|Birth name||Aleksandr Nikolayevich Vertinsky|
|Born||March 21, 1889 in Kiev|
|Occupation(s)||singer, poet, actor, composer|
|Years active||1916 - 1957|
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Vertinsky (Russian: Александр Вертинский, 21 March 1889 in Kiev — 21 May 1957 in Leningrad) was a Russian artist, poet, singer, composer, cabaret artist and actor who exerted seminal influence on the Russian tradition of artistic singing. Events 630 - Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem. Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Kiev, also known as Kyiv ( Ukrainian:, Kyiv, ˈkɪjiw Russian:, Kiyev; see also Cities' alternative names) is the Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" An actor, actress, player or thespian (see terminology) is a person who Acts in a Dramatic production and who works A composer (literally meaning 'one who puts together' is a person who creates Music, usually in the medium of notation, for Interpretation and Performance Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages Events 630 - Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem. Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Kiev, also known as Kyiv ( Ukrainian:, Kyiv, ˈkɪjiw Russian:, Kiyev; see also Cities' alternative names) is the Events 878 - Syracuse Italy is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily. Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring Comedy, Song, Dance, and Theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue &mdash a Restaurant
Born out of wedlock, Vertinsky was brought up by his father's sister in Kiev. He was ousted from school in 1905 and tried a variety of jobs before starting to earn his living by contributing short stories to the Kievan periodicals. Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting In 1912 Vertinsky and his sister moved to Moscow where he failed in his ambition to join Stanislavski's Moscow Art Theatre. Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting Moscow (Москва́ romanised: Moskvá, IPA: see also other names) is the Capital and the largest city of Constantin Sergeyevich Stanislavski (Константин Moscow Art Theatre ( Russian: Московский Художественный Академический Театр МХАТ is a theatre company in Moscow At that period he became addicted to cocaine, a baneful habit that would claim the life of his sister. Cocaine ( benzoylmethyl ecgonine) is a Crystalline Tropane Alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the Coca plant
By 1916, Vertinsky started to employ a scenic figure of Pierrot, with powdered face, singing miniature novellas-in-song known as ariettas, or "Pierrot's doleful ditties". Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year WatteauPierrotjpg|thumb|200px|Watteau's sad Commedia dell'arte player of Pierrot ca 1718–19 traditionally identified as "Gilles" ( Louvre)]] Each song contained a prologue, exposition, culmination, and a tragic final. The novice performer was christened the "Russian Pierrot", gained renown, became an object of imitation, admiration, vilified in the press and lionized by the audiences.
Simultaneously with his booming singing career, he played screen bit parts in Aleksandr Khanzhonkov's silent movies. Aleksandr Aleksejevich Khanzhonkov (Александр Алексеевич Ханжонков 1877 - 1945 was Russia 's first cinema entrepreneur From that time stems a lifelong friendship with Ivan Mozzhukhin. Ivan Ilyich Mozzhukhin (Иван Ильич Мозжухин Ivan Il'ič Mozžuchin) (&mdash January 18 1939) was a leading Russian French His famous piece "Vashi paltsy pakhnut ladanom" was dedicated to another film star, Vera Kholodnaya. Vera Vasilyevna Kholodnaya ( Вера Васильевна Холодная; August 30, 1893 - February 16, 1919) was the first star Shortly before the October Revolution Vertinsky devised a stage persona of Black Pierrot and started to tour Russia and Ukraine performing decadent elegies with a touch of cosmopolitan chic, such as "Kokainetka" and "V oranzhevo-lilovom Singapure". The October Revolution (Октябрьская революция Oktyabrskaya revolyutsiya) also known as the Soviet Revolution In the words of the British researcher Richard Stites, "Vertinsky bathed his verses in images of palm trees, tropical birds, foreign ports, plush lobbies, ceiling fans, and "daybreak on the pink-tinted sea" — precisely those things which the war-time audience craved for.
