An academic major, major concentration, concentration, or simply major is mainly a U.S. and Canadian term for a college or university student's main field of specialization during his or her undergraduate studies which would be in addition to, and may incorporate portions of, a core curriculum. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page College ( Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an Educational Institution. A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" In some Educational systems undergraduate education is Post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelor's degree. In formal education a curriculum (plural curricula) is the set of courses and their content offered at a School or University. The university department offering the major defines a framework for this specialized portion of a student's studies, including a certain number of required courses and a certain number of freely chosen courses relevant to the major. In US Education, a course is a unit of teaching that typically lasts one Academic term, is led by one or more instructors ( Teachers or Professors Some majors in some universities effectively define the student's full course of study; many others allow students considerable latitude both within their field and in their other courses. The university also generally defines general education or core education and distribution requirements.
Although many students choose their major before entering a college or university, many others select it during their first or second year of a four-year program. Some schools do not allow students to officially declare their major until the end of their second year so that students can experience explore a core liberal arts curriculum and help them choose the one most appropriate major for them. The term liberal arts refers to a particular type of educational Curriculum broadly defined as a Classical education.
In many other countries, including South Africa and the United Kingdom, undergraduate students are normally required to concentrate on one subject throughout their degree, so the concept of a "major" is not relevant. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Instead, the choice of degree and subject determines the entire course of study. However, some UK universities require that students study the first year course material from three degree schemes. In Australia, the U. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. S. system is followed to some extent, but there are also more specialist bachelor degrees than in the U. A bachelor's degree is usually an Undergraduate Academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three four or in some cases and S.
The system of majors or concentrations was introduced by President A. Lawrence Lowell of Harvard in 1910 and adopted by most U. Abbott Lawrence Lowell ( January 1, 1856 &ndash January 6, 1943) was a U S. universities.