|Time of revelation||Early years of prophethood|
|Number of verses||21|
|Number of Rukus||1|
Surat Al-Lail (Arabic: الّيل al-Layl the Night) is the 92nd sūrah (chapter) of the Qur'an, containing twenty-one āyāt (verses). Ayah (ar آية, plural Ayat ar آيات) is the Arabic word for sign or Miracle, cognate with Hebrew ot, Rukūʿ (رُكوع refers to the bowing down following the recitation of the Quran in the standing position while praying according to Islamic ritual ( Salat) Sura (sometimes spelt "Surah" ar سورة, plural "Suwar" ar سور is an Arabic term literally meaning "something enclosed or surrounded Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Sura (sometimes spelt "Surah" ar سورة, plural "Suwar" ar سور is an Arabic term literally meaning "something enclosed or surrounded The Qur’an ( القرآن, literally "the recitation" also sometimes transliterated as Qur’ān, Koran, Alcoran Ayah (ar آية, plural Ayat ar آيات) is the Arabic word for sign or Miracle, cognate with Hebrew ot, This sūrah is one of the first ten to be revealed in Mecca. Mecca ˈmɛkə also spelled Makkah ˈmækə (in full Makkah Al-Mukarramah (Arabic mækːæ(t ælmʊkarˑamæ مكّة المكرمة, literally Honored It contrasts two types of people, the charitable and the miserly, and describes each of their characteristics.
Sūrat Al-Lail is a Meccan sura, and was among the first ten surahs to be revealed. The Meccan suras are the chronologically earlier Suras of the Qur'an that were revealed at Mecca. Meccan suras are chronologically earlier suras that were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad at Mecca before the hijrah to Medina in 622 CE. Sura (sometimes spelt "Surah" ar سورة, plural "Suwar" ar سور is an Arabic term literally meaning "something enclosed or surrounded IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics Mecca ˈmɛkə also spelled Makkah ˈmækə (in full Makkah Al-Mukarramah (Arabic mækːæ(t ælmʊkarˑamæ مكّة المكرمة, literally Honored Medina mɛˈdiːnə (المدينة المنورة ælmæˈdiːnæl muˈnɑwːɑrɑ or المدينة ælmæˈdiːnæ also transliterated into English as Events Religion July 16 — Year one of the Islamic calendar begins during which the Hijra occurs — Prophet Muhammad They are typically shorter, with relatively short ayat, and mostly come near the end of the Qur'an’s 114 sūwar. Ayah (ar آية, plural Ayat ar آيات) is the Arabic word for sign or Miracle, cognate with Hebrew ot, Most of the surahs containing muqatta'at are Meccan. Muqatta`at (Arabic ar مقطعات,are unique letter combinations that begin certain chapters of the Quran. According to Yusuf Ali, Al-Lail may be placed in the dating period close to Surat Al-Fajr and Ad-Dhuha (93). Hafiz Abdullah Yusuf Ali ( 14 April 1872 - 10 December 1953) was a South Asian Islamic scholar who translated Surat Ad-Dhuha (الضحى aḍ-Ḍuḥà The Morning Hours, Morning Bright) is the 93rd sura of the Qur'an with 11 Ayat. It is similar in subject matter to the chapter preceding it, Ash-Shams (91). Surat Ash-Shams (الشمس aš-Šams The Sun) is the 91st sura of the Qur'an with 15 Ayat.
