Amusement park is the generic term for a collection of rides and other entertainment attractions assembled for the purpose of entertaining a large group of people. Rides redirects here For the album by Reef see Rides (album, and for the BBC television series see Rides (TV series. See also Entertainment (disambiguation and The Entertainer (disambiguation Entertainment is an activity designed to give people An amusement park is more elaborate than a simple city park or playground, usually providing attractions meant to cater to adults, teenagers, and small children. A theme park is a type of amusement park which has been built around one or more themes, such as an American West theme, or Atlantis. Today, the terms amusement parks and theme parks are often used interchangeably.
Amusement parks evolved in Europe from fairs and pleasure gardens which were created for people’s recreation. A fair is a gathering of people to display or trade produce or other goods to parade or display animals and often to enjoy associated Carnival or Funfair entertainment A pleasure garden is usually a Garden that is opened to the Public for Recreation. Recreation or fun is the expenditure of time in a manner designed for therapeutic refreshment of one's Body or Mind. The oldest amusement park of the world (opened 1583) is Bakken, at Klampenborg, north of Copenhagen, Denmark. Dyrehavsbakken ( English, "The Deer Park Hill" referred to informally as Bakken ("The Hill" is the world's oldest intact still-surviving Copenhagen (ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən ˈkəʊpənˌheɪgən ˈkəʊpənˌhɑːgən kʰøb̥ənˈhɑʊ̯ˀn kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn is the capital and largest city The Kingdom of Denmark ( ˈd̥ænmɑɡ̊ (archaic ˈd̥anmɑːɡ̊ commonly known as Denmark, is a country in the Scandinavian region of northern Europe In the United States, world's fairs and expositions were another influence on development of the amusement park industry. Expo (short for "exposition" and also known as World Fair and World's Fair) is the name given to various large public exhibitions held since the 
Most amusement parks have a fixed location, as compared to travelling funfairs and carnivals. Traveling carnival A funfair or simply fair (eg " County fair" " state fair" is a small to medium sized traveling Fair Carnival is a festival season which occurs immediately before Lent; the main events are usually during February and March These temporary types of amusement parks, are usually present for a few days or weeks per year, such as funfairs in the United Kingdom, and carnivals (temporarily set up in a vacant lot or parking lots) and fairs (temporarily operated in a fair ground) in the United States. Traveling carnival A funfair or simply fair (eg " County fair" " state fair" is a small to medium sized traveling Fair Parking lot (called a car park in Australia and the UK) is a cleared area that is more or less level and is intended for Parking vehicles A fair is a gathering of people to display or trade produce or other goods to parade or display animals and often to enjoy associated Carnival or Funfair entertainment Fair Ground is a Canadian Rock band Fair Ground was formed by Canadian Guitarists Pete Lesperance and Mike Turner, of the bands The temporary nature of these fairs helps to convey the feeling that people are in a different place or time.
Often a theme park will have various 'lands' (sections) of the park devoted to telling a particular story. Non-theme amusement parks rides will usually have little in terms of theming or additional design elements while in a theme park all the rides go all with the theme of the park, for example Magic Kingdom in Walt Disney World. This article is about the Theme park at Walt Disney World Resort. Walt Disney World Resort is the most visited and largest recreational resort in the world containing four Theme parks two Water parks twenty-three themed hotels
Periodic fairs, such as the Bartholomew Fair which began in England in 1133, are a parent for the modern amusement park. A fair is a gathering of people to display or trade produce or other goods to parade or display animals and often to enjoy associated Carnival or Funfair entertainment Bartholomew Fair is a Comedy in five acts by Ben Jonson, the last written of his four great comedies Beginning in the Elizabethan period the fair had evolved into a center of amusement with entertainment, food, games, and carnival-like freak-show attractions.  The seasonal celebration was a natural place for development of amusement attractions. Oktoberfest is not only is a beer festival but also provided amusement park features beginning in 1810, when the first event was held in Munich, Germany. The Oktoberfest is a sixteen-day festival held each year in Munich, Bavaria, Germany during late September (and running to early October Year 1810 ( MDCCCX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Munich (München; Minga is the capital city of Bavaria, Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. In the United States, the county and state fairs also played a part in the history of amusement parks. A state fair is a competitive and recreational gathering of a U These were annual events that were usually held for a short time, a week or two, to celebrate a good harvest. These fairs featured livestock exhibits, baking and cooking competitions. 
