded total||284. 8|
|Lowest recorded total||9. 4|
|Notes: Temperatures are in degrees Celsius. Temperature is a physical property of a system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold something that is hotter generally has the greater temperature The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. Precipitation is in millimetres. In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric The Millimetre ( American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to Brisbane Airport Latitude: 27. 39S Longitude: 153. 13E Elevation: 4 m ASL|
Unlike other Australian capital cities, a large portion of the greater metropolitan area of Brisbane is controlled by a single local government entity, the Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council is the governing council for Brisbane, which is the capital of Queensland, Australia. The Government of Queensland is commonly known as the Queensland Government. Australia has two tiers of subnational government state (or territory government and local government. Brisbane City Council is the governing council for Brisbane, which is the capital of Queensland, Australia. Since the creation of the Brisbane City Council in 1925 the urban areas of Brisbane have expanded considerably past the City Council boundaries. 
The City of Brisbane is divided into 26 wards, with each ward electing a Councillor as their community representative. The Lord Mayor of Brisbane and Councillors are elected every four years by popular vote, in which all residents must participate. This is a list of the Mayors and Lord Mayors of the City of Brisbane, a Local Government Area of Queensland, Australia. The current Lord Mayor of Brisbane is Campbell Newman, who was elected to the position in March 2004 and re-elected in 2008. Campbell Newman is the current Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia. 
Brisbane City Council is the largest local government body (in terms of population and budget) in Australia. The Council, formed by the merger of twenty smaller councils in 1925, has jurisdiction over an area of 1367 km². The Council's annual budget is approximately $1. 6 billion, and it has an asset base of $13 billion. 
The Brisbane metropolitan area now covers parts of several adjoining local government areas including Moreton Bay, Ipswich City, Logan City and Redland Shire. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central Local Government Area (abbreviated LGA) is a term used in Australia (and especially by the Australian Bureau of Statistics) to refer to areas controlled Moreton Bay Regional Council (previously North Moreton Regional Council is a new "super-shire" by the Local Government Reform Commission, created on 15 March The City of Ipswich is a Local Government Area in South East Queensland, covering an area of along the coast about southwest of Brisbane Logan City Council is a Local Government Area in South East Queensland, Australia. Redland City is a Local Government Area of South East Queensland, spread along the southern coast of Moreton Bay covering 537 square kilometres 
Brisbane's economy has white-collar and blue-collar industries. White-collar worker refers to a salaried professional or an educated Worker who performs semi-professional office administrative and sales coordination tasks as opposed to White-collar industries include information technology, financial services, higher education and public sector administration generally concentrated in and around the central business district and recently established office areas in the inner suburbs. Information technology ( IT) as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA is "the study design development implementation support Financial services refer to services provided by the finance industry. Higher education is Education that is provided by universities, vocational universities, Community colleges Liberal arts colleges The public sector is the part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the Government, whether national Regional A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city Blue-collar industries, including petroleum refining, stevedoring, paper milling, metalworking and QR railway workshops, tend to be located on the lower reaches of the Brisbane River and in new industrial zones on the urban fringe. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit Paper is thin material mainly used for writing upon printing upon or packaging Metalworking is craft and practice of working with Metals to create individual parts assemblies or large scale structures QR Limited is the company government-owned corporation responsible for the operation and maintenance of the railway system in the State of Queensland Tourism is an important part of the Brisbane economy, both in its own right and as a gateway to other areas of Queensland. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel 
Since the late 1990s and early 2000s, the Queensland State Government has been developing technology and science industries in Queensland as a whole, and Brisbane in particular, as part of its "Smart State" initiative.  The government has invested in several biotechnology and research facilities at several universities in Brisbane. The Institute for Molecular Bioscience at the University of Queensland (UQ) Saint Lucia Campus is a large CSIRO and Queensland state government initiative for research and innovation that is currently being emulated at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) Campus at Kelvin Grove with the establishment of the Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI). The University of Queensland (UQ is one of Australia's premier learning and research institutions The University of Queensland (UQ is one of Australia's premier learning and research institutions The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ( CSIRO) is the national government body for scientific research in Australia. Queensland University of Technology (QUT is located in Brisbane, Queensland, and is one of Australia's largest universities. Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI is a collaborative research centre based at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT in Brisbane, Australia 
The Port of Brisbane is on the lower reaches of the Brisbane River and on Fisherman's Island at the rivers mouth, and is the 3rd most important port in Australia for value of goods. Port of Brisbane is the shipping Port of Brisbane, on the east coast of Australia.  Container freight, sugar, grain, coal and bulk liquids are the major exports. Containerization (or containerisation) is a system of Intermodal freight transport Cargo Transport using standard ISO containers Sugar is a class of edible Crystalline substances mainly Sucrose, Lactose, and Fructose. Most of the port facilities are less than three decades old and some are built on reclaimed mangroves and wetlands. Mangroves (generally are Trees and Shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the Tropics and Subtropics. A wetland is an area of Land consisting of Soil that is Saturated with Moisture, such as a Swamp, Marsh, or Bog The Port is a part of the Australia TradeCoast, the country's fastest-growing economic development area. Australia TradeCoast is an economic development area of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.  Geographically, Australia TradeCoast occupies a large swathe of land around the airport and port. Commercially, the area has attracted a mix of companies from throughout the Asia Pacific region. 
