The Azusa Street Revival was a Pentecostal revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J. Seymour, an African American preacher. Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism A revival meeting is a series of Christian religious services held in order to inspire active members of a religious body and to gain new converts Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. William Joseph Seymour ( May 2, 1870 - September 28, 1922) was an African American minister, and an initiator of the African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Preacher is a term the for someone who preaches Sermons or gives homilies It began with a meeting on April 14, 1906 at the African Methodist Episcopal Church and continued until roughly 1915. Events 43 BC - Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar 's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the " AME Church " is a Christian denomination founded by Bishop Richard Allen in Philadelphia The revival was characterized by speaking in tongues, dramatic worship services, and inter-racial mingling. Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. The participants received criticism from secular media and Christian theologians for behaviors considered to be outrageous and unorthodox, especially at the time. A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective Today, the revival is considered by historians to be the primary catalyst for the spread of Pentecostalism in the 20th century. Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism
In 1904, the Welsh Revival took place, during which approximately 100,000 people in Wales converted to Christianity. The Welsh Revival (1904–1905 was the largest full scale Christian Revival of Wales of the 20th century. Religious conversion is the adoption of a new religious identity or a change from one religious identity to another Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings Internationally, Evangelical Christians took this event to be a sign that a fulfillment of the prophecy in the Bible's book of Joel, chapter 2:23–29 was about to take place. Evangelism is the Christian practice of proselytisation. The intention of most evangelism is to effect Eternal salvation to those who do not follow the A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth Bible prophecy, or " biblical prophecy " is the belief in prophecies in the Bible. Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin The Book of Joel is part of the Jewish Tanakh, and also the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Joseph Smale, pastor of the First Baptist Church in Los Angeles, went to Wales personally in order to witness the revival. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West Revival in a Christian context generally refers to a specific period of spiritual renewal in the life of the Church Upon his return to Los Angeles, he attempted to ignite a similar event in his own congregation. His attempts were short-lived, and he eventually left First Baptist Church to found First New Testament Church, where he continued his efforts.  During this time, other small-scale revivals were taking place in Minnesota, North Carolina, and Texas. Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. By 1905, reports of speaking in tongues, supernatural healings, "physical demonstrations of emotion", and significant lifestyle changes accompanied these revivals. Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. As news spread, evangelicals across the United States began to pray for similar revivals in their own congregations. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
In 1905 William J. Seymour, a 34 year old son of former slaves, was a student of well-known pentecostal preacher Charles Parham and an interim pastor for a small holiness church in Houston, Texas. William Joseph Seymour ( May 2, 1870 - September 28, 1922) was an African American minister, and an initiator of the Charles Fox Parham (4 June 1873 - c 29 January 1929 was an American preacher who was instrumental in the formation of Pentecostalism. The Holiness movement in Christianity is composed of people who believe and propagate the belief that the carnal nature of humanity can be cleansed through Faith  Neely Terry, an African American woman who attended a small holiness church pastored by Julia Hutchins in Los Angeles, made a trip to visit family in Houston late in 1905. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West  While in Houston, she visited Seymour's church, where he preached that baptism in the Holy Spirit was accompanied with speaking in tongues, and though he had not experienced this personally, Terry was impressed with his character and message. Once home in California, Terry suggested that Seymour be invited to speak at the local church.  Seymour received and accepted the invitation in February of 1906, and received financial help and a blessing from Parham for his planned one-month visit. 
