A bounty (from Latin bonitās, goodness) is a payment or reward often offered by a group as an incentive for the accomplishment of a task by someone usually not associated with the group. A payment is the transfer of wealth from one party (such as a person or company to another Bounties are most commonly issued for the capture or retrieval of a person or object. They are typically in the form of money. Money is anything that is generally accepted as Payment for Goods and services and repayment of Debts. Two modern examples of bounties are the bounty placed for the capture of Saddam Hussein and his sons by the United States and Microsoft's bounty for computer virus creators. Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti ( Arabic: ar صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي --> April 28 1937 &ndash December 30 The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational Computer technology Corporation, which rose to dominate the Home computer A computer virus is a Computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user  Those who make a living by pursuing bounties are known as bounty hunters. A bounty hunter captures Fugitives for a monetary reward ( bounty)
A bounty system was used in the American Civil War. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South It was an incentive to increase enlistments. Another bounty system was used in New South Wales to increase the number of immigrants from 1832. Year 1832 ( MDCCCXXXII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian 
Bounties were sometimes paid as rewards for killing Native Americans. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States In 1862, a farmer received a $500 bounty for shooting Taoyateduta (Little Crow). Year 1862 was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Monday Little Crow (Sioux Ta-oya-te-duta; Ca 1810&ndash July 3, 1863) was a chief of the Mdewakanton Dakota Sioux In 1856 Governor Isaac Stevens put a bounty on the head of Indians from Eastern Washington, $20 for ordinary Indians and $80 for a "chief". Year 1856 ( MDCCCLVI) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Isaac Ingalls Stevens ( March 25, 1818 &ndash September 1, 1862) was the first Governor of Washington Territory, a A Western Washington Indian, Patkanim, chief of the Snohomish, obligingly provided a great many heads, until the Territorial Auditor put a stop to the practice due to the dubious origins of the deceased. Patkanim (variously spelled Pat-ka-nam or Pat Kanim was chief of the Snoqualmoo ( Snoqualmie) and Snohomish tribe in what is now modern Washington State Snohomish is the name of a Tribe of Native Americans who reside around the Puget Sound area of Washington, north of Seattle.
Bounties have been offered on animals deemed undesirable by particular governments or corporations. In Tasmania, the thylacine was relentlessly hunted to extinction based on such schemes. Tasmania is an Australian island and state of the same name It is located south of the eastern side of the Continent, being separated from it by Bass The Thylacine (ˈθaɪləsaɪn -iːn ( Thylacinus cynocephalus Latin wolf-headed pouched dog was the largest known carnivorous Marsupial of modern Gray Wolves too were extirpated from much of the present United States by bounty hunters. The grey wolf or gray wolf ( Canis lupus) also known as the timber wolf or simply wolf, is a Mammal of the order Carnivora An example of the legal sanction granted can be found in a Massachusetts Bay Colony law dated May 7, 1662: "This Court doth Order, as an encouragement to persons to destroy Woolves, That henceforth every person killing any Woolf, shall be allowed out of the Treasury of that County where such woolf was slain, Twenty shillings, and by the Town Ten shillings, and by the County Treasurer Ten shillings: which the Constable of each Town (on the sight of the ears of such Woolves being cut off) shall pay out of the next County rate, which the Treasurer shall allow. The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it was an English settlement on the east coast of North America The Massachusetts General Court (formally styled The General Court of Massachusetts) is the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts "
Bounty hunters provided most of the prisoners held in Guantánamo Bay detainment camp. The Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp is a controversial United States Detention center operated by Joint Task Force Guantanamo since 2002 in Guantanamo 
The term bounty is used in the mathematics, computer science, and free culture communities to refer to a reward offered to any person willing to take on an open problem in that domain; for instance, implementing a feature or finding a bug in an open source software program.  Bounties are offered for solving a particular math problem — ranging from small lemmas that graduate students solve in their spare time for $20 US up to some of the world's hardest math problems.  Paul Erdős was famous for offering mathematical bounties. Paul Erdős ( Hungarian: Erdős Pál, in English occasionally Paul Erdos or Paul Erdös, March 26, 1913 &ndash  Bounties have been paid by the Bounty Board for writing Wikipedia articles.