Paintings from Val Camonica
, c. Valcamonica Lombard valleys of the biggest and as famous as for its battails facts in ancient stories to noble families and very honorable and men who were distinguished for letters for weapons Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest
10,000 BC, have been claimed to depict extraterrestrial visitors. It has also been posited that they show gods or other mythological persons from religions of that time.
(土偶) has been speculated to be an Ancient Astronaut that visited earth during the Jōmon period
of Ancient Japan
; it shows features claimed to resemble a space suit, goggles and a space helmet. Dogū (土偶 Dogū, "clay idol/figurine" are small humanoid and animal Figurines made during the late Jōmon period (14000 BC to 400 BC The is the time in Japanese prehistory from about 14000 BC to 400 BC. The covers the period from around 100000 to 30000 BC when the earliest Stone tool implements have been found to around 14000 BC at the end of the last Ice-age, which corresponds
Ancient astronaut theories are various proposals that Earth has been visited by intelligent extraterrestrial beings, and that such contact is linked to either the origins or development of human cultures, technologies and/or religions. EARTH was a short-lived Japanese vocal trio which released 6 singles and 1 album between 2000 and 2001 Extraterrestrial life is Life originating outside of the Earth. Human beings, humans or man (Origin 1590–1600 L homō man OL hemō the earthly one (see Humus A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Some of these theories suggests that gods from most — if not all — religions are actually extraterrestrial beings, and their technologies were mistaken for divine entities by primitive man. God is the principal or sole Deity in Religions and other belief systems that worship one deity. While no peer-reviewed scientific journal validates such claims, these theories have been popularized, particularly in the latter half of the 20th century, by writers Erich von Däniken, Zecharia Sitchin and others. Peer review (also known as refereeing) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work research or Ideas to the scrutiny of others who are For a broader class of publications which include scientific journals see Academic journal. Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (b Zofingen, Aargau, Switzerland, April 14 1935 is a controversial Swiss author best known for his books which present Zecharia Sitchin (born 1922 is an author of books promoting an Ancient astronaut theory of human origins
Ancient astronaut adherents often claim that humans are either descendants or creations of beings who landed on Earth millennia ago. An associated theory is that much of human knowledge, religion and culture came from extraterrestrial visitors in ancient times: ancient astronauts acted as a “mother culture”. A mother culture is a term for an early people and their Culture, with great and widespread influence on later cultures and people These ideas are generally discounted by the scientific community.
Ancient astronaut theories also may include the idea that civilization may have evolved on earth twice, and that the visitation of ancient astronauts may reflect the return of descendants of ancient humans whose population was separated from earthbound humans.
Proponents of ancient astronaut theories point to what they perceive as gaps in historical and archaeological records and also what they see as an absence of definitive explanations in certain contexts from the archaeological sciences. Advocates of these theories put forward as evidence their interpretations of various archaeological artifacts, which they deem to have been anachronistic or beyond the presumed technical capabilities of the historical cultures they are associated with (see "OOPArt"). In Archaeology, an artifact or artefact is any object made or modified by a human culture, and often one later recovered by some archaeological An anachronism (from the Greek "ana" " ανά " "against anti-" and "chronos" " χρόνος " An out-of-place artifact ( OOPArt) is a term coined by American zoologist Ivan T Another common theme relies upon the interpretation of depictions in certain ancient artworks as being representations of actual extraterrestrial visitors as realized by the contacted cultures.
Critics maintain, however, that any gaps in contemporary knowledge of the past do not demonstrate that such speculative ideas are a necessary, or even plausible, conclusion to draw from the available data. A number of ancient astronaut claims are made in direct opposition to the consensus scientific interpretation of evidence and to legitimate scientific explanations. The scientific community remains generally skeptical, and the dominant view is that there is no actual evidence to support ancient astronaut and paleocontact theories. 
Ancient astronaut theories may be considered a subset of paleocontact theory, a hypothesis that intelligent extraterrestrials have visited Earth. A hypothesis (from Greek) consists either of a suggested explanation for a phenomenon (an event that is observable or of a reasoned proposal suggesting a possible Carl Sagan, I.S. Shklovskii and Hermann Oberth are three notable scientists who have seriously considered this possibility. Carl Edward Sagan ( November 9 1934 &ndash December 20 1996) was an American Astronomer, astrochemist, author Iosif Samuilovich Shklovsky ( Ио́сиф Самуи́лович Шкло́вский) ( Glukhov, Ukraine, July 1 1916 &ndash Hermann Julius Oberth ( June 25, 1894 &ndash December 28, 1989) was a Austro-Hungarian -born German ( Transylvanian
Ancient astronaut theories have been advanced by authors such as:
- Charles Berlitz (in his book The Bermuda Triangle)
- Charles Fort (1919)
- Morris K. Jessup (1955)
- George Hunt Williamson (1957)
- Peter Kolosimo (in his 1957 book, Il pianeta sconosciuto)
- Henri Lhote (1958),
- Matest M. Agrest (1959)
- Jacques Bergier & Louis Pauwels in their (1959) book, The Morning of the Magicians
- Brinsley Le Poer Trench (1960)
- W. Raymond Drake (1964)
- Brad Steiger (1967) in his book, The Flying Saucer Menace
- Erich von Däniken (1968)
- Robert Charroux (1969)
- Dr. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos Charles Hoy Fort ( 6 August, 1874 &ndash 3 May, 1932) was a Dutch-American writer and researcher into anomalous phenomena Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (b Zofingen, Aargau, Switzerland, April 14 1935 is a controversial Swiss author best known for his books which present Robert K G Temple (born in the US in 1945 is an American author best known for his controversial book The Sirius Mystery (1976 though Zecharia Sitchin (born 1922 is an author of books promoting an Ancient astronaut theory of human origins Richard C Hoagland (born April 25, 1945) is an author who claims that advanced civilizations exist or once existed on the Moon, Mars and on Burak Eldem (born 1961 is a Turkish writer/researcher a former radio and TV programmer web developer and journalist Charles Frambach Berlitz ( November 20, 1914 &ndash December 18, 2003) was a linguist and language teacher known for his books on The Bermuda Triangle is a best-selling 1974 book by Charles Berlitz which popularized the belief of the Bermuda Triangle as an area of ocean Charles Hoy Fort ( 6 August, 1874 &ndash 3 May, 1932) was a Dutch-American writer and researcher into anomalous phenomena Year 1919 ( MCMXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Morris Ketchum Jessup ( March 2, 1900 – April 29, 1959) though employed for most of his life as an auto-parts Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) George Hunt Williamson ( December 9, 1926 - January 1986 aka Michael d'Obrenovic and Brother Philip,was one of the "four guys named George" Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Peter Kolosimo, Pseudonym of Pier Domenico Colosimo (1922-1984 was an Italian journalist and writer Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Year 1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Matest