|Country of origin||Japan|
|Creator||Unknown, sometimes credited to Hayashizaki Jinsuke|
Battōjutsu (抜刀術?) is a Japanese term meaning techniques for drawing a sword. A weapon is a Tool used either in Hunting, or attack or defence in Combat for the purpose of subduing enemy personnel or to destroy enemy weapons For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. is the Japanese martial art specializing in the use of the Japanese Sword ( Katana) is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities It is often used interchangeably with the terms iaijutsu, battōdō, or iaidō, although each term does have nuances in the Japanese language and different schools of Japanese martial arts may use them to differentiate between techniques (e. often translated roughly as the "art of mental presence and immediate reaction" is the Japanese martial art of drawing the sword is a Japanese martial art associated with the smooth controlled movements of drawing the Sword from its Scabbard, striking or cutting an opponent removing blood Japanese martial arts refers to the enormous variety of Martial arts native to Japan. g. standing or sitting techniques). The emphasis of training in battōjutsu is on cutting with the sword. All terms are somewhat more specific than kenjutsu or kendō which more broadly means simply sword techniques, and is often used to refer to techniques where the sword is already out of the saya. is the Japanese martial art specializing in the use of the Japanese Sword ( Katana) or " way of the sword " is the Japanese and South Korean martial art of sword-fighting is the Japanese term for a Scabbard, and specifically refers to the scabbard for a sword or knife
The emphasis of training in iaidō is on quickly and correctly drawing the sword, striking, and returning the sword to its saya (scabbard/sheath). Battōjutsu usually incorporate multiple cuts after drawing the sword. Often the focus in any form of iaidō is on cutting with the draw (i. e. cutting from the saya, rather than first drawing the sword and then engaging an enemy as a separate action. Also called "Battokiri" translated as "cutting draw"). Consequently, battōjutsu students may also practice cutting techniques on real objects (on soaked straw mats), while iaidō students rarely do.
Karl Friday in his book, Legacies of the Sword, discusses the historical usage of various terms in Japanese to describe sword arts. Suffice it to say, that while in English many people may dispute the use of -dō or -jutsu or else ascribe specific differences to the terms battō or iai, these differences are not nearly as clear in the original language and the words are often used interchangeably. In general however, -dō refers to the way of. . . , usually including mental and spiritual practices, whereas -jutsu refers to the art of. . . , specifically the actual forms and techniques of the style.
The origins of drawing the sword from the sheath and cutting on the draw are murky. Although various martial traditions in Japan have legendary founders going back many years, much credit is given to Hayashizaki Jinsuke. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. He is now enshrined at the Hayashizaki Jinja, a shrine in the Tōhoku region of Japan seen by many modern practitioners as the chief shrine for iai. The is a geographical area of Japan. Tōhoku is Japanese for "northeast" and the Tōhoku region occupies the northeastern portion of Honshū is a Japanese martial art associated with the smooth controlled movements of drawing the Sword from its Scabbard, striking or cutting an opponent removing blood The concept of battōjutsu may have existed before this time, but it is unclear who was the first person to actually use the term.
Ryūha, or Japanese martial traditions, which teach battōjutsu are relatively uncommon in Japan, and less common in America and other countries. A Ryū (流 literally "flow" with the derived meaning of "mainstream" or ryūha (流派 literally "mainstream school (of thought" The United States of America —commonly referred to as the This is in contrast to the relatively high degree of availability of open hand training, such as karate and aikido. ( or is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands from indigenous fighting methods and Chinese Kenpō. is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies philosophy and religious beliefs Here is a partial list of ryūha which include what could be called battōjutsu in the broad sense of drawing and cutting from the saya, although some of them more often use the terms iaidō, iaijutsu, or battōdō.
Listed in the Bugei Ryuha Daijiten (武芸流派大辞典, the Encyclopedia of Martial Arts Traditions) as koryū, or arts developed before the Meiji era. The or "Encyclopedia of Martial art schools", originally Bugei Ryuha Jiten (武芸流派辞典 is a catalog of Koryū Bujutsu (old schools The, or Meiji era, denotes the 45-year reign of the Meiji Emperor, running in the Gregorian calendar, from 23 October 1868 to 30 July
Listed in the Bugei Ryuha Daijiten as arts developed after the beginning of the Meiji era.