Amusement parks also grew out of the pleasure gardens that became especially popular at the beginning of the Industrial revolution as an area where one could escape from the grim urban environment . The Industrial Revolution was a period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when major changes in agriculture manufacturing and transportation had a profound effect on the The most well known of the parks in London, was Vauxhall Gardens founded in 1661. Vauxhall Gardens /vɒks'ɔl/ was a pleasure garden, one of the leading venues for public entertainment in London, England from the mid 17th century to  Another long-standing park is Prater in Vienna, Austria, which opened in 1766. The Wiener Prater is a large public park in Vienna 's 2nd district Leopoldstadt. Vienna ( in Wien; see also other names) is the Capital of Austria, and is also one of the nine States of Austria. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich This park was conceived as a place where the common person could enjoy a respite in a pastoral setting and participate in the musical culture of the city. Tivoli Gardens, Copenhagen is another example of a European park, dating from 1843, which still exists. Tivoli Gardens is a famous Amusement park and Pleasure garden in Copenhagen, Denmark. These parks consisted of booths, entertainment, fireworks displays and some “rides” such as introduction to the modern railroad. The parks grew to accommodate the expectations of their customers -- who were increasingly familiar with the mechanical wonders of industrialization. Rides became a required part of the pleasure garden and by 1896 there were 65 such pleasure parks in London. 
Another type of fair is the exposition or world’s fair. A Ferris wheel (also known as an observation wheel or big wheel) is a Nonbuilding structure consisting of an upright wheel with passenger gondolas attached The World's Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago World's Fair) a World's Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary Expo (short for "exposition" and also known as World Fair and World's Fair) is the name given to various large public exhibitions held since the World's fairs began in 1851 with the construction of the landmark Crystal Palace in London, England. The purpose of the exposition was to celebrate the industrial achievement of the nations of the world (of which Britain just so happened to be the leader).  America cities and business saw the world’s fair as a way of demonstrating economic and industrial success.  People particularly point to the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago, Illinois as an early precursor to the modern amusement park. The World's Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago World's Fair) a World's Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. This fair was an enclosed site that merged entertainment, engineering and education to entertain the masses. It set out to bedazzle the visitors, and successfully did so with a blaze of lights from the “White City. ”  To make sure that the fair was a financial success, the planners included a dedicated amusement concessions area called the Midway Plaisance.  Rides from this fair captured imagination of the visitors and of amusement parks around the world, such as the first Ferris Wheel, which was found in many other amusement areas, such as the Prater by 1896. A Ferris wheel (also known as an observation wheel or big wheel) is a Nonbuilding structure consisting of an upright wheel with passenger gondolas attached The Wiener Prater is a large public park in Vienna 's 2nd district Leopoldstadt. Also, the experience of the enclosed ideal city with wonder, rides, culture and progress (electricity), was based on the creation of an illusory place. Certainly the precursor of the amusement park experience to come. 
The “midway” introduced at the Columbian Exposition would become a standard part of most amusement parks, fairs, carnivals and circuses. The midway contained not only the rides, but other concessions and entertainments such as shooting galleries, penny arcades, games of chance and shows. A game of chance is a Game whose outcome is strongly influenced by some randomizing device and upon which contestants frequently wager money 
In the final decade of the 19th century, the electric trolley lines were developed in most of the larger American cities. In the United States, trolley parks, which started in the 19th century were Picnic and Recreation areas along or at the ends of Streetcar Companies that established the trolley lines were directly responsible for establishing amusement parks -- trolley parks -- as destinations of these lines. In the United States, trolley parks, which started in the 19th century were Picnic and Recreation areas along or at the ends of Streetcar Trolley parks like Atlanta's Ponce de Leon Park, or Reading's Carsonia Park were initially popular natural leisure spots before local streetcar companies purchased the sites, expanding them from picnic groves to include regular entertainments, mechanical amusements, dance halls, sports fields, boats rides, restaurants and other resort facilities. Various sources report the existence of between 1500 and 2000 amusement parks in the United States by 1919. 
Some of these parks were developed in resort locations, such as bathing resorts at the seaside in New Jersey and New York. A resort is a place used for Relaxation or Recreation, attracting visitors for Holidays or Vacations Resorts are places towns or sometimes New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Others were found along rivers and lakes that provided bathing and water sports such as Riverside Park in Massachusetts which was founded along the Connecticut River in the 1840s and Lake Compounce first established as a bathing beach in 1846. Six Flags New England, or SFNE, is a Theme park in the Six Flags chain of parks named for the New England region in which it is located The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Lake Compounce is an Amusement park located in Bristol, Connecticut, United States and a part of the neighboring town of Southington 
Another such location was Coney Island in Brooklyn. Coney Island is a Peninsula, formerly an island in southernmost Brooklyn, New York City, USA with a Beach on the Atlantic Ocean New York where a horse drawn street car line brought pleasure seekers to the beach beginning in 1829. In 1875, a million passengers rode the Coney Island Railroad, and in 1876 two million reached Coney Island. Hotels and amusements were built to accommodate both the upper-classes and the working-class. The first carousel was installed in the 1870s, the first "Switchback Railway" in 1881. A carousel ( carrousel in French) is an Amusement ride consisting of a rotating platform with seats for passengers The original Switchback Railway at Coney Island was the first Roller coaster designed as an amusement ride in America. It wasn't till 1895, that the first permanent amusement park in North America opened: Sea Lion Park at Coney Island in Brooklyn, New York. Sea Lion Park was a sixteen acre Amusement park started in 1895 on Coney Island by Paul Boyton. Coney Island is a Peninsula, formerly an island in southernmost Brooklyn, New York City, USA with a Beach on the Atlantic Ocean Brooklyn (named after the Dutch town Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. This park was one of the first to charge admission to get into the park in addition to sell tickets for rides within the park. 
