Alberto di Jorio
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Alberto Cardinal di Jorio (born July 18, 1884, Rome, Italy; died September 5, 1979, Rome), was a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and for many years along with the layman Bernadino Nogara the powerhouse behind the growing wealth of the Vatican and the Istituto per le Opere di Religione (popularly known as the "Vatican Bank"). A style of office, or honorific, is a term which by Tradition or Law precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or Title, or to the Events 390 BC - Roman - Gaulish Wars Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, Year 1884 ( MDCCCLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. Bernardino Nogara (June 17 1870 &mdash November 15 1958 was the financial advisor to the Vatican between 1929 and 1954 appointed by Pope Pius XI and retained by Pope
From his earliest years di Jorio was destined for a career in the Roman Curia. The Roman Curia is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See and the central governing body of the entire Roman Catholic Church, together with the Pope He entered the most prestigious of Roman seminaries, the Pontifical Roman Seminary, and after becoming a priest in 1908 soon took up a role as an official in the vicariate of Rome. Despite doing some work as a pastor in Rome, di Jorio was always chiefly concerned with his work in the Vatican bureaucracy, and in 1918 he took up a role as president of the Istituto per le Opere di Religione ("Institute of Religious Works").
Under the direction of Pope Pius XI, who was eager to settle the "Roman Question" that had kept the Pope as a "prisoner of the Vatican" since Italian unification in 1870, di Jorio formed a close association with Bernadino Nogara in the 1920s. Pope Pius XI ( Latin: Pius PP XI; Italian: Pio XI; May 31 1857 &ndash February 10 1939) born The Holy See is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, commonly known as the Pope, and is the preeminent Episcopal see of the Roman Catholic After the Lateran Treaty settled the "Roman Question" and made the Vatican an independent state, di Jorio was chosen by Nogara to run the Vatican Bank, and aided by laws that allowed Nogara to freely buy shares in any company even if it made products contrary to Catholic Church teaching, the Vatican grew immensely wealthy, buying extensively into such wealthy corporations as General Motors, Standard Oil, General Electric and IBM - as well as Italgas, the major supplier of gas in Italy at the time. The Lateran Treaty is one of the Lateran Pacts of 1929 or Lateran Accords, three agreements made in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing transporting refining and marketing company International Business Machines Corporation abbreviated IBM and nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational Computer Technology
Father di Jorio continued to run the Istituto per le Opere di Religione until after Vatican II but he also played many other roles in the Curia during these years, most notably becoming Secretary of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1947. The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was the twentieth century Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. He ws thus secretary of the conclave during the election of Pope John XXIII, who almost immediately elevated di Jorio to Cardinal although he had not been consecrated a bishop. A papal conclave is a meeting of the College of Cardinals to elect the Pope (or Bishop of Rome) who is considered by Catholics to be the Successor The conclave and its papabili The conclave was held from October 25 to October 28, at the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. Pope John (numberingBlessed Alberto was later thus consecrated when Pope John decreed that all cardinals had to be bishops in order to prevent the nepotism that had corrupted the Church for many centuries. Nepotism is the showing of favoritism toward relatives and friends based upon that relationship rather than on an objective evaluation of ability Meritocracy or suitability
As a cardinal, di Jorio participated in the Second Vatican Council and in the conclave of 1963 that elected Pope Paul VI. Pope Although already seventy-nine at the time, he continued as effective head of the Vatican Bank until 1968, when the job was handed to the controversial Archbishop Paul Marcinkus and the Bank became subjected to severe mismanagement of its resources. Paul Casimir Marcinkus (b January 15 1922 Cicero Illinois - d
Because he was already eighty-six when Ingravescentem aetatem decreed that cardinals over eighty could no longer vote for the election of a Pope, Alberto di Jorio was excluded from participation in any future conclave. The College of Cardinals (verbose Sacred College of the Holy Roman Church, Sancta Romana Ecclesia, S After the death of José da Costa Nunes on November 29, 1976, Alberto di Jorio became the oldest member of the College of Cardinals until his own death in 1979. José Cardinal da Costa Nunes ( March 15, 1880 &mdash November 29, 1976) was a Portuguese Prelate of the Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He was well-regarded enough in old age for Pope Paul VI to preach a special homily for him on the seventieth anniversary of his priestly ordination.
José da Costa Nunes
|Oldest Living Cardinal|
29 November 1976– 5 September 1979