|Birmingham International Airport|
|IATA: BHM – ICAO: KBHM – FAA: BHM|
|Owner||Birmingham Airport Authority|
|Elevation AMSL||644 ft / 196 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Birmingham International Airport (IATA: BHM, ICAO: KBHM, FAA LID: BHM) is the major airport that serves Birmingham, Alabama and Central Alabama. An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around The Federal Aviation Administration ( FAA) is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation with authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of A location identifier is a symbolic representation for the name and the location of an Airport, navigation aid, or Weather station, and is used for manned An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land Birmingham (ˈbɝmɪŋhæm is the largest City in the US state of Alabama and is the County seat of Jefferson County. Alabama (formally the State of Alabama;) is a State located in the southern region of the United States of America. Central Alabama is the region in the state of Alabama that stretches approximately 170 miles (270 km from the It is located five miles northeast of downtown Birmingham, near the interchange of I-20 and I-59. Interstate 59 (I-59 is an Interstate highway in the southern United States. BHM served 3,222,689 passengers in 2007, and is the largest and busiest airport in the state of Alabama. Alabama (formally the State of Alabama;) is a State located in the southern region of the United States of America.  It has also been mentioned by Atlanta talk show host Clark Howard as a cheap alternate airport for Atlanta travelers due to the presence of Southwest Airlines. Clark Howard (born June 20, 1955) is a popular US Talk radio host of the nationally syndicated Consumer advocate program Southwest Airlines Co ( is an American low-cost Airline based in Dallas Texas, with its largest focus city at Las Vegas ' McCarran Birmingham International Airport currently offers 87 daily departures to 28 cities nonstop and 35 cities direct.
The Southern Museum of Flight is also located at the Birmingham International Airport, immediately adjacent on the east side of the North-South runway. The Southern Museum of Flight is an Aviation museum located on the property of the Birmingham International Airport in Birmingham Alabama.
There are currently several capital improvement projects underway, including a $20 million Air Cargo Complex expansion as well as resurfacing of the Air Carrier Apron area. Recently officials announced a terminal expansion which includes adding another concourse and a new baggage screening area. The terminal expansion and modernization, slated to begin in early 2008, will also include more modern customer conveniences, an upgrade of concessions, and Federal Inspection Service-approved international gates. The estimated cost of the terminal expansion is $161 million.
The airfield is capable of handling all aircraft types. The main runway is 12,002 feet long. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit  The secondary runway is 7,100 feet long. A Category II instrument landing system allows operations in visibility as low as a quarter mile. The Instrument Landing System (ILS is a ground-based Instrument approach system that provides precision guidance to an Aircraft approaching a Runway
The Air National Guard has a base which includes nine KC-135R air tankers assigned to the 117th Air Refueling Wing. The Air National Guard ( ANG), often referred to as the Air Guard, is the air force militia organized by each of the several states and In the past, the air guard unit operated reconnaissance aircraft. There is also an aviation support facility for the Army National Guard. The Army National Guard ( ARNG) is the land force militia organized by each of the several states and territories of the United States
An aircraft modification facility, originally built during World War II, is presently operated by Pemco Aeroplex. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including There are also two fixed base operators and numerous corporate hangars.
BHM currently has one terminal building which is divided into 2 concourses, B and C. The Federal Aviation Administration ( FAA) is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation with authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of
Southwest Airlines carried the most passengers through BHM in 2007; transporting 1. United Air Lines Inc, trading as United Airlines ( is a major airline of the United States. United Express is a Brand name under which seven Regional airlines operate feeder flights for United Airlines. Mesa Airlines Inc ( is an American Regional airline based in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. 14 million passengers, 35. 6% of total BHM passengers.  In March 2008 the order of carriers (including regional jet partners) for the 274,711 passengers carried that month was as follows: Southwest, Delta, US Airways, American, Continental, United Express, Northwest, and ExpresssJet. 