In 1897, it was joined by Steeplechase Park, the first of three major amusement parks that would open in the area. Steeplechase Park was an Amusement park in the Coney Island area of Brooklyn, New York from 1897 to 1964 George Tilyou designed the park to provide thrills and sweep away the restraints of the Victorian crowds. The combination of the nearby population center of New York City and the ease of access to the area made Coney Island the embodiment of the American amusement park.  Often, it is Steeplechase Park that comes to mind when one generically thinks of the heyday of Coney Island, but there was also Luna Park (opened in 1903), and Dreamland (opened in 1904). Luna Park was an Amusement park at Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City from 1903 to 1944 Dreamland was an ambitious Amusement park at Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City from 1904 to 1911 Coney Island was a huge success and by year 1910 attendance on a Sunday could reach a million people. 
During the Gilded Age, many Americans began working fewer hours and had more disposable income. In American history, the Gilded Age refers to major growth in population in the United States and extravagant displays of wealth and excess of America's upper-class during With new-found money and time to spend on leisure activities, Americans sought new venues for entertainment. Amusement parks, set up outside major cities and in rural areas, emerged to meet this new economic opportunity. These parks reflected the mechanization and efficiency of industrialization while serving as source of fantasy and escape from real life. By the early 1900s, hundreds of amusement parks were operating in the United States and Canada. Trolley parks (established at the end of the trolley line by enterprising streetcar companies)stood outside many cities. Parks like Ponce de Leon in Atlanta, GA and Idora Park near Youngstown, OH took passengers to traditionally popular picnic grounds, which by the late 1890s also often included rides like the Giant Swing, Carousel, and Shoot-the-Chutes. The Giant Swing ( Thai: เสาชิงช้า Sao Ching Cha is a religious structure in Bangkok, Thailand, Phra Nakhon district, A carousel ( carrousel in French) is an Amusement ride consisting of a rotating platform with seats for passengers Shoot-the-Chutes is an Amusement ride consisting of a flat-bottomed Boat that slides down a ramp or inside a Flume into a Lagoon. These amusement parks were often based on nationally-known parks or World's Fairs: they had names like Coney Island, White City, Luna Park, or Dreamland. Coney Island is a Peninsula, formerly an island in southernmost Brooklyn, New York City, USA with a Beach on the Atlantic Ocean White City was an Amusement park located in Shrewsbury, a suburb of Worcester Massachusetts. Luna Park was an Amusement park at Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City from 1903 to 1944 Dreamland was an ambitious Amusement park at Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City from 1904 to 1911 The American Gilded Age was, in fact, amusement parks' “golden age” that reigned until the late 1920s.
The Golden Age of amusement parks also included the advent of the Kiddie Park. Founded in 1925, the original Kiddie Park is located in San Antonio, Texas and is still in operation today. The Kiddie Parks became popular all over America after World War II. [http://[www. kiddiepark. com amusement parks]
This era saw the development of the new innovations in roller coasters that encouraged extreme drops and speeds to thrill the riders. The roller coaster is a popular Amusement ride developed for Amusement parks and modern Theme parks LaMarcus Adna Thompson patented the first By the end of the First World War, people seemed to want an even more exciting entertainment, a need met by the roller coasters.  Although the development of the automobile provided people with more options for satisfying their entertainment needs, the amusement parks after the war continued to be successful, while urban amusement parks saw declining attendance.  The 1920s is more properly known as the “Golden Age” of roller coasters, being the decade of frenetic building of these rides. 
The Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II during the 1940s saw the decline of the amusement park industry. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including War saw the affluent urban ghetto population move traffic to the suburbs, television became a source of entertainment, and families went to amusement parks less often. 
By the 1950s, war saw factors such as urban decay, crime, and even desegregation in the ghettos, moreover associative logic, led to changing patterns in how people chose to spend their free time. Urban decay is a process by which a City, or a part of a city falls into a state of disrepair In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment Desegregation is the process of ending Racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. Many of the older, traditional amusement parks had closed or burned to the ground. Many would be taken out by the wrecking ball to make way for suburban living and moreover development. South San Jose (cropjpg||thumb|A suburban development in San Jose California. With civility in 1964, Steeplechase Park, once the king of all amusement parks, closed down for the last time and crapped out, in a time of war. The traditional amusement parks which survived, for example, Kennywood, in West Mifflin, Pennsylvania, and Cedar Point, in Sandusky, Ohio, did so in spite of the odds. Kennywood is an Amusement park near Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, in the borough of West Mifflin. West Mifflin is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, just southeast of Pittsburgh. Cedar Point is a 364 acre (15 km² Amusement park located in Sandusky, Ohio, U Sandusky is a city in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Erie County. 