The mufassirūn (Quranic commentators) note a similarity that in all of the aforementioned three suras the wonder and contrast between night and day are appealed to for the consolation of man in his spiritual yearning. Tafsir ( Arabic: تفسير, tafsīr, "interpretation" is the Arabic word for Exegesis According to an interpretation expounded on in the tafsīr (commentary) written by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi (d. Tafsir ( Arabic: تفسير, tafsīr, "interpretation" is the Arabic word for Exegesis Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi (Urdu سید ابو الاعلىٰ مودودی - alternative spellings of last name Maudoodi, and Mawdudi) ( -) also known 1979) entitled Tafhim al-Qur'an, the primary theme of Surat al-Lail is distinguishing between two different ways of life and explaining the contrast between their ultimate ends and results. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) The Meaning of the Qur'an (Arabic Tafhim al-Qur'an) is a book in six volumes written by the Islamic scholar Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi  Sayyid Qutb (d. Sayyid Qutb (ˈsaɪjɪd ˈqʊtˁb (also Saïd Syed Seyyid Sayid or Sayed last name also Koteb (rather common Qutub Kotb or Kutb (سيد قطب October 9, 1906 1966), who was an Egyptian author, Islamist, and leading intellectual of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, surmised the overall theme of Surat Al-Lail in the introduction to his extensive Quranic commentary, Fi Zilal al-Qur'an (In the shades of the Qur'an) by saying:
Within a framework of scenes taken from the universe and the realm of human nature, this surah states emphatically the basic facts of action and reward. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Islamism ( Islam + ism; Arabic: al-'islāmiyya) a set of ideologies holding that Islam is not only This article refers to the Egyptian organisation called the Muslim Brotherhood for other organisations that use the same name see the Muslim Brotherhood article In the Shade of the Qur'an ( is a highly influential commentary of the Qur'an, written by Sayyid Qutb, a leader within the Muslim Brotherhood This issue had diverse aspects… The end in the hereafter is also varied, according to the type of action and the direction taken in this life… The subject matter of the surah, i. e. , action and reward, is by nature double directional, so the framework chosen for it at the beginning of the surah is of dual coloring. It is based on contrasting aspects in the creation of man and the universe.
According to an account from the book A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran, translated by George Sale, Jalal ad-Din as-Suyūti – co-author of the classical Sunni tafsīr known as Tafsir al-Jalalayn - had speculated that this whole description belongs peculiarly to Abu Bakr; for when he had purchased Bilal ibn Rabah, the Ethiopian (afterwards the Prophet’s muadhdhin, or crier to prayers), who had been put to the rack on account of his faith, the infidels said he did it only out of a view of interest; upon which this passage was revealed. Sayyid Qutb (ˈsaɪjɪd ˈqʊtˁb (also Saïd Syed Seyyid Sayid or Sayed last name also Koteb (rather common Qutub Kotb or Kutb (سيد قطب October 9, 1906 In the Shade of the Qur'an ( is a highly influential commentary of the Qur'an, written by Sayyid Qutb, a leader within the Muslim Brotherhood George Sale (1697 Kent, England &ndash1736 London, England was an Orientalist and practicing Solicitor. Tafsir al-Jalalayn ( Tafsir of the twin Jalals) is a classical Sunni Tafsir of the Qur'an, composed first by Jalal ad-Din al-Mahalli Early life Abu Bakr was born at Mecca some time in the year 573 CE, in the Banu Taym branch of the Quraysh tribe Bilal ibn Rabah (بلال بن رباح or Bilal al-Habeshi was an Ethiopian born in Mecca in the late 6th century sometime between 578 and 582 NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page The muezzin (via Turkish müezzin from Arabic: مؤذن mu’aḏḏin) is a chosen person at the  However, the style and language of this chapter are against this explanation. It is best, therefore, to regard the whole as addressed to Muhammad’s hearers generally.
In his book The Corân, William Muir classifies Al-Lail in a Quranic sub-category known as the Soliloquies - a literary form of discourse in which Muhammad talks to himself or reveals his thoughts without addressing a listener.  However, Sale argues that this sūrah seems to be ruled out of that category by the statements of āyāt 14 where Muhammad appears as a warner, and therefore is entered upon his pubic ministry. Regarding subject matter, Sayyid Maududi suggests this surah can generally be divided into two parts, the first consisting of āyāt 1 through 11, and the second of āyāt 12 through 21. 
|“||By the night as it envelops; By the day as it appears; By Him Who created male and female; Certainly, your efforts and deeds are diverse; As for him who gives and has taqwa; and believes in al-husnā; We will make smooth for him the path of ease; But he who is greedy and thinks himself self-sufficient; and denies al-husnā; We will make smooth for him the path to evil; and what will his wealth avail him when he goes down (in destruction)||”|
Allah begins this chapter by swearing a series of oaths: by the night when it envelops the world, by the day when it illuminates and, finally by Himself who has created the male and female (92:1-3). Taqwá (التقوى) is the Islamic concept of " God -consciousness" or Higher consciousness. The Qur’an ( القرآن, literally "the recitation" also sometimes transliterated as Qur’ān, Koran, Alcoran Hafiz Abdullah Yusuf Ali ( 14 April 1872 - 10 December 1953) was a South Asian Islamic scholar who translated Allah ( Arabic: الله, ʔalˤːɑːh) is the standard Arabic word for ' Evidence of these three things are invoked (night, day and gender) to illustrate how the aims and activities engaged in by both individuals and nations, are, in respect to their moral nature, widely divergent. Gender comprises a range of differences between men and women extending from the biological to the social Verse 92:3 literally means, "Consider that which has created [or "creates"] the male and the female", i. e. , the elements which are responsible for the differentiation between male and female. This, together with the symbolism of night and day, darkness and light, is an allusion - similar to the first ten verses of the preceding surah (Ash-Shams) - to the polarity evident in all nature and, hence, to the dichotomy (spoken of in the next verse) which characterizes man’s aims and motives. "Symbolic" redirects here For other uses see Symbolism (disambiguation and Symbolic (disambiguation. Surat Ash-Shams (الشمس aš-Šams The Sun) is the 91st sura of the Qur'an with 15 Ayat. A dichotomy is any splitting of a whole into exactly two non-overlapping parts Following a style common to the brief chapters, three opposing moral characteristics are presented as illustrations, providing a means from which mankind may judge which of the two lifestyles is being represented.
92:1 وَالَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى
92:2 وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّى
92:3 وَمَا خَلَقَ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَى
Traits characterizing the first type of individuals are distinguished here by three signs: (1) sacrificing their wealth: (2) adopting taqwa (God-consciousness): and (3) recognizing and supporting all that is morally correct (wa şaddaqa bi-(a)l-ĥusnā). Taqwá (التقوى) is the Islamic concept of " God -consciousness" or Higher consciousness. The second character type – described in verses 8 through 10 - are also distinguished by three signs: they are miserly and do not give of their wealth; they are arrogant and think themselves independent of Allah’s Will (92:8); and (3) knowingly dishonoring Truth out of spite, or seeing ugliness where there is beauty. Then, it is stated that these two modes of action, which are clearly divergent, cannot be equal and alike in respect to results, i. e. , just as they are divergent in their nature, so they are divergent in their results.
Narrated ’Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib: We were in the company of the Prophet in a funeral procession at Baqi Al-Gharqad. ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (a=علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب|t=ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib 13th Rajab, 24 BH – 21st Ramaḍān, 40 AH He said, "There is none of you but has his place written for him in Paradise or in the Hell-Fire. " They said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall we depend (on this fact and give up work)?" He said, "Carry on doing (good deeds), for every body will find it easy to do (what will lead him to his destined place). " Then he recited: 'As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah, and believes in the Best reward from Allah (i. e. Allah will compensate him for what he will spend in Allah's way). So, We will make smooth for him the path of ease. But he who is a greedy miser. . . for him, the path for evil. ' (92. 5-10)
In verse 7, humans are told if they strive their utmost towards Allah, that He will provide every help and satisfaction to a “state of ease” (li-l-yusrā). Allah ( Arabic: الله, ʔalˤːɑːh) is the standard Arabic word for ' People adopting the first mode of action are promised by Allāh that He will make correct behavior easy for them, to such an extent that doing good becomes easy and doing evil difficult.  On the contrary, those adopting the second mode of life, Allāh will make their path difficult in this world and in the Hereafter. Consequently, performing evil actions will become easy, while doing good becomes increasingly difficult.  Ibn Kathir further extrapalated on this concept:
It is a frequently repeated subject of the Quran that every good deed is recompensed, and that one who intends to do good deeds is given the opportunity to do it, and anyone who intends to do evil deeds is led to it. Ismail ibn Kathir (ابن كثير (1301&ndash1373 was an Islamic scholar and renowned commentator on the Qur'an. There are many aḥadith that support this assertion. Once Abu Bakr asked the Prophet, “Are our deeds foreordained or originated by us?” The Prophet said, “They are rather foreordained. ” Abu Bakr said, “Then what is the use of our efforts. ” The Prophet then said, “Each proceeds easily towards that for which he was created. ”
Thus, the first part of the surah ends having made clear that there are only two ways for all mankind in all times and places. Ismail ibn Kathir (ابن كثير (1301&ndash1373 was an Islamic scholar and renowned commentator on the Qur'an. Ismail ibn Kathir (ابن كثير (1301&ndash1373 was an Islamic scholar and renowned commentator on the Qur'an. All humanity is in two parties under two headings however numerous are their colors and forms.
