|Directed by||Tim Burton|
|Produced by||Tim Burton|
Denise Di Novi
Larry J. Franco
Bill Finger (Uncredited)
Daniel Waters (Story/Script)
Sam Hamm (Story)
Wesley Strick (Script)
|Music by||Danny Elfman|
|Editing by||Chris Lebenzon|
|Distributed by||Warner Brothers|
|Release date(s)|| June 19, 1992|
July 10, 1992
|Running time||126 minutes|
|Followed by||Batman Forever|
Batman Returns is a 1992 fantasy film based on the Batman character created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane. Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Denise Di Novi (born 1956 is an American Film producer. Early life Her father Gene Di Novi is a musician who has worked with Doris Day, Lena Benjamin Melniker is an American Film producer. He's primarily known on his work for the Batman film series and frequently works with Michael Uslan. Michael E Uslan is the originator of the Batman movies and was the first professor to teach "Comic Book Folklore" Larry J Franco is an American Film producer. He has also served as a Second Unit Director or Assistant Director William "Bill" Finger ( February 8, 1914 &ndash January 18, 1974) was an American Comic strip and Comic Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn, October 24, 1915 &ndash November 3, 1998) was an American Comic book artist Daniel Waters (born November 30, 1962 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American Screenwriter and Film director. Sam Hamm (born November 19, 1955) is an American Screenwriter, perhaps best known for writing the screenplays for the Tim Burton Wesley Strick (born February 11, 1954 in New York, New York) is an American screenwriter who has written such films as the comic-horror Michael John Douglas (born September 9 1951 better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American Actor, known for his early comedic roles in Daniel Michael DeVito Jr (born November 17 1944 is an American Actor, director and producer, who first gained prominence for his portrayal Michelle Marie Pfeiffer ( IPA: /mɪˈʃɛl ˈfаɪfɜr/ born April 29 1958 is an American Actress. Christopher Walken (born March 31 1943 is an American Film and Theatre Actor. Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Chris Lebenzon (born October 29 1953) is an American Film editor with more than 36 film credits dating from 1976 Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. The year 1992 in film involved many significant films (For more about films in foreign languages check sources in those languages Events 48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia. The year 1992 in film involved many significant films (For more about films in foreign languages check sources in those languages The United States of America —commonly referred to as the English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Batman is a 1989 Superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. See also Batman Forever (score, Batman Forever (soundtrack, Batman Forever (video game, Batman Forever The Arcade Game Batman The year 1992 in film involved many significant films (For more about films in foreign languages check sources in those languages Fantasy films are films with fantastic themes usually involving magic, Supernatural events make-believe creatures or exotic Fantasy worlds Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a fictional Comic book Superhero co-created William "Bill" Finger ( February 8, 1914 &ndash January 18, 1974) was an American Comic strip and Comic Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn, October 24, 1915 &ndash November 3, 1998) was an American Comic book artist Tim Burton directed the film, which has Michael Keaton reprising the role of Batman, as well as Danny DeVito, Michelle Pfeiffer and Christopher Walken. Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Michael John Douglas (born September 9 1951 better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American Actor, known for his early comedic roles in Daniel Michael DeVito Jr (born November 17 1944 is an American Actor, director and producer, who first gained prominence for his portrayal Michelle Marie Pfeiffer ( IPA: /mɪˈʃɛl ˈfаɪfɜr/ born April 29 1958 is an American Actress. Christopher Walken (born March 31 1943 is an American Film and Theatre Actor. The film's plot primarily concerns Bruce Wayne/Batman struggling to maintain order in Gotham City after the appearance of the villainous Penguin (DeVito) and the mysterious, equally deadly Catwoman (Pfeiffer). Gotham City is a Fictional City appearing in DC Comics, and is best known as the home of Batman. The Penguin ( Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot) a DC Comics Supervillain, was introduced by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger Catwoman is a Fictional character associated with DC Comics ' Batman franchise.
Burton originally did not want to return for a second installment due to his mixed emotions from the original film. Batman is a 1989 Superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. After being impressed with a script by Daniel Waters, he thought otherwise. Daniel Waters (born November 30, 1962 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American Screenwriter and Film director. Wesley Strick would later be brought on for an uncredited rewrite, deleting characterizations of Robin and Harvey Dent. Wesley Strick (born February 11, 1954 in New York, New York) is an American screenwriter who has written such films as the comic-horror This article is about the DC comics villain For the Nigerian musician see 2face Idibia. The film was entirely shot at Warner Brothers studios in Burbank, California (the first film was shot at Pinewood Studios in England), with Danny Elfman returning to compose the film score, citing it as a stressful experience, but still overly positive. Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County California, United States. Pinewood Studios is a major British Film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Batman Returns was both a commercial and critical success, but did spawn controversies (being seen as "too dark" for younger children). Comic book veterans would express mixed thoughts and reviews. The film would also receive nominations at the Academy Awards, MTV Movie Awards and the Razzie Awards. "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. The MTV Movie Awards is a film awards show presented annually on MTV ( Music Television)
Around Christmas time in Gotham City, the aristocratic Cobblepots give birth to a baby boy. Gotham City is a Fictional City appearing in DC Comics, and is best known as the home of Batman. Due to him being deformed, they lock him in a box, where he shows his first sign of homicidal tendencies when he kills the family cat. They drop their deformed infant baby in the sewers, abandoning him because of his ridiculed look.
Thirty-three years later, it is Christmas time again as the city is being run by Mayor Hamilton Hill, who deals with the ambitious but ruthless business tycoon, Max Shreck. Gotham comes under attack by the "Red Triangle Circus Gang" in a recent ceremony, although the heist is disrupted by the crime-fighting Batman. Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a fictional Comic book Superhero co-created Shreck's timid secretary, Selina Kyle, is caught in the fray, but is soon saved by Batman, after which she steals a stun gun from one of the gang members. Catwoman is a Fictional character associated with DC Comics ' Batman franchise. Shreck is kidnapped by the Red Triangles and is brought to their leader, a short, deformed man known as "The Penguin. The Penguin ( Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot) a DC Comics Supervillain, was introduced by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger " Penguin blackmails Shreck with incriminating evidence of his more dubious activities, prompting Shreck to agree to help Penguin run for Mayor of Gotham.
Shreck arranges for the Penguin to "rescue" the mayor's infant child from his own gang members. The plan works, and Penguin becomes a hero to all except a suspicious Bruce Wayne (Batman's alter ego). After finding out his original birthname of Oswald Cobblepot, Penguin eventually wins the approval of citizens of Gotham and intends to run for Mayor. Shreck, however, is soon troubled by Selina's discovery of a dark secret behind his new power plant. Shreck tries to murder her by pushing her out of a skyscraper, but Selina miraculously survives the attempt, and is revived on the ground by a group of cats. WikipediaManual of Style (spelling, articles should conform to one overall spelling style of English typically the one most linked to the article topic (if it is geographic However, the incident leaves Selina mentally unstable and she develops multiple personality syndrome. Dazed, Selina goes back to her apartment, shakily going through the motions of her old personality. However, upon hearing an answering phone advert from her old employees (the words "Exclusively at Shreck's Department Stores" are the trigger), she goes berserk. She destroys her apartment and then crafts a homemade black vinyl costume disguise, becoming a vigilante figure named "Catwoman. Catwoman is a Fictional character associated with DC Comics ' Batman franchise. " Carrying a whip as her weapon of defense, she detroys Shreck's department store and battles with Batman on a rooftop, losing the second of her nine lives in the process. As a more assertive Selina, she then forms a romantic relationship with Bruce Wayne (each unaware of the other's alter-ego), while as Catwoman she allies herself with Penguin in order to get back at Batman for trying to kill her.