M Agrest (born in 1915 near Mogilev, Belarus) was a Russian Ethnologist and Mathematician known chiefly for being an early The year 1959 ( MCMLIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Jacques Bergier (born Yakov Mikhailovich Berger (Яков Михайлович Бéргер ( Odessa, August 8, 1912 - Paris, Louis Pauwels (born in Belgium, 2 August 1920 &ndash 28 January 1997) was a French journalist and Writer The year 1959 ( MCMLIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Le Matin des magiciens was a book written by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier in 1960 or in October 1959 William Francis Brinsley Le Poer Trench ( September 18, 1911 – May 18, 1995) was 8th Earl of Clancarty (an Earldom in the Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. W Raymond Drake (1913 - 1989 a British disciple of Charles Fort, published nine books on the Ancient astronaut theme the first four years earlier than Erich Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. Brad Steiger (b 1936 is an American Writer and Paranormal researcher Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (b Zofingen, Aargau, Switzerland, April 14 1935 is a controversial Swiss author best known for his books which present Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Robert Charroux was the best-known pen-name of Robert Grugeau ( April 7. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. S. Lunskaya (1970)
- Rod Serling in his (1974) documentary In Search of Ancient Astronauts
- Robert K. G. Temple (1976)
- Zecharia Sitchin (1978)
- Maurice Chatelain (1978)
- Richard C. Hoagland
- Burak Eldem
- Alan F. Alford
- Ellen Lloyd
Theosophical writings of the 19th and early 20th centuries contain many precursors to the ancient astronaut theories. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Rodman Edward "Rod" Serling ( December 25, 1924 &ndash June 28, 1975) was an American Screenwriter, best known Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Robert K G Temple (born in the US in 1945 is an American author best known for his controversial book The Sirius Mystery (1976 though Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Zecharia Sitchin (born 1922 is an author of books promoting an Ancient astronaut theory of human origins Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) Richard C Hoagland (born April 25, 1945) is an author who claims that advanced civilizations exist or once existed on the Moon, Mars and on Burak Eldem (born 1961 is a Turkish writer/researcher a former radio and TV programmer web developer and journalist Alan F Alford, B Com, FCA, MBA is a British writer and lecturer on the subjects of ancient religion Mythology, and Egyptology This article is about the philosophy introduced by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky Theosophy influenced authors such as H. P. Lovecraft, Charles Fort, and Erich von Däniken. This article is about the philosophy introduced by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky Howard Phillips Lovecraft ( August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of horror, fantasy Charles Hoy Fort ( 6 August, 1874 &ndash 3 May, 1932) was a Dutch-American writer and researcher into anomalous phenomena Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (b Zofingen, Aargau, Switzerland, April 14 1935 is a controversial Swiss author best known for his books which present
Erich von Däniken
Erich von Däniken was a leading proponent of this theory in the late 1960s and early 1970s, gaining a large audience through the 1968 publication of his best-selling book Chariots of the Gods and its sequels. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. Chariots of the Gods? Unsolved Mysteries of the Past is a book written in 1968 by Erich von Däniken. Von Däniken's evidence for his vision of paleocontact is:
- Certain artifacts and monumental constructions are claimed by von Däniken to have required a more sophisticated technological ability in their construction than what was available to the ancient cultures who constructed them. Von Däniken maintains that these artifacts were constructed either directly by extraterrestrial visitors or by humans who learned the necessary knowledge from said visitors. These artifacts and monuments include Stonehenge, the Moai of Easter Island, the Antikythera mechanism and the Ancient Baghdad Electric Batteries. Stonehenge is a Prehistoric Monument located in the English county of Wiltshire, about west of Amesbury and north of Salisbury Moai (or mo‘ai) (ˈmoʊаɪ are Monolithic human figures carved from rock on the Polynesian island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island The Antikythera mechanism (ˌæntɪkɪˈθɪərə an-ti-ki- theer -uh is an ancient mechanical Calculator (also described as the first known " mechanical The Baghdad Battery is the common name for a number of artifacts created in Mesopotamia, possibly during the Parthian or Sassanid period (the early (See OOPArt)
- Von Däniken claims that ancient art and iconography throughout the world illustrates air and space vehicles, non-human but intelligent creatures, ancient astronauts and artifacts of an anachronistically advanced technology. An out-of-place artifact ( OOPArt) is a term coined by American zoologist Ivan T Iconography is the branch of Art history which studies the identification description and the interpretation of the content of images Von Däniken also claims that geographically separated historical cultures share artistic themes, which he argues imply a common origin. For one such example, refer to von Däniken's interpretation of the sarcophagus lid recovered from the tomb of the Classic-era Maya ruler of Palenque, Pacal. The Maya civilization is a Mesoamerican Civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the Pre-Columbian Americas Palenque ( Bàak' in Modern Maya) is a Maya archeological site near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas Pacal II, also known as Pacal the Great (the most recent work gives his full name as K'inich Janaab' Pakal ( 26 March, 603 - 31 August Von Däniken claimed the design represented a seated astronaut, whereas the iconography and accompanying Maya text clearly identifies it as a portrait of the ruler himself with the World Tree of Maya mythology. The Maya script, also known as Maya hieroglyphs, was the writing system of the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica, presently World trees are a prevalent motif occurring in the mythical cosmologies creation accounts, and iconographies of the Pre-Columbian cultures of
- The origins of many religions are interpreted by von Däniken as reactions to encounters with an alien race. According to his view, humans considered the technology of the aliens to be supernatural and the aliens themselves to be gods. The term supernatural or supranatural ( Latin: super, supra "above" + natura "nature" pertains to entities events God is the principal or sole Deity in Religions and other belief systems that worship one deity. Von Däniken claims that the oral and written traditions of most religions contain references to alien visitors by descriptions of stars and vehicular objects travelling through air and space. The author maintains that these should be seen as literal descriptions from eyewitnesses that have been interpreted by primitive peoples as supernatural events, or changed during the passage of time to become more obscure, rather than symbolic or mythical fiction. The term supernatural or supranatural ( Latin: super, supra "above" + natura "nature" pertains to entities events One such is Ezekiel's revelation in the Old Testament, which Däniken interprets as a detailed description of a landing spacecraft. According to religious texts Ezekiel ((יְחֶזְקֵאל Yehezkel, jəx In Western Christianity, the Old Testament refers to the books that form the first of the two-part Christian Biblical canon.
Since the publication of von Däniken's books, no substantial evidence has been found to verify his claims, while much claimed evidence has been disproven.