Seymour arrived in Los Angeles on February 22, 1906, and within two days was preaching at Julia Hutchins' church at the corner of Ninth Street and Santa Fe.  During his first sermon, he preached that speaking in tongues was the first Biblical evidence of the inevitable accompaniment of possession of, or baptism in the Holy Spirit. Spirit possession is a concept of Paranormal, Supernatural and/or Superstitious belief in which spirits, gods, daemons In mainstream Christianity, the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is one of the three entities of the Holy Trinity which make up the single substance  On the following Sunday, March 4, he returned to the church and found that Hutchins had padlocked the door. Padlocks are portable locks used to protect against Theft, Vandalism, Sabotage, Espionage, unauthorized use and harm  Elders of the church rejected Seymour’s teaching, primarily because he had not yet experienced the blessing about which he was preaching.  Condemnation of his message also came from the Holiness Church Association of Southern California with which the church had affiliation. Southern California, or So Cal, is defined as the southern portion of the U  However, not all members of Hutchins' church rejected Seymour's preaching. He was invited to stay in the home of congregation member Edward S. Lee, and he began to hold Bible studies and prayer meetings there. In Christianity, Bible study is the study of the Bible by ordinary people as a personal religious or spiritual practice. A prayer meeting is as its name describes a meeting of people for the purpose of Prayer as a group
Seymour and his small group of new followers soon relocated to the home of Richard and Ruth Asberry, at 214 North Bonnie Brae Street.  White families from local Holiness Churches began to attend as well. White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. The group would get together regularly and pray for the baptism of the Holy Spirit. On April 9, 1906, after five weeks of Seymour's preaching and prayer, and three days into an intended 10-day fast, Edward S. A sermon is an oration by a Prophet or member of the Clergy. Sermons address a Biblical, theological, or religious topic Prayer is the act of attempting to communicate with a Deity or spirit Fasting is primarily the act of willingly abstaining from some or all Food, Drink, or both for a period of time Lee spoke in tongues for the first time.  At the next meeting, Seymour shared Lee's testimony and preached a sermon on Acts 2:4 and soon six others began to speak in tongues as well, including Jennie Moore, who would later become Seymour's wife. "Testify" redirects here For other uses see Testify (disambiguation and Testimony (disambiguation.  A few days later, on April 12, Seymour himself spoke in tongues for the first time, after praying all night long. 
News of the events at North Bonnie Brae St. quickly circulated among the African American, Latino and White residents of the city, and for several nights, various speakers would preach to the crowds of curious and interested onlookers from the front porch of the Asberry home. White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. A sermon is an oration by a Prophet or member of the Clergy. Sermons address a Biblical, theological, or religious topic Members of the audience included people from a broad spectrum of income levels and religious backgrounds. Hutchins eventually spoke in tongues herself as her whole congregation began to attend the meetings. Soon the crowds became very large, and were full of people speaking in tongues, shouting, singing and moaning. Finally, the front porch collapsed, forcing the group to begin looking for a new meeting place.  A resident of the neighborhood described the happenings at 214 North Bonnie Brae with the following words:
|“||They shouted three days and three nights. It was Easter season. The people came from everywhere. By the next morning there was no way of getting near the house. As people came in they would fall under God's power; and the whole city was stirred. They shouted until the foundation of the house gave way, but no one was hurt. ||”|
The group from Bonnie Brae Street eventually discovered an available building at 312 Azusa Street, which had originally been constructed as an African Methodist Episcopal Church in what was then a black ghetto part of town. Black is the Color of objects that do not emit or Reflect Light in any part of the Visible spectrum; they absorb all such frequencies of A ghetto is described as a "portion of a city in which members of a minority group live especially because of social legal or economic pressure  The rent was only $8. 00 a month.  A newspaper referred to the downtown Los Angeles building as a “tumble down shack. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West ” Since the church had moved out, the building had served as a wholesale house, a warehouse, a lumberyard, stockyards, a tombstone shop, and had most recently been used as a stable with rooms for rent upstairs. It was a small, rectangular, flat-roofed building, approx. 60 feet (18. 28m) long and 40 feet (12 m) wide, totaling 4,800 square feet (450 m²), sided with weathered whitewashed clapboards. The only sign that it had once been a house of God was a single gothic-style window over the main entrance. 
