Airsoft is a combat sport similar to paintball in which participants eliminate opponents by hitting them with 6 mm (or occasionally 8 mm) plastic ball bearings launched from airsoft guns. A combat sport (also known as a combative sport) is a competitive Contact sport where two combatants fight against each other using certain rules of engagement typically Paintball is a sport in which players eliminate opponents from play by hitting them with dye-filled breakable oil and gelatin paintballs usually shot from a carbon dioxide or compressed-gas A ball bearing is an engineering term referring to a type of Rolling-element bearing which uses Balls to maintain the separation between the moving parts There are three types of airsoft gun spring gas and electric. These airsoft guns can be powered by CO2, Green Gas, air that is forced through a nozzle via a manually cocked spring piston, or mechanical boxes that use motors to pull back and release a spring piston. There are three types of airsoft gun spring gas and electric. Carbon dioxide ( Chemical formula:) is a Chemical compound composed of two Oxygen Atoms covalently bonded to a single Green Gas is the propellant typically used to drive Gas Blow Back Airsoft guns consisting of the gas Propane with Silicone oil added Participants typically use varying types of weapons designed as replicas of real firearms, tactical gear, and accessories used by military and police organizations. A weapon is a Tool used either in Hunting, or attack or defence in Combat for the purpose of subduing enemy personnel or to destroy enemy weapons A firearm is a Tool that projects either single or multiple Projectiles at high velocity through a controlled explosion A military is an Organization authorized by its Nation to use force usually including use of Weapons in defending its Country (or by attacking Long popular in Asia, there is now a growing interest in airsoft weapons and events in North America and Europe. Some of the notable manufacturers of airsoft guns include Tokyo Marui, Classic Army, ICS, G&G, G&P, VFC, STAR, Systema, JG, KWA and others. There are three types of airsoft gun spring gas and electric. is an Airsoft gun manufacturer from Adachi Tokyo, Japan. Its main market is Japan, but third-party retailers sell in Hong Kong (PRC Classic Army (Yick Fung International is a manufacturer of Airsoft replicas A star is a massive luminous ball of plasma. The nearest star to Earth is the Sun, which is the source of most of the Energy on Earth Systema ( Russian: Система "The System" is a Russian martial art.
Airsoft was developed in Japan in the early 1970s to provide an alternative for gun hobbyists because local laws prevented individuals from privately owning firearms. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society A heavy emphasis was placed on making accurate replicas of real firearms and target shooting. A firearm is a Tool that projects either single or multiple Projectiles at high velocity through a controlled explosion In contrast, paintball was developed in the United States in 1981 as a variation of hide and seek tag, through the use of utility companies' power pole paint marking guns, and emphasizes function over aesthetic qualities. Paintball is a sport in which players eliminate opponents from play by hitting them with dye-filled breakable oil and gelatin paintballs usually shot from a carbon dioxide or compressed-gas The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Hide and seek (abbreviated HandS, sometimes also called hide and go seek) is a variant of the game tag, in which one or more players search for the other Aesthetics or esthetics ( also spelled æsthetics) is commonly known as the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values sometimes called
Paintball is more popular than Airsoft in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the In East Asia and the Pacific Rim, airsoft is more popular except in Singapore, Australia, and New Zealand where paintball is legal but airsoft is restricted.
In the interests of a more family-friendly image, the paintball industry usually avoids direct analogies to the military and war (seen by the movement towards spectator-friendly speedball), but Airsoft runs the gamut from Airsplat to full MilSim play. Speedball is one of the two distinct game variants in the sport of Paintball. Airsoft is a modern combat Sport or recreational Hobby in which participants eliminate opponents by hitting each other with spherical non-metallic pellets MilSim is an abbreviation of Military Simulation. There are many applications of MilSim airsoft games paintball games military training and video games simulating
CQB, otherwise known as Close Quarters Battle (or CQC, Close Quarters Combat), is a popular way of playing airsoft. In Airsoft, there are many different variations on method of play The basic idea is for people to play in an enclosed arena at close quarters, resulting in a fast action combat or multiple surprises. A lot of times the arena may be set up as if it were in an urban war zone or in terrain filled with enclosing walls, gates, doorways, stair ways, tunnels, apertures, overhead openings, or below-ground approaches that enable one player to shoot at another from a distance of a certain amount of feet. Typically, the maximum legal speed for the airoft BB's is 300 FPS (Feet Per Second). CQB can also take place in night games or in dense vegetation such as tall grass, shrubbery, and closely packed trees. In this type of combat the fps of the guns may have to be lower due to the closeness of the combat. Simulated grenades and booby traps are effective due to teams sticking together in such a small area. Players in CQB scenarios usually wear additional vests or protective clothing to avoid injury from close-in hits or ricochets. They also use smaller airsoft guns like the MP5 or auto pistols (gas or electric).
MilSim, short for Military Simulation, generally combines airsoft play with some military live-action role-playing elements. A military is an Organization authorized by its Nation to use force usually including use of Weapons in defending its Country (or by attacking A live action role-playing game ( LARP) is a form of Role-playing game where the participants physically act out their characters' actions Several goals or missions are assigned to each team, along with a basic load-out of ammunition (6 millimeter pellets), rations, batteries, and other suitable equipment, such as short-range radios and head-sets.
The teams will remain in the field for the duration of play, only returning to a staging area or "safe zone" for medical emergencies, or other such circumstances. Military simulation games often last several days, for example the large BERGET event in Sweden lasts 6 days in a row, with no breaks. In larger scale MilSim operations players utilize vehicles such as painted vans and trucks. . But in some cases, such as Operation Irene, real APCs and tanks will be used. Armoured personnel carriers (APCs are Armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport Infantry on the Battlefield They usually have only a Machine
Airsoft games are not only limited to Milsim or CQB, however. There are many minor game scenarios.
Many law enforcement departments, military units, and protective security companies are turning to airsoft for an effective, low cost, anti-inflammatory, and safe means of force-on-force training.  The low-impact projectiles allow military/law-enforcement/protection agencies to train anywhere - schools, businesses, airplanes, etc. Training in real-life environments conditions allows them to deal with real life situations and improve their skills. The most common airsoft gun law enforcement departments, military units, and protective security companies use would be the Systema Professional Training Rifle. The inexpensive ammo lets military/police train more frequently and repeat drills dozens of time in each session with minimal budgetary impact, to the relief of taxpayers. Since minimal protective equipment is required, this allows them to train with their actual duty gear and equipment. Using airsoft guns for training minimizes liability to both trainees, instructors and by-standers, as well as property owners.
The "honor system" is employed whereby the players rely on each others' honesty to admit to being hit, because unlike paintball, the plastic pellets do not leave a surface mark distinguishable at a distance. Paintball is a sport in which players eliminate opponents from play by hitting them with dye-filled breakable oil and gelatin paintballs usually shot from a carbon dioxide or compressed-gas
Depending on the muzzle velocity of the gun and distance from which a person is shooting, the person on the receiving end of the shot will usually feel the impact, but the pellets may sometimes not be felt by a player at very long ranges, when distracted, or when running strenuously, hence the importance of marshals or referees. However, honest admission of hits is still required because no one can monitor what happens to every player on the playing field.
To avoid unnecessary disputes that disrupt the game, players are discouraged from calling out hits on their opponent but are expected to signal a marshal to judge how effectively they can hit their opponents. Simulated "knife kills" can be performed when a player touches or taps an unaware opponent instead of shooting him or her at point-blank range. A "courtesy kill" occurs when a player refrains from shooting an opponent at close range while enforcing that opponent's surrender. Players are prohibited from firing blindly when not able to see their target, especially around corners. Blindfire is when a person fires a weapon from behind an object and does not reveal themselves Players should avoid excessive shooting of an opponent who has already admitted being hit, known as "overkill". Harsh language and forceful physical contact between players is strongly discouraged and even penalized. Players are expected to resolve disputes politely and with proper decorum.
All airsoft players are required and expected to acknowledge being hit even if they are in doubt. Those who acknowledge being hit are expected to do the following: (1) shout "I'm hit" loudly; (2) Raise their hand or gun high; and display a "hit indicator" while walking back to the safe zone. A hit indicator can be either a bright-colored cloth during daytime -- called a "dead man's rag" -- or a blinker or mini-flashlight when in dim light or darkness. Dishonest players who fail to follow the rules or acknowledge their hits run the risk of being labeled and ostracized as "zombies" or "the undead" by the local airsoft community. They will from then on be observed more carefully by the marshals or possibly be even banned from playing in the area.
Another form of cheating occurs when an active player gains an unfair advantage by pretending to be an already-hit player, known as "playing possum", in order to avoid being shot. During night games, active players have been known to turn on their blinker lights to move casually and then to turn them off for combat. Cheating also takes place when an eliminated player becomes a "mummy" by reactivating himself within the same game without permission from a marshal. Some players also gain unfair advantage as "golems" by spontaneously joining a game (without authorization) some time long after the game had already started, therefore being in fresh condition and in a position to surprise their opponents.
Due to the nature of the Honor System, many players have the opinion that Airsoft is a better sport than paintball, because airsoft requires high moral values and gentlemanly ethics to play well, without the need for distinguishing hit marks or strict marshal's calls. This, however, is a matter of personal preference.
Airsoft games can be run by the players themselves using agreed upon rules. However, games become more realistic and fun for the participants if a game marshal controls the flow of play and provides on-the-spot impartial rulings. Airsoft game scenarios can vary widely according to mission type, number of teams, number of players per team, in-game objectives or victory conditions, and game durations. Popular game scenarios include center-flag capture or recovery, team flag delivery, hostage-rescue, ambuscades, raids or assaults, and death-match (all-out elimination) skirmishes.
It is the marshal's task to segregate the players into teams, determine the game scenario and its victory conditions, assign game objectives to various teams, brief the participants, delimit playing boundaries, and set the game duration. By means of whistles, flags, megaphones, and walkie-talkie radios, a group of marshals can handle dozens to hundreds of players in a series of episodes or nonstop play. Depending on the game scenario, players may be eliminated with a single hit, taken out of and returned to action with the aid of "medics," or allowed to "respawn" (re-enter the game) at certain places or times. A good game marshal strives to maintain a high level of excitement and activity for all the players involved while maintaining safety, impartiality, and "in-game realism. "
Furthermore, those intending to operate game sites or hold game events should coordinate with local public authorities, designate safe zones and boundaries, invite the players to the site, and supply players and guests with adequate parking facilities, toilet facilities, water and electrical supply, as well as sell food, ammo, or other provisions needed (especially if the game site is relatively inaccessible to commercial establishments).
While airsoft guns are safer than a real firearm, they are by no means safe. Airsoft weapons should be treated the same as a real firearm; some of the safety precautions that anyone who is handling or shooting an airsoft rifle should follow are: to wear protective lenses or goggles, to keep their finger off of the trigger until ready to fire, and only point the gun in a safe direction. Shooters are advised to never point their weapons at animals, nor at unprotected or non-playing people. There are more safety precautions that are included in the user manuals for airsoft weaponry. The power source of the airsoft gun, whether it is CO2, Green Gas, or an electric motor does not affect how safe or unsafe the gun is.
