Ardrossan shown within Scotland
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||North Ayrshire|
|Lieutenancy area||Ayrshire and Arran|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||North Ayrshire and Arran|
|Scottish Parliament||Cunninghame North|
|List of places: UK • Scotland|
Ardrossan (Gaelic: Aird Rosain) is a town located on the North Ayrshire coast in western Scotland. Scottish Gaelic ( Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. North Ayrshire ( Gaelic: Siorrachd Inbhir Àir a Tuath, ʃir̴əxg̊ iɲiɾʲˈaːɾʲ ə t̪uə is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. The name "Ardrossan" describes its physical position — 'ard' from the Gaelic aird meaning height, 'ros' a promontory and the diminutive suffix 'an'. A promontory is a prominent mass of land which overlooks lower lying land or a body of water (when it may be called a Peninsula or headland) Height of the little promontary
Ardrossan's roots can be traced back to the construction of its castle'Cannon Hill', thought to be around 1140, by Simon de Morville. Ardrossan Castle is situated on the west coast of Ayrshire, Scotland in the town of Ardrossan. The castle and estate then passed onto the Barclay family (also known as Craig) and it passed through successive heirs until the 14th century. Craig is a Surname, derived from either the Scottish Gaelic creag or the Irish carraig, both meaning rock. Then it passed onto the Eglinton family on the death of Godfrey Barclay de Ardrossan, who died without leaving an heir.
In 1292, under the reign of John Balliol, the castle fell to the invading English army, who held it until 1296, when it was scene to an infamous event known as Wallace's Larder. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Ardrossan Castle is situated on the west coast of Ayrshire, Scotland in the town of Ardrossan. William Wallace lured the English garrison out of the castle by setting a decoy fire in the village. Sir William Wallace ( Scottish Gaelic: Uilleam Uallas; c 1272 – 23 August 1305 was a Scottish Knight, Landowner, and Patriot A decoy is usually a person device or event meant as a distraction to conceal what an individual or a group might be looking for He promptly slaughtered them, throwing their remains into the castle dungeon. This is about European castles For other uses see Dungeon (disambiguation A dungeon is a place where Prisoners are kept
The castle stood until 1648, when Oliver Cromwell's troops had it destroyed, taking much of the stonework to Ayr to built the fort there. Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 Old Style &ndash 3 September 1658 Old Style) was an English military and political leader best known Ayr (Inbhir Àir Mouth of the River Ayr) is a town and port situated on the Firth of Clyde, in south-west Scotland. Fortifications are Military Constructions and Buildings designed for defense in Warfare Humans have constructed defensive works for The ruins still stand, but are overgrown and in a dangerous condition.
Ardrossan developed quickly during the 18th and 19th centuries thanks to its position on the coast. Exports of coal and pig iron to Europe and North America were the main trade from the town's port, which also became a centre for shipbuilding. Pig iron is the intermediate product of Smelting Iron ore with coke, usually with Limestone as a flux See also Shipbuilding (song. Shipbuilding is the construction of Ships It normally takes place in a specialized facility known as a Fishing vessels and small cargo boats were the mainstay of the shipyard until the 1950s, when the yard all but ceased to exist as a result of foreign competition. Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships These can be Yachts military The 1950s Decade refers to the years of 1950 to 1959 inclusive A smaller yard, McCrindles operated until the 1980s before it too ceased trading.
Passenger services from Ardrossan harbour to Brodick on the Isle of Arran started in 1834, and services to Belfast in Ireland (and later Northern Ireland) and the Isle of Man followed in 1884 and 1892. Brodick ( Scottish Gaelic: Breadhaig) is the second-largest village (after Lamlash) on the Isle of Arran, in the Firth of Clyde The Isle of Arran ( Scots Gaelic: Eilean Arainn) is the largest island in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, with an area of 430 km² (167 square Year 1834 ( MDCCCXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Belfast ( is the capital city of Northern Ireland and the seat of government in Northern Ireland. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin ˈɛlʲən ˈvanɪn or Mann (Mannin) is a self-governing Crown dependency, located in the Irish Sea at the geographical Year 1884 ( MDCCCLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Year 1892 ( MDCCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Clyde sailings were operated initially by the Glasgow and South Western Railway Company from Winton Pier, and the Caledonian Railway from Montgomerie Pier. However, the Earl of Eglinton's ambitious plan for a canal link to Glasgow was never realised. Canals are artificial channels for water There are two types of canals water conveyance canals which are used for the conveyance and delivery of water and Waterways Glasgow (ˈglæzgoʊ is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom
Between 1841 and 1848, Ardrossan was a part of the "West Coast Main Line" equivalent of its time. The West Coast Main Line (WCML is a busy mixed-traffic railway route in the United Kingdom. The fastest route from London to Glasgow was by train to Fleetwood, and thence by packet boat to Ardrossan. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Glasgow (ˈglæzgoʊ is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom There have been three locations for Fleetwood railway station in Fleetwood, Lancashire, England. After 1848, the entire journey could be made by rail, avoiding Ardrossan. 
