The Adelaide Oval is a sports ground in Adelaide, South Australia. The Australian cricket team is the national cricket team of Australia. Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a The Australian cricket team is the national cricket team of Australia. The Southern Redbacks are an Australian first class cricket team based in Adelaide, South Australia. Test cricket is the longest form of the Sport of Cricket. It has long been considered the ultimate test of playing ability between cricketing nations Events 627 - Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II 's Persian Year 1884 ( MDCCCLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The Australian cricket team is the national cricket team of Australia. The England cricket team is the national cricket team which represents England and Wales. Events 41 - Gaius Caesar (Caligula, known for his eccentricity and cruel Despotism, is Assassinated by his disgruntled 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The Australian cricket team is the national cricket team of Australia. The Indian cricket team is an international Cricket team representing India. Note Most of the information here pertains to men's cricket ODI matches are also played in Women's cricket. Events 69 - Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero, enters Rome to claim the title of Emperor. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Australian cricket team is the national cricket team of Australia. The West Indian cricket team, also known colloquially as The Windies or The West Indies, is a multi-national Cricket team representing Events 197 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The Indian cricket team is an international Cricket team representing India. The Sri Lankan cricket team is a national Cricket team representing Sri Lanka. The Southern Redbacks are an Australian first class cricket team based in Adelaide, South Australia. Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country It is located between the central business district and North Adelaide and has a history which dates back to the 1870s. Events and Trends Technology The invention of the prototype telephone by Alexander G It is considered to be one of the most picturesque Test cricket grounds in Australia, if not the world. Test cricket is the longest form of the Sport of Cricket. It has long been considered the ultimate test of playing ability between cricketing nations  The oval is managed by the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA). The current curator is Les Burdett. It has a current capacity of approximately 32,000 - 34,000 spectators. 
- The ground was established in 1871 after the formation of SACA.
- The first Test match was played at the Oval from 12-16 December 1884. England beat Australia by eight wickets (Scorecard).
- In 1894/1895 Albert Trott collected 8/43 on debut against England, the best ever single-innings Test match figures at the ground. Albert Edwin Trott (born 6 February 1873 in Abbotsford, Melbourne, died 30 July 1914 in Willesden Green, Middlesex) was an Australian
- The picket fence was put up surrounding the Oval (then with a cycling track) in 1900. A picket fence is a variety of Fence that has been used mostly for domestic boundaries
- From 5-12 August 1911 the Australian Football Council Carnival was played at the ground, won by South Australia. The competing sides were SA, VFL, VFA, Western Australia, Tasmania and New South Wales.
- The Adelaide Oval scoreboard, designed by architect Kenneth Milne, began service on 3 November 1911. The clock was added in 1912 and the windvane in the 1930s.
- In 1931/1932 Donald Bradman scored the highest score ever at the ground in Test Cricket, compiling 299* against South Africa. Sir Donald George Bradman, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001 often referred to as The Don, was an Australian Cricketer widely The South African cricket team, also known as The Proteas are a national Cricket team representing South Africa In the same game, Clarrie Grimmett collected fourteen wickets, the most ever taken in a test match at the ground by a bowler. Clarence Victor "Clarrie" Grimmett ( December 25, 1891 - May 2, 1980) was a Cricketer although born in New Zealand
- In 1932/1933, the Bodyline affair reached its lowest point at the ground when Bill Woodfull and Bert Oldfield were struck, and on the third day mounted police patrolled to keep the 50,962 spectators in order (a record crowd for cricket at the ground). For information about the British code name "Bodyline" for the WWII V-2 rocket, see Operation Crossbow. William Maldon "Bill" Woodfull OBE (22 August 1897 &mdash 11 August 1965 was an Australian Cricketer He captained both Victoria and William Albert Stanley "Bert" Oldfield ( 9 September 1894, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia - 10 August The total attendance for the match was 174,351.
- In 1947/1948 Australia scored 674 against India, the highest team total at the ground in Test matches. The Indian cricket team is an international Cricket team representing India.