Zecharia Sitchin's series The Earth Chronicles, beginning with The 12th Planet, revolves around Sitchin's interpretation of ancient Sumerian and Middle Eastern texts, megalithic sites and artifacts from around the world. Zecharia Sitchin (born 1922 is an author of books promoting an Ancient astronaut theory of human origins The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. He theorizes the gods of old Mesopotamia were actually astronauts from the planet "Nibiru", which Sitchin claims the Sumerians believed to be a remote "12th planet" (counting the Sun, Moon, and Pluto as planets) associated with the god Marduk. Mesopotamia (from the Greek meaning "land between the rivers" is an area geographically located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers largely corresponding There are a number of planets or planetary bodies whose existence is not supported by scientific evidence but which are occasionally believed to exist by Pseudoscientists Conspiracy Marduk ( Sumerian spelling in Akkadian: AMARUTU 𒀫 𒌓 "solar calf" perhaps from MERI According to Sitchin, Nibiru continues to orbit our sun on a 3,600-year elongated orbit. Though modern astronomy has yet to find any direct evidence of this hypothetical planet, a number of recent observations of anomalies in the Kuiper belt and cometary trajectories have led some mainstream astronomers to suggest the explanation lies in the existence of a large planetary or stellar body beyond our known solar system. The Kuiper belt (ˈkaɪpɚ to rhyme with "viper" sometimes called the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, is a region of the Solar System beyond the planets extending Sitchin also suggests that the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter is the shattered remains of the ancient planet "Tiamat" which he claims was destroyed in one of Niburu's orbits through the solar system. In Babylonian mythology, Tiamat is the sea personified as a Goddess, and a monstrous embodiment of Primordial chaos.
According to Sitchin, the Sumerians relate how 50 Anunnaki, the inhabitants of Nibiru, came to Earth approximately 400,000 years ago with the intent of mining raw materials, especially gold, for transport back to Nibiru. The Anunnaki (also transcribed as Anunnaku, Ananaki) are a group of Sumerian and Akkadian deities related to and in some cases With their small numbers they soon tired of the task and set out to genetically engineer laborers to work the mines. After much trial and error they eventually created homo sapiens sapiens: the "Adapa" (model man) or Adam of later mythology. Human beings, humans or man (Origin 1590–1600 L homō man OL hemō the earthly one (see Humus Adapa or Adamu son of Ea (according to Sayce was a Sumerian and Babylonian mythical figure who accidentally rejected the gift of Immortality Adam (אָדָם ʼĀḏām, "dust man mankind" آدم; Ge'ez: አዳ and Eve (חַוָּה Ḥawwā, "living Sitchin claims the Anunnaki were active in human affairs until their culture was destroyed by global catastrophes caused by the abrupt end of the last ice-age some 12,000 years ago. Seeing that humans survived and all they had built was destroyed, from that point he says, "kingship was lowered from heaven to Earth" and the Anunnaki left Earth after giving humans the opportunity and means to govern themselves.
Robert K. G. Temple's 1976 book, The Sirius Mystery argues that the Dogon people of northwestern Mali preserved an account of extraterrestrial visitation from around 5,000 years ago. Robert K G Temple (born in the US in 1945 is an American author best known for his controversial book The Sirius Mystery (1976 though The Sirius Mystery is a book by Robert K G Temple first published in 1976 The Dogon are a group of people living in the central plateau region of Mali, south of the Niger bend near the city of Bandiagara in the Mopti Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali is a Landlocked nation in Western Africa. He quotes various lines of evidence, including supposed advanced astronomical knowledge inherited by the tribe, descriptions, and comparative belief systems with ancient civilizations such as ancient Egypt and Sumer. Ancient Egypt was an Ancient Civilization in eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now Sumer ( Sumerian: sux-Latn [[Ki (earth ki]]-[[EN (cuneiform en]]-'''ĝir15''', Akkadian: Šumeru; possibly Biblical Shinar His work draws heavily on the studies of cultural anthropologists, Marcel Griaule and Germaine Dieterlen. Marcel Griaule (1898 &ndash 1956 was a French anthropologist known for his studies of the Dogon people of West Africa, and for pioneering Germaine Dieterlen (1903-1999 was a French Anthropologist. She was a student of Marcel Mauss and wrote on a large range of Ethnographic topics and made
His conclusions however, were criticized by Carl Sagan and Ian Ridpath, among others, who pointed out discrepancies within Temple's account, and suggested that the Dogon may have received some of their astronomical information recently and probably from European sources. Carl Edward Sagan ( November 9 1934 &ndash December 20 1996) was an American Astronomer, astrochemist, author Ian (William Ridpath (born 1 May 1947, Ilford, Essex) is an English science writer and broadcaster made famous for his investigation In addition, noted anthropologist and ecologist, Walter E. A. van Beek criticizes Temple's sources, mainly Griaule, for misrepresenting Dogon ethnography, imposing his own ideas, and fabricating his account. Responding to van Beek's article, daughter and colleague of Marcel Griaule, Genevieve Calame-Griaule dismissed van Beek's charges as being marred by a confusion of esoteric traditions and based almost entirely on speculation. van Beek continues to maintain that Griaule was wrong and cites other anthropologists who also reject his work.
Temple responded to his critics by pointing out that certain information, like the density of Sirius B, had only been acquired by Westerners but a few years earlier. Sirius is the brightest star in the night sky with a visual Apparent magnitude of &minus1 He also noted the possible detection of a third star in 1995, which had already been documented as being incorporated into Dogon mythology. Skeptic and space journalist James Oberg was cautious in his approach to the information, stating that enthusiasts of Temple's claims have neither been proven or disproved in their assertions, and while Temple was not able to establish unquestionably the antiquity of most of the information in question, speculative notions of recent attainment from Europeans is "entirely circumstantial", and concludes that it is likely we will never know for sure and this case may in fact remain a mystery. James Edward Oberg (born 1944 (often known as Jim Oberg) is an American Space Journalist and Historian, regarded as an expert on
Raëlian religious movement
Raëlism, or Raëlianism, is a religious movement created by Claude Vorilhon (or Raël). Raëlism or Raëlian Church consists of the practitioners of a UFO religion founded by a former French sports-car journalist and test driver named Claude Claude Maurice Marcel Vorilhon (born September 30, 1946 in Vichy, Allier, France) is the founder and current leader of the recent Claude Maurice Marcel Vorilhon (born September 30, 1946 in Vichy, Allier, France) is the founder and current leader of the recent Raël claims to have encountered extraterrestrials on a number of occasions. On one such occasion, he claims that he was informed that humans were created by an advanced extraterrestrial humanoid race the Elohim, using their knowledge of DNA & Genetics. Elohim ( אֱלוֹהִים, אלהים) is a Hebrew word which expresses concepts of Divinity. The Raëlian movement also argues against evolution and supports human cloning. eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008 Cloning in Biology is the process of producing populations of genetically-identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as Bacteria, Insects
Proponents cite ancient mythologies to support their viewpoints based on theories that hold that ancient creation myths of a god or gods who descend from the heavens to earth to create or instruct man are actually representations of alien visitors, whose superior technology accounts for their reception as gods. Arguably similar phenomenon are known in modern times as it has sometimes been the case when isolated cultures are exposed to Western technology. In the early 20th century, "cargo cults" were discovered in the South Pacific; cultures who believed various Western ships and their cargo to be sent from the Gods as fulfillment of prophecies concerning their return. As Arthur C. Clarke surmised in his 1961 book Profiles of the Future, "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic" .
Flying machines are sometimes mentioned in ancient texts with one example the Vimanas, flying machines that can be found in the Sanskrit epics of India. A vimāna (विमान is a mythical flying machine described in the Sanskrit epics. Indian epic poetry is the Epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country These tales range from fantastic aerial battles employing various weaponry, to the mundane relating simple technical information, flight procedure, and flights of fancy. (See also Vaimanika Shastra, a text on Vimanas "channeled" in the early 20th century. The Vyamanika Shastra ("Science of Aeronautics" also Vimanika Vymanika) is an early 20th century Sanskrit text obtained by chanelling on aeronautics )
In the Biblical Old Testament, the Book of Ezekiel tells of a flying object seen as a fiery whirlwind which when descended to the ground gave the appearance of being made of metal. In Western Christianity, the Old Testament refers to the books that form the first of the two-part Christian Biblical canon. The Book of Ezekiel is a book of the Hebrew Bible (of the Books of the Bible) named after the prophet Ezekiel. It is described among other things as a wheel within a wheel containing four occupants, "living creatures", whose likeness was that of man. The passage goes on to say that wherever the wheels went the creatures went, and when the living creatures were lifted up the wheels were lifted up . The apocryphal Book of Enoch tells of similar flying objects and beings, but goes further in that Enoch is taken on journeys to various corners of the Earth in the object and at one point even travels to the heavens . In several chapters of the Old Testament, the Hebrew God Yaweh is depicted as traveling as a column of smoke and/or fire and making the sound of a trumpet.  These descriptions also describe Yahweh as a physical presence, not an abstraction. Yahweh is described raining lightning and stones down upon the enemies of the Hebrews. However, descriptions of the Hebrew God have also featured protecting wings and outstretched arms in the Psalms, features which may be considered contrary to theories of mechanical manifestations of God.
Additionally, the characteristics of the Ark of the Covenant and the Urim and Thummim are identified as suggesting high technology, perhaps from alien origins. The Ark of the Covenant (אָרוֹן הָבְרִית ʔārōn hāb’rīθ, Modern aron habrit) is described in the Bible as a sacred container wherein In ancient Israelite religion and culture Urim and Thummim (האורים והתומים Standard   haʾUrim vəhaTummim
Artifacts and artwork
Alleged physical evidence includes the discovery of artifacts in Egypt and Peru, which are claimed to be similar to modern planes and gliders, although typically these have been interpreted by archaeologists as stylized representations of birds and insects. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America.
More support of this theory draws upon what are claimed to be flying saucers in medieval and renaissance art. Flying saucer is the name given to a type of Unidentified flying object (UFO with a disc- or Saucer -shaped body usually described as silver or metallic The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Objects in the paintings that cannot be explained with relevance to the art piece are assumed by adherents to be flying saucers. This is used to support the ancient astronaut theory by attempting to show that the creators of humanity return to check up on their creation throughout time.
Other artistic support for the ancient astronaut theory has been sought in Palaeolithic cave paintings. The term Paleolithic (or Palaeolithic) (from Greek παλαιός palaios, " Old " and λίθος Lithos, "stone" Cave paintings are Paintings on Cave walls and ceilings and the term is used especially for those dating to Prehistoric times Vondijina in Australia and Val Camonica in Italy (seen above) are claimed to bear a resemblance to present day astronauts. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Valcamonica Lombard valleys of the biggest and as famous as for its battails facts in ancient stories to noble families and very honorable and men who were distinguished for letters for weapons Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Supporters of the ancient astronaut theory sometimes claim that similarities such as dome shaped heads, interpreted as beings wearing space helmets, prove that early man was visited by an extraterrestrial race.
The ancient Nazca lines comprise hundreds of enormous ground drawings etched into the high desert landscape of Peru which consist primarily of geometric shapes, but also include depictions of a variety of animals and at least one human. The Nazca lines are a series of Geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert, a high arid plateau that stretches more than 80 km (50 miles between the towns of Nazca Many supporters of this theory cite the Nazca lines as evidence because the figures created by the lines are most clearly depicted or only able to be seen when viewed from the air. Writing professor Joe Nickell of the University of Kentucky, using only technology he believed to be available to people of the time, was able to recreate one of the larger figures with a reasonable degree of accuracy. The University of Kentucky, also known as UK, is a public, Co-educational, University, and is also the state's land-grant university located
Evidence for ancient astronauts is claimed to include the existence of ancient monuments and megalithic ruins such as the Giza pyramids of Egypt, Machu Picchu in Peru, or Baalbek in Lebanon. The Giza Necropolis stands on the Giza Plateau on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. Machu Picchu (Machu Pikchu "Old Peak" 'mɑtʃu 'piktʃu is a Pre-Columbian Inca site located 2400 meters (7875 ft above sea level Baalbek (بعلبك is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, altitude 1170 m (3850 ft situated east of the Litani River. Lebanon (ˈlɛbənɒn Arabic: ar لبنان Lubnān) officially the Republic of Lebanon or Lebanese Republic (ar الجمهورية اللبنانية Supporters contend these stone structures could not have been built with the technical abilities and tools of the people of the time and further argue that many could not be duplicated even today. They suggest that the large size of the building stones, the precision in which they were laid, and the distances many were transported leaves the question open as to who constructed these sites. These contentions are categorically rejected by mainstream archeology. Such allegations are not unique in history, however, as similar reasoning lay behind the wonder of the Cyclopean masonry walling at Mycenaean cities in the eyes of Greeks of the following "Dark Age," who believed that the giant Cyclopes had built the walls. Cyclopean masonry is a type of stonework found in Mycenaean architecture built with huge Limestone Boulders, roughly fitted together with minimal Mycenaean Greece is a cultural period of ancient Greece taking its name from the archaeological site of Mycenae in northeastern Argolis, in the Peloponnese The Dark Ages (ca 1150 BC–800 BC refers to Greek history from the presumed Dorian invasion and end of the Mycenaean civilization in the 11th century
The three largest megalithic stones at Baalbek which together are referred to as the "Trilithon", are the largest stones quarried by man and are estimated to weigh 500 tons each with an even larger fourth stone left lying in the quarry over 1/2 of a mile away. Baalbek (بعلبك is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, altitude 1170 m (3850 ft situated east of the Litani River. A trilithon (or trilith) is a structure consisting of two large vertical stones (posts supporting a third stone set horizontally across the top (lintel The three stones sit on top of a wall nearly 26ft high, slightly lower than the quarry, comprised of similar stones weighing between 50-500 tons.