|“||Truly, on Us is (to give) guidance; and truly, unto Us (belong) the last (Hereafter) and the first (this world); Therefore I have warned you of a fire; None shall enter it save the most wretched; Who denies and turns away; and those with taqwa will be far removed from it; He who gives of his wealth for self-purification; and who has (in mind) no favor from anyone to be paid back; Except to seek the Face of his Lord, the Most High; He, surely, will be pleased. Taqwá (التقوى) is the Islamic concept of " God -consciousness" or Higher consciousness.||”|
In the next part of this sūrah, another three truths are stated. The Qur’an ( القرآن, literally "the recitation" also sometimes transliterated as Qur’ān, Koran, Alcoran Hafiz Abdullah Yusuf Ali ( 14 April 1872 - 10 December 1953) was a South Asian Islamic scholar who translated First, verse 12 says that Allāh has not left man uninformed in the world, but has assumed responsibility for clearly showing humanity the halal (lawful) and haram (unlawful). Halal (حلال ḥalāl, halaal) is an Arabic term meaning permissible. The Arabic term ḥaram has a meaning of "sanctuary" or "holy site" in Islam. Another interpretation given to verse 12 is that – ‘Whoever takes the path of guidance will reach Us. ’
92:12 إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا لَلْهُدَى
Regarding this same verse, Qatada ibn al-Nu'man said - Truly, on Us is (to give) guidance - 'This means, We will explain what is lawful and what is prohibited. Qatada ibn al-Nu'man ( قتدة بن النعمان) was one of the Sahaba of Muhammad and a Ansar. ' Others have said that it means, "Whoever traverses upon the path of guidance, then he will reach Allah (i. e. , in the Hereafter). They consider this ayat like Allah’s saying: "And upon Allah is the responsibility to explain the Straight path. " This has been mentioned by Ibn Jarir. Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838-923 أبو جعفر محمد بن جرير الطبري was one of the earliest most prominent and famous Persian Historians 
92:13 وَإِنَّ لَنَا لَلْآخِرَةَ وَالْأُولَى
Second, verse 13 contends that Allāh alone is the master of both this world and the Hereafter. If an individual seeks worldly goods, only Allāh controls whether or not it will be received. Likewise, for those seeking the Hereafter, once again it is Allāh who will provide. Now, it is up to the individual to decide what should be sought. The third truth is that the wretched ones (‘illa-l-‘ashqā) who rejected the truth when Rasūlullāh invited them to Islam, have a blazing fire awaiting them (nāran talaźźa, or “a flaming fire”). IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. The term used for them in verse 15 is ‘ashqā (superlative degree). In Grammar the superlative of an Adjective or Adverb is the greatest form of adjective or adverb which indicates that something has some feature Ibn Kathir includes a hadith related to this type of person: Ahmad ibn Hanbal reported the Prophet as saying “Only wretched people will go to Hell. Ismail ibn Kathir (ابن كثير (1301&ndash1373 was an Islamic scholar and renowned commentator on the Qur'an. Ahmed ibn Hanbal ( Arabic: أحمد بن حنبل Ahmad bin Hanbal) (780 - Hell, according to many Religious beliefs, is a location in the Afterlife, which may be described as a place of suffering ” When asked, “Who is the wretched,” he said, “One who disobeys and does not refrain from evil out of fear of Allah. ”
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Hurayrah that Rasūlullāh said: “All of my followers will enter Paradise on the Day of Judgement except for whoever refuses. Ahmed ibn Hanbal ( Arabic: أحمد بن حنبل Ahmad bin Hanbal) (780 - Abu Hurairah ( أبو هريرة) (also known as `Abd al-Rahman ibn Sakhr Al-Azdi ( عبدالرحمن بن صخر الأذدي) Abu Hurayrah In Christian eschatology, the Last Judgment or Day of the Lord is the judgment by God of every human who ever lived ” They (the Companions) said, “Who would refuse, O Messenger of Allah,” He replied, “Whoever obeyes me, he will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me, then he has refused. ”
