- For the 1997 film, see An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn,
Alan Smithee (or the alternate spellings Allen Smithee, Alan Smythee, and Adam Smithee) is a pseudonym used from 1968 to the 2000s by film directors who wished to be dissociated from a film. An Alan Smithee Film Burn Hollywood Burn (the onscreen title is simply Burn Hollywood Burn) was made in 1997 and released in 1998 A pseudonym is a fictitious alternative to a person's legal name (see Alias) A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. It was used when the director proved to the satisfaction of a panel of members of the Directors Guild of America (DGA) and Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers that the director was not able to exercise creative control over the film. Directors Guild of America ( DGA) is the labor union which represents the interests of film and television directors in the United States The Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP is a trade association based in Encino, California that represents over 350 American The director was also required to keep the reason for the disavowal a secret.
The first known movie to use the Smithee pseudonym was Death of a Gunfighter (1969). Death of a Gunfighter is a 1969 Western movie. It is most notable for the first use of the Allen Smithee directorial credit The name is also an anagram of "The alias men. An anagram ( Greek anagramma 'letters written anew' passive participle of ana- 'again' + gramma 'letter' is a type of Word play " However, it would be wrong to contribute this as a reason for choosing the name, given that the original choice of Al Smith was already registered with the DGA. During its filming, Richard Widmark was unhappy with director Robert Totten. Richard Widmark ( December 26, 1914 &ndash March 24, 2008) was an American Actor of Films stage, He arranged to have Totten replaced by Don Siegel. Donald Siegel ( October 26, 1912 - April 20, 1991) was an influential American Film director and producer When the film was finished, neither Totten nor Siegel wanted to be credited with the result. At first, it was decided that the credit should go to the fictional "Al Smith", but the DGA reported there had already been an actual director by that name. The film was praised by critics, with The New York Times commenting that the film was "sharply directed by Allen Smithee [sic] who has an adroit facility for scanning faces and extracting sharp background detail. " 
The name Smithee was used extensively in television and film; Smithee took the direction credit for episodes of well-known series, including the pilot for the action-adventure series MacGyver. MacGyver is an American Adventure Television series, produced in the United States and Canada, about the laid-back Jud Taylor twice used the pseudonym, for the TV movies Fade-In (also known as Iron Cowboy) (1968) with Burt Reynolds and City in Fear (1980) with David Janssen. Judson Taylor ( February 25 1940  &ndash August 6 2008) was an American Actor, Television director Burton Leon Reynolds Jr (born February 11 1936 is an American Actor. David Janssen (March 27 1931 – February 13 1980 was a Golden Globe -winning Emmy Award - nominated American Film and Television Taylor commented on its use when the DGA's Robert B. Aldrich Achievement Award was awarded to "Smithee":
"I had a couple of problems in my career having to do with editing and not having the contractually-required number of days in the editing room that my agent couldn't resolve. Robert Aldrich (August 9 1918 – December 5 1983 was an American Film director, writer and producer, notable for such films as Kiss Me Deadly Film editing is an art of storytelling practiced by connecting two or more shots together to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an So, I went to the Guild and said, 'This is what's going on. ' The Guild went to bat for me. I got Alan Smithee on them both. It was a signal to the industry from a creative rights point of view that the shows had been tampered with. "
Smithee has also been credited with works in other genres, such as the music video for Whitney Houston's cover song "I Will Always Love You" from the soundtrack for The Bodyguard. A genre (ˈʒɑːnrə also /ˈdʒɑːnrə/ from French "kind" or "sort" from Latin: genus (stem gener-) is a loose set A music video is a Short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music most commonly a Song with lyrics Whitney Elizabeth Houston' (born August 9 1963 is an American Singer-songwriter, Actress, Film producer, Arranger and former In Popular music, a cover version, or simply cover, is a new rendition ( Performance or Recording) of a previously recorded commercially released The Bodyguard is a 1992 romantic-suspense film directed by Mick Jackson, written by Lawrence Kasdan, and starring Kevin Costner The Destiny's Child music video for "Lose My Breath" is also attributed to Smithee, as are the guitar credits on the 2005 William Hung CD, Miracle: Happy Summer from William Hung. Destiny's Child (sometimes referred to as DC or DC3) was an R&B and pop Girl group comprising lead singer Beyoncé Knowles William James Hung Hing Cheong ( Traditional Chinese: 孔慶翔 Simplified Chinese: 孔庆翔 Cantonese Yale: Hung2 Hing3 Cheung4
Although the pseudonym was intended for use by directors, the 1981 film Student Bodies credited Allen Smithee as producer in place of the actual producer, Michael Ritchie. Student Bodies is an American Comedy film first released on August 7, 1981, written and directed by Mickey Rose. Michael Brunswick Ritchie (November 28 1938 - April 16 2001 was an American film director The film's director, Mickey Rose, was credited by his own name rather than a pseudonym.
Outside films, several 1995 comics involving the superhero Daredevil were attributed to the writing of Alan Smithee. Daredevil is a Fictional character that appears in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. Writer DG Chichester took a five-issue break from the series after issue #332, and used this lead time to work on the issues that would print upon his return. A new editor took over the Daredevil line, and did not want Chichester to continue work on the series. Daredevil is a Fictional character that appears in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. Chichester himself was not informed of this directly, but caught wind of the edict nonetheless. Chichester was still obligated to complete issues #338–342; in protest, he insisted on being credited Alan Smithee. His name would not appear in a Daredevil book until #380, the last issue of the first volume of the series.
In 1996, writer Peter Hogan was dropped from the 2000AD comic strip Strontium Dogs, and his episodes subjected to extensive rewrites. Peter K Hogan was editor of Cult political British comics Crisis and Revolver in the late 1980s and early 1990s Strontium Dog is a long-running Comics series featuring in the British Science fiction weekly 2000 AD, starring Johnny Hogan insisted his name be removed from the credits. The script was duly credited to Alan Smithee.
Also, the cartoon series Tiny Toon Adventures, which often had inconsistent artwork and dialogue that had been rewritten at the last minute, had several episodes that were credited to "Al Smithee. A cartoon series is a set of regularly presented animated Television programs created or adapted for television broadcast with a common series title usually related Steven Spielberg Presents Tiny Toon Adventures (also known as Tiny Toon Adventures or Tiny Toons) is an American "
DGA replaces the practice
In 1997, the comedy An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn, starring Eric Idle, was released, in which a director wants to disown a film but cannot because his real name is Alan Smithee. Comedy film is a genre of Film in which the main emphasis is on humor. An Alan Smithee Film Burn Hollywood Burn (the onscreen title is simply Burn Hollywood Burn) was made in 1997 and released in 1998 Eric Idle (born 29 March 1943 is an English Comedian, Actor, Author, Singer and Composer of comedic songs As a result of the publicity around this movie, and especially around the fact that director Arthur Hiller asked for and got an Alan Smithee credit for it, the Directors Guild discontinued the Alan Smithee credit. Arthur Hiller, OC (born November 22, 1923 in Edmonton Alberta) is an Oscar -nominated Canadian film director
Another affair that may have played a role in the discontinuation of the pseudonym had to do with the release of American History X, where director Tony Kaye asked for a Smithee, but did not receive it. American History X is an Academy Award -nominated 1998 film directed by Tony Kaye. Tony Kaye (born 1952 London, UK) is a director of films music videos advertisements and documentaries One of the stated rules for the process was that the director was not allowed to comment publicly about why he or she was taking his or her name off the film; Kaye had already spoken publicly about his issues with the re-edit and, thus, was ineligible.
After these issues, the Guild decided to choose a pseudonym for each case separately, rather than re-use a particular pseudonym. The first such example is the "Thomas Lee" credit for director Walter Hill on the 2000 film Supernova. Supernova is a 2000 Science fiction film, from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer / United Artists.
The change has not ended the practice of using the Smithee pseudonym entirely. For example, the Canadian film Fugitives Run starring David Hasselhoff is credited to Smithee, as are the 2003 films Cowboys Run and River Made to Drown In. David Michael Hasselhoff (born July 17, 1952) is an American Actor and Singer, who is best known for his lead roles on Knight As the DGA has no control whatsoever over films produced and directed outside the United States, the practice may continue in Canada and in other countries.