When the subsequent plan is put into action, Batman is framed for kidnapping and murder and finds himself trapped in the Batmobile under Penguin's control. The Batmobile is the fictional personal Automobile of Comic book Superhero Batman. Catwoman and Penguin's alliance falls apart when she rebuffs a sexual advance from him, and Penguin tries to kill Catwoman himself. However, she once again miraculously survives the attempt, counting as her third of nine lives. The Penguin's campaign to oust the current mayor is quickly destroyed when Bruce Wayne plays selected comments he made insulting the people of Gotham while controlling the Batmobile at one of Penguin's speeches. The people of Gotham get angry, forcing Penguin to defend himself with his gun umbrella. The police chase after him, but Penguin flees into the sewers, and reveals his original plan: to kidnap and kill the firstborn sons of Gotham's most prominent families in revenge (comparable to King Herod in the Bible). Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin
Bruce meets Selina at a ball hosted by Shreck, where she reveals to him her intentions to kill Shreck. While dancing, the two subsequently discover the other's secret identity, but before they can leave to discuss this development, Penguin storms the hall and tries to take Max's beloved son, Chip. Max successfully pleads with Penguin to take him instead. Batman attacks Penguin's Red Triangle Circus goons and puts a stop to the kidnappings. Penguin then dispatches an army of rocket-armed Penguins to bomb all of Gotham. Batman manages to jam the birds' control signals and turn them around so that they attack Penguin's base instead, apparently killing the Penguin and what is left of his gang inside.
Batman then discovers that Catwoman intends to kill Shreck inside Penguin's base. Shreck tries to bribe Batman, but Batman simply ignores him, and tries to talk Catwoman out of her planned murder. Bribery, a form of pecuniary corruption is an act usually implying money or gift given that alters the behaviour of the recipient in ways not consistent with the duties of that person He promises they could live happily together, but Catwoman refuses to listen, and scratches him on the cheek with her claws. During this argument, Shreck draws a gun he took from a Red Triangle clown and fires it at Batman. A gun is a particular Weapon that propels Projectiles The projectile is generally fired through a hollow tube known as the gun's barrel. Catwoman then starts to approach Shreck, who shoots her four times, knocking off four more lives, leaving Catwoman alive but wounded. Catwoman then exacts her revenge of Shreck by inserting the stolen stun gun into her mouth, activating the spark, and pressing her lips to Shreck's, while also ripping a cable out of Penguin's electrical generator with her free hand, sending the electricity everywhere. A huge explosion follows, and as the smoke clears away, Batman finds the charred corpse of Shreck. However, Selina/Catwoman is nowhere to be found. So preoccupied with finding her, he doesn't notice a gravely injured Penguin emerging from the water, ready to kill him. Ultimately though, he collapses from his wounds and dies, and four large Emperor Penguins emerge from the shadows and pull his body back into the water which becomes his grave. The Emperor Penguin ( Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living Penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica.
Some time later, Bruce is driving around the city at night with his butler Alfred, when he thinks he sees Selina's shadow on a wall. Alfred stops the car and Bruce searches for Selina in vain. He does find a stray cat, however, which he takes with him and leaves. The camera then pans up to the top of the city, amidst the sky scrapers. As the Bat-Signal lights up the night sky, we see the back of a dark shadowy figure that looks exactly like the presumed-dead Catwoman. The Bat-Signal is a Fictional Distress signal device appearing in the various interpretations of the Batman mythos
A post-credits scene, omitted from most versions, shows Commissioner Gordon and Mayor Hill standing by the lit Bat-Signal, quite a while after they turned it on. A post-credits scene (also called a stinger, tag, or coda) is a short clip that appears after some or all of the Closing credits of a Film Hill begins to wonder whether or not Batman has forgiven them for pursuing him for the Penguin's crimes, but just before they can turn the signal off, Batman appears before them.
Keaton was not signed for a second installment and only returned after a significant raise in his salary.  DeVito was the first and only choice for the Penguin, and writer Daniel Waters claimed he wrote the character with DeVito in mind. Daniel Waters (born November 30, 1962 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American Screenwriter and Film director.  According to producer Denise Di Novi, every single actress in Hollywood between the ages of 25 and 42 desperately wanted the role of Catwoman. Denise Di Novi (born 1956 is an American Film producer. Early life Her father Gene Di Novi is a musician who has worked with Doris Day, Lena  Among them included Raquel Welch, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Lena Olin, Ellen Barkin, Cher, Bridget Fonda and Susan Sarandon. Raquel Welch (born September 5 1940 is a Golden Globe -winning American actor who achieved fame as a Hollywood sex symbol during the 1960s Jennifer Jason Leigh (born February 5, 1962) is a Golden Globe -nominated and two-time NYFCC Award -winning American Actress Lena Maria Jonna Olin (born March 22, 1955) is an Academy Award -nominated Swedish actress Ellen Rona Barkin (born April 16, 1954) is an Emmy Award -winning and Golden Globe Award -nominated American Actress. Cher ( IPA: /ʃɛr/ born Cherilyn Sarkisian, May 20 1946 Bridget Jane Fonda (born January 27, 1964) is an Emmy - and Golden Globe Award -nominated American actress. Susan Sarandon (born Susan Abigail Tomalin; October 4 1946 is an American Actress.  Annette Bening was originally cast in the role after Burton was impressed with her performance in The Grifters. Annette Francine Bening (born May 29, 1958) is an Academy Award -nominated and Golden Globe - BAFTA - and Screen Actors Guild This article discusses the movie The Grifters. See Grifters for information about the rock band from Tennessee She would eventually drop out during pre-production upon finding out she was pregnant with Warren Beatty's child. Warren Beatty (born Henry Warren Beaty; March 30 1937 is an American Academy Award - and Golden Globe -winning Actor, producer  Burton felt that Pfeiffer "was the one and only other obvious choice for the role. " However, Sean Young, who was originally cast as Vicki Vale in the first film before she became injured, believed the role should have gone to her. Sean Young (born November 20, 1959) is an American actress. Early life Young was born as Mary Sean Young in Victoria "Vicki" Vale is a Fictional character that appears in Comic books published by DC Comics. Batman is a 1989 Superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. She often visited the Warner Brothers offices and studio often dressed up in a homemade costume demanding an audition. Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and She then visited The Joan Rivers Show dressed in the outfit stating that the situation was "unfair Hollywood. " Pfeiffer joined the film with a signing fee of $3 million ($2 million more than Bening's original salary), and also taking a percentage of the box office gross, while taking kickboxing lessons. 
|"I think I probably got a little carried away. We tried to give The Penguin a foundation and a psychological profile. The Penguin ( Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot) a DC Comics Supervillain, was introduced by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger I liked the fact that some people couldn't decide whether or not Catwoman was bad. Catwoman is a Fictional character associated with DC Comics ' Batman franchise. She never was bad. When they were bad on the TV series they were never really bad. Batman is a 1960s American Television series, based on the DC Comic book character of the same name. That's the thing, I never saw any of them as bad, and I never believe it when they say people are bad. "|
|— Tim Burton on the villains of Batman Returns|
Although a sequel was an obvious move, Tim Burton had not been signed up in advance and after the release of hugely successful Batman (1989), Burton publicly described a second installment as "a most dumbfounded idea. Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Timothy "Tim" William Burton (born August 25 1958 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and Set designer, notable for the quirky Batman is a 1989 Superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. " On the first film, Burton quoted, "There's parts I liked, but it was a little boring at times. Often with sequels, they're like the same movie except everything gets jacked up a little. I didn't feel I could do that; I wanted to treat this like it was another Batman movie altogether. "
Sam Hamm, who wrote the first film, wrote a first draft that had the Penguin and Catwoman going after hidden treasure. Sam Hamm (born November 19, 1955) is an American Screenwriter, perhaps best known for writing the screenplays for the Tim Burton The Penguin ( Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot) a DC Comics Supervillain, was introduced by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger Catwoman is a Fictional character associated with DC Comics ' Batman franchise.  Hamm also originally had Harvey Dent becoming Two-Face in his drafts of the script. This article is about the DC comics villain For the Nigerian musician see 2face Idibia. Waters claimed he "flirted with it," although it was only to be a very small subplot. Dent was deleted as Burton didn't want the film to have connections with the previous Batman film.  Burton briefly spoke of the situation as well, thinking of the idea to be interesting of using Williams as Two-Face for a possible third Batman installment before giving the directing reins to Joel Schumacher. Joel Schumacher (born August 29, 1939 in New York City) is an American Film director, Screenwriter and producer 
Hamm's draft was considered disappointing, so Burton brought in Daniel Waters. Daniel Waters (born November 30, 1962 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American Screenwriter and Film director.  Burton was impressed with his work on Heathers, and originally brought him in for writing a sequel to Beetlejuice. Heathers is a 1989 Black comedy film starring Winona Ryder, Christian Slater, and Shannen Doherty. Beetlejuice is a 1988 comedy horror film directed by Tim Burton. A year later, however, Burton felt him to be perfect as Hamm's replacement.  It was at this time that Warner Brothers decided to give Burton full creative control.  Burton was excited with Waters' new pitch that had an evil mogul (Max Shreck, whose name is a reference to the actor of the same name, who portrayed Count Orlok in Nosferatu) backing a bid for the Mayor's office by The Penguin. Maximilian "Max" Schreck ( September 6, 1879 &ndash February 20, 1936) was a German Actor. Profile In Nosferatu, Count Orlok is a Vampire who poses as a nobleman from the Carpathian Mountains who moves to the fictional city of Nosferatu A Symphony of Horror is a German Expressionist film by F  Waters claimed that Hamm wrote a "old-fashioned, almost like a Hardy Boys action adventure". The Hardy Boys is a Juvenile detective/adventure series chronicling the Fictional adventures of Teenage brothers Frank and On Hamm's original characterization of Catwoman, Waters stated that "[he] went back to the comic book and the way comic books in general treat women, like a fetish[y] sexual fantasy. " Waters felt that he needed to see the film through her point of view. He reinvented her as a secretary, feeling that she should "start off just at the lowest point in society". 
The studio desperately wanted Robin to appear in the film. Robin (also referred to as The Boy Wonder) is the name of several Fictional characters appearing in Comic books published by DC Comics, originally He was originally supposed to appear in the original film, though Burton and Hamm convinced Warner Brothers otherwise. Waters found writing the character very hard, because "Tim and I personally hate him, he's just the most worthless character in the world, especially with Tim's conception of Batman as the loner of loners. " Waters had visioned Robin as the leader of a street gang, though before he was written as an African American, to which he forms a "hard-edged" relationship with Batman. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa  Waters and Burton argued that there were too many characters in the script and then visioned another version of the character. He was then written as an intelligent African-American working in an autoshop garage. He was to supposedly fix the Batmobile after Penguin wrecks it. The Batmobile is the fictional personal Automobile of Comic book Superhero Batman. Waters quoted that the costume was to be "an old-fashioned garage mechanic uniform and it just has an 'R' on it. " There was also to be a scene where he drives the Batmobile in the same manner he does in Batman Forever, which Waters feels, "they [the writers of Batman Forever] ripped me off! They didn't even give me free popcorn for that!" Marlon Wayans was cast in the role and was even paid with a contract of two films. See also Batman Forever (score, Batman Forever (soundtrack, Batman Forever (video game, Batman Forever The Arcade Game Batman Marlon L Wayans (born July 23, 1972) is an American Actor, producer, Comedian, writer, and director He was initially cast in the role for Batman Forever but Wayans later said, "They decided they wanted somebody white," which would turn out to be Chris O'Donnell. White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. Christopher Eugene O'Donnell (born June 26 1970 is a Golden Globe -nominated American Actor, perhaps best known for playing Robin in the Wayans was paid for both films without having to do any acting. 