92:18 الَّذِى يُؤْتِى مَالَهُ يَتَزَكَّى
The spending may be for charity, or for good works, such as advancing the cause of knowledge or science, or supporting ideals. “Wealth” (māl) must be understood not only for money or material goods, but also any advantage or opportunity which a man happens to enjoy, and which he can place at the service of others. The Arabic root word zakā implies both increase and purification, and both meanings may be understood to be implied here. The word tazkiyah is the transitive verbal noun (masdar) of zakā. A verbal noun is a Noun formed directly as an Inflexion of a Verb or a verb stem, sharing at least in part its constructions Islahi defines it as, purification of something from adulterants, its growth and development to bring it to the height of its perfection. The word zakāt (the obligatory alms) also comes from this same root. This is a sub-article of Islamic economical jurisprudence. Zakaat ( زكاة zækæːh zakaat or zakāh, has the implied Al-Asfahāni states that it is called zakāt because the person who gives it hopes for blessings or he hopes to purify his soul or for both of these aspects.  Yusuf Ali adds that wealth (understood both literally and metaphorically) is not for selfish enjoyment or idle show. It is held on trust and may be a trial in itself. 
The root sidq has several derivatives. The verb saddaqa with respect to statements means to accept and realize. The verb tasaddaqa with respect to funds means gave away, realizing his faith by action. And the verb asdaqa means to give dowry in marriage to women. A dowry (also known as trousseau or tocher) is the money goods or estate that a woman brings to her soon to be husband in marriage The meaning of sadaqah is derived from the root sidq because sadaqah implies giving away goods and funds for the sake of Allah in expression of faithfulness and in realization of the belief in resurection and afterlife. This is a sub-article of Zakat, Infaq and Mustahabb. Sadaqah (plural sadaqat) ( صدقة, sˤɒdæqɒh is an  It is for that reason that Qur’an associated giving with affirmation of faith and withholding with rejection of faith; Allah says; “So he who gives in charity and fears Allah and in all sincerity testifies to the best, we will indeed make smooth for him the path to bliss, but who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient and gives lies to the best we will indeed make smooth for him the path to misery. Faith is a Belief in the trustworthiness of an Idea. Formal usage of the word "faith" is usually reserved for concepts of Religion, as in ” Sadaqah is thus an indication of truthfullness in faith and sincere belief in the day of Judgement. Accordingly, the Messenger of Allah said sadaqah is a proof (or evidence). (Reported by Muslim)
92:20 إِلاَّ ابْتِغَآءَ وَجْهِ رَبِّهِ الاٌّعْلَى
92:21 إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا لَلْهُدَى
As for the God-fearing person who spends their wealth in a good cause “for increase in self-purification”, without any selfish motive, only desiring the “Face of their Lord Most High”, Allah will be pleased with him and he will be satisfied (wa-la-sawfa yarđā).  This “Face” or “Countenance” (wajh) implies good pleasure or approval; but it also implies something more. It also means the Cause, - either the “final cause” or the “efficient cause” of Aristotelian philosophy. Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language For the atqā (righteous one with taqwa) would refer everything backwards in origin and forwards in destiny, to Allah. Destiny refers to a predetermined course of events It may be conceived as a predetermined future whether in general or of an individual Allah is the source of their goodness, as well as its goal or purpose.