By November 1920, Vertinsky decided to leave Russia with the bulk of his clientele. He performed in Constantinople and toured Romanian Bessarabia, where he was declared a Soviet agent. Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis, or gr ἡ Πόλις hē Polis, Latin: la CONSTANTINOPOLIS Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania Bessarabia ( Basarabia in Romanian, Бесарабія in Ukrainian, Бессарабия in Russian, Бесарабия in Bulgarian In 1923 he performed in Poland and Germany, then moved to Paris, where he would perform before the Russian emigré clientele at Montmartre cabarets for nine years. Year 1923 ( MCMXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
After several successful tours in the Middle East, Vertinsky followed the majority of well-to-do Russians to the USA, where he debuted before the audience which included Rachmaninoff, Chaliapin, and Marlene Dietrich. The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (Сергей Васильевич Рахманинов Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin ( Russian: Фёдор Ива́нович Шаля́пин Fyodor Ivanovich Shalyapin; &ndash April 12, 1938) Marlene Dietrich maɐˈleːnə ˈdiːtrɪç (December 27 &ndashMay 6) was a German -born American Actress, Singer and Entertainer The Great Depression forced him to join the community of Shanghai Russians. The term Shanghai Russians refers to a sizable Russian diaspora that flourished in Shanghai, China between the World Wars. It was in China that he met his wife and the oldest daughter, Marianna, was born.
In 1943 the Soviet government allowed Vertinsky to return to Russia. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Despite lack of media coverage, he performed about two thousand concerts in the USSR, touring from Sakhalin to Kaliningrad. Sakhalin (Сахали́н səxʌˈlʲin Japanese:nihongo|樺太|karafuto or; Chinese: 庫頁 Kùyè also Saghalien, is a large elongated Kaliningrad (Калининград is a Seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian Exclave between Poland In order to feed his family, he also appeared in Soviet films, often playing prerevolutionary aristocrats, as in the screen version of Chekhov's "Anna on the Neck" (1955). His role of an anti-Communist cardinal in "The Doomed Conspiracy" even won him the Stalin Prize for 1951. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. The USSR State Prize (Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР was the Soviet Union 's state honour
The artist died on May 21, 1957, in Leningrad. Events 878 - Syracuse Italy is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily. Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Both his daughters, Marianna and Anastasiya, made spectacular careers in Soviet cinema. Anastasiya Alexandrovna Vertinskaya (Анастасия Александровна Вертинская (born 19 December 1944) a Russian actress The former conducted a much-aired liaison with Andron Konchalovsky, while the latter married his brother Nikita Mikhalkov. Andrey Sergeyevich Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky (Андре́й Серге́евич Михалко́в-Кончало́вский (born August 20, 1937 in Moscow Nikita Sergeyevich Mikhalkov ( Russian: Никита Сeргеевич Михалков; born October 21 1945 in Moscow) is an Academy Award
A minor planet 3669 Vertinskij, discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina in 1982 is named after him. Minor planet is a term used since the 19th century to describe objects such as Asteroids that are in Orbit around the Sun but are not Planets 3669 Vertinskij (1982 UO7 is a Main-belt Asteroid discovered on October 21, 1982 by L The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina (Людмила Георгіївна Карачкіна Людмила Георгиевна Карачкина is a Soviet Russian or Ukrainian 
Vertinsky is still influential in Russian musical culture, and has been covered by the likes of Vladimir Vysotsky and Boris Grebenshikov. Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky (Владимир Семёнович Высоцкий Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotskyj) ( January 25 1938 &ndash July Boris Grebenshchikov (Бори́с Гребенщико́в also known as Boris Purushottama Grebenshikov, is one of the most prominent members of the generation which is widely There is even an album of electronic lounge covers, by the Cosmos Sound Club.
Spouse - Lidiya Vertinskaya. Lidiya Vladimirovna Vertinskaya (born Tsirgvava,, April 14 1923, Paris) is the Soviet/Russian actress and an artist