Moai of Easter Island
Challenging the idea that the transporting of huge megaliths by ancient man was beyond their capabilities, archaeologists at Easter Island have attempted to demonstrate how people with stone age technology could have moved small megaliths short distances like some of the Easter Island Moai. Moai (or mo‘ai) (ˈmoʊаɪ are Monolithic human figures carved from rock on the Polynesian island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island The poured concrete Moai used in the demonstration weighed approximately 6 tons and was lifted onto the sled by modern crane, but was able to be moved with rollers several meters and erected upright. Actual Moai, however, weigh on average 12. 5 metric tons with the largest erected being 74. 4 metric tons.
Other than the proponents' own interpretations of ancient writings and artifacts, there has yet to be found any hard evidence to support the ancient astronaut hypothesis.
Alan F. Alford, author of “Gods of the New Millennium”, (1996) is an adherent of the ancient astronaut theory. Alan F Alford, B Com, FCA, MBA is a British writer and lecturer on the subjects of ancient religion Mythology, and Egyptology Much of his work draws on Sitchin’s theories. However, he does admit to some faults in Sitchin’s theory after deeper analysis.  “I am now firmly of the opinion that these gods personified the falling sky; in other words, the descent of the gods was a poetic rendition of the cataclysm myth which stood at the heart of ancient Near Eastern religions. ” (Alford)(see Fermi Paradox). The Fermi paradox is the apparent contradiction between high estimates of the probability of the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations and the lack of evidence for
Ancient astronauts in fiction and arts
The ancient astronaut theory has been addressed frequently in science fiction and horror fiction, especially in TV and film, as human-like aliens are usually easier to cast and cheaper to clothe. Horror fiction is broadly Fiction in any medium intended to scare unsettle or horrify the audience Early occurrences in the genres include:
Novels and comics
- Garrett P. Serviss' Edison's Conquest of Mars, published in 1898, is perhaps the first example of the ancient astronaut theory, predating Fort's book by over 20 years. Garrett Putnam Serviss (1851-1929 was an Astronomer, popularizer of Astronomy, and early science fiction writer Edison's Conquest of Mars, by Garrett P Serviss, is one of the many Science fiction novels published in the nineteenth century Year 1898 ( MDCCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common In it, the narrator learns that the Martians from The War of the Worlds visited Earth around 7500 BC, enslaving the inhabitants of the Fertile Crescent and bringing them to Egypt to make monuments of their conquest, including the Giza pyramid complex and the Great Sphinx (which is actually the face of the leader of the Martian expedition). Martians are the race of extraterrestrials from the HG Wells novel The War of the Worlds. The War of the Worlds (1898 by H G Wells, is an early Science fiction Novel which describes an invasion of England by In the 8th millennium BC, Agriculture becomes widely practiced in the Fertile Crescent and Anatolia. The Fertile Crescent is a Crescent -shaped region in the Middle East, originally incorporating the Levant and Ancient Mesopotamia, and often This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. The Giza Necropolis stands on the Giza Plateau on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. The Great Sphinx of Giza (أبو الهول "The Father of Fear" is a half-human half-lion Sphinx statue in Egypt, on the Giza Plateau at the Afterwards, a plague caused them to leave, with the Martians taking a number of their human slaves to Mars to serve them there, until an expedition led by Thomas Edison freed their descendants in the early 20th century. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on
- H. P. Lovecraft's The Call of Cthulhu (1926) and At the Mountains of Madness (1931). Howard Phillips Lovecraft ( August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of horror, fantasy For the 2005 film see The Call of Cthulhu (film. " The Call of Cthulhu " is one of H At the Mountains of Madness is a Novella by horror writer H P
- Kurt Vonnegut's The Sirens of Titan (1959) depicts the whole of human development and civilization to be a medium used by aliens for relaying messages to an alien space-explorer stranded on one of Saturn's moons. Kurt Vonnegut Jr (November 11 1922 – April 11 2007 (ˈvɒnəgət was a prolific and genre-bending American Novelist known for works blending Satire, Black The Sirens of Titan ( 1959) is a Comic science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut.
- The March 1961 issue of Analog Science Fiction and Science Fact contains a piece by Arthur W. Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Analog Science Fiction and Fact is an American Science fiction Magazine. Orton entitled "The Four-Faced Visitors of Ezekiel". Although described in the magazine's Table of Contents as a short story, it actually takes the form of a pseudo-factual essay presenting a verse-by-verse analysis of Ezekiel's vision and interpreting this in terms of an encounter with ancient astronauts. The short story is a literary genre of Fictional Prose Narrative that tends to be more concise and to the point than longer works of fiction such In this respect the essay mirrors J. F. Blumrich's book The Spaceships of Ezekiel (1974), although predating it by more than a decade. The Spaceships of Ezekiel (1974 is a book written by former NASA engineer Josef F Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar.
- In Larry Niven's Known Space (1964-present), humanity is descended from aliens called the Pak. Laurence van Cott Niven (born April 30, 1938 Los Angeles California) is a US Science fiction author. Known Space is the fictional setting of several Science fiction novels and short stories written by author Larry Niven. Pak Breeders and Pak Protectors are two forms of Fictional life in Larry Niven 's Known Space universe
- Arthur C. Clarke has written several stories utilizing the theme, most famously in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (16 December 1917–19 March 2008 was a British Science fiction Author, Inventor, and For other uses see 2001 A Space Odyssey. 2001 A Space Odyssey ( 1968) is a Science fiction Novel
- The Tintin adventure Flight 714 (1968) references ancient astronaut theories. The Adventures of Tintin (Les Aventures de Tintin is a series of Comic strips created by Belgian artist Hergé, the pen name of Georges Remi Flight 714 to Sydney, published for a time under the title Flight 714, first published in 1968, is the twenty-second of The Adventures
- Philip K. Dick explores this theory in his VALIS trilogy. Philip Kindred Dick (December 16 – March 2) was an American Science fiction Novelist and Short story Writer. In February and March 1974 science fiction author Philip K Dick experienced a series of visions and other inexplicable perceptual and cognitive phenomena A race of ancient astronauts is thought to have placed an information-streaming satellite in orbit around Earth.
- Douglas Adams used a satirical version of the theory in his Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series (1979-1992). Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 &ndash 11 May 2001 was an English author comic Radio dramatist The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy series
- Buzz Aldrin's and John Barnes' novel, Encounter With Tiber (1996), deals with the discovery of ancient alien encounters on Earth and Mars, with humanity utilizing recovered alien technology to advance the space program. Buzz Aldrin (born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr, January 20, 1930 in Glen Ridge, New Jersey) is an American Aviator John Barnes (born 1957 is a prolific American Science fiction author whose stories often explore questions of individual moral responsibility within a larger social Encounter With Tiber (ISBN 0-340-62451-5 is a 1996 Science fiction Novel written by former astronaut Buzz Aldrin and science fiction writer
- In David Brin's Uplift Universe series, all known species were brought to sapience through the direct intervention of a known galactic "patron," except for the fabled first sentient species, the Progenitors, and humanity. Glen David Brin, PhD (born October 6, 1950) is an American scientist and award-winning author of Science fiction. The Uplift Universe is a Fictional universe created by Science fiction writer David Brin. While most humans take pride at achieving space travel without a patron, some humans (called Danikenites, after Erich von Däniken) and most Galactics believe otherwise. A list of fictional extraterrestrial species in the Uplift Universe series of novels by David Brin.