Brisbane is one of the major business hubs in Australia.  Most major Australian companies, as well as numerous international companies, have contact offices in Brisbane, while numerous electronics business haves distribution hubs in and around the city. Electronics refers to the flow of charge (moving Electrons through Nonmetal conductors (mainly Semiconductors, whereas electrical DHL Global's Oceanic distribution warehouse is located in Brisbane, as is Asia Pacific Aerospace's headquarters. DHL (originally standing for Dalsey Hillblom and Lynn) is a Deutsche Post World Net company of Germany that provides international mail Asia Pacific Aerospace Pty Ltd (APA is a privately owned company based in Brisbane, Australia.
Home grown major companies include Suncorp-Metway Limited, Flight Centre, Sunsuper, Orrcon, Credit Union Australia, Donut King, Wotif.com, WebCentral, PIPE Networks, Krome Studios, Mincom Limited and Virgin Blue. Suncorp-Metway Limited ( is an Australian finance insurance and Banking corporation based in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Flight Centre Limited ( is Australia 's largest Travel agent. Sunsuper Pty Ltd is a Financial services company based in Brisbane, in Queensland, Australia. Orrcon is the third largest Australian manufacturer and distributor of Steel Tubing CUA (formerly Credit Union Australia is a mutual financial institution committed to being the preferred alternative to mainstream banks in Australia Donut King is Australia 's biggest Doughnut franchise Before the introduction of Krispy Kreme and Dreamy Donuts in the Australian market Wotifcom is a Website that provides a Reservation service for Hotels in Australia, as well as some international hotels Melbourne IT is an Australian Internet company listed on the Australian Securities Exchange ( Pipe Networks generally refers to a common problem in Hydraulic Design Krome Studios is one of the largest independent Video game developers in the world with over 300 staff Mincom Proprietary Limited is an Australian software company headquartered in the city of Brisbane. Virgin Blue is an Australian Low-cost airline, Australia's second-biggest Airline as well as the largest airline (by fleet size with the Virgin branding
Brisbane has a range of retail precincts, both in the central business district and in the suburbs. The Queen Street Mall has restaurants, cinemas, souvenir outlets and shopping centres, including: Wintergarden, Broadway on the Mall, QueensPlaza, Brisbane Arcade and The Myer Centre. The Queen Street Mall is a mall on Queen Street in the centre of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, Brisbane's predominant retail district A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared Food to Customers. Wintergarden is the name of a popular Shopping centre located in the city of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Broadway on the Mall is a large shopping centre in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, located between the Queen Street Mall and Adelaide Street QueensPlaza is located in Central Business District of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, with frontages on Adelaide Street, Queen Street Brisbane Arcade is the name of an art deco shopping arcade located in the city of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The Myer Centre is located between the Queen Street Mall and Elizabeth Street in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
The majority of retail business is done within the suburbs of Brisbane in shopping centres which include major department store chains. There are 3 major Westfield shopping centres in Brisbane located in the suburbs of Chermside, Mt Gravatt and Carindale. The Westfield Group is an Australian company and the largest retail property group in the world by equity market capitalisation and the ninth largest entity listed on the Chermside is a suburb on the north side of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Mount Gravatt is the name of both a major suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and a prominent hill in this suburb Carindale is a Suburb of the City of Brisbane, which has a population of approximately 15135 peopl  Other large shopping centres exist at Indooroopilly, Toombul, Mitchelton and Stafford. Indooroopilly (ˌɪndrʊˈpɪli is a suburb of Brisbane, Australia which is located 7 km west of the Brisbane central business district. Nundah is an inner suburb in the city of Brisbane, Australia, located approximately 8 kilometers north-east of the Brisbane central business district, in Michelton is a suburb of Brisbane, in Queensland, Australia. The suburb is located 8 kilometres from the Brisbane central business district some Stafford is an northern suburb of Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland, Australia.
At the 2006 census the population of Brisbane was 1,763,131, making it the third largest city in Australia. This list of Australian cities by population briefly explains the three different population figures given for Australian cities and provides rankings for each  Brisbane recorded the largest growth rate of all capital cities in the last Census, with an annual growth rate of 2. 2%
The Australian Census in 2006 showed that 1. 7% of Brisbane's population were of indigenous origin and 21. 7% were born overseas, Of those born outside of Australia, the three main countries of birth were New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Immigration to Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 50000 years ago when the ancestors of Australian Aborigines arrived on the continent via the islands of Approximately 16. 1% of households spoke a language other than English, with the most common being Mandarin, Vietnamese and Cantonese. Vietnamese ( tiếng Việt, or less commonly Việt ngữ) formerly known under French colonization as Annamese ( see Annam) The median population age across the city was 35 years. 
Brisbane has multi-campus universities and colleges including the University of Queensland (a member of the Group of Eight and Universitas 21), Queensland University of Technology and Griffith University. According to the Education Queensland website there are or have been at least 2185 registered schools in Queensland The University of Queensland (UQ is one of Australia's premier learning and research institutions The Group of Eight (Go8 is a group of eight Australian tertiary institutions which are the oldest Universities in Australia. Universitas 21 is an international network of Research -intensive universities, established as an "international reference point and resource for strategic thinking Queensland University of Technology (QUT is located in Brisbane, Queensland, and is one of Australia's largest universities. Griffith University is a public university based in Brisbane and on the Gold Coast Queensland, Australia. Other universities which have campuses in Brisbane include the Australian Catholic University, Central Queensland University, James Cook University, the University of the Sunshine Coast and the University of Southern Queensland. Australian Catholic University, or ACU National, is Australia's only public Catholic university CQUniversity is an Australian public University based in Queensland. James Cook University (JCU is a Public University based in Townsville Queensland, Australia and was proclaimed on 20 April The University of the Sunshine Coast, is a Public university based on the Sunshine Coast in Queensland, Australia. The University of Southern Queensland (USQ is based in Toowoomba Queensland, Australia.
There are three major TAFE colleges in Brisbane; the Brisbane North Institute of TAFE, the Metropolitan South Institute of TAFE, and the Southbank Institute of TAFE. Technical and Further Education or TAFE (pronounced) institutions provide a wide range of predominantly vocational tertiary education courses in Australia College ( Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an Educational Institution. Brisbane North Institute of TAFE is one of the largest vocational education and training organisations in Australia, serving more than 30000 students across six campuses Metropolitan South Institute of TAFE (or MSIT is an amalgamation of regional and local TAFE campuses partially subsidised and funded by the Queensland Government Southbank Institute of Technology (or SBIT is a TAFE college located in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.  Brisbane is also home to numerous other independent tertiary education providers, including the Australian College of Natural Medicine, the Brisbane College of Theology, QANTM, as well as Jschool: Journalism Education & Training. An independent school is a school which is not dependent upon national or local Government for financing its operation and is instead operated by tuition charges gifts and Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage third level and' post-secondary education', is the educational level following the completion of a school providing History The Australian College of Natural Medicine is a private educational institution located in Australia. Brisbane College of Theology, in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, is an ecumenical theological education consortium comprising St Francis' Theological QANTM College is a creative digital media college in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Jschool Journalism Education & Training is a vocational journalism college (a J-school) in Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland, Australia
The majority of Brisbane's preschool, primary, and secondary schools are run under the jurisdiction of Education Queensland, a branch of the Queensland Government. See also Primary education A primary school (from French école primaire) is an institution where children receive the first stage of Compulsory Secondary school is a term used to describe an educational Institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling known as Secondary education, takes A school (from Greek σχολεῖον - scholeion) is an Institution designed to allow and encourage Students (or "pupils" The Government of Queensland is commonly known as the Queensland Government.  There are also a large number of independent and Roman Catholic run schools.
Brisbane has a growing live music scene, both popular and classical. In 1975 Brisbane 's first FM radio station began broadcasting from a studio at the University of Queensland Student Union. The classical culture of Brisbane, capital of the Australian state of Queensland is relatively small for a city hovering around two million though remarkably innovative South Bank Parklands is a parkland which was opened to the public on 20 June, 1992. The Queensland Gallery of Modern Art is part of the Queensland Cultural Centre at the South Bank area of South Brisbane. South Bank is part of the Brisbane suburb of South Brisbane and is located on the south bank area of the Brisbane River. The Queensland Performing Arts Complex consists of the Lyric Theatre, a Concert Hall, Cremorne Theatre and the Playhouse Theatre. The Queensland Performing Arts Centre (also known as QPAC) is part of the Queensland Cultural Centre and is a Performing arts centre located amidst the The Queensland Ballet, Opera Queensland, Queensland Theatre Company and other performance art groups stage regular performances in the different venues. The Queensland Ballet, founded in 1960 by Charles Lisner OBE, is the premier ballet company of Queensland, Australia which is based in Opera Queensland is an Opera company based in Brisbane, Queensland. Queensland Theatre Company is the state's flagship professional theatre company headed up by multi-award winning playwright and director Michael Gow The La Boite Theatre Company performs at the Roundhouse Theatre at Kelvin Grove. The Powerhouse complex, Twelfth Night Theatre and Brisbane Arts Theatre also stage productions throughout the year.
Along with Beijing, Berlin, Birmingham and Marseille, Brisbane was nominated as one of the Top 5 International Music Hotspots by Billboard in 2007. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany. Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ See Billboard (Turkish magazine Billboard is a weekly American Magazine devoted to the Music industry There are also popular entertainment pubs and clubs within both the City and Fortitude Valley. A central business district ( CBD) is the commercial and often geographic heart of a city Fortitude Valley, also known simply as The Valley is a suburb of central Brisbane, Australia immediately north-east of the CBD. 