In the 1940s and 1950s large numbers of Americans moved traffic to the suburbs to escape the problems of city living -- overcrowding and crime. The crowd was eased by the proliferation of the automobiles. People were able to live distant from their work and were able to find amusement on longer trips.  Often urban amusement parks were plagued by the problems identified as “city” problems -- youth gangs, fights, crime, racial differences and "polis" or "polity" or even "politeness". Plus, it was unamusing to find parking. 
The Blackgang Chine amusement park, established in 1843 by Victorian entrepreneur Alexander Dabell, on the Isle of Wight, UK can be considered the oldest existing theme park in the world. Blackgang Chine is the location of a now-destroyed Chine (a coastal Ravine) in the soft Cretaceous cliffs near Ventnor at the southern tip The Isle of Wight is an English Island and county in the English Channel between three and five miles (8 km from the south coast of the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The first amusement park on Coney Island, Sea Lion Park was built around a nautical theme. Sea Lion Park was a sixteen acre Amusement park started in 1895 on Coney Island by Paul Boyton.  Today, central Florida and most notably Orlando boasts more theme parks than any other worldwide destination. Central Florida is the central region of the United States state of Florida, on the East Coast Orlando is a major City in central Florida, USA and is the County seat of Orange County Florida. The northeastern USA region, most notably Pennsylvania, is now a hotbed of traditional surviving amusement parks. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern In its truest traditional form is Conneaut Lake Park in Conneaut Lake, Pennsylvania. Conneaut Lake Park is a summer amusement resort located in Conneaut Lake Pennsylvania, USA. Conneaut Lake is a borough in Crawford County, Pennsylvania at the southern end of a lake with the same name. Others include Kennywood in West Mifflin, Pennsylvania, Idlewild Park in Ligonier, Pennsylvania, Lakemont Park in Altoona, Pennsylvania, Dorney Park in Allentown, Pennsylvania, and Waldameer Park in Erie, Pennsylvania. Kennywood is an Amusement park near Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, in the borough of West Mifflin. West Mifflin is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, just southeast of Pittsburgh. Idlewild and Soak Zone is a family Amusement park situated near Ligonier Pennsylvania, along US Route 30. Ligonier is a borough in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, United States. Lakemont Park, located in Altoona Pennsylvania, houses the world's oldest-surviving Roller coaster, the Leap-The-Dips. Altoona is a city in Blair County, Pennsylvania, United States. Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom is an amusement and Water park located in South Whitehall Township, Pennsylvania, just outside of Allentown For the song by Billy Joel, see " Allentown (song." For the neighborhood in Pittsburgh Waldameer Park and Water World is an Amusement park in Erie Pennsylvania located at the base of Presque Isle.
Modern amusement parks now run differently than those of years past. Amusement parks are usually owned by a large corporate conglomerate which allows capital investment unknown by the traditional family-owned parks.  Starting with Disneyland in the 1950s, the park experience became part of a larger package, reflected in a television show, movies, lunch boxes, action figures and finally park rides and costumed characters that make up the "theme. " These parks offer a world with no violence or social problems. The thrills of the theme parks are often obscured from the outside by high fences or barriers re-enforcing the feeling of escape, they are kept clean and new thrill rides are frequently added to keep people coming back.  In addition to this experience, the theme park is either based on a central theme or, divided into several distinctly themed areas, lands or "spaces. " Large resorts, such as Walt Disney World in Florida (United States), actually house several different theme parks within their confines. Walt Disney World Resort is the most visited and largest recreational resort in the world containing four Theme parks two Water parks twenty-three themed hotels Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
Some theme parks did evolve from more traditional amusement park enterprises, such as Knott's Berry Farm. Knott's Berry Farm is a brand name of two separate entities in the United States: a Theme park in Buena Park California, and a manufacturer of food In the 1920s, Walter Knott and his family sold berries from a roadside stand, which grew to include a restaurant serving fried chicken dinners. Walter Marvin Knott ( December 11, 1887 – December 3, 1981) was an American Farmer who created the Knott's Berry Within a few years, lines outside the restaurant were often several hours long. To entertain the waiting crowds, Walter built a Ghost Town in 1940, using buildings relocated from real old west towns such as the Calico, California ghost town and Prescott, Arizona. Calico Ghost Town 2004jpg|thumb|Calico in the evening]] Calico is a Ghost town located in the Mojave Desert region of Southern California. Prescott ( Yavapai: Wiikwasa Kasikita) is a City in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. In 1968, the Knott family fenced the farm, charged admission for the first time, and Knott's Berry Farm officially became an amusement park.  Because of its long history, Knott's Berry Farm currently claims to be "America's First Theme Park. Knott's Berry Farm is a brand name of two separate entities in the United States: a Theme park in Buena Park California, and a manufacturer of food " Knott's Berry Farm is now owned by Cedar Fair Entertainment Company. Lake Compounce in Bristol, Connecticut may be the true oldest continuously operating amusement park in the United States, open since 1846. Lake Compounce is an Amusement park located in Bristol, Connecticut, United States and a part of the neighboring town of Southington Bristol is a city located in Hartford County Connecticut, USA, 20 miles (32 km southwest of Hartford Santa Claus Town, which opened in Santa Claus, Indiana in 1935 and included Santa's Candy Castle and other Santa Claus-themed attractions, is considered the first themed attraction in the United States: a pre-cursor to the modern day theme park. Santa Claus Indiana, is a town located in Carter, Clay and Harrison townships Spencer County in the southern portion of the state between Santa's Candy Castle, located in Santa Claus Indiana, was the first attraction in Santa Claus Town which is purported to be the first and oldest themed attraction in the Santa Claus Land (renamed Holiday World in 1984) opened in 1946 in Santa Claus, Indiana and many people will argue that it was the first true Theme Park despite Knott's history. Holiday World is a family-owned and -operated Theme park located in Santa Claus, Indiana, USA. Santa Claus Indiana, is a town located in Carter, Clay and Harrison townships Spencer County in the southern portion of the state between  In the 1950’s the Herschend family took over operation of the tourist attraction, Marvel Cave near Branson, Missouri. Marvel Cave is a National Natural Landmark in Branson Missouri, located on top of Roark Mountain Branson is a city in Stone and Taney counties in the US state of Missouri. Over the next decade they modernized the cave, which led to large numbers of people waiting to take the tour. The Herschend family opened a recreation of the old mining town that once existed atop Marvel Cave. The small village eventually became the theme park, Silver Dollar City. Silver Dollar City is a Theme park in the state of Missouri. Opened in 1960 the park is located between Branson and Branson West Missouri on The park is still owned and operated by the Herschends and the family has several other parks including Dollywood, Celebration City and Wild Adventures. This page is about a theme park in the USA For the Bangladeshi film industry also known as Dhallywood see Cinema of Bangladesh. Wild Adventures theme park is located 5 miles from Valdosta Georgia, United States.
Other theme parks include: Children's Fairyland in Oakland, California. Children's Fairyland USA was the first Theme park in the United States created to cater to families with young children Oakland (ˈoʊklənd founded in 1852 is the eighth-largest city in the U Another variation of the theme park were the animal parks that reintroduced the concept of Sea Lion Park such as Marineland of the Pacific which opened in 1954 which paved the way for SeaWorld parks which eventually added thrill rides. Sea Lion Park was a sixteen acre Amusement park started in 1895 on Coney Island by Paul Boyton. Marineland of the Pacific was a public Oceanarium and Tourist attraction located on the Palos Verdes Peninsula coast above the Pacific Ocean History Milton C Shedd, Ken Norris, David Demott, and George Millay brought SeaWorld to life yet that was not the initial idea 
Walt Disney, however, is often credited with having originated the concept of the themed amusement park, although he was obviously influenced by Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen and De Efteling, Netherlands to which Walt was a regular visitor. The Germany Pavilion is part of the World Showcase within Epcot at the Walt Disney World Resort. Epcot is a Theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort. The park is dedicated to international Culture and technological Innovation. Walter Elias Disney (December 5 1901 – December 15 1966 was a multiple Academy Award -winning American Film producer, director, Screenwriter Tivoli Gardens is a famous Amusement park and Pleasure garden in Copenhagen, Denmark. Copenhagen (ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən ˈkəʊpənˌheɪgən ˈkəʊpənˌhɑːgən kʰøb̥ənˈhɑʊ̯ˀn kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn is the capital and largest city Efteling is the largest and most popular Theme park in The Netherlands, and one of the leading theme parks in Europe The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Disney took these influences and melded them with the popular Disney animated characters and his unique vision, and "Disneyland" was born. Disneyland officially opened in Anaheim, California in 1955 and changed the amusement industry forever. Key to the design process of Disney's new park was the replacement of architects with art directors from the film industry.
The years in which Disneyland opened were a sort of stopgap period for the amusement park industry, as many of the older, traditional amusement parks had already closed and many were close to closing their doors. Cedar Point was set to be torn down in the 1950s when local businesspeople were intrigued by the success of Disneyland and saved it from destruction. Cedar Point is a 364 acre (15 km² Amusement park located in Sandusky, Ohio, U  Other parks were not as lucky, with Steeplechase Park at Coney Island closing in 1964; Riverview Park, Chicago, Illinois, closed in 1967. Steeplechase Park was an Amusement park in the Coney Island area of Brooklyn, New York from 1897 to 1964 Coney Island is a Peninsula, formerly an island in southernmost Brooklyn, New York City, USA with a Beach on the Atlantic Ocean This is an article about the amusement park called Riverview Park Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Some traditional parks were able to borrow a page from Disneyland and use television to its advantage, such as Kennywood, a park started in 1898 and continuing to operate to the present which used television advertising and featured television personalities at the park. Kennywood is an Amusement park near Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, in the borough of West Mifflin. 