Asbāb al-nuzūl (occasions or circumstances of revelation) is a secondary genre of Qur'ānic exegesis (tafsir) directed at establishing the context in which specific verses of the Qur'ān were revealed. Asbāb al-nuzūl اسباب النزول, an Arabic term meaning "occasions/circumstances of revelation" is a secondary genre of Qur'ānic Exegesis Though of some use in reconstructing the Qur'ān's historicity, asbāb is by nature an exegetical rather than a historiographical genre, and as such usually associates the verses it explicates with general situations rather than specific events. Most of the mufassirūn say that verses 17 through 21 were revealed about Abu Bakr Siddiq (r. Early life Abu Bakr was born at Mecca some time in the year 573 CE, in the Banu Taym branch of the Quraysh tribe 632-34). Some claim a consensus on this, although the statements are general. Ibn Kathir states that Abu Bakr had a special status among the Sahaba (companions of Muhammad). In Islam, the Ṣaḥābah (الصحابة "Companions" were the companions of the Islamic prophet Muḥammad. He helped all the people who sought his help and he was well-known for this. On the eve of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah (628 CE), when Abu Bakr showed his anger and chastised Urwa bin Masud, chief of the Thaqif tribe. The Treaty of Hudaybiyya ( Arabic: صلح الحديبية) is the treaty that took place between the state of Medina and the Quraishi Events By Place Europe Pippin of Landen becomes Mayor of the Palace in Austrasia. Urwa told him, "Had I not been under an obligation to you, I would have answered you of the same king. ”
Following the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 CE, it was alleged that the phrase "Him who created" was added to verse 92:3. Events By Place Europe Khan Kubrat starts to rule in Great Bulgaria. One narrator of this controversy was Abdullah bin Masud (d. TemplateInfobox Muslim scholars --> Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud ( عبدالله بن مسعود (d ca. 652), a sahabi who is clearly acknowledged in several aĥādith (by Sunni sources) as an authority regarding Qur'ānic matters. Events By Place Europe Rodoald succeeds his father Rothari as king of the Lombards. In Islam, the Ṣaḥābah (الصحابة "Companions" were the companions of the Islamic prophet Muḥammad. Hadith ( ar الحديث, pl aḥadīth; lit. "narrative" are oral Traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic  However, according to the following ahadith related in Sahih al-Bukhari, the phrase "by Him who created (mā khalaqa)" is considered an addition to the original text that some like Ibn Masud said should not be there:
92:3 وَمَا خَلَقَ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَى
Narrated Ibrahim: The companions of Abdullah (Ibn Masud) came to Abu Darda', (and before they arrived at his home), he looked for them and found them. Abu Darda was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Then he asked them: 'Who among you can recite (Quran) as Abdullah recites it?" They replied, "All of us. " He asked, "Who among you knows it by heart?" They pointed at 'Alqama. Then he asked Alqama. "How did you hear Abdullah bin Masud reciting Surat al-Lail?" Alqama recited: 'By the male and the female. ' Abu Ad-Darda said, "I testify that I heard my Prophet reciting it likewise, but these people want me to recite it: 'And by Him Who created male and female. ' but by Allah, I will not follow them. "
Narrated Alqama: Abu Darda further asked, "How does 'Abdullah (bin Masud) recite the sūrah starting with, 'By the Night as it conceals (the light). Alqama ibn Qays al-Nakha'i (d) was a well-known scholar from among the Taba'een and pupil of Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud, who called him the most erudite of " (92. 1) Then I recited before him: 'By the Night as it envelops: And by the Day as it appears in brightness; And by male and female. ' (91. 1-3) On this Abu Darda said, "By Allah, the Prophet made me recite the sūrah in this way while I was listening to him. "