- The novel The Sky People states that an ancient race of aliens populated Earth, Mars, and Venus with human and animal life. The Sky People is a 2006 Science fiction novel by American writer S
- In William H. Keith, Jr.'s "Heritage Trilogy," a war between the United States and a United Europe (and later between the United States and China) has its roots in the discovery that ancient astronaunts visited Earth on several occasions. William H Keith Jr (born August 8, 1950) is an American Author. Ancient technology found on Mars, the Moon and Europa change the balance of power on Earth.
- In Walter Ernsting's The Day the Gods Died, an extraterrestrial civilization built the ruins of ancient Peru. Walter Ernsting ( 13 June 1920 - 15 January 2005) was a German Science fiction and fantasy author who mainly published under Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America.
- In the Outlanders novel series by Mark Ellis, the Anunnaki are revealed to have the culprits behind a devastating nuclear war as well as being the Root Race of the so-called Gray aliens. Outlanders is a long-running series of science-fiction novels created by Mark Ellis and published by Gold Eagle an imprint of Harlequin Enterprises Mark Ellis is an American novelist who resides in Newport Rhode Island with his wife of 28 years Melissa Martin The Anunnaki (also transcribed as Anunnaku, Ananaki) are a group of Sumerian and Akkadian deities related to and in some cases
- The Marvel comic series The Eternals deals with robotic aliens (the Celestials) who had advanced the evolution of apes into man, as well as two sister races, the Eternals and the Deviants, who resembled "gods" and "demons" respectively. Marvel Comics is an American comic book company owned by Marvel Publishing Inc The Eternals are a fictional race of Superhumans in the Marvel Comics universe. The Deviants are a fictional race of Superhumans in the Marvel Comics' universe.
- Yoshiki Takaya's manga series Bio-Booster Armor Guyver, later adapted several times into animated form and twice into a pair of americanized films, featured the idea that all life on earth was created by an organization of various alien beings as biological weapons intended for use in interstellar war, which were later abandoned for reasons unknown, and thus were never taken into space. According to the series, human beings are actually a 'first stage' organism that can be further mutated into monstrous creatures called Zoanoids, which supposedly account for many modern day myths of vampires and werewolves. The comic features an alien armor supposedly used by the aliens themselves which remains on Earth and is possessed by a highschooler. One of the principal characters, the most highly advanced living weapon, fears the aliens return and plans to take mankind out into space to find a means to confront the aliens on their own terms.
- In Jon Stewart's Naked Pictures of Famous People the section "The Recipe" claims to be a translation of an ancient Aztec text from 2000 BC depicting a celebrity awards ceremony. Jon Stewart (born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; November 28 1962 is an American Comedian, Satirist, Actor, Writer, and Naked Pictures of Famous People is a collection of essays and short stories written in 1998 by Jon Stewart, who now hosts The Daily Show. Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political In the context of the book, Erich Von Daniken brought it to the world's attention in his book Weird, Huh? wondering if ancient alien visitors had brought knowledge of celebrity awards shows to the Aztecs.
- Doris Lessing's Canopus in Argos series describes the Earth from the view of two alien civilisations, responsible for bringing life to the planet. Doris May Lessing, CH, OBE (née Tayler; born 22 October 1919) is a British Writer, author of works such
Movies and television series
- Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) links the existence of Crystal skulls to aliens, that were perceived as gods to the Maya culture. The crystal skulls are a number of Human skull models fashioned from blocks of clear or milky quartz crystal rock claimed to be Pre-Columbian The Maya civilization is a Mesoamerican Civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the Pre-Columbian Americas
- Nigel Kneale's Quatermass and the Pit television serial (1958-1959) used a version of the idea. Nigel Kneale (18 April 1922 &ndash 29 October 2006 was a Manx writer who worked mostly in the United Kingdom. Quatermass and the Pit is a British television science-fiction serial, originally transmitted by BBC Television in December
- The BBC, Doctor Who serial Pyramids of Mars (1975) featured a conflict on Earth between aliens of a race named the Osirans forming the basis of Egyptian mythology, and a number of other Doctor Who serials have used similar ideas. Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. Pyramids of Mars is a serial in the British Science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in
- The original Battlestar Galactica and the 2003 remake depicts humans as having originated on a distant planet and formed thirteen colonies, Earth being the last and most distant. Battlestar Galactica is an American Science fiction television series, produced in 1978 by Glen Larson and starring Lorne Greene The Battlestar Galactica Science fiction franchise which began as a 1978 TV series, was "reimagined" in 2003 into a TV miniseries EARTH was a short-lived Japanese vocal trio which released 6 singles and 1 album between 2000 and 2001 The plots of both concern a group of humans attempting to find Earth. The original 1978 series is more closely linked to the Ancient Astronaut theory, using modernized versions of ancient Greek, Egyptian, and Middle Ages costumes, as well as mixing ancient myths and religious materials into the storylines. In contrast, the SCI-FI Channel's 2003 remake deals little with ancient myths and legends and depicts an American-like culture, although the religion, which is similar to the Greek religion, is prominent among some characters.
- The French animated TV series Il était une fois. . . l'Espace (1982) (English: Once Upon a Time... Space) featured far-future humans taking on the role of superior aliens to a caveman culture. Once Upon a TimeSpace ( Il était une fois l'Espace) was a French Animated TV series from 1982, directed by Albert Barillé The spaceships of the human civilization also used decorative iconography derived from the Nazca lines as a wink to the theory – the ship of the main characters using a hummingbird design. The Nazca lines are a series of Geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert, a high arid plateau that stretches more than 80 km (50 miles between the towns of Nazca
- The TV show The X-Files (1993-2002) has borrowed the theory. The X-Files is a Peabody, Golden Globe and Emmy Award -winning American Science fiction television series created by Chris Carter
- The movie Stargate (1994) and its spin-off television series Stargate SG-1 (1997-2007) and Stargate Atlantis (2004-present) feature aliens called the Ancients (alternatively Alterans, Lanteans, or Anqueetas) who are found to have traveled to Earth millions of years ago to start and influence human evolution; and the sinister Goa'uld, who posed as gods; and the benevolent Asgard, who also posed as gods. Stargate is a 1994 science fiction / Action film, directed by Roland Emmerich and written by Dean Devlin and Emmerich with Stargate Atlantis (often abbreviated as SGA) is an American - Canadian Science fiction Television program, part of the The Ancients are a Humanoid race in the fictional Stargate universe In the Science fiction Television series Stargate SG-1, the Goa'uld (pronounced go-ah-OOLD or, commonly mispronounced or shortened
- The Stargate: Ultimate Edition: Director’s Cut DVD includes a featurette interview with Erich von Däniken entitled "Is there a Stargate?". Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (b Zofingen, Aargau, Switzerland, April 14 1935 is a controversial Swiss author best known for his books which present
- A 1996 episode of the animated series Gargoyles involves an ancient alien living in a hidden spaceship under Easter Island. Gargoyles is an American Animated television series created by Greg Weisman. In the episode it is concluded that this alien came to Earth long ago and inspired Moai statues which Easter Island is famous for. Moai (or mo‘ai) (ˈmoʊаɪ are Monolithic human figures carved from rock on the Polynesian island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island
- In Star Trek, the Ancient humanoids seeded the galaxy with humanoid life. " The Chase " is the 20th episode in season 6 of the science fiction television series Star Trek The Next Generation. The episode Plato's Stepchildren also uses this theme. " Plato's Stepchildren " is a third season episode of Star Trek The Original Series, first broadcast November 22, 1968.