The majority of airsoft guns are operated by an electric motor and powered by a powerful battery. While usually safe when unmodified, any work done to the electrical system can pose an inexperienced airsoftsmith a shock or fire hazard. This is normally only an issue when more powerful, 'non-stock' batteries or after-market electronics are used.
In the United States of America, representing an airsoft weapon as a real firearm is a federal felony; for this and safety concerns, all airsoft weapons in the United States are required to have the front quarter inch of their muzzle(s) painted blaze orange.
Because airsoft games are most often played in natural surroundings, animals can often interfere with these games and potentially be hazardous. In the Southwestern United States, snakes offer one of the most significant threats, especially the potentially deadly Diamondback rattlesnake. The Southwestern area of the United States could be defined as the states west of the Mississippi River, with the qualification of a certain northern limit such as the 37 Common names: western diamondback rattlesnake Texas diamond-back more. Many games in California institute a "snake call", whereby players have to yell "snake" when one is encountered to mark the location and warn other players. After a snake has been identified, that section of the field may be marked as out-of-bounds and or the marshall will be called to relocate the snake.
As always, ticks and other biting insects are also present. Tick is the common name for the small Arachnids in Superfamily Ixodoidea that along with other Mites constitute the Acarina. It is also important to watch out for poison ivy and other plants which typically cause allergies.
Whether in natural or built-up urban terrain, airsoft players can be subject to injury from terrain features such as slippery surfaces, steep slopes or heights, falls or trips, collisions with unseen obstructions, snags and sharpened objects, and even noxious substances (animal droppings, etc. ). Scratches, cuts, bruises, concussions, and sprains, plus a few broken bones can easily occur in this type of activity. This is another reason for the need for military-style protective gear such as head and neck armor, all-terrain boots, thickened gloves, knee and elbow pads, and full-length rugged attire. Airsoft players must be careful when running rapidly as well as moving hastily in the dark to avoid injury from such hazards. Airsoft isn't particularly dangerous unless the weapon fires around 750fps, and even so, the hit will only sting for a while. Airsoft can be a very dangerous sport if you are not wearing the right equipment.
Although there is a considerable difference between Airsoft and paintball energy levels, the type of collisions that occur (elastic airsoft vs. inelastic paintball) must also be considered (refer to Airsoft Pellets Ballistics). Airsoft pellets are Spherical Projectiles used in Airsoft models
Kinetic energy is the energy that is transferred from the pellet to its target upon impact. One joule of energy will be transferred at an fps of 330 with a BB at the weight of . 20g. Most fields limit guns to 330fps for CQB, 400fps for outdoors, and 550fps for bolt action sniper rifles, all measured with a . 20g BB. The level of kinetic energy goes up and down depending on the weight of your BB and how fast your gun can propel that weight of the BB. There are certain places that play no fps limit games, the most famous being ASH BASH in Hawaii.
In the United Kingdom, the energy limit for all Airsoft is usually 1 Joule (328fps with a 0. 2 gram 6mm BB) regardless of the type of game play.
Most Airsoft guns are capable of shooting from 150fps to 400fps, though it is also possible to purchase upgraded springs for some Airsoft guns that will enable 400 to 600 FPS projectile velocities.
A hop-up unit, if present, puts backspin on the BB. Airsoft pellets are Spherical Projectiles used in Airsoft models This backspin generates lift and gives the BB a further effective range. Too much applied hop and the BB will ark skywards, too little and the BB will fall to earth prematurely. The range of any Airsoft gun depends on both the fps at the muzzle, and the amount of HOP applied. Airsoft guns can have a range of 250 feet or more with enough power, the right barrel, and ammunition as well as a good hop-up unit. The hop-up rubber or bucking is also what retains the BB in the barrel until firing.
A very close-range shot from an airsoft BB on bare skin from a gun with a velocity over 400 FPS will usually break the skin and cause minor bleeding. Shots from over 100 feet will not cause bleeding, but will possibly leave a small bruise, depending on the power of the gun.
A BB can easily cause severe injury to the eye of a person not wearing eye protection. Eye protection must be worn at all times and must never be taken off in the playing field.
A standard of safety guidelines and equipment has evolved in the airsoft community to protect the eyes and face. The minimum safe level of gear required to participate in most games includes a pair of fully-sealing impact-rated goggles to protect the eyes of the participants. Traditional prescription glasses and sunglasses are almost never accepted as they will not prevent serious injury. Goggles not designed specifically for use with airsoft or paintball guns may break or shatter upon being struck, causing eye damage.
For this reason many organized groups of airsoft players and fields require that eye protection fully seals the area around the eyes, and also meets or exceeds ANSI's Z87. 1-2003 goggle standard for eye protection: the ability to resist 3 joules of impact energy without damage. Some players instead opt for paintball goggles, which are held to higher impact rating standards, ASTM's F1776. ASTM International ( ASTM) originally known as the American Society for Testing and Materials is an international Standards organization that develops and publishes 
According to ANSI publications as of June 2006, The ASTM is currently developing a more specific standard for airsoft - ASTM Z1535Z - Standard Specification for Eye Protective Devices for Airsoft Sports. 
The best overall protection is currently offered by paintball masks. These masks provide an additional level of protection by covering the face, teeth, and ears, greatly reducing the risk of injury to these body parts and the chipping of teeth. The lens is a solid piece of impact resistant plastic. Some airsoft masks are made with mesh screens, though these screens do not offer protection from cheaper or bio-degradable BBs that sometimes fragment upon impact on hard objects. 
A player and any observer near an airsoft game site is required to keep his or her face mask, goggles, or shooting glasses on at all times. This is a standard safety requirement upon an airsoft site and this rule is always enforced by the marshal in charge to ensure that all players and observers remain safe and no accidents occur during the gameplay.
All players must immediately stop shooting when a person without eye protection is encountered in the playing area. One commonly adopted practice is for players to shout the words "Cease-fire, Blind Man!," "Heads up, Pedestrian!," "Noncombatant!," or "Walker!" and halt an ongoing game if a player or bystander is seen in the designated game play area without proper eye protection: goggles and a helmet. Any player hearing the words must, in turn, stop and also shout the words, resulting in a chain reaction which halts and alerts the whole game. Once the situation is resolved by properly removing the unprotected person from harm, the game is usually resumed at the same point at which it was stopped. It may be smart to move to a different area after a safety call so you don't give away your location.
Some other rules such as a maximum BB velocity and distance guidelines are used in different ways by groups depending on their location. Various locations often offer similar safety rules with slight variations. In order to encourage the mixing of segmented communities into a larger community that can more easily engage each other, certain organizations have created safety rules and guidelines for players to share the field under common understanding and to band together in safe environments. 
When not actively playing, some fields require "barrel bags," also known as barrel covers, which were first introduced in paintball. Many airsoft guns, especially AEGs, come with small red plastic barrel blockers that fit over the muzzle. There are three types of airsoft gun spring gas and electric. The magazine is usually removed as well, and the gun fired to clear the chamber. Many fields also require players to leave their guns set to the safety position when they are not shooting, even during active game play. This is a practice taken from real firearms training, in which one never puts a finger on the trigger or takes the weapon off safe until ready to fire.
In certain countries such as the Philippines where large numbers of players often play every weekend in commercial airsoft venues, additional special rules have been adopted to increase safety and avoid unnecessary injury.  All "real steel" firearms, explosives, and bladed weapons are banned at any airsoft battlefield to prevent harmful accidents or misunderstandings and confusion between real and simulated weapons. Players are also expected to be discreet in transporting or carrying their gear and combat-style uniforms so as not to unduly alarm the general public and force the law enforcement agencies to investigate an incident involving airsoft guns. Pyrotechnic devices and effects may be allowed under special circumstances, but are rarely employed, because of the added danger to property or to the participants from fire and explosions.
There are many organized teams all over the USA and in various countries. Some teams consist of just a few players, who just get together and play during weekends. Some prominent teams have 50 or more players, and are able to send delegations to regional or national events. Competitive teams are those who are able to get special funding or sponsorships in order to compete in tournaments or "bivouacs" (big, multi-day events) held around the country. Most of the well-organized airsoft teams adopt special names, logos, patches, uniforms, gear, and websites or forums to standardize their own identity or appearance versus other teams or groupings. US. National Airsoft Organization: http://www.freewebs.com/1stsfacommand/index.htm
In the Philippines, there are multiple amorphous groups of airsoft players loosely organized into "teams" that range from the size of squads, platoons, and companies, to large regional confederations of multiple teams and associations. These can be organized according to family group, geographic proximity, professional affiliation, school or business organization, or even according to compatible playing styles, economic lifestyles, and personalities. Such teams can form, disband, regroup, and reform, for any reason, but they are now easily mobilized or organized through website forums and cellphone contact. Some players can belong to multiple teams, just to a particular squad, or may act as "lone wolves" who have no particular team affiliation. Some teams adopt formal rules of association but the majority do not.
There have been attempts to forge one large nationwide umbrella organization of airsofters but these have not succeeded nor persisted in the past. However, due to the continuing influx of cheaper and effective airsoft electric guns, more informal players' associations keep on growing in size, number, and influence as more people take up this sporting activity as a hobby. The growing number of airsoft game sites being set up in recent years is also allowing players in the same neighborhood to play steadily and also to roam from one game site to another.
Airsoft guns and playing airsoft is legal in most parts of the world, but not all. Airsoft is a modern shooting Sport. Airsoft guns themselves are Legal in many parts of the world but not in all Countries. Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society Some countries have specific restrictions such as maximum muzzle energy, rules against using the trademarks of real firearms, and 'unrealistic' coloring as to distinguish them from actual firearms. They are legal throughout the U. S, but due to high crime rates, restrictions exist in certain cities such as Camden, NJ, Newark, NJ, Chicago, IL, and Detroit, MI. The states of New Jersey, Illinois, New York and Michigan do, however, allow airsoft guns to be used and handled publicly because of Federal and State laws that regard airsoft guns as toys.
In the United Kingdom, airsoft replicas are classified as 'realistic imitation firearms' or RIF's. The sale, manufacture or importation of RIFs are restricted to activities that are exempted or have been granted a defense by the home office under the VCRA law passed in 2005 and came into force on October 1st 2007. Airsoft has been granted a defense and a skirmisher as defined under British law is allowed to purchase, manufacture or import airsoft replicas. Usually, the only accepted method of proving entitlement is to gain membership of a skirmish site that holds public liability insurance. A scheme set up by UK retailers, called UKARA, recommends that an airsoft site only give membership to a player who has played at least three games over a period of no less than two months. 