Discarded lumber and plaster littered the large, barn-like room on the ground floor.  Nonetheless, it was secured and cleaned in preparation for services. They held their first meeting on April 14, 1906.  Church services were held on the first floor where the benches were placed in a rectangular pattern. Some of the benches were simply planks put on top of empty nail kegs.  There was no elevated platform, as the ceiling was only eight feet high.  Initially there was no pulpit. Frank Bartleman, an early participant in the revival, recalled that “Brother Seymour generally sat behind two empty shoe boxes, one on top of the other. He usually kept his head inside the top one during the meeting, in prayer. There was no pride there. . . . In that old building, with its low rafters and bare floors. . . "
The second floor at the now-named "Apostolic Faith Mission" housed an office and rooms for several residents including Seymour and his new wife, Jennie. It also had a large prayer room to handle the overflow from the altar services below. The prayer room was furnished with chairs and benches made from California Redwood planks, laid end to end on backless chairs. Sequoia sempervirens is the sole living Species of the Genus Sequoia in the cypress family Cupressaceae (formerly 
By mid-May of 1906, anywhere from 300 to 1500 people would attempt to fit into the building. Since horses had very recently been the residents of the building, flies constantly bothered the attendees.  People from a great diversity of backgrounds came together to worship: men, women, children, black, white, Hispanic, Asian, rich, poor, illiterate, and educated. The term black people usually refers to a racial group of Humans with dark Skin color, but the term has also been used to categorise a number of diverse Hispanic (hispano hispánico hispânico Hispānus adjective from ''Hispānia'', the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically Asian or Asiatic is a Demonym for people from Asia. However the use of the term varies by country and person often referring to people from a particular Wealth derives from the old English word "weal" which means "well-being Poverty (also called penury) is deprivation of common necessities that determine the quality of life including food clothing shelter and safe Drinking water, and traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write or the ability to use Language to read, write, listen, Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency  People of all ages flocked to Los Angeles with both skepticism and a desire to participate.  The intermingling of races and the group's encouragement of women in leadership was remarkable, as 1906 was the height of the "Jim Crow" era of racial segregation, and fourteen years prior to women receiving suffrage in the United States. The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws enacted primarily but not exclusively in the Southern and border states of the United States between 1876 and 1965 Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning "voting tablet" and figuratively "right to vote" probably from suffrago "hough" and originally The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
Worship at 312 Azusa Street was frequent, and spontaneous, with services going almost around the clock. Among those attracted to the revival were not only members of the Holiness Movement, but Baptists, Mennonites, Quakers, and Presbyterians. The Holiness movement in Christianity is composed of people who believe and propagate the belief that the carnal nature of humanity can be cleansed through Faith Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496&ndash1561 though his teachings were a relatively Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity  An observer at one of the services wrote these words:
|“||No instruments of music are used. None are needed. No choir- the angels have been heard by some in the spirit. No collections are taken. No bills have been posted to advertise the meetings. No church organization is back of it. All who are in touch with God realize as soon as they enter the meetings that the Holy Ghost is the leader. ||”|
The Los Angeles Times was not so kind in its description:
|“||Meetings are held in a tumble-down shack on Azusa Street, and the devotees of the weird doctrine practice the most fanatical rites, preach the wildest theories and work themselves into a state of mad excitement in their peculiar zeal. The Los Angeles Times (also known as the LA Times) is a daily Newspaper published in Los Angeles California and distributed Colored people and a sprinkling of whites compose the congregation, and night is made hideous in the neighborhood by the howlings of the worshippers, who spend hours swaying forth and back in a nerve racking attitude of prayer and supplication. They claim to have the "gift of tongues" and be able to understand the babel. ||”|