- In the Star Trek: Voyager episode Tattoo, we learn that Chakotay is descended from the Rubber Tree People who were visited by Sky Spirits 45,000 years ago. " Tattoo " is the 24th episode of Star Trek Voyager, the eighth episode in the second season Chakotay, played by Robert Beltran, is a character in Star Trek Voyager. The Sky Spirits, who are actually advanced, space-faring aliens, granted these primitive humans a genetic alteration which influenced their development.
- Lilith and Adam in the manga/anime series Neon Genesis Evangelion were two extraterrestrial beings that landed on Earth and gave birth to humanity. The Neon Genesis Evangelion franchise is a multi-billion dollar umbrella of Japanese media properties generally owned by the anime studio Gainax.
- While not specifically using Earth as an example, the fictional Star Wars universe has many references to aliens giving primitive races technology, or humans de-advancing into a more primitive society as time passes. EARTH was a short-lived Japanese vocal trio which released 6 singles and 1 album between 2000 and 2001 Star Wars is an epic Space opera franchise initially conceived by George Lucas during the 1970s and significantly expanded
- The film Ice Age briefly shows an alien spacecraft trapped in ice during the Ice Age. Ice Age is a feature-length computer-animated Film created by Blue Sky Studios and released by 20th Century Fox in 2002 An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the Temperature of the Earth 's surface and atmosphere resulting in an expansion of continental Ice sheets
- One of the Spriggan chapters depicts Tezcatlipoca as an ancient astronaut during a mission in Mexico. is a Manga series created by Hiroshi Takashige and Ryoji Minagawa during the early 1990s Tezcatlipoca (Tezcatlipōca teskatɬiˈpoːka was a central deity in Aztec religion, associated with a wide range of concepts including the night sky the night
- In the Babylon 5 universe, many of the First Ones, and in particular the Vorlons and Shadows, visited Earth (and the homeworlds of other races) at various times in history. Babylon 5 is an American science fiction television series created produced and largely written by J The First Ones is the collective name of a group of aliens from the Television Science fiction Drama Babylon 5. The Vorlons are a fictional alien race in the Babylon 5 universe The Shadows are an ancient alien species in the Science fiction Television series Babylon 5.
- The predator (Yautja) alien race from the movie Alien vs. Predator is described in the film as having traveled to earth at a prehistoric time and having a culture serve them as Gods. Alien vs Predator, or Aliens versus Predator (both titles abbreviated AvP) is
- In the television show Dilbert, Dilbert and Dogbert visit a museum with an exhibit supporting the theory of aliens assisting the Egyptians in the construction of the Pyramid. Dilbert (first published April 16, 1989) is an American Comic strip written and drawn by Scott Adams. After Dilbert asks what happened to the aliens after the pyramids were constructed, they move to the next exhibit depicting the Egyptians feasting on the aliens.
- In Frederik Pohl's Gateway series of novels, the Heechee are described as an ancient alien race that visited our solar system thousands of years ago. Frederik George Pohl Jr (born November 26, 1919) is a American Science fiction writer, editor and fan, with a career Gateway is a 1977 science fiction novel by Frederik Pohl. Gateway won the 1978 Hugo Award for Best Novel, the 1977 The Heechee are a fictional alien race from the Science fiction works of Frederik Pohl. They left behind a variety of futuristic technology, which creates many interesting opportunities for Earth.
- The Futurama episode "A Pharaoh to Remember" features an alien culture that claims to have been taught space travel, mummification and pyramid building by the ancient Egyptians. Futurama is an Emmy Award -winning animated American sitcom created by Matt Groening, and developed by Groening and
- In the cartoon The Flintstones, Fred is sometimes accompanied by Gazoo, a little green space man with many amazing powers. The Flintstones is an animated American television sitcom that ran from 1960 to 1966 on ABC. The Great Gazoo is a character from The Flintstones Animated series.
- Monty Python's Life of Brian includes a chase sequence where Brian briefly escapes from Roman legionaries by accidentally falling into an alien spaceship. Monty Python (sometimes known as The Pythons) is the collective name of the six creators of Monty Python's Flying Circus, a British Television Monty Python's Life of Brian, also known as The Life of Brian, is a 1979 Comedy film written directed and largely performed by the Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC
- The idea of paleocontact appears in numerous science fiction stories and films, most notably, in the first scene of the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. 2001 A Space Odyssey is a 1968 Science fiction film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Kubrick and Arthur C
- On the TV series Earth: Final Conflict, the Atavus species traveled to Earth in the distant past and ruled over it, using neanderthals as slaves and a food source. Earth Final Conflict is a Canadian Science fiction Television series based on story ideas created by Gene Roddenberry, and produced The Atavus were also present in Ancient Egypt as well. The Taelon race was also known to have visited Earth in the ancient past.
- In Space Island One, the crew of the Unity encounter a Babylonian space probe, the Tower of Babel having been a rocket rather than a literal tower to reach the heavens. Space Island One (or Raumstation Unity in German) is a British / German Science fiction television series The Tower of Babel (מגדל בבל Migdal Bavel برج بابل Burj Babil) is a structure featured in chapter 11 of the Book of Genesis, an enormous
- Chris de Burgh's A Spaceman Came Travelling deals with the concept of an ancient astronaut, in this case pertaining to the Christ story. Chris de Burgh (born Christopher John Davison on 15 October 1948 is a half Irish musician and songwriter who holds British nationality.
- Frank Zappa's "Inca Roads" (from the album One Size Fits All) deals with Ancient Astronaut Theory. Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21 1940 – December 4 1993 was an American Composer, Electric guitarist Record producer and Film director Inca Roads is the opening track on Frank Zappa 's 1975 Album One Size Fits All. One Size Fits All is a 1975 tour de force " rock " album from Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention. The primary lyric is "Did a vehicle come from somewhere out there just to land in the Andes? Was it round, and did it have a motor, or was it something different? Did a vehicle fly along the mountain and find a place to park itself, or did someone build a place to leave a space for such a thing to land?"