Narrated Alqama: I went to Sham and was offering a two rak'at prayer. The word (ركعة pl ركعات) refers to one unit of Islamic prayer or Salah. I said, "O Allah! Bless me with a (pious) companion. " Then I saw an old man coming towards me, and when he came near I said (to myself), "I hope Allah has given me my request. " The man asked (me), "Where are you from?" I replied, "I am from the people of Kufa. Kufa ( Arabic, ar الكوفة) is a city in modern Iraq, about 170 km south of Baghdad, and 10 km northeast of Najaf. " He said, "Wasn’t there amongst you the Carrier of the (Prophet's) shoes, siwak and the ablution water container? Wasn't there amongst you the man who was given Allah's Refuge from Satan? And weren't there amongst you the man who used to keep the (Prophet's) secrets which nobody else knew? How did Ibn Um 'Abd ('Abdullah bin Masud) use to recite Surat al-Layl?" I recited: "By the Night as it envelops By the Day as it appears in brightness. This article is about Hygiene in Islam. The miswak ( miswaak, siwak) is a natural Toothbrush made from the twigs Satan, ( Standard Hebrew Satan'el, English accuser) is a term that originates from the Abrahamic faiths, being traditionally And by male and female. " (92:1-3) On that, Abu Darda said, "By Allah, the Prophet made me read the verse in this way after listening to him, but these people (of Sham) tried their best to let me say something different. " 
Many ahadith have been related concerning the spiritual benefits associated with Surat Al-Lail. The Prophet is reported to have said that the reward of reciting this surah is so much that the one who recites it will be pleased when he sees it in his Book of Deeds. His inspiration of good deeds (tawfiq) will also increase. If recited 15 times before sleeping, one will dream about what pleases him most. Reciting it in the I’sha salāt, carries the reward of completing a quarter of the Qur’ān and is guaranteed that the prayers are accepted. Ṣalāt ( Arabic: صلاة, pl ṣalawāt, Qur'anic Arabic: صلوة ṣalawah) (also munz in Pashto and The sixth Shia Imām, Ja’far as-Sādiq (d. An imam (إمام plural ائمة A'immah, امام is an Islamic leader often the leader of a Mosque and/or community 748) has said that the person who recites Sūrah Ash-Shams, Al-Lail, Ad-Dhuha and Al-Inshirah will, on the Day of Judgement, find all creatures of the earth testifying on his behalf and Allah will accept their testimony and give him a place in Jannah (Paradise). Events By Place Asia January — An Earthquake strikes the Middle East from northern Egypt to northwestern Mesopotamia Jannah (جنّة is the Islamic conception of Paradise. The Arabic form Jannah is a shortened version meaning simply "Garden" Recitation of this sūrah also leads to an increase in sustenance, courage and popularity amongst the people. 
The Shiite perspective on certain verses in Surat Al-Lail is mentioned in the book, Imamate and Leadership by Mujtaba Musavi Lari. Imamate and Leadership Lessons on Islamic Doctrine is a book by Islamic scholar Mujtaba Musavi Lari. Mujtaba Musavi Lari is a Shi'a Twelver Islamic scholar. Legacy Works Ethics and Spiritual Growth  According to Shiite Muslims, the task of the Imam is guiding men and demonstrating to them the path that will lead them to happiness. An imam (إمام plural ائمة A'immah, امام is an Islamic leader often the leader of a Mosque and/or community That being the case, the only right path for selecting the Imam is the same as that which the Qur'ān spells out for the prophets: “It is indeed incumbent on Us to guide mankind, for the kingdom of this world and the hereafter is Ours. ” (92:11-12) Thus, just as the Prophet is appointed from Allāh, the Qur'ānic verses point to the fact that appointment of the Imām also is from Allāh as the Imām's appointment is primarily concerned with the covenant of Allāh as well as with the function of guiding people to the right path.
In this context Abū ‘Alī al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā (d. TemplateInfobox Muslim scholars --> ( Persian /ابو علی الحسین ابن عبدالله ابن سینا (born 1037) says:
The Imām should be infallible and highly virtuous. Since it is not possible for an ordinary person to know such spiritual and intellectual characteristics in man and even if he knows something of it, he knows it in a defective way or through the aid of signs. Thus it is evident that the appointment of the Imām should come from Allāh as He alone knows all the secrets of human beings and the unseen matters as well as things which are of good value to us.
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