Wesley Strick was solely brought in to come up with a solution with "Penguin's lack of a master plan". Wesley Strick (born February 11, 1954 in New York, New York) is an American screenwriter who has written such films as the comic-horror The writer claimed he was presented with "the usual boring ideas to do with warming the city, or freezing the city" (the latter ended up in Batman & Robin). " Batman & Robin " is a 1997 film from the Batman film series starring George Clooney as Batman, Chris O'Donnell returning Strick pitched an alternative approach, inspired by the Moses parallels of Walter's prologue, in which the infant Oswald Cobblepot is bundled in a basket and thrown in the river where he floats helplessly until he's saved (and subsequently raised) by Gotham's sewer denizens. Moses ( Latin: Moyses,; Greek: grc Mωυσής in both the Septuagint and the New Testament; Arabic: ar موسىٰ He came up with Penguin's "master plan" to kill the firstborn sons of Gotham City. Both the studio and Burton were impressed with the idea, though Strick claims the toy manufacturers were worried. Strick went uncredited for his work.  Strick also deleted the idea of Schreck turning out to be the Penguin's brother. 
Although Warner Brothers had, at great expense, kept Anton Furst's sets of Gotham City in Batman at Pinewood Studios, Burton felt the sequel should have a completely different production design and instead went to the studio's lot in Burbank. Anton Furst (born Anthony Francis Furst ( May 6, 1944 – November 24, 1991) was a distinguished Production designer who won an Gotham City is a Fictional City appearing in DC Comics, and is best known as the home of Batman. Batman is a 1989 Superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. Pinewood Studios is a major British Film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County California, United States.  He said, "They could have brought somebody else in for the sequel, and had the same sets, and shot in London, but I couldn't do that because I'd have lost interest. I wanted to treat it like it was another movie altogether, there's no point in doing the exact same thing again. " Furst, who was the production designer of the first film, was offered to once again take the opportunity, though was forced to decline due to "contractual reasons". Burton hired Bo Welch, whom he previously worked with on Beetlejuice and Edward Scissorhands. Robert W "Bo" Welch III (born November 30, 1951 in Yardley Pennsylvania) is an American motion picture production designer and director Beetlejuice is a 1988 comedy horror film directed by Tim Burton. Edward Scissorhands is a 1990 American Fantasy film, written by Tim Burton and Caroline Thompson, and directed by Furst committed suicide three months after filming began in September 1991. 
Construction began in early 1991 at two of Hollywood's largest sound-stages, Stage 16 at Warner Brothers and Stage 12 at Universal Pictures. Eight other buildings were used on the Warner Brothers lot, and when filming finished at least fifty percent of the studio's outlets were occupied by the filming of Batman Returns. Stage 16 was used primarily for "Gotham Plaza," which was based on New York's Rockefeller Centre. The City of New York Rockefeller Center is a complex of 19 commercial buildings covering 22 acres between 48th and 51st streets in New York City. The set was covered with foam and polyester fabric stuffing to simulate snowdrifts. Universal's Stage 12 housed the Penguin's underground lair, an enormous tank filled with half-a-million gallons of water and a simulated ice floe island.  To create Penguin's bird army a combination of techniques were utilized including men in suits, computer-generated imagery, robotic creatures and real life penguins. The Penguin ( Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot) a DC Comics Supervillain, was introduced by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger Computer animation Computer-generated imagery (also known as CGI) is the application of the field of Computer graphics or more specifically 3D computer graphics Penguins ( order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic, flightless Birds living almost 
The sets were also kept frozen to simulate the winter time period of the film and for the pleasure of the penguins at stage 12. Filming was to remain very secretive. Picture ID cards were issued to everyone on set, with a code name, "Dictel" (short, Burton insisted, for "Dictatorial"), being stamped on sensitive documents. Art department personnel were advised to keep their office curtains closed at all times and no visitors were allowed near the sets, with even Kevin Costner being refused. Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American Actor, producer and Academy Award -winning director Everyone involved was required to sign a document guaranteeing that they would not specifically hold interviews with news sources. About midway through filming, however, a few test shots of DeVito in costume found their way into an American entertainment magazine. Warner Brothers hired a group of private investigators to track down the source, though the ploy ultimately failed. A private investigator or private detective (often shortened to PI or private eye) is a person who can be hired by individuals or groups to undertake 
