Alexis Piron (July 9, 1689 – January 21, 1773), was a French epigrammatist and dramatist. Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Events 1189 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade. Year 1773 ( MDCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. An epigram is a short Poem, often with a clever twist at the end or a concise and witty statement A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person who writes dramatic literature or Drama.
He was born at Dijon, where his father, Aimé Piron, was an apothecary. Dijon ( diʒɔ̃ is a city in eastern France, the capital of the Côte-d'Or departement and of the Bourgogne region Piron senior wrote verse in the Burgundian language. Alexis began life as clerk and secretary to a banker, and then studied law. In 1719, when nearly thirty years old, he went to Paris, where an accident brought him money and notoriety. The jealousy of the regular actors produced an edict restricting the Théâtre de la Foire, or licensed booths at fair times, to a single character on the stage. None of the ordinary writers for this theatre would attempt a monologue-drama for the purpose, and Piron made a great success with a piece called Arlequin Deucalion, representing Deucalion immediately after the Deluge, amusing himself with recreating in succession the different types of man. In Greek mythology, Deucalion (Δευκαλίων was a son of Prometheus and Pronoia.
In 1728 he produced Les Fils ingrats (known later as L'Ecole des pères) at the Comedie Française. Year 1728 ( MDCCXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Comédie-Française or Théâtre-Français is one of the few State Theaters in France. He attempted tragedy in Callisthene (1730), Gustave Vasa (1733) and Fernand Cortes (1744), but none of these succeeded, and Piron returned to comedy with La Metromanie (1738), in which the hero, Damis, suffers from the verse mania.
His most intimate associates at this time were Mademoiselle Quinault, the actress, and her friend Marie Therese Quenaudon, known as Mlle de Bar. This lady was slightly older than Piron and not beautiful, but after twenty years' acquaintance he married her in 1741. He was elected in 1753 to the Académie française, but his enemies raked up a certain Ode à Priape, dating from his early days, and induced Louis XV to interpose his veto. Year 1753 ( MDCCLIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year L'Académie française, or the French Academy, is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. Louis XV (15 February 1710 &ndash 10 May 1774 ruled as King of France and of Navarre from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774 Piron was nevertheless given a pension, and during the last fifty years of his life was never in want. His best title to remembrance lies in his epigrams. The burlesque epitaph on himself, in which he ridicules the Academy--"Ci-gît Piron qui ne fut rien/Pas même académicien"-- is well-known, while many others are as brilliant. Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm called him a "machine a saillies. Friedrich Melchior Baron von Grimm ( December 26, 1723 &ndash December 19, 1807) was an Author, and the son of a German " He was later (1762) elected to membership in the Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Dijon. The Académie de Dijon was founded by Hector-Bernard Pouffier the most senior member of the Parlement de Bourgogne in 1725.
Piron published his own theatrical works in 1758, and after his death his friend and literary executor, Rigoley de Juvigny, published his Œuvres completes. M. Bonhomme produced a critical edition in 1859, completed by Poesies choisies et pieces inédites in 1879.