The first regional theme park, as well as the first Six Flags park, Six Flags over Texas was officially opened in 1961 in Arlington, Texas near Dallas. Six Flags Inc (commonly Six Flags) is one of the world's largest chains of Amusement parks and Theme parks, based on quantity of properties Six Flags Over Texas is a major Amusement park located in Arlington, Texas ( USA) east of Fort Worth and about west of Dallas Arlington is a Suburb of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas ( USA) within the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area The first Six Flags theme park was the vision of Angus Wynne, Jr. and helped create the modern, competitive theme park industry. By 1968, the second Six Flags park, Six Flags Over Georgia, opened, and in 1971, Six Flags Over Mid-America (now Six Flags St. Louis) opened near St. Louis, Missouri. Six Flags Inc (commonly Six Flags) is one of the world's largest chains of Amusement parks and Theme parks, based on quantity of properties Six Flags Over Georgia is a 230-acre theme park located west of Atlanta, in Austell Georgia. Six Flags St Louis (formerly known as Six Flags over Mid-America, initialized sfstl) is an Amusement park owned by Six Flags, Inc Also in 1971 was the opening of the Walt Disney World resort complex in Florida, which is still the largest theme park and resort complex in the world. Walt Disney World Resort is the most visited and largest recreational resort in the world containing four Theme parks two Water parks twenty-three themed hotels Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the 
During the 1970s, the theme park industry started to mature as a combination of revitalized traditional amusement parks and new ventures funded by larger corporations emerged. Magic Mountain (now a Six Flags park) opened in Valencia, California. Six Flags Magic Mountain is an Amusement park located in Valencia, California north of Los Angeles. Valencia is a Planned community located in Los Angeles County California in the northwestern corner of the Santa Clarita Valley, adjacent to Regional parks such as Cedar Point and Kings Island, popular amusement parks in Ohio, moved towards the more modern theme park-concept as well as rotating new roller coasters and modern thrill rides. Cedar Point is a 364 acre (15 km² Amusement park located in Sandusky, Ohio, U Kings Island is a 364-acre (15 km² Theme park located in the city of Mason, in Warren County Ohio, USA. Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads Also during the mid-1970s, Marriott Corporation built two identical theme parks named "Great America" in northern California and Illinois. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. The former is now California's Great America and is owned by Cedar Fair, L.P., which now also owns Kings Island and Cedar Point; and the latter is now Six Flags Great America. California's Great America is an Amusement park owned and operated by Cedar Fair Entertainment Company, located in Santa Clara California, USA Cedar Fair Entertainment Company, legally known as Cedar Fair L Six Flags Great America is the Chicago metropolitan area's Six Flags Theme park located in Gurnee Illinois. Many theme parks were hit badly by the Arab oil embargo of 1973 and a number of planned theme parks were scrapped during this time. Most of today’s major amusement parks were built in the 1970s. 
Perhaps the most indirect evolution of an attraction into a full-fledged theme park is that of Universal Studios Hollywood. Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios) a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is a major Global American Originally just a backlot tram ride tour of the actual studios in Hollywood, California, the train ride that started in 1964 slowly evolved into a larger attraction with a western stunt show in 1967, "The Parting of the Red Sea" in 1973, a look at props from the movie Jaws in 1975, and the "Conan the Barbarian" show in 1984. Jaws is a 1975 thriller / horror Film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley 's best-selling Conan the Barbarian is a 1982 film by director John Milius and is recognized as the acting Breakthrough of bodybuilder By 1985, the modern era of the Universal Studios Hollywood theme park began with the "King Kong" ride and, in 1990, Universal Studios Florida in Orlando opened. King Kong is the name of a fictional giant ape from the fictional Skull Island, who has appeared in several works since 1933 Universal Studios Florida is an Amusement park located in Orlando Florida. Orlando is a major City in central Florida, USA and is the County seat of Orange County Florida. Universal Studios is now the second-largest theme park company in the world, rivaled in size by only Disney itself.
Since the 1980s, the amusement park industry has become larger than ever before, with everything from large, worldwide type theme parks such as Disneyland and Universal Studios Hollywood to smaller and medium-sized theme parks such as the Six Flags parks and countless smaller ventures in many of the states of the U.S. and in countries around the world. Universal Studios Hollywood is a Movie studio in the Universal City community of unincorporated Los Angeles County, California, Six Flags Inc (commonly Six Flags) is one of the world's largest chains of Amusement parks and Theme parks, based on quantity of properties The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Even simpler theme parks directly aimed at smaller children have emerged, including Legoland in Carlsbad, California (the first Legoland opened in Billund, Denmark). Legoland California is the third Legoland park to open and is the only one outside of Europe Carlsbad is a seaside resort-town in the North County section of San Diego County California. Legoland Billund, the original Legoland park opened in 1968 in Billund, Denmark. Billund is a municipality ( Danish, kommune) in Region Syddanmark in the center of the Jutland Peninsula of Denmark. The only limit to future theme park ventures is one's imagination.
