A blast beat is a drum beat, primarily used in forms of extreme metal, made with rapid alternating or coinciding strokes primarily on the bass and snare drum. Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός - rhythmos, "any measured flow or movement symmetry" is the variation of the length and accentuation of Extreme metal is an Umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined for a number of related heavy metal subgenres that have developed since the 1980s A bass drum is a large Drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. The snare drum is a Drum with strands of snares made of curled metal wire metal cable plastic cable or gut cords stretched across the a drumhead typically Diverse patterns and timings are also frequently used by more technical players, such as Gene Hoglan (Strapping Young Lad/Dark Angel), Alex Hernandez (Immolation), or Flo Mounier (Cryptopsy). Eugene "Gene" Victor Hoglan II (born August 31, 1967 in Dallas, Texas) is an American Extreme metal Strapping Young Lad was a Canadian Extreme metal band formed by Devin Townsend in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1995 Dark Angel was a Thrash metal band from Los Angeles. Their over-the-top style (extremely fast heavy and lengthy songs with lots of tempo changes lyrics and Alex Hernandez goes to Johnson High Scool Footballer/ Wrestler Immolation is a Death metal band from Yonkers New York. They were formed in May 1986 by Andrew Sakowicz (Bass Vocals and Wilkinson (Drums as Rigor Mortis (NY Flo Mounier (real name Florent Mounier is the drummer of the Canadian Technical death metal band Cryptopsy. Cryptopsy is a Death metal band from Montreal, Quebec, Canada that was formed in 1992 Alternative styles of blast beats include using a two strokes on bass drum followed by one stroke of the snare drum, such as played by Pete Sandoval (Terrorizer, Morbid Angel), or using scarce strokes on the bass drum, which are frequently played by Max Duhamel (Kataklysm). Pete Sandoval is an Extreme metal Drummer. Born in Santa Ana El Salvador, he is known for his accomplishments in the world of extreme metal drumming Terrorizer was a band formed in 1986 in Los Angeles, California, United States. Morbid Angel is an American Death metal band based in Tampa Florida. Kataklysm is a Canadian Death metal band They call their musical style "northern hyperblast" after an advertisement in M
Blast beats have their roots in hardcore punk, most notably D.R.I's "No Sense" on their first LP (1983) and Beastie Boys "Riot Fight" on their first EP, Pollywog Stew (1982). Hardcore punk (now usually referred to as simply hardcore) is a subgenre of Punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s Dirty Rotten Imbeciles (also known as DRI) are a Crossover thrash band that formed in 1982 Pollywog Stew is a 1982 EP by the Beastie Boys, released on the Rat Cage label Other examples include Heart Attack, Cryptic Slaughter and Lärm. Heart Attack was an early New York hardcore band Heart Attack formed in late 1980 Cryptic Slaughter was a Santa Monica California -based crossover thrash / Hardcore punk band Lärm ( German for noise) were a Dutch Straight edge and Vegan Thrashcore / Grindcore band formed in 1981 first Blast beats were, however, first used in jazz by drummers such as Angelo Spampinato, Tony Williams, and Sunny Murray in particular his 1964 Greenwich Village recording of "Holy Ghost" with Albert Ayler. Anthony Tillmon "Tony" Williams ( December 12, 1945 &ndash February 23, 1997) was an American jazz drummer. James Marcellus Arthur "Sunny" Murray (born Idabel Oklahoma in 1936 is one of the pioneers of the Free jazz style of Drumming Murray spent Greenwich Village (ˌgrɛnɪtʃ ˈvɪlɪdʒ often simply called the Village, is a largely residential area on the west side of downtown (southern Manhattan Albert Ayler ( July 13, 1936 – November 1970 was an American avant-garde Jazz saxophonist, singer and Composer. They are a prominent feature of power violence, thrashcore, crust punk, grindcore, death metal, and black metal, although blast beats do appear in other genres as well to increase speed, density, and percussiveness. Thrashcore (also known as fastcore) is a fast tempo subgenre of Hardcore punk that emerged in the early 1980s Crust punk (sometimes simply crust) is one of the evolutions of Anarcho-punk and Hardcore punk, mixed with distorted Extreme metal guitar For the fictional character with this name see Grindcore (Transformers. Death metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal. It typically employs fast tempos heavily distorted guitars deep growling vocals morbid lyrics Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal. It often employs fast tempos shrieked vocals highly distorted guitars played with Tremolo picking,
The original use in metal music is generally attributed to Dave 'Grave' Hollingshead (Repulsion), Charlie Benante (Anthrax, SOD). Repulsion were an early Grindcore / Death metal band from Flint Michigan. Charlie Benante (born 27 November 1962, in The Bronx New York) is the drummer for the heavy metal band, Anthrax. Anthrax is a New York City -based heavy metal band that released its first full-length album in 1984 Grave received most of the credit for the "single footer. " Benante showcased the technique by a double-handed blast beat in the track "Milk" on the SOD album Speak English or Die, later played single-handed on the live album Live at Budokan. Speak English or Die is the first Album by the thrash / hardcore band Stormtroopers of Death (S Although even earlier usage dates back to demos by Death from 1984, with drummer and vocalist Kam Lee (who also pioneered the death growl vocal style) showcasing usage in songs such as Reign Of Terror and Curse Of The Priest. Death was an influential American Death metal band founded in 1983 by guitarist and vocalist Chuck Schuldiner, considered a "pioneering death Members from Repulsion (back when they were known as Genocide) temporarily joined Death in 1985, so it's been speculated that they started their trademark widespread usage after first hearing it during their short tenure with Death.
A major influence on the evolution of the blast beat was Napalm Death's first drummer Mick Harris. Napalm Death are Michael John Harris (commonly known and credited as Mick Harris or occasionally M Harris started using it as a fundamental aspect of Napalm Death's early musical compositions. As perhaps the most important of innovations, Mike Smith of New York death metal group Suffocation invented and pioneered the technique of a blast beat that is played with the snare and bass drum synchronized and the cymbals on the off beat, as opposed to the original form, which most attribute to Napalm Death's Mick Harris, where the snare drum alternates with the bass drum and cymbal. Suffocation is an American Death metal band The band was formed in 1990 and has since released many highly-regarded releases including the first ever compact disc
Early blast beats were generally quite slow and less precise compared to today's standards. Nowadays, a blast beat is normally played in tempos from 180 beats per minute upwards, with so-called "hyper blasts" existing in the range of 280-300 bpm (or even higher). Beats per minute ( BPM) is a unit typically used as either a measure of Tempo in music or a measure of one's Heart rate. There is also the "gravity blast", which implements a one-handed roll, called a gravity roll. In Drumming, a gravity roll is performed by resting the shaft of the Drumstick on the rim of the Snare drum, while holding the butt This technique uses the rim of the snare as a fulcrum on which the stick is rocked back and forth, allowing two snare hits with each full arm motion (one on the down motion, and another coming up, essentially doing the work of two hands with only one).
Typical blast beats consist of 8th-note patterns between both the bass and snare drum alternately, with the hi-hat or the ride synced. Variations exist such as displacing hi-hat/ride, snare and bass drum hits and/or using other cymbals such as splashes, crashes, chinas and even tambourines for accenting, for example when using odd time or playing progressively. While playing 8th or 8th note triplets some drummers choose to play in sync with one foot while others split the 8th notes between both feet.
Examples of blast beat notation:
H- x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-| H- x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-| H- x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-| R- x-x-x-x-x-x-x-x-|S- o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-| S- -o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o| S- o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-| S- oooooooooooooooo|B- o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-| B- o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-| B- oooooooooooooooo| B- o-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-|
Recorded samples of the notated drumtabs
|Listen to Example 1|
|Listen to Example 2|
|Listen to Example 3|
|Listen to Example 4|
|An example of a blastbeat|
|A blast beat played at tempos of 124, 160, 200 and 240 BPM, respectively.|