Danny Elfman was calm on writing the film score for a sequel, as he "didn't have to prove himself", unlike his work for the first film, where he had to impress producer Jon Peters. Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton For other uses see John Peters. Jon Pagano Peters (born on 2 June 1945 in Van Nuys California to Jack Peters  Elfman claims he would not have been interested if he were "to basically perform the same notes from the original film", and was excited for the idea that Burton wanted to make a completely different film. Elfman compared scoring the music with a combination of, "a usual action film score, mixed with a clashing of an opera, and finally adding the element of silent film-like feel," citing the experience as his hardest work he has ever done in his music career. Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto In addition he compared the action sequences to that of "composing a cartoon in the 1940s".  Despite the stress and the work level, Elfman also found it fun and exhilarating, claiming he took advantage of the opportunity to write an additional 20 minutes of music compared with Batman and composed two new themes for the Penguin and Catwoman. The Penguin ( Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot) a DC Comics Supervillain, was introduced by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger Catwoman is a Fictional character associated with DC Comics ' Batman franchise. In total, Elfman wrote 95 minutes of music for the film, which is twice the amount of the usual guideline. 
Batman Returns opened in the United States on June 19, 1992 and surpassed its predecessor's record for the most successful three-day opening in history, with receipts totaling $47. " Face to Face " is a song recorded by English rock band Siouxsie & the Banshees. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) 7 million; it would eventually gross $266 million worldwide, $145 million less than the original. Even though the film was considered by many to be "too dark," Burton thinks otherwise, feeling that Batman was far darker than Batman Returns. Batman is a 1989 Superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. To this day, he favors Batman Returns between the two. 
Batman Returns is currently the fourth highest grossing Batman film to date (when not adjusted for inflation)  and was also the third highest grossing film of 1992 (behind Aladdin and Home Alone 2: Lost in New York). Aladdin is a 1992 animated feature produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and released by Walt Disney Pictures on November 25 Home Alone 2 Lost in New York is the 1992 sequel to the 1990 Film Home Alone, written and produced by John Hughes  Based on 42 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, Batman Returns received an average 81% overall approval rating; the film received a 57% with the seven critics in Rotten Tomatoes' "Cream of the Crop. Rotten Tomatoes is a Website devoted to reviews information and news of Movies. "
Those who supported the film were largely enthusiastic. Phillip Thomas of Empire was highly effecting stating, "Burton continues to capture the essence of the Batman legend and more importantly his audiences imagination. Empire is a British Film Magazine published Monthly by Bauer Consumer Media. " Peter Travers of Rolling Stone supported the main themes that included the story, characters, and visual citing that "Burton uses the summer's most explosively entertaining movie to lead us back into the liberating darkness of dreams. This is about the film critic For the singing colleague of Mary Travers see Peter Yarrow. Rolling Stone is a United States -based Magazine devoted to Music, Politics, and Popular culture that is published " Todd McCarthy of Variety went further, feeling "Where Burton's ideas end and those of his collaborators begin is impossible to know, but result is a seamless, utterly consistent universe full of nasty notions about societal deterioration, greed and other base impulses. Variety is a weekly entertainment trade newspaper founded in New York in 1905 by Sime Silverman "