- Considered by some to be the best Test Match ever competed at the ground, Australia played the West Indies in the fourth test of the Frank Worrell Trophy, 1960/1961. The West Indian cricket team, also known colloquially as The Windies or The West Indies, is a multi-national Cricket team representing The Frank Worrell Trophy is awarded for the winner of the West Indies - Australia Test match series in Cricket. The match ended in a draw, with the West Indies unable to take the final wicket of Australia's fourth innings, as the last batsmen Ken Mackay and Lindsay Kline held out for 109 minutes. Kenneth Donald Mackay (born October 24, 1925, Windsor Queensland, died June 13, 1982, Point Lookout Queensland) was an Lindsay Francis Kline (born September 29 1934 in Melbourne, Victoria) is former Australian and Victorian Cricketer West Indies bowler Lance Gibbs took the only ever Test cricket hat trick at the ground in Australia's first innings (Scorecard). Lancelot Richard Gibbs (born 29 September 1934 in Georgetown, British Guiana (now Guyana) was a West Indies Cricketer A hat-trick in Sports is associated with succeeding at anything three times in three consecutive attempts
- A record attendance of 62,543 people was recorded for the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between Port Adelaide and Sturt. Clubs Several clubs share their nicknames with AFL/VFL clubs This is purely coincidental the teams are not named after each other The Port Adelaide Magpies Football Club - "the Magpies" - was founded in 1997 to replace the original Port Adelaide Football Club that also shared the nickname "magpies" The Sturt Football Club is an Australian rules football club in the South Australian National Football League.
- In 1975/1976 the first One-Day International match was played at the ground between Australia and West Indies (40-over match), which Australia won by 5 wickets (Scorecard).
- In October 1982, vs Victoria, David Hookes hit a 43 minute, 34 ball century - in some respects the fastest hundred in history. The Victorian Bushrangers is an Australian cricket team based in Melbourne, that represents the state of Victoria. David William Hookes (3 May 1955&ndash19 January 2004 was an Australian Cricketer broadcaster and coach of the Victorian cricket team 
Chappell stands packed for Australia v England December 2006
- In 1989/1990 Dean Jones scored twin Test hundreds against Pakistan. Dean Mervyn Jones AM (born 24 March 1961 in Coburg, Victoria) is a retired Australian Cricketer and is presently a coach The Pakistan National Cricket Team is an international Cricket team representing Pakistan.
- South Australia compiled the highest fourth innings winning total in Sheffield Shield history, reaching 6/506 (set 506 to win) against Queensland in 1991/1992. The Queensland Bulls are the Brisbane -based Queensland representative Cricket team in Australia's domestic cricket tournaments Sheffield
- In 1992/1993 the West Indies defeated Australia by one run in the fourth test of the Frank Worrell Trophy, when a bouncer by Courtney Walsh brushed Craig McDermott's glove to end a 40-run last-wicket partnership. Courtney Andrew Walsh (born October 30, 1962 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a former international Cricketer ( fast bowler Craig John McDermott (born 14 April 1965 in Ipswich Queensland, Australia where he attended the Ipswich Grammar School) was an Australian Cricketer It was the narrowest victory ever in Test cricket. Curtly Ambrose picked up ten wickets in the game (Scorecard). Curtly Elconn Lynwall Ambrose (born September 21, 1963) nicknamed the 'Little Bird' following on from Joel Garner who was nicknamed "Big Bird"
- Lights were constructed at the ground in 1997, allowing sport to be held at night. This was the subject of a lengthy dispute with the Adelaide City Council, due to environmental issues relating to the parklands area. The City of Adelaide is a local government area of South Australia covering the original Adelaide settlement The first towers erected were designed to retract into the ground; however one collapsed and they were replaced with permanent towers. The first cricket match under lights was a One Day International between South Africa and New Zealand on 6 December 1997. Note Most of the information here pertains to men's cricket ODI matches are also played in Women's cricket. Events 1060 - Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary 1240 - Mongol invasion of Rus: Kiev Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar
- In 1999, Sri Lankan spinner Muttiah Muralitharan was called for throwing by umpire Ross Emerson in a one day international against England. The Sri Lankan cricket team is a national Cricket team representing Sri Lanka. Spin bowling, sometimes known as slow bowling, is a technique used for bowling in the Sport of Cricket. Muttiah Muralitharan ( Tamil: முத்தையா முரளிதரன் born 17 April 1972 in Kandy, Sri Lanka) often referred to as Murali In the sport of Cricket, throwing (commonly referred to as chucking) occurs when a bowler makes his arm more straight when delivering a ball Ross Alexander Emerson (born February 26 1954) was an international Cricket umpire from Australia who is best known for calling Sri Lankan The Sri Lankan team almost abandoned the match, but after instructions from the president of the Sri Lankan cricket board (relayed to captain Arjuna Ranatunga by mobile phone) the game resumed. Arjuna Ranatunga (born 1 December 1963) is a Sri Lankan Cricketer turned politician
- In 2003, two matches of the Rugby World Cup were played at Adelaide Oval, with Australia thrashing Namibia 142-0 and a neutral match both selling out. The Rugby World Cup is the premier international Rugby union competition
- In December 2003 the highest day-score was compiled at the Adelaide Oval, by Australia against India, with the home side finishing at 5/400 at stumps.