The Queensland Museum is located at South Bank. The Queensland Museum is a museum at South Bank in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. South Bank is part of the Brisbane suburb of South Brisbane and is located on the south bank area of the Brisbane River. The Queensland Gallery of Modern Art (GOMA), opened in December 2006, is one of the latest additions to the South Bank area and houses some of the most well-known pieces of modern art from within and outside Australia. The Queensland Gallery of Modern Art is part of the Queensland Cultural Centre at the South Bank area of South Brisbane. South Bank is part of the Brisbane suburb of South Brisbane and is located on the south bank area of the Brisbane River. GOMA is the largest modern art gallery in Australia. GOMA holds the Asia Pacific Triennial (ATP) which focuses on contemporary art from the Asia and Pacific in a variety of media from painting to video work. In Addition, its size enables the gallery to exhibit particularly large shows — the Andy Warhol exhibition being the largest survey of his work in Australia. For the song by David Bowie, see Andy Warhol (song. Andrew Warhola (August 6 1928 &ndash February 22 1987 known as Andy Warhol GOMA also boasts Australia's largest purpose-built Cinémathèque. The Gallery of Modern Art is located next to the State Library of Queensland and the Queensland Art Gallery. The State Library of Queensland is a large public library provided to the people of the State of Queensland, Australia, by the State Government. The Queensland Art Gallery (formerly Queensland National Art Gallery is part of the Queensland Cultural Centre, and is located nearest to Brisbane River
The Brisbane Powerhouse in New Farm and the Judith Wright Centre of Contemporary Arts on Brunswick Street in Fortitude Valley also feature diverse programs featuring exhibitions and festivals of visual art, music and dance. Brisbane Powerhouse is an arts and cultural hub located in the popular Brisbane suburb of New Farm, Queensland, Australia offering an array The Judith Wright Centre of Contemporary Arts in Fortitude Valley in Brisbane Queensland provides a 300-seat performance space art gallery artist studios screening
Major cultural events in Brisbane include the Ekka (the Royal Queensland Show), held each August, and the Riverfestival, held each September at South Bank Parklands and surrounding areas. River festival, which began in 1998 is a week-long festival held in September each year at South Bank Parklands and surrounding areas (including the Victoria Ekka is the annual show of Queensland, Australia. Its formal title is the Royal Queensland Show. River festival, which began in 1998 is a week-long festival held in September each year at South Bank Parklands and surrounding areas (including the Victoria South Bank Parklands is a parkland which was opened to the public on 20 June, 1992. Warana, (meaning Blue Skies), was a former spring festival which began in 1961 and was held in September each year. Run as a celebration of Brisbane, Warana was similar to Melbourne's Moomba festival. For the fictional creature from the Final Fantasy series see Races of Final Fantasy. In 1996 the annual festival was changed to a biennial Brisbane Festival. 
The Brisbane International Film Festival (BIFF) is held in July/August in a variety of venues around Brisbane including the Regent Cinema in Queen Street Mall. BIFF features new films and retrospectives by domestic and international filmmakers along with seminars and awards.
The Paniyiri festival at Musgrave Park (corner of Russell and Edmondstone Streets, South Brisbane) is an annual Greek cultural festival held on the first weekend in May. Musgrave Park is a park located in West End, a suburb in the city of Brisbane, the capital city of the Australian state of Queensland. South Brisbane is an inner city suburb of Brisbane, Australia located on the southern bank of the Brisbane River, directly connected to the central The Brisbane Medieval Fayre and Tournament is held each June in Musgrave Park. Musgrave Park is a park located in West End, a suburb in the city of Brisbane, the capital city of the Australian state of Queensland.
The Valley Fiesta is an annual three-day event organised by the Valley Chamber of Commerce. It was launched by Brisbane Marketing in 2002 to promote Fortitude Valley as a hub for arts and youth culture. It features free live music, market stalls, food and drink from many local restaurants and cafés, and other entertainment.
The Bridge to Brisbane fun run has become a major annual charity event for Brisbane. Bridge to Brisbane is a Fun run held in Brisbane, Australia each year in August
Popular recreation areas in Brisbane include the South Bank Parklands, Roma Street Parkland, and City Botanic Gardens. South Bank Parklands is a parkland which was opened to the public on 20 June, 1992. Roma Street Parkland covers 16 Hectares in the centre of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The Brisbane City Botanic Gardens is located at Gardens Point on the south-east of the peninsula of the Brisbane River adjacent to the central business district The suburb of Mount Coot-tha is home to a popular state forest, and the Brisbane Botanic Gardens which houses the Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium and the "Tsuki-yama-chisen" Japanese Garden. Mount Coot-tha is a Mountain as well as suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The Brisbane Botanic Gardens are located 7 km from the city of Brisbane in Toowong Queensland, at the foot of Brisbane's tallest mountain Mount Coot-tha The Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium is a Planetarium located on the grounds of Brisbane Botanic Gardens in the suburb of Toowong, Brisbane The Brisbane Botanic Gardens are located 7 km from the city of Brisbane in Toowong Queensland, at the foot of Brisbane's tallest mountain Mount Coot-tha Brisbane has over 27 km (16. 8 mi) of bicycle pathways, mostly surrounding the Brisbane river and city centre, extending to the west of the city. The bicycle, cycle, or bike is a pedal-driven, human-powered vehicle with two wheels attached to a frame, one behind The Brisbane River is situated in southeast Queensland, Australia, and flows through the city of Brisbane, before emptying into Moreton  Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary and Brisbane Forest Park, located in the city, are popular tourist destinations alongside the Story Bridge adventure climb and Portside Wharf. Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary is located in the Brisbane suburb of Fig Tree Pocket. Brisbane Forest Park, which is located on part of the D'Aguilar Range, is a large nature reserve on the western boundary of the City of Brisbane bordering on the Mount The Story Bridge is a Cantilever bridge and the second crossing of the Brisbane River. Portside Wharf, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia is a 2006 $750 million development by Multiplex, is located on the southern edge of the