Use in alternative versions
- The TV versions of films are sometimes disavowed, even if the theatrical release is not:
- One example is Scent of a Woman directed by Martin Brest, which was "An Alan Smithee film" on television. Scent of a Woman is a 1992 film which tells the story of a preparatory school student who takes a job as an assistant to an irascible blind medically Martin Brest ( August 8, 1951) is an American Filmmaker, producer, Screenwriter, Film editor, and Actor
- The extended TV version of the David Lynch film Dune was also credited to Smithee when Lynch objected to edits by its producers. David Keith Lynch (born January 20 1946 is an American director, Screenwriter, producer, painter, Cartoonist, Composer This article is about the 1984 film See Frank Herbert's Dune for the 2000 television adaptation The writing credit goes to "Judas Booth", an inside joke for Lynch, who states the studio betrayed and killed his film. Judas Iscariot, יהודה איש־קריות Yəhûḏāh ʾÎš-qəriyyôṯ was according to the New Testament, one of the twelve original apostles Abraham Lincoln assassination John Wilkes Booth (May 10 1838 – April 26 1865 was an American stage actor who assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the
- The same credit change happened with Michael Mann at least twice, for Heat and The Insider. Michael Kenneth Mann (born February 5 1943 is an American Film director, Screenwriter, and producer. Heat is a 1995 American crime drama Film written and directed by Michael Mann. The Insider is a 1999 film that tells the true story of a 60 Minutes Television series exposé of the Tobacco industry
- A version of Meet Joe Black edited for in-flight entertainment was credited to Smithee. Meet Joe Black is a 1998 Remake of the 1934 film Death Takes a Holiday, originally having been remade in 1971 under the same name as the An airline provides air transport services for Passengers or Freight, generally with a recognized operating certificate or license
- A cable TV version of William Friedkin's The Guardian was credited to Smithee. William Friedkin (born August 29 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) is an Academy Award-winning American movie and television director The Guardian is a 1990 Film directed by William Friedkin and starring Jenny Seagrove, Dwier Brown and Carey Lowell
- Backtrack, a 1990 film directed by Dennis Hopper and starring Jodie Foster, was originally credited to Smithee; a "director's cut" for a subsequent video release was credited to Hopper. Catchfire is a 1990 Drama film starring Jodie Foster, Dennis Hopper, Joe Pesci, and Fred Ward. The year 1990 in film involved some significant events Events CGI technique is expanded with motion capture for Dennis Lee Hopper (born May 17, 1936) is an Academy Award -nominated American Actor and Film -maker Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster (born November 19 1962 is a two-time Academy Award, BAFTA, and Golden Globe -award winning American Perhaps coincidentally, Joe Pesci, who appeared prominently in the film, also had the credit for his role removed. Joseph Frank "Joe" Pesci (born February 9, 1943) is an Academy Award -winning American Actor, Comedian, Singer
- The version of Masato Harada's Ganheddo (AKA GunHed) released in the United States was credited to Smithee. Masato Harada (原田眞人 Harada Masato, alt 原田真人 Harada Masato, born July 3, 1949 in Numazu, Shizuoka) is a is a 1989 Japanese live-action Mecha film Synopsis In the year 2038 a group of scavengers enter the complex of the renegade Kyron-5 in search of precious element Texmexium
- A half-hour 1955 television drama called The Indiscreet Mrs. The year 1955 in television involved some significant eventsBelow is a list of Television -related events in 1955. Jarvis starring Angela Lansbury was released on VHS in 1992 without its original credits, but retroactively credited to Smithee. Angela Brigid Lansbury, CBE (born October 16, 1925) is an English Golden Globe Award and Tony Award winning Actress The year 1992 in television involved some significant eventsBelow is a list of Television -related events in 1992.
