|Alfred Y. Cho|
|Notable awards||IEEE Medal of Honor|
Alfred Yi Cho (born in 1937) is the Adjunct Vice President of Semiconductor Research at Alcatel-Lucent's Bell Labs. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Electrical engineering, sometimes referred to as electrical and electronic engineering, is a field of Engineering that deals with the study and application of The IEEE Medal of Honor is the highest recognition of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is the Research organization He is known as the "father of molecular beam epitaxy"; a technique he developed at that facility in the late 1960s. Molecular beam Epitaxy (MBE, is one of several methods of depositing Single crystals It was invented in the late 1960s at Bell Telephone Laboratories He is also the co-inventor, with Federico Capasso of quantum cascade lasers at Bell Labs in 1994. Federico Capasso ( Rome, 1949- a Physicist, was one of the inventors of the Quantum cascade laser during his work at Bell Laboratories. Quantum cascade lasers (QCLs are Semiconductor lasers that emit in the mid- to far- Infrared portion of the Electromagnetic spectrum and were first demonstrated
Cho was born in 1937 in Beijing. Cho holds B. S. , M. S. and Ph. D. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This article is about the flagship campus For other uses and locations of University of Illinois, see University of Illinois (disambiguation The University of He joined Bell Labs in 1968. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, as well as a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
In June 2007 he was honoured with the U. S. National Medal of Technology, the highest honour awarded by the President of the United States for technological innovation. The National Medal of Technology and Innovation (formerly known as the National Medal of Technology) is an honor granted by the President of the United States to American
Cho received the award for his contributions to the invention of molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and his work to commercialize the process.
He already has many awards to his name, including: the American Physical Society International Prize for New Materials in 1982, the Solid State Science and Technology Medal of the Electrochemical Society in 1987, the World Materials Congress Award of ASM International in 1988, the Gaede-Langmuir Award of the American Vacuum Society in 1988, the Industrial Research Institute Achievement Award of the Industrial Research Institute Inc in 1988, the New Jersey Governor's Thomas Alva Edison Science Award in 1990, the International Crystal Growth Award of the American Association for Crystal Growth in 1990, the National Medal of Science in 1993, the Von Hippel Award of the Materials Research Society in 1994, the Elliott Cresson Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1995, the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1994, and the Computers & Communications Prize of the C&C Foundation, Japan in 1995.
In 1985, Bell Labs became the first organization to be honoured with a U. S. Medal of Technology, awarded for “contributions over decades to modern communications systems. ” Cho’s honour marks the eighth time Bell Labs and its scientists have received the award.