Brisbane has hosted several major sporting events including the 1982 Commonwealth Games and the 2001 Goodwill Games. Sport is an important aspect of Brisbane lifestyle Popular sports Rugby league is the most popular The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September&mdash9 October 1982 The Goodwill Games were an international sports competition created by Ted Turner in reaction to the political troubles surrounding the Olympic Games of the 1980s The city also hosted events during the 1987 Rugby World Cup, 1992 Cricket World Cup, 2000 Sydney Olympics, the 2003 Rugby World Cup and will host the Grand Final of the 2008 Rugby League World Cup. The First Rugby World Cup was hosted by New Zealand and Australia in 1987 and was won by New Zealand. The 1992 Cricket World Cup (aka Benson & Hedges World Cup) was the fifth edition of the tournament and was won by Pakistan "I am proud and happy to proclaim that you have presented to the world the best Olympic Games ever The 2003 Rugby World Cup was the fifth Rugby union world cup and was won by England. Teams See also 2008 Rugby League World Cup squads Format Draw The draw after being confirmed by the RLIF on April In 2005, then Premier Peter Beattie announced plans for Brisbane to bid to host the 2024 Olympic Games. A premier is a title for the Head of government in some countries Peter Douglas Beattie (born 18 November 1952) Australian politician was the 36th Premier of the Australian state of Queensland The 2024 Summer Olympics, which will be officially known as the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad, is an international athletic event that has yet to be organized by the 
Two of the city's major sporting venues are the Sleeman Centre at Chandler, and the stadium facilities of the Queensland Sport and Athletics Centre in Nathan. Sleeman Centre (Guelph in Guelph Ontario, Canada. The Sleeman Centre (also known as the Sleeman Sports Complex) is a sporting and entertainment facility Chandler is an outer suburb of Brisbane, Australia 14 km south-east of the CBD The QSAC was formerly known as ANZ Stadium ANZ now holds the naming rights for Sydney's Stadium Australia. Nathan is a southern suburb of Brisbane, Australia. It was named in 1967 after Sir Matthew Nathan, Governor of Queensland from 1920 to 1926 With the closure of the Milton Tennis grounds in 1994, Brisbane lacks a major tennis facility. In 2005, the State Government approved the State Tennis Centre a new A$65 million tennis stadium. Queensland State Tennis Centre is a tennis venue in Tennyson, Brisbane, Australia, that is currently under construction by Mirvac, as part of Construction of the Tennis Centre was started in May 2006, with a completion date scheduled for December 2008.  Brisbane has teams in all major interstate competitions, including:
|Rugby League||Queensland||State of Origin||Suncorp Stadium|||
|Brisbane Broncos||National Rugby League|||
|Rugby Union||Queensland Reds||Super 14||Suncorp Stadium|||
|Football (soccer)||Queensland Roar FC||A-League||Suncorp Stadium|||
|Cricket||Queensland Bulls||Pura Cup|
Ford Ranger One Day Cup
KFC Twenty20 Big Bash
|Australian rules football||Brisbane Lions||Australian Football League||The Gabba|||
|Basketball||Brisbane Bullets||National Basketball League||Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre|||
|Netball||Queensland Firebirds||Tasman Trophy Netball League||Chandler Arena|||
|Motorsport||Triple Eight Race Engineering||V8Supercar Championship Series||Queensland Raceway|||
Brisbane has only one daily newspaper, The Courier-Mail, and one Sunday paper, The Sunday Mail, both owned by News Corporation. History See also History of rugby league The grass roots of rugby league can be traced to early football history, through the playing of ball games The Queensland State of Origin team is a Rugby league team representing the state of Queensland that plays in Australia's annual three-match State of Origin State of Origin is an annual best-of-three series of Rugby league matches between the Maroons, representing the state of Queensland, and the Blues The Brisbane Broncos are an Australian professional Rugby league club based in the city of Brisbane Queensland. Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short The Queensland Reds (for sponsorship reasons referred to as QR Queensland Reds) represent Queensland in the sport of Rugby union. The Super 14 is the largest Rugby union football club championship in the Southern hemisphere, consisting of four state teams from Australia (Queensland/Reds Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Queensland Roar FC is an Australian Association football (soccer club from Brisbane, Australia competing in the A-League competition playing The A-League is the premier Australasian domestic Association football competition Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries The Queensland Bulls are the Brisbane -based Queensland representative Cricket team in Australia's domestic cricket tournaments Sheffield The KFC Twenty20 Big Bash is the domestic Twenty20 Cricket competition in Australia. The 'Gabba is a major sports Stadium in the Queensland capital of Brisbane. Australian (rules football, or simply known as football, footy or Aussie rules, is a Team sport played between two teams of 18 players Brisbane Lions Australian Football Club (the trading name for the Brisbane Bears-Fitzroy Football Club) is an Australian Football League club based in Brisbane The Australian Football League (AFL is both the professional Australian national competition in the Sport of Australian Rules Football and its highest The 'Gabba is a major sports Stadium in the Queensland capital of Brisbane. Basketball is a team Sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 feet (3 m History The Bullets were established in 1979 for the foundation season of the National Basketball League under the captaincy of Bruce Fitzgerald and Head coach The National Basketball League is Australia 's top-level professional Basketball competition The Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre is Brisbane's premier convention and exhibition centre Netball is a non-contact team Sport similar to and derived from Basketball. The Queensland Firebirds are an Australian Netball team The Firebirds played in Australia's Commonwealth Bank Trophy up until 2007 when they joined The ANZ Championship is the elite Netball competition between five teams from Australia and five teams from New Zealand. This article concerns Triple Eight Race Engineering's V8 Supercar operation V8 Supercars is a Touring car racing category operated under the regulations of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA Queensland Raceway nicknamed "the paperclip" is a motor racing circuit located near Ipswich in Queensland, Australia. The Courier-Mail is a daily Newspaper published in Brisbane, Australia. The Sunday Mail is Brisbane 's only Sunday Newspaper. The Sunday Mail is published in Tabloid format comprising several sections that can News Corporation (often abbreviated to News Corp) (,,) is one of the world's largest media conglomerate companies by Market capitalisation Brisbane receives the national daily, The Australian, and the Weekend Australian, together with Fairfax papers Australian Financial Review, the Sydney Morning Herald and The Age. The Australian, also referred to as The Oz, is a Broadsheet Newspaper published in Australia Monday through Saturday each The Australian, also referred to as The Oz, is a Broadsheet Newspaper published in Australia Monday through Saturday each Fairfax Media Limited, is one of Australia's largest diversified media companies The Australian Financial Review is the leading Business Newspaper in Australia which is published daily from Monday to Saturday in a Tabloid The Sydney Morning Herald ( SMH) is a daily Broadsheet Newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia The Age is a Broadsheet daily Newspaper, which has been published in Melbourne, Australia since 1854 There are community and suburban newspapers throughout the metropolitan and regional areas, including Brisbane News and City News, many of which are produced by Quest Newspapers. mX, a free daily commuter newspaper, was launched in 2007, following the newspaper's success in Melbourne and Sydney. mX is an Australian free afternoon daily newspaper in the cities of Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane, owned and produced In 2007, Fairfax launched the Brisbane Times, an online news site. Brisbane Times is an Internet -based news site for Brisbane and Queensland, Australia.
Brisbane is served by all five major television networks in Australia, which broadcast from the summit of Mount Coot-tha. Mount Coot-tha is a Mountain as well as suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The three commercial stations, Seven, Nine, and Ten, are accompanied by two government networks, ABC and SBS, with all five providing digital television. The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. The Nine Network, or Channel Nine, is an Australian television network based in Willoughby, a suburb on the North Shore of Sydney Network Ten, or Channel Ten, is one of Australia 's three major commercial television networks. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation, commonly abbreviated to the 'ABC' is Australia's national public broadcaster. The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS is one of two government-funded Australian Public broadcasting radio and television networks, the other being the Digital television (DTV is the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by discrete ( digital) signals in contrast to the analog signals used by 31, a community station, also broadcasts in Brisbane. Optus, Foxtel and Austar all operate PayTV services in Brisbane, via cable and satellite means. SingTel Optus Pty Limited is the second largest Telecommunications company in Australia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore Telecommunications Foxtel is an Australian Pay television company formed through a joint venture between Telstra, News Corporation and Consolidated Media AUSTAR is an Australian Telecommunications company Its main business activity is Pay TV, although it is also involved with Internet access and A cable is one or more Wires or Optical fibers bound together typically in a common protective jacket or sheath This article is about artificial satellites For natural satellites also known as moons see Natural satellite.
The ABC transmits all five of its radio networks to Brisbane; 612 ABC Brisbane, ABC Classic FM, ABC NewsRadio, Radio National, and Triple J. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation, commonly abbreviated to the 'ABC' is Australia's national public broadcaster. 612 ABC Brisbane ( Callsign: 4QR) is an ABC Local Radio station in Brisbane, Queensland. ABC Classic FM is an Australian classical music Radio station available in major centres around the country ABC NewsRadio is an Australian Broadcasting Corporation radio service devoted to delivering live and 24-hour news updates and information ABC Radio National is an Australia-wide Radio network broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation with many various programs involving News and Triple J is a nationally-networked government-funded Australian radio station (a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation) mainly aimed SBS broadcasts its national radio network. The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS is one of two government-funded Australian Public broadcasting radio and television networks, the other being the Brisbane is serviced by major commercial radio stations, including 4KQ, 4BC, 4BH, 97.3 FM, B105 FM, Nova 106.9, and Triple M. 4KQ is a commercial Radio station in Brisbane Australia owned by the Australian Radio Network. 4BC is a radio station in Brisbane, Queensland on 1116 KHz AM. 882 4BH is a radio station in Brisbane, Queensland, on 882 KHz AM. 973 FM (call sign 4BFM) is a commercial radio station in Brisbane, Australia, and is owned by The Australian Radio Network (ARN B105 (call sign 4BBB) is a commercial FM radio station broadcasting on 105 Nova 1069 (call sign 4BNE) is a commercial radio station operating in Brisbane, Australia, owned by the DMG Radio Network. Triple M is a network of radio stations owned by the Austereo Radio Network.
Brisbane is covered by Queensland Health's "Northside" and "Southside" health service areas. Queensland Health is the department of the Government of Queensland responsible for operating and administering the Public health system of the Australian Within the greater Brisbane area there are 8 major public hospitals, 4 major private hospitals, and smaller public and private facilities. A public hospital is a Hospital which is owned by a Government and receives government funding A private hospital is a Hospital owned by a for-profit company or a Non-profit organisation and privately funded through Payment for medical services Specialist and general medical practices are located in the CBD, and most suburbs and localities. A general practitioner, or GP is a medical practitioner who provides Primary care and specializes in Family medicine. Private hospitals in Brisbane include Greenslopes Private Hospital, Redlands Private Hospital, Mater Private Hospital, Brisbane Private and RBH Private. Greenslopes Private Hospital is a private health care provider located in Greenslopes, Brisbane, Australia. Mater Health Services is a public and private collocated health care provider located in Brisbane, Australia.