In early 2008, typical commercial traffic included a mix of Boeing 737, Embraer 145, Embraer E-170, CRJ100/200, CRJ700/900, MD-80, and DC-9 models.  The overwhelmingly dominant mainline aircraft was the Boeing 737 due to Southwest Airlines service at the airport, followed by MD-80 series aircraft operated by Delta Air Lines and American Airlines. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The ERJ 145 was the most common regional jet, operated by Continental Express, American Eagle, and Delta Connection. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Fifty passenger or less Canadair Regional Jets were the second most common regional aircraft. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout  No scheduled commercial service is offered on turboprop aircraft from BHM. Unique regularly scheduled aircraft included a Boeing 727-200 operated by FedEx and an Airbus A300-600 operated by UPS which was the only Airbus aircraft to routinely use the airport.
The Birmingham International Airport consists of a single terminal with two concourses radiating from the curved common terminal area which is outside the TSA security checkpoints and includes check-in, baggage claim, and ground transportation. The terminal reflects the International style of architecture popular for American commercial and institutional buildings from the 1950s through the late 1970s. The International style was a major Architectural style of the 1920s and 1930s Large floor to ceiling plate glass windows form curtain walls on the departure level of the terminal with horizontal bands of repetitive white architectural panels above and below. A slight departure from typical International style, the upper band of panels is decorated with raised circles of four sizes, two circles per size per panel. The roof is flat over the terminal and concourses; a series of steel columns painted white with stay cables for the terminal awning project from the roof. An enclosed white-clad Observation Deck juts out from the airside terminal face at a sharp angle between Concourses B and C. On the airside of the terminal, a large horizontal white sign with teal lettering identifies the city as Birmingham.
Concourse B and C are radically different than the terminal structure, consisting of straight radial spokes clad with white panels. Concourse C includes a circular end which invokes the appearance of the terminal, Concourse B terminates at a flat wall. The Concourse walls have relatively few windows, typically at waiting and dining areas. The presence of multiple shops, restrooms and service areas reduces the need for windows in the concourses. Jetways are used for the majority of the gates and aircraft, though United Express, ExpressJet, and Delta Connection use stairs leading to the tarmac to board flights on regional jets. Passenger gates and services are located on the second floor with airside baggage handling and aircraft servicing on the ground level.
The interior of the terminal was renovated in the early 1990s at a cost of $50. 4 million which included new floor surfaces, lighting, wall coverings, renovated public spaces, and public art. The flooring is a mixture of carpet and large tiles, with tile primarily in the heavily used terminal spaces, dining areas, and restrooms. Primary colors are off-white, beige and gray. Numerous planters are positioned in hallways.
Terminal expansion and modernization slated for 2008 is expected to result in significant changes to the appearance of the terminal and concourses.
The first commercial air service to Birmingham began in 1928 by St. Tammy and Gulf Coast Airways, operating through Roberts Field on the west side of Birmingham on a route from Atlanta, Georgia to New Orleans, Louisiana.  Delta Air Service began service to Birmingham in late 1929 with six seat Travel Air airplanes along a route stretching from Love Field in Dallas, Texas to Birmingham. Delta Air Lines Inc ( is a United States Airline based and headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. The Travel Air Manufacturing Company was an aircraft manufacturer established in Wichita Kansas in the United States in 1924 by Clyde Cessna, Walter Beech  When American Airways (now American Airlines) began their Atlanta, Georgia to Forth Worth, Texas route, Birmingham was not included in the route because their Ford Tri-Motor aircraft could not land at Roberts Field. American Airlines Inc (AA is a US -based airline and the world's Largest airline in total passenger miles transported and passenger fleet size WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout As a result of this development, Birmingham began construction of a new airport, Birmingham Municipal Airport on the current Birmingham International Airport site. 
The new airport opened with great public fanfare on May 31, 1931 with a single two story, Georgian style terminal and a single runway aligned in an east-west orientation. This terminal stood just southeast of the current 1973 terminal, where the parking deck now stands.  No remains of the 1931 terminal or landscaping are visible. With the addition of American Airlines in 1931 and Eastern Airlines in 1934, air traffic increased enough to warrant a second runway. Eastern Air Lines was a major United States Airline that existed from the late 1920s until 1991 
World War II saw the airport leased to the United States Army Air Forces for $1 a year to support national defense. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The United States Army Air Forces ( USAAF) was the military aviation arm of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II. Birmingham Army Airfield was a part of the The airfield was assiged to the Third Air Force as fighter base. Birmingham International Airport is the major Airport that serves Birmingham, Alabama and Central Alabama. Third Air Force is a Numbered air force (NAF of the United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE It was commanded by the 310th Army Air Force Base Unit. The Army Air Force considerably improved the airport with land acquisitions, paving of additional taxiways, and construction of a control tower and aircraft modifications facility south of the terminal (now operated by Pemco). 
After the airport was returned to city control in August 1948, Southern Airways began service to the airport. Southern Airways was a Regional airline operating in the United States from its founding by Frank Hulse in 1949 until 1979 when it was folded into  By March 1951, four runways were in operation, today’s Runways 6/24 and 18/36, as well as additional runways at approximately 45/225 degrees on the north side of Runway 6/24 and 85/270 degrees primarily south of Runway 6/24. The runway at 45/225 degrees is now largely removed, though a paved portion remains crossing taxiway F near the Alabama Air National Guard facilities and is used as a location for airport equipment and helicopter landing/parking. The runway at 85/270 is also removed for the most part, with remaining segments making up taxiway A5 and a portion of taxiway F east of Runway 18/36. 
In the 1950s, today’s Runway 6/24 was lengthened to 10,000 feet and service was started to Birmingham by Capitol Airways. Capitol Air (not to be confused with Capital Airlines (1946 - 1982 was a 1970s and 1980s Charter airline from the United States. Capitol’s merger with United Air Lines resulted in the initiation of jet service to Birmingham with the Sud Aviation Caravelle. United Air Lines Inc, trading as United Airlines ( is a major airline of the United States. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Continued growth in passenger traffic resulted in the construction of a second passenger terminal and a new air traffic control tower which stood until 2001. 
In 1973 the current semi-circular terminal was completed with 15 aircraft gates and a 1,600 space parking deck. Allegheny Air (now US Airways) began service from Birmingham to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the late 1970s. Allegheny Airlines was an airline based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, from 1952 to 1979 US Airways Inc is the fifth largest Airline in the United States. Deregulation of the airline industry saw airlines such as Com Air, Florida Express, People Express, Air New Orleans, L'Express Airlines, and most importantly Southwest Airlines enter the Birmingham market. PEOPLExpress Airlines, also known as People Express, was a US Air New Orleans was an Airline that was conceived as a Regional airline to provide service to cities throughout the Southeastern United States from Texas L'Express Airlines was an Airline that was conceived as a Regional airline to provide service to cities throughout Louisiana from its hub at New Orleans Southwest Airlines Co ( is an American low-cost Airline based in Dallas Texas, with its largest focus city at Las Vegas ' McCarran  With the introduction of flights to Canada and Mexico, the official name of the airport was changed to Birmingham International Airport on October 20, 1993
By the early 2000s, Birmingham had constructed a new 211 feet tall control tower and completed significant improvements to the air cargo areas. In 2006, Birmingham International Airport celebrated its 75th year of serving the central Alabama region. In July 2007, a 2,000 foot runway expansion to runway 6/24 was completed and dedicated in a ribbon-cutting ceremony. Now at 12,002 feet in length, runway 6/24 will now provide enough runway length for a fully-loaded and fueled Boeing 747 to land or takeoff in Birmingham. 
No fatal Part 121 (Air Carrier) accidents have occurred at or in the vicinity of Birmingham International Airport since no later than 1962. Two Part 135 (Air Taxi & Commuter) accidents have occurred since 1962 which resulted in fatalities. The most significant accident was the crash of L’Express Airlines Flight 508 on July 10, 1991 with the loss of 13 lives. On July 10 1991 a L'Express Airlines Beech C99 (Registration N7217L flying as Flight 508 originating in New Orleans, and in transit from Mobile Events 48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. Eight fatal General Aviation accidents have occurred at or in the vicinity of Birmingham International Airport since 1962, including a flight line ground accident
A Delta Air Lines MD-88 taxis past the two United States Air National Guard 117th Air Refueling Wing hangers, a 117th KC-135, and the airport fire station at Birmingham International Airport. The Alabama International Airport Authority was a commission designated with the task of developing a proposal for a new international airport within the state in the 1990s tags they are used to transclude this state's "Commercial Service - Primary" airports in the List of During World War II, the United States Army Air Force (USAAF established numerous airfields in Alabama for antisubmarine defense in the Gulf of Mexico Delta Air Lines Inc ( is a United States Airline based and headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.
The main entrance to Birmingham International Airport.
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