Bokator/Boxkator, or more formally, Labokator (to fight lion) (ល្បុក្កតោ) is a Khmer martial art that is possible predecessor of Southeast Asian kickboxing styles. The Khmer people are the predominant Ethnic group in Cambodia, accounting for approximately 90% of the 14 Martial arts are systems of codified practices and traditions of training for Combat. It is easy to believe that Bokator was the close quarter combat system used by the ancient armies of Angkor.
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Angkorian Warriors will have been a key factor in enabling a succession of Angkorian Kings to dominate South East Asia for more than 600 years from 800 AD. Popular belief is that Jayavarman VII, the ruler of the Khmer Empire, was a practitioner of Bokator. Jayavarman VII (1125 - 1215 was a king of the Khmer Empire (c The Khmer Empire was the largest empire of South East Asia based in what is now Cambodia.
Unlike kick boxing, which is a sport fighting art, Bokator was a soldier’s art, designed to be used on the battlefield. It uses a diverse array of elbow and knee strikes, shin kicks, submissions and ground fighting. Bokator practitioners are trained to strike with knees, hands, elbows, feet, shins, and head. Even the shoulders, hip, jaw, and fingers can be used to fight an opponent to submission or death.
When fighting, Bokator practitioners still wear the uniforms of ancient Khmer armies. A kroma (scarf) is folded around their waist and blue and red silk cords called sangvar day, are tied around the combatants head and biceps. In the past it is said that the cords were enchanted to increase strength, although now they are just ceremonial.
The kroma (a cotton scarf worn around the waist) shows the fighter’s level of expertise. The first grade is white, followed by green, blue, red, brown and then black which has 10 degrees. After completing their initial training, fighters wear a Black Kroma (scarf) for at least another ten years. To attain the Gold Kroma you must be a true master and must have done something great for Bokator. And to become a true master it will definitely take some time as just in the unarmed portion of the art there are between 8000 and 10000 different techniques; only 1000 of which you have to learn to attain the black kroma.
The art contains 341 different styles based on the study of life in nature. For example horse, bird, dragon, eagle, crane, each style contains several techniques. Because of its visually similar style, Bokator (Boxkator) is commonly wrongly described as a variant of modern kick boxing. Bokator has many forms based on styles as well as straight practical fighting techniques. While Pradal Serey is a more simplified freestyle fighting system which uses a few of the basic (white kroma) punching, elbow, kicking and kneeing techniques
Angkor was a wealthy empire that dominated South East Asia from 800 AD to 1400 AD. It was a Monarchy which ruled a vast hierarchy of Officials, Elite, peasants and slaves and built some of the most spectacular buildings in the ancient world such as the famous Angkor Wat. Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (អង្គរវត្ត is a Temple complex at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II The Ankorians were often at war, and often with their Cham neighbours from what is now the area surrounding Saigon in South Vietnam. Warriors fought hand to hand. Given this scenario is it easy to assume that some martial art was developed at this time.
The name Bokator is itself possibly an indicator of the age of Bokator. Pronounced bok - u -tau', 'tau' translates as Lion. There have never been lions in South East Asia. However lions were found in western India. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Indian culture and philosophy was the major influence in Angkor. Angkor is a name conventionally applied to the region of Cambodia serving as the seat of the Khmer empire that flourished from approximately the 9th century to All the great buildings of Angkor are inscribed in Sanskrit and are devoted to Hindu Gods, notably Vishnu and Shiva. Sanskrit (sa संस्कृता वाक् saṃskṛtā vāk, for short sa संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam) is a historical A Hindu ( Devanagari: हिन्दू is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, a set of religious, Philosophical For other meanings see Vishnu (disambiguation. Vishnu ( IAST viṣṇu Devanagari विष्णु (honorific Shiva:(pronunciation; Sanskrit: शिव Śiva, lit "Auspicious one" One of the Trimurtis Shiva is the supreme God in the Shaiva Religious life was dominated by Brahmins. Brahmin ( Brāhmaṇa, sa ब्राह्मणः is the class of educators scholars and preachers in Brahminical Hinduism. The concept of the lion and of a martial art named 'striking a lion' will probably have coincided with the reign of the Angkorean Kings and during this Indian influence. The influence of the Brahmins diminished with the rise of Buddhism almost a thousand years ago. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices
Unfortunately, during the Pol Pot regime (1975-1979) those who practiced traditional arts were either systematically exterminated by the Khmer Rouge, fled as refugees or stopped teaching and hid. The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East Saloth Sar ( May 19, 1925 – April 15, 1998) also known as Pol Pot, was leader of the Communist movement known as Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) The Khmer Rouge (ខ្មែរក្រហម Kmae Krɑhɑɑm was the Communist ruling political party of Cambodia &mdashwhich it renamed After the Khmer Rouge Regime, the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia began and the martial arts were completely outlawed.
During this time San Kim Sean had to flee Cambodia accused by the Vietnamese of teaching Hapkido and Bokator, which he was, and starting to form an army, which he wasn't.
Once in America he started teaching Hapkido at a local YMCA in Houston, Texas and later moved to Long Beach, California. The Young Men's Christian Association (" YMCA " or " the Y " was founded on June 6, 1844 in London England by a young man Long Beach is a city located in southern California, USA, on the Pacific coast After living in the United Sates and teaching and promoting Hapkido for a while. He found that no one had ever heard of Bokator. He left the United States in 1992 and returned home to Cambodia to give Bokator back to his people and to do his best to make Bokator known to the world.
In 2001 moved back to Phnom Penh and after getting permission from the new king began teaching Bokator to local youth. That same year in the hopes of bringing all of the remaining living masters together he began traveling the country, seeking out Bokator lakrus, or instructors, who had survived the regime. The few men he found were old ranging from sixty to ninety years of age and weary of 30 years of oppression; many were afraid to teach the art openly. After much persuasion and with government approval, the former masters relented, and Sean effectively reintroduced Bokator to the Cambodian people.
The first ever National Bokator competition was held in Phnom Penh at the Olympic Stadium, from September 26 through the 29, 2006. Phnom Penh ( Khmer: ភ្នំពេញ official Romanization Phnum Pénh; pʰnum pɯɲ is the Capital The competition involved 20 lakrus leading teams from 9 provinces.