Baldassare Cossa (c. Pope John (numberingBlessed 1370 – November 22, 1419), also known as John XXIII, was pope or antipope during the Western Schism (1410–1415) and is now officially regarded by the Catholic Church as an antipope. Events 498 - Kofi Aseidu- After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and An antipope ( Latin: antipapa) is a person who makes a widely accepted claim to be the lawful Pope, in opposition to the pope recognised by the Roman The Great Schism of Western Christianity or Papal Schism (also known as the Western Schism) was a split within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417
Baldassare Cardinal Cossa was born in Procida (according to other sources, Ischia). Procida is one of the Phlegrean islands off the coast of Naples in southern Italy. For the comune see Ischia (comune. For the part of the human hip see Ischium Ischia is a Volcanic Island in the
He was one of the seven cardinals who, in May of 1408, deserted Pope Gregory XII, and, with those belonging to the obedience of Antipope Benedict XIII, convened the Council of Pisa, of which Cossa became the leader. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. Pope Gregory XII (died October 18, 1417) born Angelo Correr or Corraro, Pope from 1406 to 1415 succeeded Pope The Council of Pisa was an unrecognized Ecumenical conference of the Roman Catholic Church held in 1409 that attempted to end the Western Schism They elected Pope Alexander V in 1409. Alexander V (also Peter of Candia or Peter Phillarges, ca 1339 &ndash May 3, 1410) was Antipope during the Western Schism Cossa succeeded him a year later.
Edward Gibbon asserts in The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire that John XXIII was charged with piracy, murder, rape, sodomy, and incest, with the more serious charges being suppressed. Edward Gibbon ( April 27, 1737 January 16, 1794) was an English historian and Member of Parliament. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (known popularly as The History) was written by English Historian Piracy is Robbery committed at sea or sometimes on shore without a commission from a sovereign Nation (as distinct from Privateering Murder is the unlawful killing of another human person with Malice aforethought, as defined in Common Law countries Rape, also referred to as Sexual assault, is an Assault by a person involving Sexual intercourse with or Sexual penetration of another person Sodomy (ˈsɒdəmi is a term used today predominantly in Law (derived from traditional Christian usage to describe the act of Anal intercourse, Oral intercourse Incest refers to any sexual activity between closely related persons (often within the immediate family that is illegal or socially Taboo.  Of course, this must be viewed in the light of the political situation of the time, as the charges were likely trumped up; note the similarity to the charges against the Knights Templar. The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici commonly known as the Knights Templar or the Order 
He should not be confused with Pope John XXIII of the twentieth century. Pope John (numberingBlessed The twentieth century of the Common Era began on The fact that there were a number of Popes named John during the first 1400 years of the Church and then no more for over 500 years is probably due to the controversial figure this Antipope represented. When Angelo Cardinal Roncalli was elected and became Pope John, there was some confusion as to whether he would be John XXIII or John XXIV; he then declared that he was John XXIII to put this question to rest. Pope John (numberingBlessed The decision of the twentieth century Pope John XXIII not to be named John XXIV as might be expected serves as a confirmation of the antipope status of this first John XXIII. It should be noted, however, that the numbering of the Popes called John is debatable (as there was no John XX); for example, Gibbon refers to the Antipope John as John XXII. Pope John (numberingThere has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name formerly Petrus Hispanus, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as
With the aid of the Emperor Sigismund, Pope John convened the Council of Constance in 1415. For other nobles of the same name please see Sigismund. Sigismund ( February 14, 1368 – December 9, In the Roman Catholic Church, the Council of Constance is the 16th Ecumenical council. During the third session rival Pope Gregory XII authorized the council as well, and soon both Popes abdicated in favor of Pope Martin V. Pope Gregory XII (died October 18, 1417) born Angelo Correr or Corraro, Pope from 1406 to 1415 succeeded Pope Pope Martin V (c 1368 &ndash February 20, 1431) born Odo (or Cossa, as he was again, was briefly imprisoned in Germany before being freed by Martin V in 1418.
He died in Florence, as cardinal bishop of Tusculum, in 1419. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. For other uses of Tusculum see Tusculum (disambiguation. Tusculum is the classical Roman name of a major ancient Alban Hills city in He is buried in a tomb in the Battistero di San Giovanni in Florence. The Tomb of Antipope John XXIII is the Marble Tomb monument of Antipope John XXIII (Baldassare Cossa c The Florence Baptistry or Battistero di San Giovanni ( Baptistery of St
|Popes of the Western Schism|