|1959 Tibetan uprising|
Tibet highlighted within China
|Chushi Gangdruk||People's Liberation Army|
|Casualties and losses|
|86,000 Tibetans dead (according to the Tibetan government in exile)|
The 1959 Tibetan uprising, or 1959 Tibetan Rebellion began on 10 March 1959, when an anti-Chinese and anti-Communist revolt erupted in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, which had been under the reign of the Communist Party of China since the Invasion of Tibet in 1950. Definitions of Tibet See also Definitions of Tibet Name In English The English word Tibet, like the word for Tibet in most European Chushi Gangdruk (ཆུ་བཞི་སྒང་དྲུག་ Wylie transliteration: Chu-bzhi-sgang-drug lit The People's Liberation Army ( PLA) ( is the unified Military organization of all land sea and air forces of the People's Republic of China. Events 241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing The year 1959 ( MCMLIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lhasa, ( in English l̥ʰásə or in Tibetan; Chinese: 拉萨 Pinyin: Lāsà sometimes spelled Lasa, is the administrative capital of the Definitions of Tibet See also Definitions of Tibet Name In English The English word Tibet, like the word for Tibet in most European The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the The People's Liberation Army (PLA defeated the Tibetan army in a war at Chamdo on October 7 1950  Although the major event marked by the 14th Dalai Lama's flight occurred in 1959, armed campaign between Tibetan rebellion force and Chinese army has started in 1956 in Kham and Amdo regions which were subjected to social reform. Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso (born Lhamo Döndrub ( 6 July 1935 in Qinghai) He is the head of the Tibetan government-in-exile For other meanings see Kham (disambiguation. KHAM (995 FM) is a commercial Radio station that is licensed to serve the Amdo ( Tibetan: ཨ༌མདོ Chinese transliteration 安多, Pinyin: Ānduō is one of the The guerrilla warfare later spred to the rest of Tibet region and lasted through 1962.
The anniversary of the uprising is observed by many Tibetan independence groups as Tibetan Uprising Day (or Tibetan National Uprising Day). Tibetan Uprising Day, observed on March 10, commemorates the 1959 Tibetan uprising against the presence of the People's Republic of China in Tibet
The Office of Tibet, which disseminates information on behalf of the Tibetan Government in exile, has given its account of the uprising and the aftermath. 
In the late 1950s, opposition to Chinese presence in Tibet had grown within the city of Lhasa . Armed revolt by Tibetans in Kham and Amdo provinces began in 1956, resulting in the deployment of additional Chinese military forces to eastern Tibet.  Punitive strikes were carried out by the Chinese government against Tibetan villages and monasteries.  Threats to bomb the Potala Palace and the Dalai Lama were reportedly made by Chinese military commanders in an attempt to intimidate the revolting guerrilla forces into submission. The Potala Palace () is located in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. 
On March 1, an unusual invitation to attend a theatrical performance at the Chinese military headquarters outside Lhasa was extended to the Dalai Lama.  The Dalai Lama- at the time studying for his lharampa geshe degree- initially postponed the meeting, but the date was eventually set for March 10. Geshe (Tib dge bshes, "virtuous knowledge/wisdom" cognate of Skt  On March 9, the head of the Dalai Lama's bodyguard was visited by Chinese army officers.  The officers insisted that the Dalai Lama would not be accompanied by his traditional armed escort to the performance, and that no public ceremony for the Dalai Lama's procession from the palace to the camp should take place, counter to tradition. 
Word of the invitation reached Tibetans in Lhasa, sparking fears that plans were being laid for a Chinese abduction of the Dalai Lama.  On March 10, an estimated 300,000 Tibetans surrounded the Dalai Lama's palace to prevent him from leaving or being removed. Events 241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing  This event marked the beginning of the uprising in Lhasa, though Chinese forces had skirmished with guerrillas outside the city in December of the previous year.  The Chinese government has stated that the riots were initiated by the "Dalai clique".  On that day, according to China Daily, a senior lama, Pagbalha Soinam Gyamco, who worked with the PRC as a member of the Preparatory Committee of the Tibetan Autonomous Region, was killed and his body was dragged by a horse in front of the crowd for two kilometers. The China Daily ( is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China. 
On March 12, protesters appeared in the streets of Lhasa declaring Tibet's independence.  Barricades went up on the streets of Lhasa, and Chinese and Tibetan forces began to fortify positions within and around Lhasa in preparation for conflict.  A petition of support for the armed rebels outside the city was taken up, and an appeal for assistance was made to the Indian consul. 
