The Battle of Cedar Creek, or The Battle of Belle Grove, October 19, 1864, was one of the final, and most decisive, battles in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 during the American Civil War. Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Year 1864 ( MDCCCLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Frederick County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia. Shenandoah County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state Warren County is a county located in the United States Commonwealth of Virginia. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the During the American Civil War, the Union was a name used to refer to the federal government of the United States, which was supported by the twenty-three The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 Horatio Gouverneur Wright ( March 6, 1820 &ndash July 2, 1899) was an engineer and general in the Union Army during the American Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6 1831 &ndash August 5 1888 was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War Jubal Anderson Early ( November 3 1816 &ndash March 2 1894) was a Lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Year 1864 ( MDCCCLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year The Valley Campaigns of 1864 were American Civil War operations and battles that took place in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia from May to October 1864 Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South
Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early had withdrawn "up the Valley" (southwest into the higher elevations of the Shenandoah Valley) under pressure from Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan and his Army of the Shenandoah. The War Department was established by the Confederate Congress in an act on February 21, 1861. This article is about a United States military rank For other countries that use a similar rank see Lieutenant General. Jubal Anderson Early ( November 3 1816 &ndash March 2 1894) was a Lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil The Shenandoah Valley region of western Virginia and West Virginia is bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and the Appalachian The Union Army was the army that fought for the Union during the American Civil War. Major General or Major-General is a Military rank used in many countries Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6 1831 &ndash August 5 1888 was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War Sheridan's army was engaged in destroying the economic base of the Valley, meant to deprive Robert E. Lee's army of the supplies they required. Robert Edward Lee (January 19 1807 &ndash October 12 1870 was a career United States Army officer, an Engineer, and among the most celebrated They were encamped at Cedar Creek, in parts of Frederick, Shenandoah, and Warren Counties of Virginia. Frederick County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia. Shenandoah County is a county located in the US state &mdash officially " Commonwealth " &mdash of Virginia. Warren County is a county located in the United States Commonwealth of Virginia. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state
Sheridan ordered the VI Corps, under Horatio G. Wright, to return to the Petersburg siege lines, assuming that Early had no aggressive moves left to him after more than a month of battling. The VI Corps ( Sixth Army Corps) was a Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. Horatio Gouverneur Wright ( March 6, 1820 &ndash July 2, 1899) was an engineer and general in the Union Army during the American The Richmond-Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865 However, after a reconnaissance in force by Early turned into a division-sized skirmish between the armies, Sheridan recalled Wright. A division is a large Military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to thirty thousand soldiers He sent two divisions of cavalry off to raid the Virginia Central Railroad, but Early planted rumors that Lt. Virginia Central Railroad was chartered as the Louisa Railroad in 1836 by the Virginia Board of Public Works and had its name changed to Virginia Central Gen. James Longstreet's corps might join him from Petersburg, and Sheridan brought all of his forces back to the camps along Cedar Creek. James Longstreet (January 8 1821 &ndash January 2 1904 was one of the foremost Confederate Generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate
The pugnacious Early had some aggression left in him and he had Lee's exhortations to take action guiding him. (In a letter of October 12, 1864, Lee told Early, "You had better move against him and endeavor to crush him. Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. Year 1864 ( MDCCCLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year . . . I do not think Sheridan's infantry or cavalry numerically as large as you suppose. ") Early examined the Union position behind Cedar Creek and found an opening. Expecting an attack across the open valley floor to the west, the Union left relied on natural obstacles for cover. Early planned to get his men across the creek and attack the Union left, rolling up the line and defeating each part in detail. His choice was either to attack or retire to replenish his dwindling supplies. Early chose boldness and planned an assault on superior forces, using surprise to his advantage.
Early deployed his men in three columns in an audacious night march, lighted only by the moon. Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's division started at 8:00 p. John Brown Gordon ( February 6, 1832 January 9, 1904) was one of Robert E m. and followed a "pig's path" along the base of Massanutten Mountain and across the river. Just before sunrise, operating under a cover of dense fog, Gordon struck. The surprise was complete, and the first Union corps (Maj. Gen. George Crook's VIII) fought momentarily, then broke. George Crook ( September 8, 1828 &ndash March 21, 1890) was a career United States Army officer most noted for his distinguished The VIII Corps was a Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. Hundreds of prisoners were taken, many of them still in their bedclothes.
The XIX Corps under Maj. XIX Corps was a Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. Gen. William Emory was next to be hit, by Gordon and the division of Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw, who joined the attack from the west, and Emory's soldiers broke, too. Joseph Brevard Kershaw ( January 5, 1822 &ndash April 13, 1894) was a lawyer judge and a Confederate general in the American The Confederate assault moved so swiftly that they had little time to prepare. Retreating soldiers from Emory's corps caused confusion and damaged the morale of the defenders. And since their hasty battle line faced south rather than west, Confederate guns across the creek were able to shell the open Union flank.