In 2001, Disney opened the Disney's California Adventure which includes Paradise Pier, a recreation of the traditional seaside amusement park of yesteryear. Disney's California Adventure Park (commonly referred to by its initials DCA) is a Theme park in Anaheim California, adjacent to Disneyland Park Paradise Pier is a themed "land" at Disney's California Adventure Park, Disneyland 's sister park 
Amusement parks in shopping malls began in the 1990s, blending traditional amusement park entertainments - roller coasters, water parks, carousels, and live entertainment-- with hotels, movie theaters, and shopping facilities. Examples of giant mall parks are West Edmonton Mall, Alberta, Canada; Pier 39, San Francisco; Mall of America, Bloomington, Minnesota. West Edmonton Mall (WEM located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada is the largest Shopping mall in North America and the fourth largest Alberta (ælˈbɝtə is one of Canada's prairie provinces. It became a province on September 1 1905 Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Pier 39 is a shopping center and popular Tourist attraction built on a pier in San Francisco California. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city Mall of America (also MOA, MoA or the Megamall) is a super-regional shopping mall located in the Twin Cities suburb of Bloomington Bloomington is the fifth largest city in the US state of Minnesota in Hennepin County, and the third core city of the Minneapolis-St Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers Amusement park owners are also aware of the need to satisfy their aging baby boomer customer base with more restaurants, landscaping, gardens and live entertainment. Baby boomer is a term used to describe a person who was born during the Post-World War II baby boom between 1946 and 1964  Kennywood has created the "Lost Kennywood" area with classic rides that recall the possibly more tranquil times of the early twentieth century. Kennywood is an Amusement park near Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, in the borough of West Mifflin. 
Family fun parks starting as miniature golf courses have begun to grow to include batting cages, go-karts, bumper cars, bumper boats and water slides. Some of these parks have grown to include even roller coasters, and traditional amusement parks now also have these competition areas in addition to their thrill rides.
The popularity of theme parks has led to the increase of theming--"the use of an overarching theme, such as western, to create a holistic and integrated spatial organization of a consumer venue"--in non-theme park venues. While theme restaurants, casinos, and other themed spaces lack the rides and other features of theme parks, they owe much to the legacy of the theme lands and spatial organization that became popular in theme parks.
Amusement parks collect much of their revenue from admission fees paid by guests attending the park. Other revenue sources include parking fees, food and beverage sales and souvenirs. 
Practically all amusement parks operate using one of two admission principles:
In this format, a guest enters the park at little or no charge. The guest must then purchase rides individually, either at the attraction's entrance or by purchasing ride tickets (or a similar exchange method, like a token). In the study of Numismatics, token coins or tokens are coin-like objects used instead of Coins The field of tokens is part of Exonumia. The cost of the attraction is often based on its complexity or popularity. For example, a guest might pay one ticket to ride a carousel, but would pay four tickets to ride a roller coaster. A carousel ( carrousel in French) is an Amusement ride consisting of a rotating platform with seats for passengers The roller coaster is a popular Amusement ride developed for Amusement parks and modern Theme parks LaMarcus Adna Thompson patented the first Often, guests may purchase unlimited admissions to all attractions within the park. A wristband or pass is then shown at the attraction entrance to gain admission.
Disneyland opened in 1955 using the pay-as-you-go format. Initially, guests paid the ride admission fees at the attractions. Within a short time, the problems of handling such large amounts of coins led to the development of a ticket system that, while now out of use, is still part of the amusement-park lexicon. In this new format, guests purchased ticket books that contained a number of tickets, labeled "A," "B" and "C. " Rides and attractions using an "A-ticket" were generally simple, with "B-tickets" and "C-tickets" used for the larger, more popular rides. Later, the "D-ticket" was added, then finally the now-famous "E-ticket," which was used on the biggest and most elaborate rides, like Space Mountain. Since the 1950s the phrase E Ticket (or E ticket ride) has referred to an unusually interesting thrilling or expensive experience Space Mountain at Disneyland in Anaheim, California is the second incarnation of the Magic Kingdom 's Space Mountain. Smaller tickets could be traded up for use on larger rides (i. e. , two or three A-tickets would equal a single B-ticket).
The advantages of pay-as-you-go include:
The disadvantages of pay-as-you-go include:
An amusement park using the pay-one-price format will charge guests a single, large admission fee. The guest is then entitled to use almost all of the attractions in the park as often as they wish during their visit. The park might have some attractions that are not included in the admission charge; these are called "up-charge attractions" and can include bungee jumping or go-kart tracks or games of skill. Bungee jumping is an activity that involves jumping from a tall structure while connected to a large elastic cord For other meanings see Kart (disambiguation Kart racing or karting is a variant of Open-wheel Motor sport with However, the vast majority of the park's attractions are included in the admission cost.