Early transport developed along dirt roads that are now replaced with paved roads and via the Brisbane River with various ferry services. The Brisbane Central business district (CBD or 'the City' is located on a point on the northern bank of the Brisbane River. The Story Bridge is a Cantilever bridge and the second crossing of the Brisbane River. The Victoria Bridge is the fifth crossing of the Brisbane River. This page deals with Brisbane ferry history this covers non operational ferry services and private operational passenger and vehicular services such as Dutton Park Ferry Moggill Trams serviced the city between 1885 and 1969, while railway networks spread across Brisbane into the expanding nearby regions during the 1870s. This article describes Brisbane 's Tram system which operated between 1885 and 1969 as well as ongoing proposals since the early 1990s to reinstate a functional tram network Year 1885 ( MDCCCLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. Events and Trends Technology The invention of the prototype telephone by Alexander G Today, as Queensland's largest city and state capital, Brisbane has an extensive transportation network within the city, as well as connections to regional centres, interstate and to overseas destinations.
The use of urban public transport is still only a small component of total passenger transport, the largest component being travel by private car .
Public Transport in Brisbane is provided by bus, rail and ferry services. Bus services are operated by public and private operators whereas trains and ferries are operated by public agencies. The Brisbane central business district (CBD) is the central hub for all public transport services with services focusing on Queen Street Bus Station, Roma Street and Central railway stations, and various city ferries wharves. The Brisbane Central business district (CBD or 'the City' is located on a point on the northern bank of the Brisbane River. For Singapore please go to Queen Street Bus Terminal. Queen Street Bus Station is the Brisbane CBD 's primary Bus terminus Roma Street railway station is a major Railway station in the Brisbane central business district, the state capital of Queensland, Brisbane's CityCat high speed ferry service, popular with tourists and commuters, operates services along the Brisbane River between the University of Queensland and Brett's Wharf. History The CityCat service runs along the Brisbane River between Apollo Road in the suburb of Bulimba in the east and the University of Queensland The Brisbane River is situated in southeast Queensland, Australia, and flows through the city of Brisbane, before emptying into Moreton The University of Queensland (UQ is one of Australia's premier learning and research institutions
The Citytrain urban rail network consists of 10 suburban lines and covers mostly the west, north and east sides of the city. Citytrain is the brand name of urban suburban and inter-urban electric passenger railway services in South East Queensland, Australia. It also provides the route for an Airtrain service under joint public/private control between the City and Brisbane Airport. Airtrain is the privately-owned commuter railway line that extends 13 Since 2000, Brisbane has been developing a network of busways, including the South-East Busway and the Inner-Northern Busway, to provide faster bus services. The South-East Busway is a grade separated bus-only corridor running south from the Brisbane CBD to Eight Mile Plains, in South East Queensland The Inner Northern Busway (INB is a shorter 47km long counterpart to the South-East Busway. "TransLink", an integrated ticketing system operates across the public transport network. For a list of all TransLink services see the list of TransLink services.
The Brisbane River has created a barrier to some road transport routes. In total there are six road bridges, mostly concentrated in the inner city area. This has intensified the need for transport routes to focus on the inner city. There are also three railway bridges and one pedestrian bridge. The Eleanor Schonell Bridge (originally named The Green Bridge) between the University of Queensland and Dutton Park is for use by buses, pedestrians and cyclists. The Eleanor Schonell Bridge, also known as the Green Bridge, is a 390 metre (1280 ft long Cable-stayed bridge which crosses the Brisbane River Dutton Park is a suburb of Brisbane, Australia located 25km south of the Brisbane CBD. There are currently multiple tunnel and bridge projects underway as part of the TransApex plan. TransApex is transport plan devised by Brisbane Lord Mayor Campbell Newman as the Liberal candidate in the 2004 local government election in Brisbane For further information about Brisbane's bridges, see the article Bridges of Brisbane. The Brisbane River running through Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, is crossed by 13 major bridges, from the Gateway downsteam to
An extensive network of pedestrian and cyclist pathways have been created along the banks of the Brisbane River to form a Riverwalk network. A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot whether Walking or Running. Cycling is the use of Bicycles or - less commonly - Unicycles Tricycles Quadricycles and other similar wheeled Human powered vehicles The Brisbane River is situated in southeast Queensland, Australia, and flows through the city of Brisbane, before emptying into Moreton The Brisbane River is situated in southeast Queensland, Australia, and flows through the city of Brisbane, before emptying into Moreton 
Brisbane is served by several freeways. The Pacific Motorway connects the central city with the Gold Coast to the south. Pacific Highway (Australia|Riverside Expressway The Pacific Motorway is a 110 km long Motorway in Australia between Brisbane, Queensland This article is about the Australian city Gold Coast For other uses see Gold Coast. The Ipswich Motorway connects the city with Ipswich to the west via the southern suburbs, while the Western Freeway and the Centenary Freeway provide a connection between Brisbane's inner-west and the outer south-west, connecting with the Ipswich Motorway south of the Brisbane River. The M7 Ipswich Motorway runs from the junction of Ipswich Road and Granard Road to the junction of the Warrego Highway and the Cunningham Highway The M5 or Western Freeway is a 5 km long freeway in western Brisbane that runs from Milton Road in Toowong to the western side of Indooroopilly where the The M5 Centenary Motorway is a nine kilometre Motorway in the western suburbs of Brisbane, Australia. The Bruce Highway is Brisbane's main route north of the city to the rest of the State. The Bruce Highway is the major coastal highway of Queensland, Australia. The Bruce Highway terminates 1700 km away in Cairns and passes through most major cities along the Queensland coast. The Gateway Motorway is a private toll road which connects the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coasts by providing an alternate route avoiding Brisbane's inner city area. The Gateway Motorway (M4 to Eight Mile Plains and M1 to Pine River is a major freeway in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. A toll road, (also known as a tollway, turnpike, pike, or toll highway, especially if it is constructed to Freeway standards The tollroad crosses the Brisbane River to the east of the city over the Gateway Bridge. The Gateway Bridge is a road bridge at the centre of the Gateway Motorway (M1 which skirts the eastern suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia The Gateway Motorway connects with Bruce Highway and the Pacific Motorway. A duplicate of the bridge is planned to be built in parallel to cope with the area's growing population. The Port of Brisbane Motorway links the Gateway to the Port of Brisbane, while Inner City Bypass and the Riverside Expressway act as the inner ring freeway system to prevent motorists from travelling through the city's congested centre. 