Other productions crediting Smithee as director
The following films credit Smithee; the actual director is listed when known:
- The Coroner
- To Light the Darkness, directed by Vance Kotrla
- Irish Republican Zombie
- Picture of Priority
- Dilemma, directed by Eric Larsen and Eric Louzil and starring C. Thomas Howell
- Sub Down, directed by Gregg Champion and starring Stephen Baldwin
- Le Zombi de Cap-Rouge
- Hellraiser: Bloodline (1996), directed by Kevin Yagher
- Smoke n Lightnin, directed by Michael Kirton
- Raging Angels
- National Lampoon's Senior Trip, directed by Kelly Makin with a segment credited to Smithee
- Bloodsucking Pharaohs in Pittsburgh, directed by Dean Tschetter
- The Shrimp on the Barbie, directed by Michael Gottlieb and starring Cheech Marin
- Solar Crisis, directed by Richard C. Sarafian, starring Tim Matheson and Charlton Heston
- I Love N. Erik J Larsen (born December 8, 1962) is an American Comic book writer artist and publisher Stephen Andrew Baldwin (born May 12 1966) is an American Actor best known for his role in the 1995 ensemble film The Usual Suspects Hellraiser IV Bloodline is a 1996 Horror film and the fourth installment in the ''Hellraiser'' series. Kevin Troy Yagher (born June 23, 1962 in Illinois, US) is a Special effects technician known for Freddy Krueger 's National Lampoon's Senior Trip is a 1995 Teen movie directed by Kelly Makin. Kelly Makin is a Canadian Television and movie director He directed some episodes of The Kids in the Hall Comedy The Shrimp on the Barbie is a 1990 Comedy film directed by Michael Gottlieb (under the pseudonym Alan Smithee) and starring Cheech Richard Anthony "Cheech" Marin (born July 13 1946 is an American Comedian and Actor who gained recognition as part of the comedy act Solar Crisis is a 1990 science fiction Film from Japan America Picture Company. Richard C Sarafian (born 28 April 1930) is an American TV and film director Tim Matheson (born Timothy Lewis Matthieson on December 31, 1947) is an American Actor. Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter; October 4 1923 &ndash April 5 2008) was an American Actor of Y. , directed by Gianni Bozzacchi and starring Scott Baio
- Putz, directed by Robert Rothbard
- Appointment with Fear, directed by Ramzi Thomas
- Ghost Fever, directed by Lee Madden
- Morgan Stewart's Coming Home, directed by Paul Aaron and Terry Windsor
- Let's Get Harry, directed by Stuart Rosenberg
- Stitches, directed by Rod Holcomb and starring Parker Stevenson
- Gypsy Angels, starring Vanna White
- The Barking Dog
- Dune (1988 extended television version, 2006 extended DVD version), directed by David Lynch and starring Kyle MacLachlan, based upon the 1965 Frank Herbert novel
- The Simpsons episode A Star is Burns had a plot centered around a short-film festival. Scott Vincent James Baio (born September 22, 1961) is an American Actor, best known for his work on the Sitcoms Happy Days Morgan Stewart's Coming Home is a 1987 Comedy film directed by Paul Aaron/Terry Winsor and starring Jon Cryer, Viveka Davis, Let's Get Harry is a 1986 Action film directed by Stuart Rosenberg. Stuart Rosenberg ( August 11 1927 &ndash March 15 2007) was an American film and Television director whose notable Stitches ( 1985) is a comedy film depicting the misadventures of three students in medical school Rod Holcomb is an American Television director and producer He has directed episodes of television series such as Quincy M Parker Stevenson (born Richard Stevenson Parker on June 4 1952 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania) is an American television actor Vanna White (born February 18 1957 is an American Television personality best known as puzzle-board presenter and co-host on the long-running Game show This article is about the 1984 film See Frank Herbert's Dune for the 2000 television adaptation David Keith Lynch (born January 20 1946 is an American director, Screenwriter, producer, painter, Cartoonist, Composer Kyle MacLachlan (born February 22 1959 in Yakima Washington) is a Golden Globe award winning American actor Franklin Patrick Herbert Jr ( October 8 1920 &ndash February 11 1986) was a critically acclaimed and commercially successful American " A Star Is Burns " is the 18th episode of The Simpsons ' sixth season. Mr. Burns' entry A Burns for All Seasons was credited to Alan Smithee.