Batman Returns, however, was met with negative feedback as well, due to its controversial elements. Roger Ebert commented that it was "odd and sad, but not exhilarating", feeling that it "didn't spring into the free world. Roger Joseph Ebert (iːbɝt born June 18, 1942) is an American film critic and Screenwriter. " Rita Kempley of the Washington Post stated, "like a hyperactive 11-year-old, the director [Burton] seems both uncomfortable with adult emotions and unable to focus on the overall portrait. The Washington Post is the largest and most circulated Newspaper in Washington D " Comic book veteran Matt Wagner felt it was strong on atmosphere but felt Burton was more interested in the villains and that he was a terrible action director. Matt Wagner (born 1961) is an American Comic book Writer and Artist, best known as the creator of two irregular series He openly stated, "Batman Returns is often credited as being a better film [than Batman] but I fucking hated how it made Batman little more than just another costumed creep, little better than the villains he’s pursuing. "
Paul Dini was impressed with the characterization of Bruce Wayne, while other comic book enthusiasts thought otherwise. Paul Dini (born August 7, 1957) is an American Television producer of Animated cartoons. One criticism was that the script lacked any character development for Batman, and instead focused on the villains. In response to this, writer Daniel Waters claimed he originally had an excessive amount of screen time and dialogue for Michael Keaton, though claimed it was personally Keaton's idea to delete objectionable material. Daniel Waters (born November 30, 1962 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American Screenwriter and Film director. Having Batman killing criminals also caused some controversy among comic book fans; they argued that in the comics Batman refrains from killing, fearing he may himself become a criminal. Waters stated "you can't drop bad guys on a spider-web in front of city hall (when referring to Spider-Man). A city hall or town hall is the chief administrative building of a City or Town 's administration and usually houses the city or Spider-Man is a 2002 American Superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character Spider-Man. "
Bruce Timm was impressed with Michelle Pfeiffer's performance while Alex Ross was embarrassed to have liked Christopher Walken in a role that was created specifically for the film. Bruce Walter Timm (born on February 8 1961) is an American Character Designer, Animator Nelson Alexander "Alex" Ross (born January 22, 1970) is an American Comic book painter, Illustrator and Christopher Walken (born March 31 1943 is an American Film and Theatre Actor.  Critics of Tim Burton's work have constantly pointed to what they term his inability to tell a coherent story, and with Batman Returns, he was again accused of sacrificing the narrative for the sake of the visuals, or simply style over substance. Style over substance is a Logical fallacy which occurs when one emphasises the way in which the argument is presented while marginalising (or outright ignoring the In defense Burton stated, "it's just how my brain works. "
Batman Returns was nominated for two Academy Awards, although it won neither. "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. It lost "Best Visual Effects" to Death Becomes Her and "Best Makeup" to Bram Stoker's Dracula. Death Becomes Her is a 1992 dark Comedy film directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Goldie Hawn, Meryl Streep and Bram Stoker's Dracula (aka Dracula) is a 1992 horror - Romance film produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola  Pfeiffer was nominated for "Most Desirable Female" at the MTV Movie Awards, but lost to Sharon Stone in Basic Instinct. MTV ( Music Television) is an American Cable television network based in New York City. Sharon Vonne Stone (born March 10, 1958) is an American Golden Globe - and Emmy -winning Actress, producer, and former Basic Instinct is an American thriller / Neo-noir film directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Joe Eszterhas Both Keaton and Pfeiffer were nominated for "Best Kiss" but lost out to Marisa Tomei and Christian Slater in Untamed Heart. Marisa Tomei (born December 4 1964 is a American Actress of stage and screen. Christian Slater (born August 18, 1969) is an American Actor who has starred in films such as Heathers, Untamed Heart is a 1993 film starring Christian Slater and Marisa Tomei. Danny DeVito would be nominated for "Best Villain" though he ended up losing to Jennifer Jason Leigh in Single White Female. Daniel Michael DeVito Jr (born November 17 1944 is an American Actor, director and producer, who first gained prominence for his portrayal Jennifer Jason Leigh (born February 5, 1962) is a Golden Globe -nominated and two-time NYFCC Award -winning American Actress Single White Female is a 1992 thriller based on John Lutz 's novel SWF Seeks Same.  DeVito was once again nominated for "Worst Supporting Actor" in the Razzie Awards before losing to Tom Selleck in Christopher Columbus: The Discovery. Thomas William Selleck (born January 29 1945 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American Actor, Screenwriter and Christopher Columbus The Discovery a 1992 film directed by James Bond alumnus John Glen, was the last project developed by the father-and-son production