- In November 2005 Brian Lara broke Allan Border's world record for the most Test runs before eventually being dismissed for 226. Brian Charles Lara (born 2 May 1969 ( nicknamed, "The Prince of Port-of-Spain" "The Prince of Trinidad" or simply "The Prince" is a Allan Robert Border, AO (born 27 July 1955 is a former Australian Cricket captain
- During the 2006/2007 Ashes series, many temporary stands were erected to cope with the demand for tickets. Stands were put between the Chappell stands and on the top of the hills. Australia beat England by 6 wickets on a remarkable last day. (Scorecard).
- Most recently,India held off Australia for a draw in the 4th test match of the 3 mobile test series, enabling Australia to win the series 2-1 and retain the Border-Gavaskar trophy.
View of Adelaide's city skyline over the Oval
Western Stands Upgrade
In 2007 SACA announced that the Western Grandstands are to be upgraded after the 2008 Adelaide Sevens tournament. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The Adelaide Sevens (also known as Australia Sevens) is a Rugby union sevens tournament part of the IRB Sevens World Series. Plans include extra grandstand tiers and member facilities, with an upgrade of the players facilities. This upgrade has been postponed indefinately, but SACA states it would like to have them complete before the 2010-11 Ashes series. The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia.
Major sporting events
Adelaide Oval hosts the following major sporting events:
- International cricket — Test and One Day International. Sir Donald George Bradman, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001 often referred to as The Don, was an Australian Cricketer widely Test cricket is the longest form of the Sport of Cricket. It has long been considered the ultimate test of playing ability between cricketing nations Note Most of the information here pertains to men's cricket ODI matches are also played in Women's cricket. There are normally two or three one-day games on the Australia Day weekend in January (replacing a traditional Australia Day test). The test is now normally in December and is Australia against the international touring team of the time. These matches include one test match during The Ashes series. The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia. Cricket Australia has announced that the Australia Day Test match will return in the 2007/08 season to cater for touring side India's playing schedule. Cricket Australia, formerly known as
- Domestic cricket — Adelaide Oval is the home ground of the Southern Redbacks, the South Australian state cricket team. The Southern Redbacks are an Australian first class cricket team based in Adelaide, South Australia. They play in three competitions: Sheffield Shield (first-class), Ford Ranger Cup (one-day) and KFC Twenty20 Big Bash. First-class cricket refers to the class of Cricket matches of three or more days scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players and officially adjudged first-class by The KFC Twenty20 Big Bash is the domestic Twenty20 Cricket competition in Australia. The 2005/06 ING Cup (now known as the Ford Ranger One Day Cup) final was played at Adelaide Oval between SA and NSW. The Southern Redbacks are an Australian first class cricket team based in Adelaide, South Australia. The New South Wales Blues (referred to as the Speed Blitz Blues for sponsorship purposes are an Australian first class cricket team based in
- Australian rules football — Adelaide Oval hosts SANFL matches, including many of the finals. Australian (rules football, or simply known as football, footy or Aussie rules, is a Team sport played between two teams of 18 players Clubs Several clubs share their nicknames with AFL/VFL clubs This is purely coincidental the teams are not named after each other Traditional fixtures include a "Grand Final rematch" between last year's Grand Finalists on the afternoon of ANZAC Day, which is well attended due to the venue's close proximity to the Torrens Parade Ground, the end of the ANZAC Day Parade in Adelaide, and the Finals in the first 3 weeks of the SANFL Finals Series, with only the Grand Final being played at AAMI Stadium. A Grand Final is a predominantly Australian sporting term used to describe a final that decides a league champion Torrens Parade Ground is situated by the River Torrens in Adelaide, South Australia. Australian Football League matches are played at AAMI Stadium; although the SACA continues to lobby the SANFL and AFL for AFL matches to be played at the ground. The Australian Football League (AFL is both the professional Australian national competition in the Sport of Australian Rules Football and its highest
- Rugby sevens — Starting in 2007, Adelaide Oval will host the new Australia Sevens event in the IRB Sevens World Series. The 2006-07 IRB Sevens World Series was the eighth of an annual series of rugby union sevens tournaments for full national sides run by the International The Adelaide Sevens (also known as Australia Sevens) is a Rugby union sevens tournament part of the IRB Sevens World Series.
- Football (soccer) — Adelaide United FC played a one-off A-League home game against Sydney FC on December 28, 2007 which attracted 25039 people. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Adelaide United Football Club is a Football (soccer team in the Australian A-League based in Adelaide, South Australia. The A-League is the premier Australasian domestic Association football competition Sydney FC, founded in 2004, is an Australian Association football (soccer club based in Sydney and competes in Australia's premier competition Events 1065 - Westminster Abbey is Consecrated. 1308 - The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. They will play more games there in the 2008/09 season, due to the Oval increased capacity over their official home ground, Hindmarsh Stadium
Adelaide Oval was also home base for some of the Adelaide Rams rugby league team's short history. Hindmarsh Stadium is a football (soccer and rugby league football Stadium located in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. The Adelaide Rams were a Rugby league football club based in Adelaide South Australia. History See also History of rugby league The grass roots of rugby league can be traced to early football history, through the playing of ball games 16 sports have been played at one time or another at the oval: archery, athletics, baseball, cycling, American football, highland games, hockey, lacrosse, lawn tennis, rugby league, rugby union, quoits and football (soccer). Archery is the practice of using a bow or Crossbow to shoot Arrows Archery has historically been used in Hunting and Combat and has Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each Cycling is the use of Bicycles or - less commonly - Unicycles Tricycles Quadricycles and other similar wheeled Human powered vehicles American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with Highland games are events held throughout the year in Scotland and other countries as a way of celebrating Scottish and Celtic culture and heritage especially Field hockey is a Team sport in which players attempt to score goals by hitting the Ball across the pitch with a stick Lacrosse is a full contact Team sport played using a solid rubber ball and long handled racket called a crosse or Lacrosse stick. Tennis is a sport played between two players ( singles) or between two teams of two players each ( doubles) History See also History of rugby league The grass roots of rugby league can be traced to early football history, through the playing of ball games Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short Quoits (koits kwoits (Pronunciation "k-waits" is a traditional Lawn game involving the throwing of a metal or rubber ring over a set distance to land over a pin Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered
Adelaide Oval has hosted major concerts during its time, with some of the most famous acts including Fleetwood Mac (in 1977 and 2004), David Bowie (1978 and 1983), KISS (1980), Madonna (1993), Michael Jackson (1996), Billy Joel and Elton John (1998). Fleetwood Mac are a British / American David Bowie (ˈboʊiː born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947 is an English Musician, actor producer, and arranger. Kiss (also typeset as KISS) is an American rock band formed in New York City in December 1972 Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16 1958 known as Madonna, is an American Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29 1958 is an American musician entertainer and businessman William Martin Joel (born May 9 1949 is an American Pianist and Singer-songwriter. Sir Elton Hercules John CBE (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947 is an English pop / rock Singer, Composer 
The oval dimensions are 190m x 125m. 
The oval is laid out as follows, around the centre of the oval. In front of the stands there is plastic seating all the way around the oval.
|North ("Cathedral End")||North-East|
|The Hill was created in 1898 with earth from the banks of the River Torrens. The River Torrens is the most significant river of the Adelaide Plains and was one of the reasons for the siting of the city of Adelaide, capital of South The scoreboard:was first used in 1911 and still shows its original Edwardian architecture. |
Near the scoreboard is a Video Replay Screen and a bar (under the scoreboard) - making this part of the hill the noisiest in the ground.
A northward view towards the scoreboard
A westward view towards the George Giffen stand
There are three stands from around the start of the 20th century:
- George Giffen stand (1882)
- Sir Edwin Smith stand (1922)
- Mostyn Evan stand (1920s)
|the playing area|
(surrounded by picket fence and advertising billboards)
A eastward view towards the Chappell stand
Two grandstands, named the Chappell Stands, after the South Australian cricketing brothers Ian Chappell, Greg Chappell and Trevor Chappell were completed in 2003. George Giffen (27 March 1859 &ndash 29 November 1927 was a Cricketer who played for South Australia and Australia. Ian Michael Chappell (born 26 September 1943 is a former Cricketer who played for South Australia and Australia. Gregory Stephen Chappell, MBE (born 7 August 1948 in Unley South Australia) is a former cricketer who captained Australia between 1975 and 1977 and then joined the For Trevor Chappell the radio presenter see Trevor Chappell (radio presenter.
A southward view towards the Bradman stand
The Sir Donald Bradman stand: built in 1990 to replace the John Creswell stand, now provides up to date facilities for spectators. Sir Donald George Bradman, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001 often referred to as The Don, was an Australian Cricketer widely
|Several open air corporate boxes|
|South ("River End")|
The scoreboard and the western stands are listed on the City of Adelaide Heritage Register, helping to maintain the charm of the ground.
- ^ Adelaide Oval at Austadiums
- ^ SACA - Adelaide Oval - Overview 28/12/06
- ^ Cricinfo - 2nd Match: New Zealand v South Africa at Adelaide, Dec 6, 1997
- ^ http://www.saca.com.au/library/seating_plan.pdf
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