In biology, abiotic components are non-living chemical and physical factors in the environment. Foundations of modern biology There are five unifying principles A chemical substance is a Material with a definite chemical composition. See also Nature The natural environment, commonly referred to simply as the environment, is a terminology that is comprised of all living and Abiotic phenomena underlie all of biology, but at the same time both are better forgotten in the direct analysis of life as such. Life is a state that distinguishes Organisms from non-living objects such as non-life and dead organisms being manifested by growth through Metabolism More generally, the sciences concentrated on lower level explanation are better forgotten when dealing with higher level phenomena. Reductionism can either mean (a an approach to understanding the nature of complex things by reducing them to the interactions of their parts or to simpler or more fundamental things
From the viewpoint of biology, abiotic influences may be classified as light or more generally radiation, temperature, water, the chemical surrounding composed of the terrestrial atmospheric gases, wind as well as soil. Light, or visible light, is Electromagnetic radiation of a Wavelength that is visible to the Human eye (about 400–700 Radiation, as in Physics, is Energy in the form of waves or moving Subatomic particles emitted by an atom or other body as it changes from a higher energy Temperature is a physical property of a system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold something that is hotter generally has the greater temperature Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air In daily language the term "humidity" is normally taken to mean Relative humidity. An atmosphere (from Greek ατμός - atmos, " Vapor " + σφαίρα - sphaira, " Sphere " Wind is the flow of Air or other Gases that compose an Atmosphere (including but not limited to the Earth's) The macroscopic climate often influences each of the above. Climate encompasses the temperatures humidity rainfall atmospheric particle count and numerous other meteorogical factors in a given region over long periods of Not to mention pressure and even sound waves if working with marine, or deep underground, biome. Pressure (symbol 'p' is the force per unit Area applied to an object in a direction perpendicular to the surface Sound' is Vibration transmitted through a Solid, Liquid, or Gas; particularly sound means those vibrations composed of Frequencies
Those underlying factors affect different plants, animals and fungi to different extents. Some plants are mostly water starved, so humidicity plays a larger role in their biology. Archaebacteria require very high temperatures, or pressures, or unusual concentrations of chemical substances such as sulfur, because of their specialization into extreme conditions. Certain fungi have evolved to survive mostly at the temperature, the humidity, the stability, and the (grantedly biological) feed of nutrients present in the human vagina: genus Candida.
Abiotic components can be split into three main categories: climatic, edaphic and social.
Climatic factors include sunlight, humidity, temperature, atmosphere, and so on.
Edaphic factors are things to do with the nature of the soil and ground, such as the geology of the land and the soil type.
Social factors include land use, water resources, etc.
Oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen are the most important gases; they are used directly by plants. Oxygen (from the Greek roots ὀξύς (oxys (acid literally "sharp" from the taste of acids and -γενής (-genēs (producer literally begetteris the Carbon dioxide ( Chemical formula:) is a Chemical compound composed of two Oxygen Atoms covalently bonded to a single Nitrogen (ˈnaɪtɹəʤɪn is a Chemical element that has the symbol N and Atomic number 7 and Atomic weight 14
Wind, soil, and physiographic conditions can also combine in multiple ways to affect organisms.