You do not need to be a UKARA registered player to purchase airsoft replicas from retailers; however, to protect themselves, many retailers will only sell to UKARA registered players. Also, players they personally know to be skirmishers will be sold to. These are all because the law penalizes the seller as well as potentially the buyer.
Also, the use or possession of any kind of replica weapon, loaded or otherwise in a public place is an offense under the United Kingdom's 2003 'Anti-social behavior order' law. This can carry heavy penalties, except under specific conditions.
A measure that is often employed by airsoft players is informing local law enforcement officials where and when airsoft games will take place, so that misunderstandings can be avoided.
Due to the nearly unstoppable and steady entry of lower-cost yet high-quality airsoft guns from abroad, the Philippine National Police has issued in December 2007 its Circular 11 (Airsoft Implementing Rules and Regulations).  It regulates the purchase, one-time registration, transport, usage, transfer of ownership, importation, manufacture and repair, marking and branding, as well as commercial sale of airsoft guns by Filipino citizens of legal age. Only airsoft guns with a muzzle velocity of 550 feet per second (fps) or less using 0. 2-g BBs can be registered. The PNP AIRR also regulates the operation of airsoft playing fields, registration of airsoft teams, and the enactment of standardized rules and codes of conduct among airsoft players. Foreigners are still barred from transporting or registering ownership of airsoft guns but this does not prevent them from playing with them on private fields or commercial game sites.
There have been unfortunate instances in which an airsoft replica firearm have been mistaken for a real steel firearm. In these rare cases players must know how to act; making it clear that they are not armed with a weapon, while still acting as if it were a real firearm. Some safety precautions you can take so that no confusion arises are: not removing the orange tip, informing surrounding public about airsoft, and playing in private areas. The major distinction between a real firearm and an airsoft gun is the shape of the magazine feed area, which contains a round circular opening through which the pellets pass. Thus, releasing and removing the magazine can assist in distinction between an airsoft gun and a firearm.
There have been a few highly isolated cases of airsoft guns being mistaken for real firearms, and some cases where armed law enforcement units have responded to tips of unlawful firearm use. A firearm is a Tool that projects either single or multiple Projectiles at high velocity through a controlled explosion This is the main reason that Federal laws require minimum 6mm (approx. 1/4") orange tips to be present on all "toy guns" (including airsoft replicas) imported into the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
However, the effectiveness of such measures remains open to debate, because these orange tips can be easily removed, covered, or painted away at any time. One prominent case occurred in Longwood, Florida when a student threatened fellow classmates with an airsoft pistol and was subsequently shot dead when he aimed it towards an officer. Longwood is a city in Seminole County, Florida, USA. The population was 13745 at the 2000 census Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the The orange tip mandated by US Federal law had been painted black.  Airsoft players will generally do anything to avoid using the orange tip on their guns because it makes them more visible at a distance when they play. The majority of airsoft guns now lack orange tips even if they originally had them, even in localities that require them, so this type of legal regulation would be impractical to enforce in all instances. This is often the norm if the airsoft gun is used only in private or restricted game locations that are not usually accessible to law enforcers. Furthermore, theatrical or movie productions may require the absolute lack of any markings that would distinguish a replica gun from a real gun, so there are regulated exceptions to the orange-tip rule. 
Furthermore, their legal imposition means that criminals can attempt to disguise real firearms as toys by painting the tip of the barrel orange, or vice versa. For police departments that are already hampered by a lack of resources to enforce laws on actual firearms, the additional task of tracking down and constantly monitoring non-lethal replica guns could result in much more lax enforcement of the orange-tip rules.
Airsoft equipment encompasses many types of equipment used in the sport of airsoft, including the airsoft gun used to shoot airsoft pellets at opponents, safety goggles, and all sorts of tactical gear including vests, equipment holders, and gun accessories.
To a new player choosing between airsoft and paintball, a beginning package for airsoft is much cheaper in terms of hardware, but for apparel they can be roughly equivalent. They both can range from $20 for a vest, to $180 (expensive version) for a ghillie suit. One major difference, however, can be seen in the cost of ammunition and upkeep of the packages - due to the type of ammunition used, airsoft guns are less prone to "jamming", and airsoft bbs (6mm) are considerably cheaper to purchase than paintballs.
Airsoft rifles and pistols are usually the most expensive piece of equipment. There are three types of airsoft gun spring gas and electric. Low-quality electric guns, commonly called LPEGs (low priced/powered electric guns) can cost from $15-$90 USD depending on the quality, the MPEGs (Medium priced/powered electric guns) can cost in the range of $80-$180 USD and are usually a clone of an AEG with lowerquality materials(ie recent CYMA guns, A&K, etc. etc. ), while a higher quality AEG can be more than $200 USD. A paintball gun of equal level usually costs between $250-$350. The overall average for a high quality electric gun such as a "Classic Army", "KWA", "ICS", "Tokyo Marui", "Star" and "Systema" is around $200-$1400 USD (or much higher, if the user decides to purchase a pre-upgraded gun or a specialized gun, such as a sniper rifle or an LMG replica) depending on the model. Classic Army (Yick Fung International is a manufacturer of Airsoft replicas is an Airsoft gun manufacturer from Adachi Tokyo, Japan. Its main market is Japan, but third-party retailers sell in Hong Kong (PRC Some custom guns can cost more than $2,000 USD.
In Mil-Sim games, where the main aspect of the play is realism, equipment is usually much more expensive. Many Mil-Sim players choose to wear real gear (not an airsoft replica) and in some cases, real ballistic protective armor. Armour (or armor) is protective covering most commonly manufactured from metals to prevent damage from being inflicted to an individual or a vehicle through use of direct contact This can raise the price of the game considerably, with guns and gear sometimes totaling in excess of $1,000 USD.