Charles Parham was also sharp in his criticism:
|“||Men and women, white and blacks, knelt together or fell across one another; a white woman, perhaps of wealth and culture, could be seen thrown back in the arms of a big 'buck nigger,' and held tightly thus as she shivered and shook in freak imitation of Pentecost. Horrible, awful shame!||”|
The first edition of the Apostolic Faith Publication reported a common reaction to the revival from visitors:
|“||Proud, well-dressed preachers came to 'investigate'. Soon their high looks were replaced with wonder, then conviction comes, and very often you will find them in a short time wallowing on the dirty floor, asking God to forgive them and make them as little children. ||”|
Among first-hand accounts were reports of the blind having their sight restored, diseases cured instantly, and immigrants speaking in German, Yiddish, and Spanish all being spoken to in their native language by uneducated black members, who translated the languages into English by "supernatural ability"
Singing was sporadic and in a cappella or occasionally in tongues. Blindness is the condition of lacking Visual perception due to Physiological or Neurological factors Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Yiddish (yi [[wiktייִדיש ייִדיש]] yidish or yi [[wiktאידיש אידיש]] idish, literally "Jewish" is a nonterritorial High The term black people usually refers to a racial group of Humans with dark Skin color, but the term has also been used to categorise a number of diverse A cappella (Italian or Latin "From the chapel/choir" Music is Vocal music or Singing without instrumental Accompaniment Glossolalia is commonly called "speaking in tongues" For other uses of "speaking in tongues" see Speaking in Tongues (disambiguation. There were periods of extended silence. Attenders were occasionally slain in the Spirit. Being slain in the Spirit is a term related to the Charismatic movement and Pentecostalism which describes a religious behaviour in which a person enters losses Visitors gave their testimony and members read aloud testimonies that were sent to the mission by mail. "Testify" redirects here For other uses see Testify (disambiguation and Testimony (disambiguation. There was prayer for the gift of tongues. There was prayer in tongues for the sick, for missionaries, and whatever requests were given by attenders or mailed in. There was spontaneous preaching and altar calls for salvation, sanctification and baptism of the Holy Spirit. An altar call is a practice in some evangelical churches in which those who wish to make a new spiritual commitment to Jesus Christ are invited to come forward publicly In Theology, salvation can mean three related things being saved from or Liberation from something such as Suffering or the punishment of The word sanctification (see -ification) refers to the act or Process According to the New Testament, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience sent by Jesus Christ. Many people would continually shout throughout the meetings. The members of the mission never took an offering, but there was a receptacle near the door for anyone that wanted to support the revival. A tithe (from Old English teogoþa "tenth" is a one-tenth part of something paid as a (usually voluntary contribution or as a Tax or levy The core membership of the Azusa Street Mission was never much more than 50-60 individuals, with hundreds and thousands of people visiting or staying temporarily over the years. 
Seymour and the other revivalists at the Apostolic Faith Mission on Azusa Street held to five core beliefs:
By October of 1906, Charles Parham was invited to speak for a series of meetings at Azusa Street, but was quickly un-invited. Charles Fox Parham (4 June 1873 - c 29 January 1929 was an American preacher who was instrumental in the formation of Pentecostalism. Charles Fox Parham (4 June 1873 - c 29 January 1929 was an American preacher who was instrumental in the formation of Pentecostalism. Several reasons can be given for Azusa Street's disassociation from him. Firstly, Parham had personality conflicts with Seymour, and wanted to be the chief authority figure of the movement that was taking place, but the presiding leaders of the Apostolic Faith Mission were slow to make any changes to their methods or leadership.