Chinese and Tibetan troops continued moving into position over the next several days, with Chinese artillery pieces being deployed within range of the Dalai Lama's summer palace, the Norbulingka. Norbulingka also refers to the Norbulingka Institute. Norbulingka (ནོར་བུ་གླིང་ཀ་ Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka  On March 15, preparations for the Dalai Lama's evacuation from the city were set in motion, with Tibetan troops being employed to secure an escape route from Lhasa.  On March 17, two artillery shells landed near the Dalai Lama's palace, triggering his flight into exile. Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger 
Open conflict began on the night of March 19, including the shelling of the Norbulingka and Lhasa's major monasteries. Combat lasted only about two days, with Tibetan forces being badly outnumbered and poorly armed. 
The United States funded training and arms for the guerrillas in Tibet and the United States prior to the uprising and for several years following. Camp Hale, between Red Cliff and Leadville in the Eagle River valley in Colorado, was a U From 1959 to 1964, Tibetan guerrillas were secretly trained at Camp Hale by the CIA. Chushi Gangdruk (ཆུ་བཞི་སྒང་དྲུག་ Wylie transliteration: Chu-bzhi-sgang-drug lit near as long as it used to be several months ago It has been actively summarized and split into sub-articles and there is a dynamic talk page discussion of all 
The Tibetan project was codenamed ST Circus, and it was similar to the CIA operation that trained dissident Cubans in what later became the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Cubans (Cubanos are people inhabiting or originating from Cuba. The Bay of Pigs Invasion (aka Playa Girón) was an unsuccessful attempt by a U In all, around 259 Tibetans were trained at Camp Hale. Some were parachuted back into Tibet to link up with local resistance groups (most perished); others were sent overland into Tibet on intelligence gathering missions; and yet others were instrumental in setting up the CIA-funded Tibetan resistance force that operated out of Mustang, in northern Nepal (1959-1974).
According to the Tibetan Government in Exile an estimated 86,000 Tibetans died in the events surrounding the 1959 uprising.  The Norbulingka was struck with an estimated 800 shells, killing an unknown number of Tibetans within and camped around the palace.  Lhasa's three major monasteries- Sera, Ganden, and Drepung- were seriously damaged by shelling, with Sera and Drepung being damaged nearly beyond repair. Sera Monastery ( (Se ra Theng chen gling is one of the 'great three' Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. Ganden Monastery (also Gaden or Gandain) or Ganden Namgyeling is one of the 'great three' Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet Drepung Monastery (literally “Rice Heap” monastery) located at the foot of Mount Gephel, is one of the "great three" Gelukpa university monasteries  Members of the Dalai Lama's bodyguard remaining in Lhasa were disarmed and publicly executed, along with Tibetans found to be harboring weapons in their homes.  Thousands of Tibetan monks were executed or arrested, and monasteries and temples around the city were looted or destroyed. 
According to western sources, the 1959 uprising did not succeed because it lacked support from the Tibetans. “Even western sources never estimated that more than 20,000 were involved…this does not sound like mass support. ”  This number might however be underestimated since according to chinese sources, PLA killed 86,000 Tibetans the days after the Dalai Lama's flight.  The CIA officer, Bruce Walker, who oversaw the operations of CIA trained Tibetan agents, was troubled by the hostility from the Tibetans towards his agents: “the radio teams were experiencing major resistance from the population inside Tibet. ”  The CIA trained Tibetans from 1957 to 1972, in the United States, and parachuted them back into Tibet to organize rebellions against the PLA. But with little support from fellow Tibetans they often fell to the hands of the PLA quickly. In one incident, one agent was immediately reported by his own brother and all three agents in the team were arrested. They were not mistreated. After less than a month of propaganda sessions they were escorted to the Indian border and released. 
Many prominent Tibetan leaders did not support the 1959 rebellion. In April 1959, the 19 years-old 10th Panchen Lama, second most important spiritual leader in Tibet residing in Shigatse, would have sent a telegram to Beijing expressing his support for suppressing the 1959 rebellion. Lobsang Trinley Lhündrub Chökyi Gyaltsen ( February 19, 1938 &ndash January 28, 1989) was the 10th Panchen Lama of Gelug “He also called on Tibetans to support the Chinese government. ”  However, after a tour through Tibet, in May 1962, he met Zhou Enlai to discuss a petition he had began writing end of 1961, criticizing the situation in Tibet. Zhou Enlai ( (5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976 was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China, serving from 1949 until his death in January 1976 Definitions of Tibet See also Definitions of Tibet Name In English The English word Tibet, like the word for Tibet in most European The petition was a 70,000 character document that dealt with the brutal suppression of the Tibetan people during and after the Chinese invasion of Tibet. The People's Liberation Army (PLA defeated the Tibetan army in a war at Chamdo on October 7 1950  In this document, he criticizes the suppression that the Chinese authorities had orchestrated in unjust retaliation of the 1959 Tibetan uprising.