The “pay-one-price” ticket was first used by George Tilyou at Steeplechase Park, Coney Island in 1897. Steeplechase Park was an Amusement park in the Coney Island area of Brooklyn, New York from 1897 to 1964 Coney Island is a Peninsula, formerly an island in southernmost Brooklyn, New York City, USA with a Beach on the Atlantic Ocean The entrance fee was 25 cents for entrance to the 15 acre park and visitors could enjoy all of the attractions as much as they wanted. 
When Angus Wynne, founder of Six Flags Over Texas, first visited Disneyland in 1959, he noted that park's pay-as-you-go format as a reason to make his park pay-one-price. Six Flags Over Texas is a major Amusement park located in Arlington, Texas ( USA) east of Fort Worth and about west of Dallas The year 1959 ( MCMLIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He felt that a family would be more likely to visit his park if they knew, up front, how much it would cost to attend.
The advantages of pay-one-price include:
The disadvantages of pay-one-price include:
Mechanized thrill machines are what makes an amusement park out of a pastoral, relaxing picnic grove or retreat. Earliest rides include the carousel which was originally developed as a way of practicing and then showing-off expertise at tournament skills such as riding and spearing the ring. A carousel ( carrousel in French) is an Amusement ride consisting of a rotating platform with seats for passengers A tournament (IPA) is a Competition involving a relatively large number of competitors all participating in a Sport or Game. By the 19th century, carousels were common in parks around the world.  Another such ride which shaped the future of the amusement park was the roller coaster. The roller coaster is a popular Amusement ride developed for Amusement parks and modern Theme parks LaMarcus Adna Thompson patented the first Beginning as a winter sport in 17th century Russia, these gravity driven railroads were the beginning of the search for even more thrilling amusement park rides. The Columbian Exposition of 1893 was a particular fertile testing ground for amusement rides. The ‘’Ferris Wheel’’ is the most recognized product of the fair. All rides are set round a theme. 
A park contains a mixture of attractions which can be divided into several categories.
There is a core set of thrill rides which most amusement parks have, including the enterprise, tilt-a-whirl, the gravitron, chairswing, swinging inverter ship, twister, and the top spin. The Enterprise is an Amusement ride, manufactured primarily by HUSS Maschinenfabrik in 1972 Tilt-A-Whirl is one of the best-known Flat rides designed for commercial use at Amusement parks Fairs and Carnivals in which it is commonly found This article is about the amusement ride For the hypothetical elementary particle see Graviton. However, there is constant innovation, with new variations on ways to spin and throw passengers around appearing in an effort to keep attracting customers.
Since the late 19th century, amusement parks have featured roller coasters. The roller coaster is a popular Amusement ride developed for Amusement parks and modern Theme parks LaMarcus Adna Thompson patented the first Roller coasters feature steep drops, sharp curves, and inversions. Roller coasters may be the most attractive aspect of a park, but many people come for other reasons. Amusement parks generally have anywhere from two to seven coasters, depending on space and budget.
Parks are seen as family entertainment, and most include a significant number of children's and gentle rides designed for children from 2 – 8 years old. Many of these are smaller, slower versions of the adult rides, such as merry-go-rounds, teacup rides and ferris wheels. Such rides are usually referred to as "kiddie rides". Others are simple train rides, slides, scramblers and mirror mazes. Train Ride is an award-winning critically acclaimed feature thriller Film written and directed by Rel Dowdell, which was released The Twist, also known as the Twister, Cyclone, Sizzler, Scrambler or Grasscutter is an Amusement ride in which suspended Some parks also feature a kiddie coaster.
Amusement parks with water resources generally feature a few water rides, such as the log flume, bumper boats, and rowing boats. Log flumes (colloquially known as "log rides" originally referred to a special construct used to transport Lumber and logs down mountainous terrain Bumper boats are an Amusement park ride that uses Inner tube shaped watercraft with steerable Electric motors Most are equipped with Water Such rides are usually gentler and shorter than roller coasters and many are suitable for all ages. Water rides are especially popular on hot days.
Transport rides are used to take large amount of guests from one area in the park to another. They usually cost extra, even in parks where rides are free. They are generally popular as they offer an alternative to walking. Transport rides include chairlifts, monorails, and trains. A chairlift (technically an elevated passenger ropeway is a type of Aerial lift, which consists of a continuously circulating Steel cable loop strung A monorail is a transportation system based on a single beam The term is also used variously to describe the beam of the system or the vehicles travelling on such a beam or
Food is routinely sold through food booths and indoor restaurants and the offerings range from common fast food items, to restaurant selections, to indigenous street food, and may include specialty items or delicacies depending on the nature of the park and availability of ingredients. food booth (also food stand, temporary food service facility) is generally a temporary structure used to prepare and sell food to the general public usually where A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared Food to Customers. Fast food is the term given to food that can be prepared and served very quickly Street food is food obtainable from a streetside vendor, often from a makeshift or portable stall.
However, amusement park menus generally include: