A child's birthday celebration
Birthday is the name given to the particular date each year on which people in many cultures celebrate the anniversary they were born. An anniversary (from the Latin anniversarius, from the words for year and to turn meaning (returning yearly known in English since c. It is traditionally marked by a birthday party or, in some particular cases, a rite of transition. A party is a Social gathering for Celebration and Recreation. A rite of passage is a Ritual that marks a change in a person's social or sexual status
It is thought the large-scale celebration of birthdays in Europe began with the cult of Mithras, which originated in Persia but was spread by soldiers throughout the Roman Empire. The Mithraic Mysteries or Mysteries of Mithras (also Mithraism) was a Roman mystery religion which became popular among the military in the late The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland and beyond in Western Asia The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial Such celebrations were uncommon previously so practices from other contexts such as the Saturnalia were adapted for birthdays. Saturnalia is the feast with which the Romans commemorated the dedication of the temple of the god Saturn Because many Roman soldiers took to Mithraism, it had a wide distribution and influence throughout the empire until it was supplanted by Christianity. The Mithraic Mysteries or Mysteries of Mithras (also Mithraism) was a Roman mystery religion which became popular among the military in the late Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings The Jewish perspective on birthday celebrations is disputed by various rabbis. Judaism (from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, derived from the Hebrew יהודה Yehudah, " Judah " in Hebrew יַהֲדוּת Yahedut Rabbi (pronunciation, although in English usually) in Judaism, means a religious ‘teacher’ or more literally ‘my great one’ when addressing any master 
The celebration of birthdays is not universal. Some people prefer name day celebrations, and Jehovah's Witnesses do not celebrate either, considering their origins to be pagan festivals along with Christmas and Easter. Jehovah's Witnesses is a restorationist, millenialist Christian denomination Paganism (from Latin paganus, meaning "country dweller rustic" is a word used to refer to various religions and religious beliefs from across the world Easter ( Greek: Πάσχα Pascha or Pasxa) is the most important religious feast in the Christian Liturgical year.
The birthday cake is traditionally highly decorated, and typically covered with lit candles when presented, the number of candles signifying the age of the celebrant. The birthday cake has been an integral part of the Birthday celebrations in Western cultures since the middle of the 19th century. The birthday cake has been an integral part of the Birthday celebrations in Western cultures since the middle of the 19th century. A candle is a Light source and sometimes a Heat source consisting of a solid block of Fuel and an embedded wick. The person whose birthday it is may make a silent wish and then blow out the candles. A wish is a hope or desire for something Fictionally wishes can be used as Plot devices In folklore opportunities for "making a wish" or for wishes to "come It is also customary for the person celebrating their birthday to cut the initial piece of the cake as a newlywed couple might with a wedding cake. A wedding cake is the traditional Cake served to the guests at a Wedding reception (or in parts of England at a Wedding breakfast) after
Birthday cakes date back as far as the Middle Ages when the English would conceal symbolic items such as gold coins, rings and thimbles inside their cakes. Each item was associated with a prediction. For example, a person finding a gold coin in a birthday cake would supposedly become wealthy; a person discovering a thimble would never marry.
Sometimes special candles are substituted for the many individual candles in the shape of a numeral. For example, on the fifth birthday, there may be one candle on the cake in the shape of the numeral five, and on the fiftieth birthday there may be two candles on the cake, one in the shape of the numeral five followed by the other in the shape of the number zero.
In addition to parties, it is often common for people to receive gifts on their brithdays. giFT Internet File Transfer ( giFT) is a computer software daemon that allows several File sharing protocols to be used with a simple client having a There are also traditions of surprise parties. However, in certain circles, it is expected of the person celebrating their birthday to treat their party guests instead; this varies depending on the local culture and may involve party gifts or other gestures.
In most English-speaking countries it is traditional to sing the song Happy Birthday to You to the honored person celebrating a birthday. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A song is a Musical composition. Songs contain vocal parts that are performed 'sung' and generally feature Words ( Lyrics) commonly followed " Happy Birthday to You " also known more simply as " Happy Birthday " is a traditional song that is sung to celebrate the anniversary of a person's The Happy Birthday song tune is thought to be the most frequently sung melody in the world. Similar songs exist in other languages such as "Lang zal hij/zij leven" in Dutch, "Zum Geburtstag Viel Glück" in German, "Que los cumplas feliz" or "Feliz cumpleaños a tí" in Spanish, "Parabéns a você" in Portuguese, Sto lat" in Polish, "Lá Bhreithlá Shona Duit" in Irish, "Joyeux Anniversaire" in French, "Tanti Auguri a te" in Italian and "Iyi ki dogdun, Mutlu Yillar Sana" in Turkish.