Brisbane's population growth placed strains on South East Queensland's transport system. The State Government and Brisbane City Council have responded with infrastructure plans and increased funding for transportation projects, such as the South East Queensland Infrastructure Plan and Program. The South East Queensland Infrastructure Plan and Program (2006-2026 (SEQIPP is a $A66 billion plan for Infrastructure investment in South East Queensland, Most of the focus has been placed on expanding current road infrastructure, particularly tunnels and bypasses, as well as improving the public transport system.
Brisbane Airport (IATA code: BNE) is the city's main airport, the third busiest in Australia after Sydney Airport and Melbourne Airport respectively. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Sydney Airport (also known as Kingsford Smith International Airport), is located in the Sydney suburb of Mascot. Melbourne Airport, also known as Tullamarine Airport, is the busiest of the four airports in Melbourne, and the second busiest in Australia It is located near Eagle Farm, north-east of the city centre and provides domestic and international passenger services. Archerfield Airport (in Brisbane's southern suburbs) acts as a general aviation airport. Archerfield Airport is a small airport located 12 kilometres (7 General aviation (abbr GA) is one of two categories of Civil aviation.
Water storage, treatment and delivery for Brisbane is handled by SEQ Water, which sells on to Brisbane Water for distribution to the greater Brisbane area. SEQ Water is a public water utility owned by the Queensland Government and local councils Water for the area is stored in one of three dams; Wivenhoe, Somerset and North Pine. Wivenhoe Dam is a Dam built across the Brisbane River that creates the artificial Lake Wivenhoe. Lake Somerset is an artificial Lake created by the Somerset Dam on the Stanley River in Queensland. North Pine Dam is built across the North Pine River, north-west of Brisbane, within Moreton Bay in Queensland, Australia. As of 13 May 2005, Brisbane has enforced water restrictions due to drought. Events 1497 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Water restrictions are currently in place in many regions and cities of Australia in response to chronic shortages resulting from drought.  This has also led to the State Government announcing that recycled sewage will be pumped into the dams once the pipeline is complete in 2009. 
Electricity and gas grids in Brisbane are handled by Energex (electricity), and Origin Energy (gas), with each company previously holding a monopoly on domestic retail supply. This page is about the physical properties of gas as a state of matter Energex is an Australian energy distribution corporation owned by the Queensland Government and based in Brisbane and founded in 1922 Origin Energy is an Australian energy company headquartered in Sydney. Since July 1, 2007 Queensland regulation changes have opened up the retail energy market, allowing multiple companies to resell both gas and electricity. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 
Metropolitan Brisbane is serviced by all major and most minor telecommunications companies and their networks. Brisbane has the largest number of enabled DSL telephone exchanges in Queensland. An increasing number are also enabled with special hardware (DSLAMs) which enable high speed ADSL2+ internet access. A Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer ( DSLAM, often pronounced dee-slam) allows Telephone lines to make faster connections to the Internet The Brisbane CBD also features a complete underground fibre optics network, with numerous connections to the inner suburbs provided by various service providers. An optical fiber (or fibre) is a Glass or Plastic fiber that carries Light along its length
Telstra and Optus provide both high speed internet as well as Pay TV through their cable services for the bulk of the city's metropolitan area. Telstra or Telstra Corporation (often abbreviated as Telstra Corp) () is an Australian Telecommunications and media company formerly SingTel Optus Pty Limited is the second largest Telecommunications company in Australia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore Telecommunications Both of these providers also host wireless networks with hotspots within both the inner and suburban areas. A hotspot is a venue that offers Wi-Fi access to the Internet
In addition, 3 Mobile, Telstra, Optus and Vodafone all operate both 2.5G, 3G and 3.5G mobile phone networks citywide. Telstra or Telstra Corporation (often abbreviated as Telstra Corp) () is an Australian Telecommunications and media company formerly SingTel Optus Pty Limited is the second largest Telecommunications company in Australia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore Telecommunications Vodafone is a Mobile network operator headquartered in Berkshire, England, UK. 25G is a stepping stone between 2G and 3G cellular wireless technologies 3G is the third generation of mobile phone standards and Technology, superseding 2 High-Speed Downlink Packet Access ( HSDPA) is a 3G (third generation Mobile telephony Communications protocol in the High-Speed Packet
A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Wikitravel is a Web -based project "to create a free, complete up-to-date and reliable worldwide travel guide.