- Woman Wanted (2000), directed and eventually disowned by Kiefer Sutherland
- The Birds II: Land's End, directed by Rick Rosenthal
- "Tiny Toon Adventures" had a Smithee cartoon. Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus Sutherland He has Scottish ancestry from both parents and is the grandson of Canadian politician Tommy Douglas. The Birds II Land's End is the 1994 Television movie Sequel to Alfred Hitchcock 's 1963 classic The Birds Richard L "Rick" Rosenthal Jr Rosenthal helped launch Sean Penn 's career when he cast the then-unknown actor in the title role of the 1983 film Bad Boys Steven Spielberg Presents Tiny Toon Adventures (also known as Tiny Toon Adventures or Tiny Toons) is an American
- Wadd: The Life and Times of John C. Holmes
- The Second Assistant Director Credit for Segment 1 of "Twilight Zone: The Movie" (the "Vic Morrow" segment) is credited as "Alan Smithee", instead of Anderson House. Twilight Zone The Movie is a 1983 film produced by Steven Spielberg as a theatrical version of The Twilight Zone, a 1950s and 60s Victor "Vic" Morrow ( February 14, 1929 &ndash July 23, 1982) was an American actor Second Assistant directors work primarily on getting exterior filler shots or they work on action scenes, and the Vic Morrow helicopter accident probably had something to do with this "Smithee" credit.
- The episode "Motherhunt" (2002), the 5th episode of the second season of "A Nero Wolfe Mystery" has a Smithee credit. A Nero Wolfe Mystery (aka Nero Wolfe, The Nero Wolfe Mysteries) is a television series based on Rex Stout 's classic series of detective
- It's Academic, June 19, 2006, TV episode. It's Academic is an Australian children's Game show airing on the Seven Network. Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. See here for images.
- "Catch a Falling Star", episode 16 of season 4 of US TV series La Femme Nikita, believed to be Joseph Scanlan. La Femme Nikita ( Nikita in Canada is a Canadian television Spy drama based upon the original French film directed by Luc Joseph L Scanlan is an American Television director. Directing Credits Flatland Largo Winch
Music videos "directed" by Smithee
- ^ Thompson, Howard (May 10 1969). Whitney Elizabeth Houston' (born August 9 1963 is an American Singer-songwriter, Actress, Film producer, Arranger and former Salt-n-Pepa is a Grammy -Award Winning American hip hop group from Queens New York that came into the music scene in 1985 and went on to Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC, OBC (born January 28, 1968) is a Grammy -winning Canadian Musician, singer and Paula Cole (born April 5, 1968 in Rockport, Massachusetts) is an American Singer / Songwriter. Gary Barlow (born 20 January, 1971 in Frodsham, Cheshire, England) is an English Singer, Pianist, Billie Myers (born 14 June 1971, Coventry, West Midlands) is an English rock Singer-songwriter. Monica Denise Arnold (born October 24 1980) professionally known as Monica, is an American R&B Singer, Songwriter Sarah Ann McLachlan, OC, OBC (born January 28, 1968) is a Grammy -winning Canadian Musician, singer and Jennifer Lynn Lopez (born July Ruff Endz is an American R&B duo, consisting of members David "Davinch" Chance and Dante "Chi" Jordan from Baltimore MD Jeffrey Gaines is an American Singer-songwriter and Guitarist, born in Harrisburg Pennsylvania, he released his first album in 1992 (see 1992 in music Destiny's Child (sometimes referred to as DC or DC3) was an R&B and pop Girl group comprising lead singer Beyoncé Knowles Bloc Party are a British Indie rock band composed of Kele Okereke on vocals and Rhythm guitar, Russell Lissack on The Westboro Baptist Church (WBC is a church headed by Fred Phelps and based in Topeka Kansas, United States. "Screen: Tough Western: 'Death of a Gunfighter' Stars Widmark" New York Times 
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