The guns used in airsoft are typically replicas of real firearms, except that they have a mechanism for pushing out 6-mm or 8-mm diameter projectiles. There are three types of airsoft gun spring gas and electric. The SIG Sauer P226 is a full-sized service type pistol chambered for the 9x19mm Parabellum,. A firearm is a Tool that projects either single or multiple Projectiles at high velocity through a controlled explosion An example would be the Classic Army M15A4, which is a replica of the M16 assault rifle. Airsoft guns are considered replicas of real firearms but not all replicas are Airsoft guns; some replicas don't have a firing mechanism while others, such as the Real Action Markers, may have a different mechanism and shoot non-Airsoft types of projectiles.
Airsoft guns are classified according to their operating principle which can be either: spring–, electric– or gas-powered. An airsoft gun is selected according to the level of performance (battery life, range, rate of fire, magazine capacity, size, and weight) or realism the player requires. Early-generation airsoft guns were mostly "springers. "Airsoft guns with springs are almost never semi-auto and never auto. Second-generation airsoft guns had gas-powered mechanisms that required either an internal "Flon" (CFC) gas reservoir or an external a high-pressure CO2 chamber. AEGs (automatic electric guns, such as assault rifles) are the most commonly produced type now used and have high-capacity rechargeable batteries to energize plastic or durable metal gearboxes that compress air for propelling the BBs.
Most airsoft pistols are gas-powered using biodegradable and environmentally safe "green gas" and produce a realistic blowback recoil effect when fired. Each pistol magazine contains a small storage gas cylinder with enough power to propel the 30+ BB projectiles also housed in the magazine. Thus a player can realistically load, fire, and unload an airsoft pistol with similar realism as a "real steel" semi-automatic pistol. A few early-production AEPs (airsoft electric pistols) have been released but these suffer from weaker BB velocities because of the difficulty of fitting a small-enough motor in the housing of a pistol, although the range is sometimes greater than a Gas pistol because fps can equal drag. AEP's often have a higher ROF or rate of fire than their gas counterparts.
Most early airsoft guns were often completely made of plastic except for some internal moving parts. Newer guns, especially those made in China, have metal barrels, receivers, gearboxes, gun sights, and other external parts. A typical airsoft gun is noticeably lighter than its "real steel" counterpart due to the use of aluminum, alloy, and plastic components. Thus, airsoft guns tend to get scratched, damaged, or broken easily from rough handling. When fired, most airsoft guns have a weak vibration and a much softer whirring sound, without any strong recoil, bright muzzle flash, concussive noise, or smell of burnt propellant as those produced by real firearms, although there are smoke caps available for airsoft guns for added realism.
Airsoft guns have three broad classifications depending on their use in the game which in turn determines the pellets' speed and energy generated. There are three types of airsoft gun spring gas and electric. Airsoft guns are classified accordingly as Low-FPS for CQB games, High-FPS for normal field games, and Excessive-FPS for semi-automatic or single-shot sniper guns firing at 600 fps or higher. Most airsoft guns typically fire 200-450 fps, since they are used outdoors for most operations, balancing good speed and range with energy generated.
The Low-FPS guns and pistols are used at shorter ranges (also called Close Quarter Battle (CQB) and usually of 200 feet or less). Close Quarters Battle ( CQB) or close quarters combat ( CQC) is a type of fighting in which small units engage the enemy with personal weapons at very CQB situations include close range confrontations such as "house entry" where maneuverability is more important than range or power. The airsoft guns used in these scenarios typically fire less than 360 fps to ensure safe operation. The foot per second (plural feet per second) is a unit of both Speed (scalar and Velocity (vector quantity which includes direction Some high-powered and well-upgraded airsoft sniper rifles, some of which are semi-automatic or single-shot bolt-action designs, can fire 6mm pellets at velocities of about 600 fps.
Most Airsoft players carry one short or long airsoft gun, sometimes with an airsoft pistol as a side arm or backup. Carrying additional backup guns is done during long-duration scenarios that would prevent the player from going back to the safe zone to replace a defective gun. Each gun would need its supply of magazines and batteries or gas canisters. Magazines come in either low-capacity(low caps) (25-80 BB rounds), medium-capacity(mid caps) (80-150), or high-capacity(high caps) (200 to 500+ BB rounds). These magazines are spring loaded; the high-cap magazines often have a ratchet wheel that can be wound up periodically to force BBs up the magazine feed chute, but these magazines make a rattling noise when running or walking. Some airsoft guns have electric-powered box or drum magazines that hold thousands of rounds of ammunition(sometimes up to 5000). Also many pistols and rifles have metal weights on them for a more realistic feel, effect and balance.