The link to the Isle of Man no longer operates from Ardrossan, having first been moved to Stranraer then all Scottish services terminated altogether. The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin ˈɛlʲən ˈvanɪn or Mann (Mannin) is a self-governing Crown dependency, located in the Irish Sea at the geographical Shell-Mex developed an oil refinery in Ardrossan from a World War II aviation-fuel canning-factory, and the harbour was expanded for the company's tanker ships to berth. Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known simply as Shell, is a multinational oil company of Dutch and British origins An oil refinery is an industrial Process plant where Crude oil is processed and refined into more useful Petroleum products, such as Gasoline World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Local residents blocked plans in the 1960s for further expansion of the refinery, limiting the operations that could be carried out there. Operations at Shell-Mex in Ardrossan ceased in 1986. Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar)
Today the harbour has been substantially redeveloped as a marina, though the regular passenger and vehicle ferry to Brodick is still operated by Caledonian MacBrayne. For other uses of this word see Marina (disambiguation. A marina is a sheltered Harbor where Boats and Yachts See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and Caledonian MacBrayne (usually shortened to Cal Mac; Caledonian Mac a' Bhriuthainn in Scottish Gaelic) is the major operator of passenger and vehicle ferries
Ardrossan was one of the last towns in Scotland to be made a Burgh in 1846, with a Provost, magistrates and commissioners. A Burgh (ˈbʌʀə is an autonomous corporate entity in Scotland, usually a Town. For the game see 1846 (board game. Year 1846 ( MDCCCXLVI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display A provost (introduced into Scots from French) is the ceremonial head of many Scottish local authorities. A magistrate is a judicial officer In Common law systems a magistrate usually has limited authority to administer and enforce the Law. Its Burgh status was lost in 1974 on the formation of Strathclyde Regional Council, whereupon Ardrossan came under Cunninghame District. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Strathclyde ( Srath Chluaidh in Gaelic, meaning "valley of the River Clyde" is a Historic subdivision of Scotland, and was one of the regional Cunninghame ( Coineagan in Scottish Gaelic) is a former comital district of Scotland and also a district of the Strathclyde Region It is now part of North Ayrshire, which was created as a unitary authority in 1996. North Ayrshire ( Gaelic: Siorrachd Inbhir Àir a Tuath, ʃir̴əxg̊ iɲiɾʲˈaːɾʲ ə t̪uə is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar)
Since 2006, Ardrossan has been part of a regeneration area, being overseen by the Irvine Bay Urban Regeneration Company. Their vision for Ardrossan is as a gateway to Arran and a good place to live and relax next to the sea in a regenerated town centre serving the existing and incoming community. This will be achieved through renewal of the town centre and the future development of the harbourside in a co-ordinated and overall plan.
Today Ardrossan is developing into a commuter town with a population of around 11,000, with frequent train and express coach links to Glasgow, aided by its location on the Glasgow to Largs/Ardrossan train line and its proximity to the A737 road. Largs is a Town on the Firth of Clyde in North Ayrshire, Scotland, about 33 miles (53 km from Glasgow.
There are three railway stations in Ardrossan: Ardrossan South Beach, which lies close to the boundary with Saltcoats; Ardrossan Town, a station which was in the centre of the town which reopened in 1987 after it had been closed since 1968; and Ardrossan Harbour. Ardrossan South Beach railway station is one of three railway stations in the town of Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, Scotland. For other places with the same name see Saltcoats (disambiguation. Ardrossan Town railway station is one of three railway stations in the town of Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, Scotland. Ardrossan Harbour railway station is one of three railway stations in the town of Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, Scotland.
Ayr lies 17 miles to the south and the town is part of the "three towns" mini-conurbation, together with Saltcoats and Stevenston. Ayr (Inbhir Àir Mouth of the River Ayr) is a town and port situated on the Firth of Clyde, in south-west Scotland. For other places with the same name see Saltcoats (disambiguation. Stevenston is a town in North Ayrshire, Scotland. It is one of the 'Three Towns' along with Ardrossan and Saltcoats. Frequent bus services to Irvine, Kilmarnock, Ayr and Greenock, as well as an extensive local network, are provided by Stagecoach Western. Irvine ( Gaelic: Irbhinn) is a coastal New town in North Ayrshire, Scotland. Kilmarnock (Cill Meàrnaig locally known as Killie) is a large Burgh in East Ayrshire, Scotland, with a population of 44170 Greenock ( Gaelic Grianaig g̊ɾʲiənɛg̊ʲ is a large town and former Burgh of barony in the Inverclyde Council area of western Stagecoach West Scotland is an operating Region of Stagecoach UK Bus, comprising of Western Buses Ltd and Stagecoach Glasgow Ltd based in Ayr, Scotland
The new A78 Three Towns Bypass was opened in December 2004 and has provided a much-needed improvement to local transport links, reducing local travelling-times significantly. The bypass has also helped to divert a significant amount of heavier traffic from the Three-Towns that were just passing through.