In a skeptical front-page story titled "Weird Babel of Tongues", a Los Angeles Times reporter attempted to describe what would soon be known as the Azusa Street Revival. The Los Angeles Times (also known as the LA Times) is a daily Newspaper published in Los Angeles California and distributed A reporter is a type of Journalist who Researches and presents information in certain types of Mass media. "Breathing strange utterances and mouthing a creed which it would seem no sane mortal could understand," the story began, "the newest religious sect has started in Los Angeles. " Another local paper reporter in September, 1906 described the happenings with the following words:
|“||. . . disgraceful intermingling of the races. . . they cry and make howling noises all day and into the night. They run, jump, shake all over, shout to the top of their voice, spin around in circles, fall out on the sawdust blanketed floor jerking, kicking and rolling all over it. Some of them pass out and do not move for hours as though they were dead. These people appear to be mad, mentally deranged or under a spell. They claim to be filled with the spirit. They have a one eyed, illiterate, Negro as their preacher who stays on his knees much of the time with his head hidden between the wooden milk crates. He doesn't talk very much but at times he can be heard shouting, ‘Repent,’ and he's supposed to be running the thing. . . They repeatedly sing the same song, ‘The Comforter Has Come. ’||”|
The attenders of the meetings were often described as "Holy Rollers," "Holy Jumpers," "Tangled Tonguers" and "Holy Ghosters. " Reports were published throughout the US and the world of the strange happenings in Los Angeles. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West 
Christians from many traditions were critical, saying the movement was hyper-emotional, misused Scripture and lost focus on Christ by overemphasizing the Holy Spirit.  Within a short time ministers were warning their congregations to stay away from the Azusa Street Mission. Some called the police and tried to get the building shut down.  Scholarly preachers spoke harshly of the revival meetings; such as R. A. Torrey who declared that this new Pentecostal movement was "emphatically not of God, and founded by a Sodomite. Biography Torrey was born in Hoboken New Jersey, on 28 January, 1856. " G. Campbell Morgan called it, "the last vomit of Satan. " Harry Ironside said it was "disgusting . Henry Allen "Harry" Ironside (October 14 1876-January 15 1951 was a Bible teacher preacher pastor and author in the late 19th- and early 20th centuries . . delusions and insanities. " Clarence Larkin and many others were also openly critical. By the time the revival ended, it was thought by some that it was the result of Spiritualism. Spiritualism is a Religion founded in part on the writings of the Swedish mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772 This was thought due to the fact that many occultists and spiritists attended the meetings and were comfortable in their midst. 
Also starting in September, 1906, was the publication of the revival's own newsletter, the Apostolic Faith.  Issues were published occasionally up until May of 1908, mostly through the work of Seymour and a white woman named Clara Lum, a member of the Apostolic Faith Mission. White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. The Apostolic Faith was distributed without charge and thousands of laypersons and ministers received copies worldwide. 5000 copies of the first edition were printed, and by 1907 the press run reached over 40,000. 
The Apostolic Faith publication reported the happenings at the Azusa Street Mission to the world. Its first issue's lead story was titled "Pentecost has Come". It contained a letter from Charles Parham, an article on Pentecost from Acts, and a series of anecdotes of people's experience within the revival. Charles Fox Parham (4 June 1873 - c 29 January 1929 was an American preacher who was instrumental in the formation of Pentecostalism. Pentecost (πεντηκοστή, pentekostē, "the fiftieth day" is one of the prominent feasts in the Christian Liturgical year, celebrated the The Acts of the Apostles is a book of the Bible, which now stands fifth in the New Testament.  One edition in 1907 wrote, "One token of the Lord’s coming is that He is melting all races and nations together, and they are filled with the power and glory of God. He is baptizing by one spirit into one body and making up a people that will be ready to meet Him when He comes. " The Apostolic Faith brought increasing attention to the happenings at Azusa Street and the fledgling movement that was emerging from the revival. 
By 1913, the revival at Azusa Street had lost momentum, and by 1915 most of the media attention and crowds had left. Seymour remained there with his wife, Jennie, for the rest of their lives as pastors of the small African American congregation, though he often made short trips to help establish other smaller revivals later in life. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa After Seymour died of a heart attack on September 28, 1922, Jennie led the church until 1931, when the congregation lost the building. Myocardial infarction ( MI or AMI for acute myocardial infarction) also known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 
The building was torn down and replaced by what became the Japanese-American Cultural and Community Center in Los Angeles after it lost its foreclosure in 1938.