Players can use grenades, grenade launchers,smoke grenades, mines, and claymores that utilize very minor or no explosives (pyrotechnics). A grenade launcher is a Weapon that launches a Grenade with more accuracy higher velocity and to greater distances than a soldier could throw it by hand See also Hand grenade Smoke grenades are canister-type Grenades used as ground-to-ground or ground-to-air signaling devices target or landing zone marking devices The M18A1 Claymore is a directional Anti-personnel mine used by the U An explosive material is a material that either is chemically or otherwise Energetically unstable or produces a sudden expansion of the material usually accompanied The term "pyrotechnics" can also be used for Fireworks events Most of these "pyro" devices are powered by a compressed gas. As with many aspects of airsoft equipment, each item is designed as a playful analogy to the real thing, and many times lack the violence of such. The hand grenades have many faults and therefore not as popular or common as grenade launchers like the M203 which launches a large shower of pellets, NERF or foam slug rounds using compressed gas. M203 is a single shot 40 mm Grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 Assault rifle or the M4 Carbine used by the Military And while most players, if they do at all use grenade launchers, will simply use an underbarrel launcher such as the M203, some players purchase heavier support weapons such as replicas of the Heckler & Koch 69 40mm grenade launcher, or a CAW revolving launcher, which can hold up to 6 40mm gas powered pellet grenades, (the pellet capacity of each grenade varies by its producer, and specified use, though grenades by MadBull Airsoft have been known to be able to fire over 200 pellets in a single shot), and shoot them in a semi-automatic mode. The 40 mm grenade is a military Grenade caliber for Grenade launchers in service with many armed forces The 40 mm grenade is a military Grenade caliber for Grenade launchers in service with many armed forces By using the Caw launcher, support gunners can get off up to 1224 rounds of 6mm ammunition in about 3 seconds. Mines are not particularly popular because whilst some mines do fire 6mm pellets in large amounts, similar to an M203 launcher, others only produce a mushroom cloud when activated without actually firing any pellets. The airsoft claymore mine are more expensive in some cases, but popular due to their effectiveness. The M18A1 Claymore is a directional Anti-personnel mine used by the U Anti-tank weapons exist such as the M72, but they are not common or popular due to their weight and greater expense. The M72 LAW ( Light Anti-Tank Weapon, also referred to as the Light Anti-Armor Weapon or LAW) is a portable one-shot 66 mm unguided Anti-tank These are rarely used in casual play, but can be implemented (with special rules for it in place) when playing on an official airsoft field.
Most airsoft guns fire spherical plastic pellets ranging from 0. 12 to 0. 88 grams in weight, though the most popular weights for AEGs are between . For other uses of the words gram or gramme see Gram (disambiguation. In the Physical sciences weight is a Measurement of the gravitational Force acting on an object 20 and . 28 grams, depending on the range that the gun is typically used at. Heavier rounds are typically used for sniping, as they are more stable in flight and thus, more accurate at long range. While BBs may be heavier, it is not necessary to have the gun upgraded to a very high FPS level. The best way to increase the accuracy of a rifle is to adjust the hop-up to the point of where the bb flies as straight and as far as possible without curving upwards or downwards at short distances. The hop-up places a back spin on the BB so as to make it fly straighter. Pellets are typically 6mm in diameter, though 8mm varieties exist for specialty weapons. Pellet quality is important, as malformed pellets could easily damage the barrel of the airsoft weapon and/or the hop up system.
Paintball pellets are also available for airsoft guns, but are unpopular due to the incompatibility with hop up systems, as well as the potential damage they could cause if a pellet were to burst inside the gun, which frequently happens. While airsoft pellets are often called BBs, the BB gun is so named because it originally fired BB-sized shotgun shot or metric ball bearings of . BB guns are a type of Air gun designed to shoot projectiles called BB after the Birdshot pellet of approximately the same size A shotgun (also known as a scattergun) is a Firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number 177 caliber (steel BBs are actually between . 172 and . 173 inches (4. 5 mm) in diameter). The price of low grade pellets range from $3. 50, for a container of about 5000, to around $10 USD, for a large tub of about 10,000. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Higher grade pellets can cost as much as $10 USD for 2000 BBs. Most middle to high grade pellets come slightly lubricated with a silicone spray. Silicones are largely inert compounds with a wide variety of forms and uses
Most players typically wear military battle dress uniforms (BDUs) consisting of separate pants and shirts or jackets, because it – just as with real soldiers – aids concealment from adversaries. Camouflage became an essential part of modern Military tactics after the increase in accuracy and rate of fire of weapons during the 19th century Battle Dress Uniform ( BDU) is the name of the Military uniform that the armed forces of the United States have used as their standard uniform for Combat A soldier is a general English term that refers to a member of a land component of National Armed forces. Some players will go as far as to use a ghillie suit, which breaks up the human outline by having sticks, leafs, and items like that in the fabric/netting. A ghillie suit, or yowie suit, is a type of Camouflage Clothing designed to resemble heavy Foliage.
The choice of camouflage pattern of the BDUs is normally determined by suitability to the playing area or local availability. Camouflage is a method of cryptic or concealing coloration that allows an otherwise visible Organism These fall into general categories such a forest (greenish), desert (tan), winter (gray-white), and urban (black or civilian-wear). Aside from the advantage of camouflage, some participants aim to faithfully replicate a specific combat unit (particularly in games such as MilSim). Also common, especially among the new and non-regular players, are the so-called "contractor style" – in reference to private military contractors – which combine civilian or tribal costume with single-item or mismatched military gear and attire. A private military company ( PMC) provides specialized expertise or services of a military nature sometimes called or classified as Mercenary ("soldiers for hire"
Typically, military surplus stores are a good source for such items. In the U. S. the most common pattern is "Woodland" camouflage pattern, but recently MARPAT (recently adopted by the United States Marine Corps) and ACU (adopted in 2006 by the United States Army), and CADPAT (Canadian Armed Forces) have also become popular choices in North America, but most European camouflage patterns are suitable with Flecktarn (Germany) being a popular alternative, or even strictly commercial patterns such as Multicam or Real-Tree. MARPAT (short for MAR ine PAT tern is a pixelated Camouflage pattern in use by the United States Marine Corps, introduced with the Marine The Army Combat Uniform (ACU is the current Combat uniform worn by the United States Army. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. CA nadian D isruptive PAT tern (CADPAT, is the digital camouflage pattern currently used by the Canadian Forces (CF Flecktarn ( German: "pattern Camouflage " also known as Flecktarnmuster, Fleckentarn or simply Fleck) is a 3- 4- 5- or MultiCam is a modern multi-environment Camouflage pattern developed by Crye Associates in conjunction with U
Similarly in Europe, local military uniforms are more readily available and probably more suitable to local conditions. Popular patterns include the German Flecktarn, British DPM or Swiss Alpenflage. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Flecktarn ( German: "pattern Camouflage " also known as Flecktarnmuster, Fleckentarn or simply Fleck) is a 3- 4- 5- or The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Disruptive Pattern Material ( DPM) is a Camouflage pattern used by British forces as well many other armies worldwide particularly in former colonies Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation
In the Philippines, civilian airsofters are forced to wear mismatched, commercial or foreign military uniforms (BDUs), because laws allow only military and police personnel to wear official uniforms. It has become popular among civilians and airsoft players to wear only the upper garment or the pants, but not both.
