Alexander Nowell (c. 1507 - February 13, 1602) was an English Puritan theologian and clergyman, who served as dean of St Paul's during much of Elizabeth I's reign. Events 1258 - Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed A Puritan of 16th and 17th century England was an associate of any number of religious groups advocating for more "purity" of Worship and Doctrine, The Dean of St Paul's is the head of the Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral in London, England and an extremely influential position in the
He was the eldest son of John Nowell of Read Hall, Whalley, Lancashire, by his second wife Elizabeth Kay of Rochdale, and was the brother of Laurence Nowell. Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea Two sixteenth-century English cousins one an antiquarian and the other a churchman were named Laurence Nowell He was twice married, but left no children.
Nowell was educated at Middleton, near Rochdale, Lancashire and at Brasenose College, Oxford, where he is said to have shared rooms with John Foxe the martyrologist. Middleton is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England. Rochdale is a large Market town in Greater Manchester, England Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea Brasenose College, originally Brazen Nose College (in full The King's Hall and College of Brasenose, often referred to by the abbreviation BNC John Foxe (1517 &ndash April 18, 1587) martyrologist is remembered as the author of what is popularly known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs A martyrology is a catalogue or list of Martyrs (or more precisely of Saints, arranged in the calendar order of their anniversaries or feasts He was elected fellow of Brasenose in 1526. In 1543 he was appointed master of Westminster School, and in December 1551 prebendary of Westminster. The Royal College of St Peter in Westminster, almost always known as Westminster School, is one of Britain 's leading boys' Independent schools with
He was elected in September 1553 as Member of Parliament for Looe in Cornwall in Queen Mary's first parliament. Mary I (18 February 1516 &ndash 17 November 1558 was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 19 July 1553 until her death In October of that year, however, a committee of the house reported that he could not sit in the House of Commons because as prebendary of Westminster he had a seat in Convocation. The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords
Nowell was also deprived of his prebend, probably as being a married man, before May 1554, and sought refuge at Strasbourg and Frankfort, where he developed Puritan and almost Presbyterian views. Strasbourg (Strasbourg stʁazbuʁ Alsatian: Strossburi,; Straßburg) is the capital and principal City of the Alsace région Frankfort may refer to Places In the United States of America: Frankfort Illinois Frankfort Indiana He submitted, however, to the Elizabethan settlement of religion, and was rewarded with the archdeaconry of Middlesex, a canonry at Canterbury and in 1560 with the deanery of St Paul's. Canterbury ( ˈkæntəbɹ̩i is a City in eastern Kent in the South East region of England.
His sermons occasionally created some stir, and on one occasion Elizabeth interrupted his sermon, telling him to stick to his text and cease slighting the crucifix. A crucifix (from Latin cruci fixus meaning "(one fixed to a cross" is a cross with a representation of Jesus ' body or corpus He held the deanery of St Paul's for forty-two years, surviving until the 13th of February 1602.
Nowell is believed to have composed the Catechism inserted before the Order of Confirmation in the Prayer Book of 1549, which was supplemented in 1604 and is still in use; but the evidence is not conclusive. A catechism (ˈkætəkɪzəm κατηχισμός is a summary or exposition of Doctrine, traditionally used in Christian religious teaching from New Testament
Early in Elizabeth's reign, however, he wrote a larger catechism, to serve as a statement of Protestant principles; it was printed in 1570, and in the same year appeared his "middle" catechism, designed it would seem for the instruction of "simple curates. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. " Nowell also established a free school at Middleton and made other benefactions for educational purposes.