The 1824 Constitution of Mexico was the first full constitution adopted by the Mexican Republic. A constitution is a system for government often Codified as a written document that establishes the rules and principles of an autonomous political entity The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Enacted on October 4, 1824, following the overthrow of the short-lived Mexican Empire of Iturbide, the constitution stated that the new republic was to be styled the "United Mexican States" and was to be a representative federal republic of the people, with Roman Catholicism as the state religion. Events 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas Year 1824 ( MDCCCXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu ( September 27, 1783 &ndash July 19, 1824) was Emperor of Mexico as Augustin Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of the people's representatives A federal republic is a Federation of States with a republican form of government Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system A state religion (also called an official religion, established church or state church) is a religious body or Creed officially
Its legislature, the Congress, was bicameral. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation Similar to the United States, its lower house was the Chamber of Deputies (one deputy per 80,000 inhabitants) and upper house the Senate (two senators per state). The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A lower house is one of two chambers of a Bicameral Legislature, the other chamber being the Upper house. Chamber of deputies is the name given to a legislative body such as the Lower house of a Bicameral legislature or can refer to a Unicameral legislature An upper house is one of two chambers of a Bicameral Legislature, the other chamber being the Lower house. A senate is a Deliberative body, often the Upper house or chamber of a Legislature or Parliament. A senate is a Deliberative body, often the Upper house or chamber of a Legislature or Parliament. A president and a vice-president were to be elected, for four-year terms, by the individual state congresses, with the lower house of the federal congress deciding in the event of a tie. Judicial power was in the hands of an eleven-member Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación or SCJN is the highest Federal court in the United Mexican States.
The republic's component parts were the states of Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila y Texas, Durango, Guanaxuato (sic), México, Michoacán, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla de los Ángeles, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Sonora y Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Jalisco, Yucatán, and Zacatecas, and the territories of Alta California, Baja California, Colima, and Santa Fe de Nuevo México. Chiapas is the southernmost state of Mexico, located towards the southeast of the country Coahuila y Tejas (or Coahuila and Texas) was one of the constituent states of the newly established United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution Durango (duˈɾaŋgo is one of the constituent States of Mexico. Guanajuato is the name of a state in Mexico and that state's capital city as well as a river in the area Mexico State or State of Mexico (often abbreviated to " Edomex " from Estado de México in Spanish) is a state in the Michoacán formally Michoacán de Ocampo (from Nahuatl Michhuacān "place of the fishermen" is one of the 31 constituent states Nuevo León ( Spanish for "New León " after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in northeastern Mexico. The Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca ( Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), in Spanish phonemically /oa'xaka/ named for its largest city, is one of the Is a Mexican state located in the center east of the country to the east of Mexico City. Querétaro (former formal name Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. San Luis Potosí is the name of both a state in Mexico and that state's capital city Sonora y Sinaloa ("Sonora and Sinaloa" was one of the constituent states of the Mexican Republic under its Constitution of 1824. Tabasco is a state in Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Veracruz to the west Chiapas to the south and Campeche to the Tamaulipas is one of the 31 states of Mexico, it is located in the northeast Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that constitute the republic of Mexico. Jalisco is a state in Mexico. The capital of Jalisco is the city of Guadalajara. Yucatán is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. It is located in the north-central region and it is bounded to the northwest by Durango Alta California (Upper California was formed in 1804 when the Province of the Californias, then a part of the Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas in the The Baja California peninsula ( English: Lower California peninsula) is a Peninsula in western Mexico. For the state capital of the same name see Colima Colima. There is also a volcano named Colima, and a spider genus Colima ( Zodariidae Santa Fe de Nuevo México (shortened to Nuevo México or Nuevo Méjico, translated as New Mexico) was a province of New Spain that existed Tlaxcala, which had enjoyed special status since the time of the Conquest, was to have its exact status within the federation determined at a later date. Tlaxcala (tlasˈkala is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located to the east of Mexico City.
This document is also important in the history of the United States for it was to this liberal constitution that the defenders of the Alamo referred on the flag they flew, which was emblazoned with the date "1824". The Alamo, originally known as Mission San Antonio de Valero, is a former Roman Catholic mission and fortress compound now a museum in San Antonio, Texas Under this constitution, American and European settlers were drawn to Mexican Texas by its broad promises of freedom. Mexican Texas is the given name by Texas history scholars to the period between 1821 and 1836 when Texas was governed by Mexico. After the Anglo settlers of Texas had become accustomed to their land, however, the political and social conditions suddenly became much less liberal under the harsh rule of President Antonio López de Santa Anna, who rescinded the 1824 Constitution and replaced it with the anti-federalist 1835 Constitution, thereby dissolving the federation of "free and sovereign states" (which were replaced by French-style "departments"), centralising national power in Mexico City, and providing much of the impetus for the secession of Texas and the Mexican-American War. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón ( February 21, 1794 &ndash June 21, 1876) often known as Santa Mexico 's so-called 1835 Constitution was not a formal fully-fledged constitution but two documents that amended the 1824 Constitution in a way that substantially This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In the Terminology of Political geography and Historiography a National department (département departamento is an administrative Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México DF, México or simply Méjico) is the Capital city of Mexico The Texas Revolution or Texas War of Independence was fought from October 2 1835 to April 21 1836 between Mexico and the Texas (Tejas portion of the Mexican It also prompted the secession of several other Mexican states, including Yucatán forming the short-lived Republic of Yucatán, and Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas banding together to form the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande. Yucatán is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. Coahuila, formally Coahuila de Zaragoza is one of Mexico 's 31 component states. Nuevo León ( Spanish for "New León " after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in northeastern Mexico. Tamaulipas is one of the 31 states of Mexico, it is located in the northeast The Republic of the Rio Grande existed briefly in North America between the Republic of Texas and Mexico, from January 17 to November