Aside from concealment, Military BDUs also provide protection from typical outdoor elements such as weather, flora and most importantly the impact of the BBs. When not wearing full paintball-type face masks, many players wear neck armor such as a balaclava and military-style helmets, such as the Kevlar MICH 2000 or PASGT helmet. The Modular Integrated Communications Helmet (MICH, also known as the Advanced Combat Helmet (ACH, was developed by the United States Army Soldier Systems Center Personnel Armor System for Ground Troops, sometimes abbreviated to PASGT, is a Combat helmet and ballistic vest used by the American military from the late 1980s Furthermore, players need to wear the proper field footwear such as combat or hiking boots (not just ordinary athletic shoes) in order to safely and quickly travel on foot in harsh terrain. They also wear padded gloves, elbow pads, knee pads, and protective vests for additional protection.
In some cases rules are adopted that allow only casual clothes in an effort to encourage realism, because players will more actively avoid being hit.
Players wear tactical clothing and accessories not only for the added realism, but to fulfill the practical needs similar to that of a real soldier. One such example is the ability to carry spare magazines, batteries, propellant gas canisters, water, food, or other equipment in specified vests. The most common are holsters, load bearing vests, and modular rigs such as MOLLE, ALICE, and the British PLCE systems. MOLLE (pronounced MOLLY as in the female name) is an Acronym for MO dular L ightweight L oad-carrying E quipment The All-Purpose Lightweight Individual Carrying Equipment, or ALICE, was introduced into United States Army service in 1974 to replace the M-1956 Load-Carrying Personal Load Carrying Equipment ( PLCE) is the current tactical webbing system of the British Army. Some players even wear hydration systems, such as those manufactured by Camelbak. In Recreation and other sustained Outdoor activities, a hydration system is an Apparatus intended to promote its user's drinking enough Liquid CamelBak is an outdoors equipment company known primarily for their Hydration packs Hydration packs from many other companies such as GoLite, Kelty
Gun bags or gun cases that can be padlocked allow airsoft guns to be transported in private or even public vehicles without the risk of damage or careless access by non-owners. Airsoft guns need to be carried discreetly and away from the public eye and it is usually impractical to bring the guns in the original boxes. These gun cases usually have extra padding and multiple compartments to stow the gun parts, accessories, batteries, and ammunition in an organized manner.
Some airsoft sites allow the use of pyrotechnics, which are small explosive-driven replicas of ordnance such as grenades. The term "pyrotechnics" can also be used for Fireworks events Unfortunately, homemade devices of this sort are often unsafe and can lead to serious injury. There are several types of pyrotechnics: pellet grenades which fire out pellets to replicate the shrapnel of a fragmentation grenade; smoke grenades which provide cover to move and fire from behind; and flashbangs/thunderflashes which emit a very bright flash of light (often accompanied by loud sound) for the purpose of disorientating and temporarily blinding/deafening the target.
The latest Airsoft grenades have much improved since their first introduction, TLSFX UK and Spectrum Pyrotechnics have done pioneering work in the development of much tougher grenades using rocket star burst shell cases, allowing them to be thrown much farther, ring pull fuses, and filling grenades with dry peas instead of paint balls or pellets, making them mostly biodegradable. The ring pull allows German stick type grenades for re-enacters and adds to the realism of ball grenades.
Some players also create homemade pellet grenades with the use of fireworks and pellets enclosed in a casing, such as 35mm film canisters. Such items are often frowned upon, however, as they could be harmful to other players or the playing environment due to the plastic and shrapnel often used.
Smoke grenades have also been improved with cool burning and much less toxic smoke. Use of old naval rescue smokes should be avoided, as the smoke used was never designed for possible inhalation.
A large amount of equipment exists for real world soldiers which is also usable in airsoft games held by private citizens. Military surplus stores can provide many items currently issued to the player's country. Military surplus are goods usually Matériel, that are sold at public Auction when no longer needed by the Military. Some common examples are scopes, flashlights, picatinny rails (also known as RIS rails), holsters, silencers and red dot scopes. The Picatinny rail (ˈpɪkətɪni or /ˌpɪkəˈtɪni/ is a bracket used on some Firearms in order to provide a standardized mounting platform
Equipment is generally for increasing combat efficiency, but can be used to provide enhanced realism. However, bringing or carrying any sharp pointed or bladed weapons into the playing area is discouraged or proscribed by game site organizers unless such gear are authorized for a particular training scenario or for added safety in a hazardous environment.