As The Apostolic Faith and many secular publications advertised the events of the Azusa Street Revival internationally, thousands of individuals visited the Mission in order to wittness it firsthand. Secularity ( adjective form secular) is the state of being separate from Religion. At the same time, thousands of people were leaving Azusa Street with the intentions of evangelizing abroad. Evangelism is the Christian practice of proselytisation. The intention of most evangelism is to effect Eternal salvation to those who do not follow the 
Reverend K. E. M. Spooner visited the revival on Azusa Street in 1909 and became one of the Pentecostal Holiness Church’s most effective missionaries in Africa, working among the Tswana people of Botswana. Tswana ( Motswana, plural Batswana) is the name of a Southern African people The Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana is a Landlocked nation in Southern Africa.  A. G. Garr and his wife were sent from Azusa Street as missionaries to Calcutta, India, where they managed to start a small revival. Speaking in tongues in India did not enable them to speak the native language, Bengali. Garr significantly contributed to early Pentecostalism through his later work in redefining the "biblical evidence" doctrine and changing the doctrine from a belief that speaking in tongues was explicitly for evangelism to a belief that speaking in tongues was a gift for "spiritual empowerment". Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism 
Missionary Bernt Bernsten traveled all the way from North China to investigate the happenings after hearing that the Biblical prophecy of Acts 2:4 was being fulfilled. Northern China or North China ( literally "China's north" is a Geographical region of China. Other visitors left the revival to become missionaries in remote areas all over the world. A missionary is a member of a Religion who works to convert those who do not share the missionary's faith someone who proselytizes.  So many missionaries went out from Azusa (some thirty-eight left in October 1906) that within two years the movement had spread to over fifty nations, including Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, Holland, Egypt, Syria, Palestine, South Africa, Hong Kong, China, Ceylon and India. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927 Terminology and usage As a cultural term "Scandinavia" has no official definition and is subject to usage by those who identify with the culture in question as well Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. A maritime and economic power in the 17th century Holland today consists of the Dutch provinces of This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية Palestine is a name which has been widely used since Roman times to refer to the region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka ( Sinhalese:, இலங்கை known as Ceylon before 1972 is an Island India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Christian leaders visited from all over the world. 
By the end of 1906, most leaders from Azusa Street had spun off to form other congregations, such as the 51st Street Apostolic Faith Mission, the Spanish AFM, and the Italian Pentecostal Mission. These missions were largely composed of immigrant or ethnic groups. The Southeast United States was a particularly prolific area of growth for the movement, since Seymour's approach gave a useful explanation for charismatic spiritual climate that had already been taking root in those areas. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Other new missions were based on preachers who had charisma and energy. Nearly all of these new churches were founded among immigrants and the poor. Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term Poverty (also called penury) is deprivation of common necessities that determine the quality of life including food clothing shelter and safe Drinking water, and 
Doctrinal differences abounded, and many separate organizations and denominations sprung from the initial revivals. The Church of God in Christ was formed in 1907, the Assemblies of God and United Pentecostal Church were formed in 1914, the Pentecostal Church of God was formed in 1919 at the Sharon Bible School. The Church of God in Christ Incorporated is a Christian church in the Pentecostal tradition The World Assemblies of God Fellowship, or Assemblies of God for short is the world's largest Pentecostal denomination with over 283413 churches and outstations The United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI is a multicultural Christian religious organization formed in 1945 by a merger of the Pentecostal Church Incorporated and The Pentecostal Church of God (PCG is a trinitarian Pentecostal Christian denomination 
Today there are more than 500 million Pentecostal and Charismatic believers across the globe.  The Pentecostal denomination is currently the second in size only to the Roman Catholic Church, and is the fastest-growing form of Christianity today. Pentecostalism is a renewalist religious movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the Baptism Church (disambiguation A religious denomination is a subgroup within a Religion that operates under a common name tradition and identity Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings  The Azusa Street Revival is commonly regarded as the beginning of the Pentecostal Movement.