- Several songs by Philadelphia-based rap group Lost Children of Babylon deal with ancient astronaut theory, explicitly stating that "Jesus Christ was really an ancient astronaut". The Lost Children of Babylon (LCOB are a Philadelphia based underground hip-hop group founded by Rasul Allahu in the mid-90s Jedi Mind Trick's debut album, The Psycho-Social, Chemical, Biological & Electro-Magnetic Manipulation of Human Consciousness, features the Lost Children of Babylon and therefore also promotes ancient astronaut theories. In the Fictional universe of Star Wars, a Jedi mind trick is a Force power. The Psycho-Social Chemical Biological & Electro-Magnetic Manipulation of Human Consciousness (often abbreviated as The Psycho-Social CD) is the debut
- Charroux, Robert (1974). An out-of-place artifact ( OOPArt) is a term coined by American zoologist Ivan T Pseudoarchaeology (also called "fantastic archaeology" or "cult archaeology" is Pseudoscientific Archaeology, the unscientific interpretation This is a list of fields of endeavor and concepts regarded as pseudoscientific by organizations within the international Scientific community or by notable skeptical Raëlism or Raëlian Church consists of the practitioners of a UFO religion founded by a former French sports-car journalist and test driver named Claude Robert K G Temple (born in the US in 1945 is an American author best known for his controversial book The Sirius Mystery (1976 though The Dogon are a group of people living in the central plateau region of Mali, south of the Niger bend near the city of Bandiagara in the Mopti Xenoarchaeology is a hypothetical form of Archaeology concerned with the physical remains of past (but not necessarily extinct) alien Cultures Masters of the world. Berkley Pub. Corp. ASIN B0006WIE1O.
- Colavito, Jason (2005). The Cult of Alien Gods: H. P. Lovecraft and Extraterrestrial Pop Culture. The Cult of Alien Gods H P Lovecraft and Extraterrestrial Pop Culture is a 2005 book by Jason Colavito, a contributor to ''Skeptic'' magazine, and published Prometheus Books. Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz, who also founded the Council for Secular Humanism and co- founded Committee for ISBN 1-59102-352-1.
- Däniken, Erich von (1972). Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (b Zofingen, Aargau, Switzerland, April 14 1935 is a controversial Swiss author best known for his books which present Chariots of the Gods. Berkley Publishing Group. ISBN 0-425-16680-5.
- Grünschloß, Andreas (June 2006). ""Ancient Astronaut" Narrations: A Popular Discourse on Our Religious Past" (PDF). Marburg Journal of Religion 11 (1). ISSN 1612-2941.
- Raël (1974). The Message Given by Extra-terrestrials. Nova Dist. ISBN 2-940252-20-3.
- Sitchin, Zecharia (1999). Zecharia Sitchin (born 1922 is an author of books promoting an Ancient astronaut theory of human origins The 12th Planet (The Earth Chronicles, Book 1). Avon. ISBN 0-380-39362-X.
- ^ Lieb, Michael (1998). Children of Ezekiel: Aliens, Ufos, the Crisis of Race, and the Advent of End Time. Duke University Press, p. 250. ISBN 0-8223-2268-4.
- ^ (1961) Cithara. St. Bonaventure University, p. 12.
- ^ Von Däniken, Erich (1984). Chariots of the Gods. Berkley Pub Group. ISBN 0-4250-7481-1.
- ^ Winners of the Ig Nobel Prize. Retrieved on May 18, 2007.
- ^ Winners of the Ig Nobel Prize. Retrieved on May 18, 2007.
- ^ Lhote, Henri (1903-1991)
- ^ Erich von Daniken's Chariots of the Gods: Science or Charlatanism?, Robert Sheaffer. First published in the "NICAP UFO Investigator", October/November, 1974. http://www.debunker.com/texts/vondanik.html
- ^ Temple, Robert K. G. , The Sirius Mystery, 1976. ISBN 0 09 925744 0
- ^ Sagan, Carl, Broca’s Brain, published by Random House, Inc. in 1974
- ^ Investigating the Sirius "Mystery" - Skeptical Inquirer (1978) Ian Ridpath
- ^ Walter E. A. van Beek: "Dogon Restudied: A Field Evaluation of the Work of Marcel Griaule. " Current Anthropology, 32 (1991): 139-167.
- ^ Genevieve Calame-Griaule: "On the Dogon Restudied. " Current Anthropology, Vol. 32, No. 5 (Dec. , 1991), pp. 575-577
- ^ van Beek, Walter E. A. , "Haunting Griaule: Experiences from the Restudy of the Dogon" History in Africa, Vol. 31. (2004), pp. 43-68.
- ^ Benest, D. , & Duvent, J. L. (1995) "Is Sirius a triple star?". Astronomy and Astrophysics 299: 621-628
- ^ Temple, Robert K. G. The Sirius Mystery: New Scientific Evidence of Alien Contact 5,000 Years Ago. New York: St. Destiny Books (1998)
- ^ James Oberg, "Chapter 6, The Sirius Mystery", in UFOs and Outer Space Mysteries, (1982) Donning Press
- ^ The Cargo Cults
- ^ Quote Details: Arthur C. Clarke: Any sufficiently advanced technology... - The Quotations Page
- ^ David Hatcher Childress (The Anti-Gravity Handbook)
- ^ King James Red Letter edition 1944, Ezekiel 1:1–28
- ^ Book of Enoch Together with a Reprint of Greek Fragments (1912) ISBN 1-56459-523-4
- ^ Exodus 13:21
- ^ Exodus 19:16–19
- ^ Numbers 35:34
- ^ 2 Samuel 22:10–16
- ^ Joshua 10:10–11
- ^ God: a Biography, Jack Miles 1996 ISBN-10: 0679743685
- ^ FarShores.org AncientDimensions Mysteries: De-Coded: The Ark Of The Covenant
- ^ World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts, Ancient Flying Machines
- ^ Art and UFO - Part 5
- ^ UFO Evidence
- ^ Nazca Lines and Culture - Crystalinks
- ^ The Mysterious Nazca Lines
- ^ Baalbek, Lebanon
- ^ Coulton, J. David Hatcher Childress (born 1957 is an American Author of books on topics in Alternative history. J. , "Lifting in Early Greek Architecture" The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 94. (1974), pp. 1-19.
- ^ NOVA Online | Secrets of Lost Empires | Easter Island
- ^ NOVA Online | Secrets of Lost Empires | Easter Island
- ^ Moai@Everything2.com
- ^ Ancient Astronauts
- Avalos, Hector (2002) "The Ancient Near East in Modern Science Fiction: Zechariah Sitchin's The 12th Planet as Case Study. " Journal of Higher Criticism, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 49-70.
- Harris, Christie (1975) Sky Man on the Totem Pole? New York: Atheneum.
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