Wright's VI Corps, last in the line, fought a strong defensive battle, withdrawing slowly under heavy pressure. He attempted to advance his lines southward to meet Early's initial assault, but the attack moved too quickly for him to get them moving. Early did not keep up his pressure, however, so pleased was he with his victory, including the capture of over a thousand prisoners and eighteen guns. He mistakenly assumed that Wright would retreat from the battlefield. He told Gordon, "This is glory enough for one day. " The Union troops had withdrawn past Middletown. His failure to pursue them is considered his fatal mistake in the battle and caused lasting enmity between him and Gordon.
Sheridan was away at Winchester, Virginia, at the time the battle started. Winchester is an independent city located in the state of Virginia. Hearing the distant sounds of artillery, he rode aggressively to his command. (A famous poem, Sheridan's Ride, was written by Thomas Buchanan Read to commemorate this event. ) He reached the battlefield about 10:30 a. m. and began to rally his men. Fortunately for Sheridan, Early's men were too occupied to take notice; they were hungry and exhausted and fell out of their ranks to pillage the Union camps.
General Sheridan wrote in his official report an account of the famous ride:
[I] was unconscious of the true condition of affairs until about 9 o'clock, when having ridden through the town of Winchester, the sound of the artillery made a battle unmistakable, and on reaching Mill Creek, half a mile south of Winchester, the head of the fugitives appeared in sight, trains and men coming to the rear with appalling rapidity. I immediately gave directions to halt and park the trains at Mill Creek, and ordered the brigade at Winchester to stretch across the country and stop all stragglers. Taking twenty men from my escort, I pushed on to the front, leaving the balance under General Forsyth and Colonels Thom and Alexander to do what they could in stemming the torrent of fugitives. I am happy to say that hundreds of the men, when of reflection found they had not done themselves justice, came back with cheers. . . . still none behaved more gallantly or exhibited greater courage than those who returned from the rear determined to reoccupy their lost camp. . . .
– Philip H. Sheridan, Report of Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, U. S. Army, commanding Middle Military Division, including operations August 4, 1864 – February 27, 1865: The War of the Rebellion, Vol. Events 70 - The Destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans. Year 1864 ( MDCCCLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Events 1560 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation Year 1865 ( MDCCCLXV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year 43, Part I, pages 52–54.
At 3:00 p. m. Early resumed his offensive with a minor attack that might have succeeded in the morning, but was easily repulsed. At 4:00 p. m. , Emory's corps counterattacked. Early's three divisions were stretched out on a line about three miles long, with the flanks unprotected. Emory was reinforced by George A. Custer's cavalry division, which exploited the open left flank and broke the Confederate line. Other cavalry units destroyed a bridge in the Confederate rear, cutting off their escape route. Many of the veteran Southern troops surrendered, certain they could not fight their way out of the debacle. The Union took hundreds of prisoners, 43 guns (18 of which were their own guns from the morning), and supplies that the Confederacy could not replace.
The battle resulted in a crushing defeat for the Confederacy. They were never again able to threaten Washington, D. C. , through the Shenandoah Valley, nor protect the economic base in the Valley. The reelection of Abraham Lincoln was materially aided by this victory and Phil Sheridan received lasting fame. Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal Jubal Early's command was effectively ended and his surviving units returned to assist Robert E. Lee in Petersburg that December. Robert Edward Lee (January 19 1807 &ndash October 12 1870 was a career United States Army officer, an Engineer, and among the most celebrated The Richmond-Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865
Future U.S. Senator Henry A. du Pont was awarded the Medal of Honor for his handling of an early retreat at Cedar Creek, contributing to Sheridan's ultimate victory. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Henry Algernon du Pont (30 July 1838 &ndash 31 December 1926 known as "Colonel Henry" was an American Soldier and Politician from Winterthur The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government.
The participation of the Vermont Brigade in the battle (more Vermonters took part in this battle than any other in the war) is commemorated by a large wall-sized painting in the Cedar Creek Room on the second floor of the Vermont State House in Montpelier. The First Vermont Brigade, or "Old Brigade" was an Infantry Brigade in the Union Army of the Potomac during the American The Vermont State House, located in Montpelier Vermont, is the capitol and seat of Vermont General Assembly. Montpelier (mɒntˈpiːljɚ is a city in the US state of Vermont that serves as the state Capital and In 1997, proposed highway construction threatened a ridge where the 8th Vermont Regiment, commanded by Stephen Thomas, lost nearly two-thirds of its men in a heroic early morning stand. The proposal prompted the Vermont State Legislature to adopt a resolution asking Virginia to prevent building on the ridge. The Vermont General Assembly is the legislative body of the U