A birthday cake
- In most legal systems, one becomes a legal adult on a particular birthday (often 18th or 21st), and at different ages gains different rights and responsibilities — voting, certain drug use (for example, alcohol, purchasing tobacco), eligibility for military draft or voluntary enlistment, purchasing lottery tickets, vehicle driving licences, etc. For the 2008 British film by Noel Clarke see Adulthood (film. Recreational drug use is the use of Psychoactive drugs for Recreational purposes rather than for work, medical or spiritual purposes In Chemistry, an alcohol is any Organic compound in which a Hydroxyl group ( - O[[hydrogen H]]) is bound to a Carbon Tobacco is an Agricultural product recognized as an addictive drug processed from the fresh Leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. Conscription (also known as the draft, the call-up or national service) is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority A lottery is a form of Gambling which involves the drawing of lots for a prize
- Many cultures have one or more coming of age birthdays:
- Jewish boys have a bar mitzvah on or around their 13th birthday. Coming of age is a young person's transition from Adolescence to Adulthood The age at which this transition takes place varies in society as does the nature In Judaism, Bar Mitzvah ( Hebrew: בר מצוה "one (m to whom the commandments apply" Bat Mitzvah (בת מצוה "one (f Jewish girls observe a bat mitzvah on or around their 12th birthday, or sometimes on or around their 13th birthday in Reform and Conservative Judaism. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ In Judaism, Bar Mitzvah ( Hebrew: בר מצוה "one (m to whom the commandments apply" Bat Mitzvah (בת מצוה "one (f Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently subjected to vandalism and the insertion of personal opinions Conservative Judaism (also known as Masorti Judaism in Israel and Europe) is a modern stream of Judaism that arose out Judaism (from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, derived from the Hebrew יהודה Yehudah, " Judah " in Hebrew יַהֲדוּת Yahedut
- In some Christian traditions, generally Catholic and Anglican, Confirmation is the ritual by which a young person receives a Sacrament thought to bestow certain gifts of the Holy Spirit. Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". Anglicanism is a tradition of Christian faith Churches in this tradition either have historical connections to the Church of England or have similar beliefs Confirmation is a Rite of initiation in many Christian Churches normally in the form of Laying on of hands and/or Anointing for The timing of the reception of this Sacrament serves, on a sociological level, as a sort of "rite of passage" into adulthood.
- In Latin America the quinceañera celebration traditionally marks a girl's 15th birthday. The Quinceañera or Quince años is in some Spanish -speaking regions of the Americas, a young woman's celebration of her fifteenth birthday
- Some girls and a few boys in the United States have "sweet sixteen" birthday parties. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A sweet sixteen Party is a type of Birthday party in the United States, usually celebrated for a Girl on her sixteenth Birthday
- In the United Kingdom 18th and 21st are traditional coming of age birthdays. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located
- In many Asian countries, the 14th birthday is celebrated as the day one becomes a man, or a woman, in society.
- Many Filipino girls celebrate their 18th birthdays with a cotillion and debutante ball, commonly known as a debut. Filipinos or the Filipino people are the citizens of the Philippines. The Cotillion is a type of patterned Social dance that originated in France in the 1700s and was originally made up of four couples in a square formation the forerunner A debutante ( deb or presentation ball (from the French débutante, "female beginner" is a young lady from an aristocratic or
- The birthdays of historically significant people, like national heroes or founders, are often commemorated by an official holiday. Lists of holidays The words holiday or vacation have related meanings in different English-speaking countries and continents but will usually refer to one of Some saints are remembered by a liturgical feast (sometimes on a presumed birthday). By analogy, the Latin term Dies natalis is applied to the anniversary of an institution (such as a university).
Some notables, particularly monarchs, have an official birthday on a fixed day of the year, which may not necessarily match their actual birthday, but on which celebrations are held. Examples are:
- The King's or Queen's Official Birthday in Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom; in Canada this day is known as Victoria Day. "The Queen" in this article means the monarch of the Commonwealth Realms The Queen's Official Birthday (sometimes known as "the For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Fiji (Matanitu ko Viti फ़िजी officially the Republic of the Fiji Islands (Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti फ़िजी द्वीप समूह गणराज्य New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page
- Jesus of Nazareth's traditional birthday is celebrated as Christmas Day around the world: 25 December. Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) Nazareth (ˈnæzərəθ (נָצְרַת Hebrew Natz'rat or Natzeret, الناصرة an-Nāṣira or an-Naseriyye) is the capital and largest Events 274 - Roman Emperor Aurelian As some Eastern churches use the Julian calendar, 25 December falls on 7 January in the Gregorian calendar every year until 2100. Families of churches Eastern Christians have a shared tradition but they became divided ( Schism) during the early centuries of Christianity in disputes about The Julian calendar, a reform of the Roman calendar, was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC and came into force in 45 BC (709 Ab urbe condita Events 274 - Roman Emperor Aurelian Events 1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal. 1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used Calendar in the world today
- The Grand Duke's Official Birthday in Luxembourg: 23 June. The Grand Duke's Official Birthday (Célébration publique de l'anniversaire du souverain is celebrated as the annual national holiday of Luxembourg. Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Events 1180 - First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan 1305 - The Flemish
- The King's official birthday in Belgium: November 15 (on saint Leopold, liturgical feast of the dynasty's founder's patron saint). The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Events 655 - Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria.
- The Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia celebrates his federal official birthday on the first Saturday of June. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the highest ranking office created by the constitution of the federation of Malaysia For the biogeographical region see Malesia Malaysia (məˈleɪʒə or /məˈleɪziə/ is a country that consists of thirteen states and
- Koningsdag or Koninginnedag in the Kingdom of the Netherlands is fixed on 30 April (Queen's Day; celebration of the reigning Queen's accession). Koninginnedag ( or Queen's Day is a National holiday in the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles, and Aruba on The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Events 313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule Queen Beatrix fixed it at the birthday of her mother, the previous Queen, to avoid the winter weather associated with her own birthday in January.
While it is uncommon to have an official holiday for a republican head of state's birthday, this can become a permanent posthumous honour, especially in the case of a so-called father of the fatherland, for example George Washington (best known as Presidents' Day; also celebrated in the US is Lincoln's Birthday. A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its Head of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a Monarchic or Republican Nation-state Pater Patriae (plural Patres Patriae) also seen as Parens Patriae, is a Latin Honorific meaning " Father Washington's Birthday is a United States Federal holiday celebrated on the third Monday of February Lincoln's Birthday is a legal holiday in some US states including Illinois, Connecticut, California, Missouri, New York )
In some Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox countries such as France, Hungary, or Greece, it is common to have a 'name day'/'Saint's day'. The Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest single Christian Communion in the world This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία A name day is a tradition in many countries in Europe and Latin America of celebrating on a particular day of the year associated with the one's Given name This is celebrated in much the same way as a birthday, but is held on the official day of a saint with the same Christian name as the birthday person; the difference being that one may look up a person's name day in a calendar, or easily remember common name days (for example, John or Mary); however in pious traditions, the two were often made to concur by giving a newborn the name of a saint celebrated on its birthday, or even the name of a feast, for example, Noel or Pascal (French for Christmas and "of Easter"). In some countries, name days are celebrated with much more elaborate festivities than birthdays; in the past, birthdays often were not celebrated at all in those countries.
People born on February 29, which occurs only during leap years, often celebrate their birthday in other years on February 28, or March 1 (the first day they have, measured in whole years, a new age). Events 202 BC - coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty 's rule Events 86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army enters in Athens, removing the Tyrant Ageing or aging (American English is the accumulation of changes in an organism
In school, a half-birthday or other unbirthday is sometimes celebrated for those whose birthdays do not fall on a school day (especially for birthdays falling during holiday and vacation periods). A half-birthday is a day six months before or after the real anniversary of a person's birth An unbirthday (originally written un-birthday) is an event that can be celebrated on any of the 364 days (or 365 days for a leap year on which it is not the person's
A person's birthday is usually recorded according to the time zone of the place of birth. Thus people born in Samoa at 11:30 PM will record their birthdate as one day before Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and those born in the Line Islands will record their birthdate one day after UTC. Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa, is a country governing the western part of the Samoan Islands Archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean The Line Islands, or Equatorial Islands, are a group of eleven Atolls and low coral islands in the central Pacific Ocean south of the Hawaiian They will apparently be born two days apart, while some of the apparently older ones may be younger in hours. Those who live in different time zones from their birth often exclusively celebrate their birthdays at the local time zone. In addition, the intervention of Daylight Saving Time can result in a case where a baby born second being recorded as having been born up to an hour before their predecessor. Daylight saving time ( DST
- Various birthdays are mentioned on the pages devoted to each day of the year, from January 1 to December 31
- Birthday paradox
- Birthday attack
- East Asian age reckoning - a different method of age reckoning to birthdays that is used in some Asian countries. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. In Probability theory, the birthday problem, pertains to the Probability that in a set of Randomly chosen people some pair of them will have the same A birthday attack is a type of cryptographic attack so named because it exploits the Mathematics behind the Birthday problem in Probability theory East Asian age reckoning ( Mongolian: Khii nas is a concept that originated in China and is used in East Asian countries
- Death anniversary
- Decimal Birthday
- Zodiac stones
- ^ Reb Chaim HaQoton: Happy Birthday! April 17, 2007
- ^ WRAL. A half-birthday is a day six months before or after the real anniversary of a person's birth A death anniversary (also called death day or deathday) is a custom observed in several Asian cultures including China, India, Japan Astrology (from Greek grc ἄστρον astron, "constellation star" and grc -λογία -logia) is a group of Systems In Natal astrology, a natal chart is a Horoscope /astrological chart drawn for the exact time of an individual's birth at a particular place on Earth In Astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun Moon planets the Astrological aspects, and sensitive angles An unbirthday (originally written un-birthday) is an event that can be celebrated on any of the 364 days (or 365 days for a leap year on which it is not the person's A decimal birthday is celebrated using the Decimal (base ten Numeral system. Sashtiabdhapoorthi is a Sanskrit name for a special ceremony on a person's sixtieth birthday Early civilizations such as India and Babylon have attributed gemstones with magical properties com Daylight-Saving Causes Twin Arrival Pickle
the birthday of everyone is very important, everyone celebrate diferent
© 2009 citizendia.org; parts available under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License, from http://en.wikipedia.org
- The anniversary of the day on which someone is born or something is created.
- The date on which someone is born or something is created, more commonly called birthdate or date of birth.
network: | |