Ardrossan boasts some of the most notable buildings in North Ayrshire. For example, Barony St John's Church and St Peter-in-Chains Roman Catholic Church. St Peter's is of modern construction in an all-brick, Swedish style. Its architects were the notable Gillespie, Kidd & Coia. Gillespie Kidd & Coia were a Scottish architectural firm famous for their application of Modernism in churches and universities as well as at Barony St John's dates from the mid-nineteenth century. Both buildings lie on the South Crescent of the town, overlooking South Beach and Irvine Bay. The crescent is lined by large villas dating from the 19th century, many of which have been converted into multiple residences.
aka 'Cannon Hill' by locals is a great place to visit
While being an exemplar of post-industrial Scotland's socio-economic malaise, Ardrossan is located on the edge of an area of exceptional natural beauty. The towering peaks of the Isle of Arran are starkly visible on a cold sunny day. The Isle of Arran ( Scots Gaelic: Eilean Arainn) is the largest island in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, with an area of 430 km² (167 square Beyond, one can see the Paps of Jura and the Mull of Kintyre. Jura ( Scottish Gaelic Diùra) is an Island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, situated adjacent and to the north-east of Islay For the song by Paul McCartney and Wings see Mull of Kintyre (song.
Lying offshore from Ardrossan is a small island named Horse Isle. Horse Isle is a small rocky uninhabited island in the Firth of Clyde, in Scotland. This is an RSPB reserve and is home to nationally important populations of herring gulls and lesser black backed gulls. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds ( RSPB) is a British Charitable organisation which works to promote conservation and protection The Herring Gull, Larus argentatus, is a large Gull (up to 26 inches or 66 cm long and is the most abundant and best known of all gulls along the shores of The Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) is a large Gull which breeds on the Atlantic coasts of Europe. The Holm Plantation area dividing Ardrossan and Saltcoats is a popular area for alternative walks to the seaside as the large villas surrounding it prove very attractive for visitors. The current regeneration of the area has led to the plantation receiving many new amenities such as lighting and landscaped flower areas.
Ardrossan, from the core of its now gone industrial workers, has produced a number of people of individual note. Its Academy  has produced several former pupils that hold US and international patents for their scientific work.
One of the most high-profile former pupils is Professor David T. Denver, Professor of Politics and International Relations at the University of Lancaster. Lancaster University (officially " The University of Lancaster " is a British University in Lancaster, Lancashire, . Professor Denver is a frequent media commentator on Scottish political issues and voting patterns and has published several books in the field of statistical analyses of voting patterns.
In addition, its Academy boasts as former pupils a winner of the Victoria Cross, Flying Officer Kenneth Campbell and Campbell Martin, former Independent Member of the Scottish Parliament for West of Scotland, and now editor of the3towns. Kenneth Campbell VC ( April 21, 1917 - April 6, 1941) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest Campbell Martin, born 10 March 1960 is a Scottish politician A member of the Scottish National Party (SNP he was elected to the Scottish The Scottish Parliament ( Scottish Gaelic: Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: Scottish Pairlament) is the devlolved national unicameral com (www. the3towns. com), an online local newspaper covering Ardrossan, Saltcoats and Stevenston.
The Scottish singer and entertainer Calum Kennedy ran a hotel in Ardrossan towards the end of his life. See also Entertainment (disambiguation and The Entertainer (disambiguation Entertainment is an activity designed to give people Calum Kennedy (born as Malcolm Martin Kennedy on 2 June 1928, Isle of Lewis &ndash died 15 April 2006, Aberdeen
Arguably, the town's most notable son was physicist John Kerr. A physicist is a Scientist who studies or practices Physics. Physicists study a wide range of physical phenomena in many branches of physics spanning Rev John Kerr ( December 17, 1824 &ndash August 15, 1907) was a Scottish Physicist who
Ardrossan lies in the Ayrshire North & Arran constituency in the House of Commons and Cunninghame North constituency in the Scottish Parliament. North Ayrshire and Arran is a Constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures goals or loyalty The Scottish Parliament ( Scottish Gaelic: Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: Scottish Pairlament) is the devlolved national unicameral The Westminster seat is held by the Labour Party whereas the Holyrood seat was narrowly won from Labour by the Scottish National Party in the election of May 2007. Westminster is an area of Central London, within the City of Westminster. The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the The Scottish National Party (SNP (Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba Scottis Naitional Pairtie is a Centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish
The name Ardrossan has also been given to places elsewhere in the world: